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Article
Publication date: 6 November 2017

Changsheng Wang, Yang Wang, Caixia Yang, Xiangkui Zhang and Ping Hu

Severe accuracy loss may occur when finite element comes to the distorted mesh model, and the calculation may fail when element mesh degenerates into concave quadrangle or…

Abstract

Purpose

Severe accuracy loss may occur when finite element comes to the distorted mesh model, and the calculation may fail when element mesh degenerates into concave quadrangle or the element boundary is curved. This is a valuable research topic, and many efforts have been made to develop new finite element models. This paper aims to propose two quasi-conforming membrane elements based on the assumed stress quasi-conforming method and fundamental analytical solutions to overcome the difficulties.

Design/methodology/approach

First, the fundamental analytical solutions which satisfied both the equilibrium and the compatibility relations of plane stress problem are used as the initial assumed stress of both elements. Then, the stress-function matrices are used as the weighted functions to weaken the strain-displacement equations, which makes only string-net functions on the boundary of the elements are needed in the process of strain integration. Finally, boundary interpolation functions expressed by unknown nodal displacement parameters are adopted to the process of strain integration.

Findings

The formulations of both elements are simple and concise, and the elements are immune to the distorted mesh, which can be used to the mesh shape degenerates into a triangle or concave quadrangle and curved-side element. The results of the numerical tests have proven that the new models possess high accuracy.

Originality/value

New formulations of quasi-conforming method are described is detail, and the new strategy exhibits advantages of both analytical and discrete methods.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 34 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 30 October 2018

Changsheng Wang, Xiaoxiao Sun, Xiangkui Zhang and Ping Hu

A higher-order Reissner-Mindlin plate element method is presented based on the framework of assumed stress quasi-conforming method and Hellinger-Reissner variational…

Abstract

Purpose

A higher-order Reissner-Mindlin plate element method is presented based on the framework of assumed stress quasi-conforming method and Hellinger-Reissner variational principle. A novel six-node triangular plate element is proposed by utilizing this method for the static and free vibration analysis of Reissner-Mindlin plates.

Design/methodology/approach

First, the initial assumed stress field is derived by using the fundamental analytical solutions which satisfy all governing equations. Then the stress matrix is treated as the weighted function to weaken the strain-displacement equations after the strains are derived by using the constitutive equations. Finally, the arbitrary order Timoshenko beam function is adopted as the string-net functions along each side of the element for strain integration.

Findings

The proposed element can pass patch test and is free from shear locking and spurious zero energy modes. Numerical tests show that the element can give high-accurate solutions, good convergence and is a good competitor to other models.

Originality/value

This work gives new formulations to develop high-order Reissner-Mindlin plate element, and the new strategy exhibits advantages of both analytical and discrete methods.

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1988

J.Y. Zhang and T.R. Hsu

A multi‐variable finite element algorithm based on the generalized Galerkin method is presented. This algorithm takes advantages from the hybrid finite element method and…

Abstract

A multi‐variable finite element algorithm based on the generalized Galerkin method is presented. This algorithm takes advantages from the hybrid finite element method and the quasi‐conforming element method. Therefore, it has more flexibility and makes the hybrid and quasi‐conforming concepts easily applied to various physical problems. The formulation of a hybrid quadrilateral finite element with a unified singularity for both thermal and stress analyses has been derived using this algorithm. Some numerical examples are included to illustrate advantages of the hybrid algorithm in both stress and thermal analyses. It is also convenient to employ the algorithm in finite displacement problems.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 5 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 21 February 2020

Changsheng Wang, Xiao Han, Caixia Yang, Xiangkui Zhang and Wenbin Hou

Numerous finite elements are proposed based on analytical solutions. However, it is difficult to find the solutions for complicated governing equations. This paper aims to…

Abstract

Purpose

Numerous finite elements are proposed based on analytical solutions. However, it is difficult to find the solutions for complicated governing equations. This paper aims to present a novel formulation in the framework of assumed stress quasi-conforming method for the static and free vibration analysis of anisotropic and symmetric laminated plates.

Design/methodology/approach

Firstly, an initial stress approximation ruled by 17 parameters, which satisfies the equilibrium equations is derived to improve the performance of the constructed element. Then the stress matrix is treated as the weighted function to weaken the strain-displacement equations. Finally, the Timoshenko’s laminated composite beam functions are adopted as boundary string-net functions for strain integration.

Findings

Several numerical examples are presented to show the performance of the new element, and the results obtained are compared with other available ones. Numerical results have proved that the new element is free from shear locking and possesses high accuracy for the analysis of anisotropic and symmetric laminated plates.

Originality/value

This paper proposes a new QC element for the static and free vibration analysis of anisotropic and symmetric laminated plates. In contrast with the complicated analytical solutions of the equilibrium equations, an initial stress approximation ruled by 17 parameters is adopted here. The Timoshenkos laminated composite beam functions are introduced as boundary string-net functions for strain integration. Numerical results demonstrate the new element is free from shear locking and possesses high accuracy for the analysis of anisotropic and symmetric laminated plates.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 37 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1997

Jaroslav Mackerle

Gives a bibliographical review of the finite element methods (FEMs) applied for the linear and nonlinear, static and dynamic analyses of basic structural elements from the…

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Abstract

Gives a bibliographical review of the finite element methods (FEMs) applied for the linear and nonlinear, static and dynamic analyses of basic structural elements from the theoretical as well as practical points of view. The range of applications of FEMs in this area is wide and cannot be presented in a single paper; therefore aims to give the reader an encyclopaedic view on the subject. The bibliography at the end of the paper contains 2,025 references to papers, conference proceedings and theses/dissertations dealing with the analysis of beams, columns, rods, bars, cables, discs, blades, shafts, membranes, plates and shells that were published in 1992‐1995.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 14 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 15 October 2018

Yan Shang, Song Cen, Zheng-Hua Qian and Chenfeng Li

This paper aims to propose a simple but robust three-node triangular membrane element with rational drilling DOFs for efficiently analyzing plane problems.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to propose a simple but robust three-node triangular membrane element with rational drilling DOFs for efficiently analyzing plane problems.

Design/methodology/approach

This new element is developed within the general framework of unsymmetric FEM. The element test functions are determined by using a conforming displacement field which is slightly different with the classical Allman’s interpolations, while a self-equilibrated stress field formulated based on the analytical airy stress solutions is adopted as the trial functions. To ensure the correctness between the drilling DOFs and the true rotations in elasticity, reasonable constraints are introduced through the penalty function method. Moreover, the special quadrature strategy is used for operating related integrations for future enrichment of element behavior.

Findings

Numerical benchmark tests reveal that this new triangular membrane element has exceptional prediction capabilities. In particular, this element can correctly reproduce a rigid body rotation motion and correctly undertake the external in-plane twisting moments; thus, it is a reasonable choice for being used to formulate flat shell elements or to be connected with other kind of elements with physical rotational DOFs.

Originality/value

This work provides a new approach for developing high-performance lower-order elements with simple formulations and good numerical accuracies.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 35 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 19 July 2019

Song Cen, Cheng Jin Wu, Zhi Li, Yan Shang and Chenfeng Li

The purpose of this paper is to give a review on the newest developments of high-performance finite element methods (FEMs), and exhibit the recent contributions achieved…

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199

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to give a review on the newest developments of high-performance finite element methods (FEMs), and exhibit the recent contributions achieved by the authors’ group, especially showing some breakthroughs against inherent difficulties existing in the traditional FEM for a long time.

Design/methodology/approach

Three kinds of new FEMs are emphasized and introduced, including the hybrid stress-function element method, the hybrid displacement-function element method for Mindlin–Reissner plate and the improved unsymmetric FEM. The distinguished feature of these three methods is that they all apply the fundamental analytical solutions of elasticity expressed in different coordinates as their trial functions.

Findings

The new FEMs show advantages from both analytical and numerical approaches. All the models exhibit outstanding capacity for resisting various severe mesh distortions, and even perform well when other models cannot work. Some difficulties in the history of FEM are also broken through, such as the limitations defined by MacNeal’s theorem and the edge-effect problems of Mindlin–Reissner plate.

Originality/value

These contributions possess high value for solving the difficulties in engineering computations, and promote the progress of FEM.

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Article
Publication date: 27 May 2014

Yijiang Peng, Nana Zong, Lijuan Zhang and Jiwei Pu

The purpose of this paper is to present a two-dimensional (2D) model of the base force element method (BFEM) based on the complementary energy principle. The study…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a two-dimensional (2D) model of the base force element method (BFEM) based on the complementary energy principle. The study proposes a model of the BFEM for arbitrary mesh problems.

Design/methodology/approach

The BFEM uses the base forces given by Gao (2003) as fundamental variables to describe the stress state of an elastic system. An explicit expression of element compliance matrix is derived using the concept of base forces. The detailed formulations of governing equations for the BFEM are given using the Lagrange multiplier method. The explicit displacement expression of nodes is given. To verify the 2D model, a program on the BFEM using MATLAB language is made and a number of examples on arbitrary polygonal meshes and aberrant meshes are provided to illustrate the BFEM.

Findings

A good agreement is obtained between the numerical and theoretical results. Based on the studies, it is found that the 2D formulation of BFEM with complementary energy principle provides reliable predictions for arbitrary mesh problems.

Research limitations/implications

Due to the use of Lagrange multiplier method, there are more basic unknowns in the control equation. The proposed method will be improved in the future.

Practical implications

This paper presents a new idea and a new numerical method, and to explore new ways to solve the problem of arbitrary meshes.

Originality/value

The paper presents a 2D model of the BFEM using the complementary energy principle for arbitrary mesh problems.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 31 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 4 December 2017

Subrata Kumar Mondal, Sangamesh Gondegaon and Hari Kumar Voruganti

This paper proposes a novel approach to impose the Neumann boundary condition for isogeometric analysis (IGA) of Euler–Bernoulli beam with 1-D formulation. The proposed…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper proposes a novel approach to impose the Neumann boundary condition for isogeometric analysis (IGA) of Euler–Bernoulli beam with 1-D formulation. The proposed method is for only IGA in which it is difficult to handle the Neumann boundary conditions. The control points of B-spline are equivalent to nodes in finite element method. With 1-D formulation, it is not possible to accommodate multiple degrees of freedom in IGA. This case arises in the analysis of beams. The paper aims to propose a way to work around this issue in a simple way.

Design/methodology/approach

Neumann boundary conditions, which are even-order derivatives (example: double derivative) of the primary variable, are inherently satisfied in the weak form. Boundary conditions with an odd number of derivatives (example: slope) are imposed with the introduction of a new penalty matrix.

Findings

The proposed method can impose a slope boundary condition for IGA of a beam using 1-D formulation.

Originality/value

From the literature, it can be observed that the beam is formulated in 1-D by considering it as either a rotation-free element or a 2-D formulation by considering shear strain along with the normal strain. The work represents 1-D formulation of a beam while considering the slope boundary condition, which is easy and effective to formulate, compared with the slope boundary conditions reported in previous works.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 14 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

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Article
Publication date: 7 June 2021

Royal Madan and Shubhankar Bhowmick

The purpose of this study is to investigate Thermo-mechanical limit elastic speed analysis of functionally graded (FG) rotating disks with the temperature-dependent…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate Thermo-mechanical limit elastic speed analysis of functionally graded (FG) rotating disks with the temperature-dependent material properties. Three different material models i.e. power law, sigmoid law and exponential law, along with varying disk profiles, namely, uniform thickness, tapered and exponential disk was considered.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology adopted was variational principle wherein the solution was obtained by Galerkin’s error minimization principle. The Young’s modulus, coefficient of thermal expansion and yield stress variation were considered temperature-dependent.

Findings

The study shows a substantial increase in limit speed as disk profiles change from uniform thickness to exponentially varying thickness. At any radius in a disk, the difference in von Mises stress and yield strength shows the remaining stress-bearing capacity of material at that location.

Practical implications

Rotating disks are irreplaceable components in machinery and are used widely from power transmission assemblies (for example, gas turbine disks in an aircraft) to energy storage devices. During operations, these structures are mainly subjected to a combination of mechanical and thermal loadings.

Originality/value

The findings of the present study illustrate the best material models and their grading index, desired for the fabrication of uniform, as well as varying FG disks. Finite element analysis has been performed to validate the present study and good agreement between both the methods is seen.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 93 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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