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Article
Publication date: 21 August 2019

Qinglan Chen and Tor Eriksson

The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine the mediating role of decentralization in the relationship between a firm’s strategy and its performance in the context…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to empirically examine the mediating role of decentralization in the relationship between a firm’s strategy and its performance in the context of an advanced economy where the chief corporate strategy is differentiation.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses data collected by an online survey targeting a stratified sample of 1,238 private firms operating in Denmark. The empirical analysis was carried out by estimating a structural equation model.

Findings

The key finding was that a decentralized organization (DO) can act as a mediator between a firm’s differentiation strategy and its performance. A multi-group analysis revealed that the mediating impact of decentralizing was affected by contingency factors such as firm size, strategic clarity, degrees of business environment risk and industry competition. Thus, a DO can be said to play a more important role in larger firms, in firms with less strategic clarity, and in companies with multiple plants.

Research limitations/implications

Although the study offers empirical evidence from a relatively large and representative sample of firms, the specificity of the context should be noted. In particular, firms in Denmark, while facing strong competition, do not compete with low costs. Clearly, studies of the mediating role of decentralization in low-cost strategy environments would be an important next step.

Practical implications

Several implications of the findings for organizational design and creation of beneficial conditions for strategy implementations are discussed.

Originality/value

The novel contribution of the study lies in the focus on decentralization as a mediator in the strategy–performance relationship. While previous research has shown that strategy is related to decentralization, and that decentralization is associated with higher performance, an empirical analysis of the relationship between the factors in the strategy-decentralization-performance path had not previously been undertaken.

Details

Journal of Organizational Change Management, vol. 32 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0953-4814

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 20 March 2017

Qinglan Chen, Tor Eriksson and Luca Giustiniano

The purpose of this paper is to reveal the mediating role of leadership style on the relationship between strategy and company performance.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to reveal the mediating role of leadership style on the relationship between strategy and company performance.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses empirical data gathered from top managers in a stratified sample of 476 Danish private businesses.

Findings

The results show the mediating effects of leadership styles on strategic performance. In particular, both supportive and directive leadership styles partially mediate the effect of the differentiation strategy, while the supportive leadership style displays a stronger mediating effect than the directive one. The multi-group analysis shows the moderating impact of the manager’s tenure, managerial level, strategy clarity, industry and business environment risk.

Research limitations/implications

The study is limited by its nature and the specificity of the national context in which it was conducted. In this vein, the evidence collected here can be enlarged and complemented by having access to panel data or the generalization of some results to neighboring or other developed countries.

Practical implications

Several implications of the findings for managerial practices are discussed.

Originality/value

There are very few discussions of the mediating effect of leadership style between strategy and performance. The paper fills the gap by examining the role of leadership style planning on the relationship between those two variables in Denmark.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 55 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 April 2017

Haiyan Qian, Allan Walker and Xiaojun Li

The purpose of this paper is to develop a preliminary model of instructional leadership in the Chinese educational context and explore the ways in which Chinese school…

2243

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a preliminary model of instructional leadership in the Chinese educational context and explore the ways in which Chinese school principals locate their instructional-leadership practices in response to traditional expectations and the requirements of recent reforms.

Design/methodology/approach

In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 selected primary school principals in Shenzhen and Guangzhou. A qualitative analysis was conducted to categorize the major leadership practices enacted by these principals.

Findings

An initial model of instructional leadership in China with six major dimensions is constructed. The paper also illustrates and elaborates on three dimensions with the greatest context-specific meanings for Chinese principals.

Originality/value

The paper explores the ways in which Chinese principals enact their instructional leadership in a context in which “the west wind meets the east wind”; that is, when they are required to accommodate both imported reform initiatives and traditional expectations. The paper contributes to the sparse existing research on principals’ instructional leadership in non-western cultural and social contexts.

Details

Journal of Educational Administration, vol. 55 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-8234

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 December 2021

Sriram K.V. and Sumukh Hungund

This study aims to analyze the influence of inbound and outbound open innovation practices on firm performance among Indian product small and medium-sized enterprises.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to analyze the influence of inbound and outbound open innovation practices on firm performance among Indian product small and medium-sized enterprises.

Design/methodology/approach

A cross-sectional design with a quantitative approach is adopted. The data is collected from 213 decision-makers of software product firms through an online survey using the criteria-based snowball sampling method. The data is processed in IBM SPSS 23.0 and analyzed using multiple regression.

Findings

Collaboration with customers and purchasing intellectual property rights (IPR) are the key inbound practices that positively influence firm performance. Outbound innovation practices such as selling out IPR and spin-off influence firm performance negatively and positively, respectively. Inbound open innovation practice such as trade show participation helps in product development and outbound open innovation practice such as spin-off helps in product development.

Originality/value

The study analyses the influences of inbound and outbound open innovation practices on firm performance among software product firms in emerging economies. The research outcomes have vast implications for theory and practitioners.

Details

International Journal of Innovation Science, vol. 14 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-2223

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 19 February 2018

Naiming Xie, Ruizhi Wang and Nanlei Chen

This paper aims to analyze general development trend of China’s population and to forecast China’s total population under the change of China’s family planning policy so…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to analyze general development trend of China’s population and to forecast China’s total population under the change of China’s family planning policy so as to measure shock disturbance effects on China’s population development.

Design/methodology/approach

China has been the most populous country for hundreds of years. And this state will be sustained in the forthcoming decade. Obviously, China is confronted with greater pressure on controlling total scale of population than any other country. Meanwhile, controlling population will be beneficial for not only China but also the whole world. This paper first analyzes general development trend of China’s population total amount, sex ratio and aging ratio. The mechanism for measurement of the impact effect of a policy shock disturbance is proposed. Linear regression model, exponential curve model and grey Verhulst model are adopted to test accuracy of simulation of China’s total population. Then considering the policy shock disturbance on population, discrete grey model, DGM (1, 1), and grey Verhulst model were adopted to measure how China’s one-child policy affected its total population between 1978 and 2015. And similarly, the grey Verhulst model and scenario analysis of economic developing level were further used to forecast the effect of adjustment from China’s one-child policy to two-child policy.

Findings

Results show that China has made an outstanding contribution toward controlling population; it was estimated that China prevented nearly 470 million births since the late 1970s to 2015. However, according to the forecast, with the adjustment of the one-child policy, the birth rate will be a little higher, China’s total population was estimated to reach 1,485.59 million in 2025. Although the scale of population will keep increasing, but it is tolerable for China and sex ratio and trend of aging will be relieved obviously.

Practical implications

The approach constructed in the paper can be used to measure the effect of population change under the policy shock disturbance. It can be used for other policy effect measurement problems under shock events’ disturbance.

Originality/value

The paper succeeded in studying the mechanism for the measurement of the post-impact effect of a policy and the effect of changes in China’s population following the revision of the one-child policy. The mechanism is useful for solving system forecasting problems and can contribute toward improving the grey decision-making models.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 47 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 September 2013

Zaiwu Gong, Jeffrey Forrest, Yingjie Yang and Cuiping Wei

The consensus opinion helps with the achievement of fairness of the decision process, especially when the new decision makers (DMs) are added into the group decision…

Abstract

Purpose

The consensus opinion helps with the achievement of fairness of the decision process, especially when the new decision makers (DMs) are added into the group decision making (GDM). This paper aims to show by constructing consensus models that when some conditions are met, the consensus level does not decrease even when new DMs are invited to join the GDM (new opinions are added to the GDM).

Design/methodology/approach

This paper first constructs a deviation which is the difference between each two individual opinions. The smaller these differences are, the higher consensus degree (level) of the group. Then, a consensus optimization model based on individual differences (IDCO) is constructed by minimizing the aggregated deviations. Lastly, based on the optimization model, the condition of reaching a high level of consensus when new DMs are added into the GDM is discussed.

Findings

The discussion on the properties of the IDCO indicates that once the consensus with all DMs reaching an acceptable level, the consensus deviation degree decreases as the number of DMs increases when certain conditions are met, and the consensus level does not decrease even when new DMs join the GDM.

Originality/value

Practically, high-level consensus needs to be reached no matter how difficult it is when the new opinions are added into the GDM. To see how this end could be achieved, this paper takes the fuzzy preference relations as particular instances to investigate the conditions of consensus under which new DMs (opinions) are added into the GDM. The rather holistic analysis leads us to such a conclusion that the authors can replace this particular kind of preference, as used in the discussion, in many other cases by, for instance, multiplicative preference relation, linguistic preference relation, etc.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 42 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 26 September 2019

Rong Mei

This paper aims to study the issue of the three-dimensional formation coordinated control for the unmanned autonomous helicopter (UAH) by using the sliding mode…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the issue of the three-dimensional formation coordinated control for the unmanned autonomous helicopter (UAH) by using the sliding mode disturbance observer. Under the designed formation coordinated controller, the desired formation can be maintained and the closed-loop system stability is analyzed by using the Lyapunov theory.

Design/methodology/approach

Considering the unknown time-varying external 10; disturbance in formation flight of UAHs, a sliding mode disturbance observer has been employed to estimate them.

Findings

This work is supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 61803207, and in part by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities under Grant LGZD201806.

Originality/value

A sliding mode disturbance observer has been designed to estimate the unknown time-varying external disturbance in formation flight of UAHs. Aiming at the leading UAH maneuver in three-dimensional space during the formation flight progress, the formation coordinated controller has been proposed based on the output of the disturbance observer to maintain the formation.

Article
Publication date: 20 May 2020

Nanlei Chen and Naiming Xie

The purpose of this paper is to propose an uncertainty representation and information measurement method for characterizing grey numbers, estimating their internal laws…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose an uncertainty representation and information measurement method for characterizing grey numbers, estimating their internal laws and solving how to generate them based on available information data in the real world.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper attempts to present a new mathematical methodology in the field of grey numbers. The generalized grey number is defined at first with the concept of information elements and information samples. Then, the probability function of a grey number is proposed to describe the internal law of the grey number. By finding the feasible information elements from information samples, the probability calculation method for the true value of a grey number is presented. Finally, some numerical examples and comparisons are carried out to assess the efficiency and performance.

Findings

The results show that the uncertainty representation and information measurement method is effective in characterizing and quantifying grey numbers based on available information data.

Practical implications

Uncertain information is widespread in practical applications. In this manuscript, the grey number is represented and its information is measured through some existing data in discrete or interval forms, which provides a grey information concept that utilizes information elements to represent uncertainty in the real world.

Originality/value

The proposal presents a novel data-driven method to generate a grey number representation from available data rather than the classical whitening weight function constructed from experience, and the dynamic evolution process of a grey number is measured by the increase of information samples.

Details

Grey Systems: Theory and Application, vol. 10 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2043-9377

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 27 November 2018

Jin-Jin Mao, Shou-Fu Tian and Tian-Tian Zhang

The purpose of this paper is to find the exact solutions of a (3 + 1)-dimensional non-integrable Korteweg-de Vries type (KdV-type) equation, which can be used to describe…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to find the exact solutions of a (3 + 1)-dimensional non-integrable Korteweg-de Vries type (KdV-type) equation, which can be used to describe the stability of soliton in a nonlinear media with weak dispersion.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors apply the extended Bell polynomial approach, Hirota’s bilinear method and the homoclinic test technique to find the rogue waves, homoclinic breather waves and soliton waves of the (3 + 1)-dimensional non-integrable KdV-type equation. The used approach formally derives the essential conditions for these solutions to exist.

Findings

The results show that the equation exists rogue waves, homoclinic breather waves and soliton waves. To better understand the dynamic behavior of these solutions, the authors analyze the propagation and interaction properties of the these solutions.

Originality/value

These results may help to investigate the local structure and the interaction of waves in KdV-type equations. It is hoped that the results can help enrich the dynamic behavior of such equations.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 June 2019

Xiaozhong Tang and Naiming Xie

The purpose of this paper is to construct a grey clustering evaluation model based on center-point mixed possibility function and to evaluate the tourism development…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to construct a grey clustering evaluation model based on center-point mixed possibility function and to evaluate the tourism development potential of tea intangible cultural heritage. The research results provide a certain reference for the tourism development department and related researchers who are engaged in the tourism development of intangible cultural heritage.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses literature research, questionnaire investigation, expert interviews and factor analysis to determine the evaluation index system of tourism development potential of tea intangible cultural heritage and applies analytic hierarchy process (AHP) to determine the weight of each criteria. Then, according to the grey clustering evaluation theory and two-stage decision model, a grey clustering evaluation model is constructed to assess the tourism development potential of tea intangible cultural heritage. Finally, a new model is employed to evaluate the tourism development potential of tea intangible cultural heritage in Huangshan city.

Findings

The results show that there is a big difference in the tourism development potential of different tea intangible cultural heritages in Huangshan City and it further illustrates the scientificity and rationality of the method proposed in this paper.

Practical implications

The model constructed in the paper can be effectively applied to the evaluation of tourism development potential of tea intangible cultural heritage scientifically and reasonably.

Originality/value

This manuscript not only constructs the evaluation index system of tourism development potential of tea intangible cultural heritage but also creatively applies the grey clustering theory to the evaluation of tourism development potential of tea intangible cultural heritage, which provides a new research idea for the evaluation of tourism development potential of tea intangible cultural heritage.

Details

Grey Systems: Theory and Application, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2043-9377

Keywords

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