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Article
Publication date: 22 February 2013

Martin Gertler

The purpose of this paper is to pose questions about quality indicators, describe the fields of reference of communicators and the instruments currently being used in…

842

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to pose questions about quality indicators, describe the fields of reference of communicators and the instruments currently being used in quality assurance of journalism, especially in Germany.

Design/methodology/approach

Due to their relevance to the questions being posed in media ethics, the paper deals with the meaning‐conferring functions of media offerings and with reasonable expectations toward media courses that prepare young communicators for their field of occupation.

Findings

This paper reveals that a more in‐depth involvement with constructivist epistemologies can impart to the media students a particular understanding of the dimensions of ethics, norms, law and the associated sets of rules.

Originality/value

This paper is focusing on the latently present, meaning‐generating aspects of the media, just not discussing them in terms of “effects” including their measurability, but in terms of reception and epistemology, underscoring the responsibility of all related communicators.

Details

Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society, vol. 11 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-996X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2003

Phillip Daffara

In this article I deconstruct the polar cultural myths about ageing and how these two influencing memes generate two contrasting scenarios for the future of the city. One…

1345

Abstract

In this article I deconstruct the polar cultural myths about ageing and how these two influencing memes generate two contrasting scenarios for the future of the city. One meme can be seen as a weight resisting the preferred future whilst the other provides the attractive pull towards the preferred image. Both are interlinked by the reality of an ageing global population – a demographic driver that is shaping the city of tomorrow. This preferred image however is not inevitable; I argue that memetic change of Western society’s episteme of ageing is fundamental to achieving the City of all ages.

Details

Foresight, vol. 5 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6689

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 22 February 2021

Michaela Haase

This paper aims to present a value cocreation framework that furthers understanding of social value cocreation.

1891

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present a value cocreation framework that furthers understanding of social value cocreation.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is an interdisciplinary conceptual analysis drawing on social enterprise studies, marketing research and philosophical value theory. It applies a visible-hand approach to the study of market relationships and, in line with philosophical research strategies, unfolds its analysis using conceptual distinctions.

Findings

This study provides a framework that substantiates the distinction between two modes of value cocreation and identifies the structure of the social enterprise business model. It explains how social enterprises can be conceived as role models for for-profit organizations, and it elucidates why social value cocreation is a demanding objective.

Research limitations/implications

This paper develops an integrative, nondichotomist view of value cocreation that does not conceptualize social and economic value cocreation as opposing goals.

Practical implications

Social enterprises can use the business model structure and two modes of value cocreation and view themselves as role models for for-profit organizations.

Social implications

This paper applies a visible-hand approach to both for-profit organizations and social enterprises. Using its framework, for-profit organizations can reflect on the consequences of their actions on society and how social value cocreation can improve social enterprise effectiveness.

Originality/value

To the best of the author’s knowledge, this paper is the first to bridge service-oriented approaches to marketing and social enterprise studies using philosophical value theory to improve understanding of social value cocreation.

Details

Social Enterprise Journal, vol. 17 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-8614

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 20 September 2011

Bradford T. Hudson

Brand heritage is an emerging concept within the marketing discipline, which suggests that the historical status of older companies is often explicitly linked to their…

4556

Abstract

Purpose

Brand heritage is an emerging concept within the marketing discipline, which suggests that the historical status of older companies is often explicitly linked to their brand identity and consumer appeal. The aim of this paper is to illustrate and validate this concept.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper provides a profile of the Cunard Line, which offers limited evidence to support prior conceptual work by other scholars. The paper uses historical research methods to illustrate the principles of brand heritage within a specific circumstance.

Findings

Heritage is central to the brand identity of Cunard and was a significant factor in the recent turnaround of the company. This paper demonstrates the nature and power of the brand heritage concept, even within a future‐oriented repositioning effort.

Research limitations/implications

Although the example of Cunard validates the brand heritage concept in a specific instance, it does not offer evidence that brand heritage is a universal phenomenon.

Practical implications

Brand heritage should be included within the repertoires of marketing strategists and brand managers. Executives of older companies should be aware of this approach and should consider the potential to exploit heritage for competitive advantage.

Originality/value

This paper offers original research to support prior conceptual scholarship on the emerging topic of brand heritage.

Details

European Journal of Marketing, vol. 45 no. 9/10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-0566

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 13 February 2007

Anne Marie Fray

The purpose of this paper is to show the difficulty inherent in maintaining long‐term ethical behaviours in organisations. Such ethical behaviours are not always clearly…

9567

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to show the difficulty inherent in maintaining long‐term ethical behaviours in organisations. Such ethical behaviours are not always clearly identified in terms of their priorities, and interpretation methods (laws, directives, rating agencies) highlight the heterogeneity of indicators and processes.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper shows that an exploratory qualitative survey, based on interviews with managers and company documents, was conducted on a panel of six organisations to explore their key ethical points and identified weaknesses (interviews, company and/or rating agency documents). The reality surrounding these companies, rated in accordance with their social responsibility and ethical behaviours, demonstrates a major inadequacy to clarify their conduct and a dilution of values when taking action.

Findings

The paper is based on past research; the author proposes three guiding questions aimed at palliating the difficulties faced in maintaining ethical behaviours both in time and in the geographical space. It explores a series of processes permitting the establishment of points of reference and the subsequent evaluation of the different stages, focusing on the values ensuring a performance link and strengthening the managerial axis as a vector of ethics.

Originality/value

The paper challenges the notion of ratings based on non‐long‐term effects, yet, while underlining the difficulty of the exercise, also proposes possible solutions to ensure sustainability. It takes account of the limitations of a debate based on an exploratory survey, but opens the way for subsequent research connecting the proposed paths to the concept of sustainable ethics inscribed in the context of overall performance.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 45 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1992

Heather Höpfl, Sheila Smith and Sharon Spencer

Based on empirical work from two major UK organizations. BritishAirways and BT (formerly British Telecom), both of whom have, afterprivatization, engaged in large‐scale…

759

Abstract

Based on empirical work from two major UK organizations. British Airways and BT (formerly British Telecom), both of whom have, after privatization, engaged in large‐scale culture change programmes. Both organizations have made substantial job cuts and (at the time of writing in May 1991) both organizations have announced the need for further redundancies. Considers the objectives of culture change programmes and evaluates the extent to which they have been achieved in the organizations concerned, i.e. what values are cultivated and to what extent are they shared by organizational members? Considers the conflicting messages offered by the redundancy programmes and attempts to assess the implications for individuals and for self‐perception of job losses in the context of culture change.

Details

Personnel Review, vol. 21 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0048-3486

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 24 August 2011

Morten H. Abrahamsen

The study here examines how business actors adapt to changes in networks by analyzing their perceptions or their network pictures. The study is exploratory or iterative in…

Abstract

The study here examines how business actors adapt to changes in networks by analyzing their perceptions or their network pictures. The study is exploratory or iterative in the sense that revisions occur to the research question, method, theory, and context as an integral part of the research process.

Changes within networks receive less research attention, although considerable research exists on explaining business network structures in different research traditions. This study analyzes changes in networks in terms of the industrial network approach. This approach sees networks as connected relationships between actors, where interdependent companies interact based on their sensemaking of their relevant network environment. The study develops a concept of network change as well as an operationalization for comparing perceptions of change, where the study introduces a template model of dottograms to systematically analyze differences in perceptions. The study then applies the model to analyze findings from a case study of Norwegian/Japanese seafood distribution, and the chapter provides a rich description of a complex system facing considerable pressure to change. In-depth personal interviews and cognitive mapping techniques are the main research tools applied, in addition to tracer studies and personal observation.

The dottogram method represents a valuable contribution to case study research as it enables systematic within-case and across-case analyses. A further theoretical contribution of the study is the suggestion that network change is about actors seeking to change their network position to gain access to resources. Thereby, the study also implies a close relationship between the concepts network position and the network change that has not been discussed within the network approach in great detail.

Another major contribution of the study is the analysis of the role that network pictures play in actors' efforts to change their network position. The study develops seven propositions in an attempt to describe the role of network pictures in network change. So far, the relevant literature discusses network pictures mainly as a theoretical concept. Finally, the chapter concludes with important implications for management practice.

Details

Interfirm Networks: Theory, Strategy, and Behavior
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78052-024-7

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 10 August 2010

Gordon Burt

In his discussion of early lexical development in children Barrett (1995) notes that utterances can be of the following types: an expression of an internal state, a…

Abstract

In his discussion of early lexical development in children Barrett (1995) notes that utterances can be of the following types: an expression of an internal state, a response to a specific context, a social-pragmatic utterance and a referential utterance. A referential utterance can be thought of in the following way: the thing referred to, a mental representation, a word representation and a word sound. An utterance may refer to an object, an action, an attribute or an event. Some utterances are used as the names of classes of objects while other utterances are used as the proper names of individual objects. Looking at this in abstract we might say that, in the early years of childhood, language is used to refer to elements, sets, functions and relations – in other words to the mathematical structures which were discussed in Chapter 2. Of course although early language is used to refer to mathematical objects, the character of the language itself takes the form of ordinary language.

Details

Conflict, Complexity and Mathematical Social Science
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-973-2

Abstract

Details

Individualism, Holism and the Central Dilemma of Sociological Theory
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-038-7

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1998

Anghel N. Rugina

The economic science is again in a crisis and a new solution prolegomena to any future study in economics, finance and other social sciences has just been published by the…

Abstract

The economic science is again in a crisis and a new solution prolegomena to any future study in economics, finance and other social sciences has just been published by the International Institute of Social Economics in care of the MCB University Press in England. The roots of the major financial and economic problems of our time lie in an open conflict between theory and practice. In the 1930s and before the conflict was between classical theory and given realities. In the 1990s the conflict appears between the now prevailing modern, Keynesian theory and the actual realities. In addition during the twentieth century a great argument developed between the two schools of thought, argument which is not yet settled. In one sentence, the prolegomena tried and was successful to solve the conflict between theory and practice and the big doctrinal dispute of the twentieth century. It was a struggle of research and observation over half a century between 1947 and 1997.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 25 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

Keywords

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