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Article
Publication date: 11 May 2020

Fabian Müller, Lucas Crampen, Thomas Henneron, Stephane Clénet and Kay Hameyer

The purpose of this paper is to use different model order reduction techniques to cope with the computational effort of solving large systems of equations. By appropriate…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to use different model order reduction techniques to cope with the computational effort of solving large systems of equations. By appropriate decomposition of the electromagnetic field problem, the number of degrees of freedom (DOF) can be efficiently reduced. In this contribution, the Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD) and the Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) are used in the frame of the T-Ω-formulation, and the feasibility is elaborated.

Design/methodology/approach

The POD and the PGD are two methods to reduce the model order. Particularly in the context of eddy current problems, conventional time-stepping algorithms can lead to many numerical simulations of the studied problem. To simulate the transient field, the T-Ω-formulation is used which couples the magnetic scalar potential and the electric vector potential. In this paper, both methods are studied on an academic example of an induction furnace in terms of accuracy and computational effort.

Findings

Using the proposed reduction techniques significantly reduces the DOF and subsequently the computational effort. Further, the feasibility of the combination of both methods with the T-Ω-formulation is given, and a fundamental step toward fast simulation of eddy current problems is shown.

Originality/value

In this paper, the PGD is combined for the first time with the T-Ω-formulation. The application of the PGD and POD and the following comparison illustrate the great potential of these techniques in combination with the T-Ω-formulation in context of eddy current problems.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. 39 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 15 August 2019

Mehdi Dehghan, Mostafa Abbaszadeh, Amirreza Khodadadian and Clemens Heitzinger

The current paper aims to develop a reduced order discontinuous Galerkin method for solving the generalized Swift–Hohenberg equation with application in biological science…

Abstract

Purpose

The current paper aims to develop a reduced order discontinuous Galerkin method for solving the generalized Swift–Hohenberg equation with application in biological science and mechanical engineering. The generalized Swift–Hohenberg equation is a fourth-order PDE; thus, this paper uses the local discontinuous Galerkin (LDG) method for it.

Design/methodology/approach

At first, the spatial direction has been discretized by the LDG technique, as this process results in a nonlinear system of equations based on the time variable. Thus, to achieve more accurate outcomes, this paper uses an exponential time differencing scheme for solving the obtained system of ordinary differential equations. Finally, to decrease the used CPU time, this study combines the proper orthogonal decomposition approach with the LDG method and obtains a reduced order LDG method. The circular and rectangular computational domains have been selected to solve the generalized Swift–Hohenberg equation. Furthermore, the energy stability for the semi-discrete LDG scheme has been discussed.

Findings

The results show that the new numerical procedure has not only suitable and acceptable accuracy but also less computational cost compared to the local DG without the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) approach.

Originality/value

The local DG technique is an efficient numerical procedure for solving models in the fluid flow. The current paper combines the POD approach and the local LDG technique to solve the generalized Swift–Hohenberg equation with application in the fluid mechanics. In the new technique, the computational cost and the used CPU time of the local DG have been reduced.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 29 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 29 April 2014

Gabriel Węcel, Ziemowit Ostrowski and Pawel Kozołub

The purpose of this paper is to present a new approach of evaluation of the absorption line black body distribution function (ALBDF) for a mixture of gases. Currently…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a new approach of evaluation of the absorption line black body distribution function (ALBDF) for a mixture of gases. Currently published correlations, which are used to reproduce the ALBDF, treat only single gases.

Design/methodology/approach

A discrete form of the ALBDF is generated using line by line (LBL) calculations. The latest spectroscopic database HITEMP 2010 is used for the generation of the absorption coefficient histogram, which is cumulated later in order to produce a tabulated form of the ALBDF. The proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) statistical method is employed for the reproduction of the ALBDF. Interpolation property of the POD allows to reproduce the ALBDF for arbitrary gas mixture parameters.

Findings

POD proved to possess optimal interpolation properties. Results obtained by using POD are in very good agreement with LBL integration.

Research limitations/implications

One have to be aware that the model generated with the POD method can be used only within the range of parameters used to build the model. The POD does not perform any property extrapolation. The model is limited to a mixture of two gases, namely CO2 and H2O. Expanding the number of gases used in the mixture may lead to a relatively large matrix system, which is difficult to process with the POD approach.

Practical implications

The presented approach can be used to produce absorption coefficients values and their weights, which can be applied in the gas radiative properties description using the weighted sum of gray gas (WSGG) concept. The proposed model can be used with any radiative transfer equation solver which employs the WSGG approach.

Originality/value

For the first time, radiative properties of gas mixtures are reproduced using the POD approach.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 24 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 November 2021

Mehdi Dehghan, Baharak Hooshyarfarzin and Mostafa Abbaszadeh

This study aims to use the polynomial approximation method based on the Pascal polynomial basis for obtaining the numerical solutions of partial differential equations…

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to use the polynomial approximation method based on the Pascal polynomial basis for obtaining the numerical solutions of partial differential equations. Moreover, this method does not require establishing grids in the computational domain.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, the authors present a meshfree method based on Pascal polynomial expansion for the numerical solution of the Sobolev equation. In general, Sobolev-type equations have several applications in physics and mechanical engineering.

Findings

The authors use the Crank-Nicolson scheme to discrete the time variable and the Pascal polynomial-based (PPB) method for discretizing the spatial variables. But it is clear that increasing the value of the final time or number of time steps, will bear a lot of costs during numerical simulations. An important purpose of this paper is to reduce the execution time for applying the PPB method. To reach this aim, the proper orthogonal decomposition technique has been combined with the PPB method.

Originality/value

The developed procedure is tested on various examples of one-dimensional, two-dimensional and three-dimensional versions of the governed equation on the rectangular and irregular domains to check its accuracy and validity.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 32 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 November 2016

Toshihito Shimotani, Yuki Sato and Hajime Igarashi

The purpose of this paper is to propose a fast synthesis method of the equivalent circuits of electromagnetic devices using model order reduction. Finite element method…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a fast synthesis method of the equivalent circuits of electromagnetic devices using model order reduction. Finite element method (FEM) has been widely used to design electromagnetic devices. For FE analysis of these devices connected to control and deriving circuits, FE equations coupled with the circuit equations have to be solved for many times in their design processes. If the FE models are replaced by equivalent circuit models, computational time could be drastically reduced.

Design/methodology/approach

In the proposed method, a reduced FE model is obtained using proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) in which the size of FE equation is effectively reduced so that the computational time for FE analysis is shortened. Then, the equivalent circuits are directly synthesized from the admittance function of the reduced system.

Findings

Accuracy and computational efficiency of the proposed method are compared with those of another POD-based method in which the equivalent circuits are synthesized from fitting of frequency characteristics using optimization algorithm. There are no significant differences in the accuracy of both methods, while the speedup ratio of the former method is found larger than that for the latter method for the same sampling points.

Originality/value

The equivalent circuits of electric machines and devices have been synthesized on the basis of physical insight of engineers. This paper proposes a novel method by which the equivalent circuits are automatically synthesized from FE model of the electric machines and devices using POD.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 35 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 18 April 2017

David Binion and Xiaolin Chen

This paper aims to describe a method for efficient frequency domain model order reduction. The method attempts to combine the desirable attributes of Krylov reduction and…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to describe a method for efficient frequency domain model order reduction. The method attempts to combine the desirable attributes of Krylov reduction and proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) and is entitled Krylov enhanced POD (KPOD).

Design/methodology/approach

The KPOD method couples Krylov’s moment-matching property with POD’s data generalization ability to construct reduced models capable of maintaining accuracy over wide frequency ranges. The method is based on generating a sequence of state- and frequency-dependent Krylov subspaces and then applying POD to extract a single basis that generalizes the sequence of Krylov bases.

Findings

The frequency response of a pre-stressed microelectromechanical system resonator is used as an example to demonstrate KPOD’s ability in frequency domain model reduction, with KPOD exhibiting a 44 per cent efficiency improvement over POD.

Originality/value

The results indicate that KPOD greatly outperforms POD in accuracy and efficiency, making the proposed method a potential asset in the design of frequency-selective applications.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 34 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 September 2013

Bettina Suhr and Jelena Rubeša

The simulation of lithium-ion batteries is a challenging research topic. Since there are many electrochemical processes involved in charging and discharging, models which…

Abstract

Purpose

The simulation of lithium-ion batteries is a challenging research topic. Since there are many electrochemical processes involved in charging and discharging, models which aim to include these processes are in general complex and therefore slow. This paper seeks to address these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

For many tasks, e.g. in optimization, a repeated solution of a model is necessary.

Findings

In this paper, a speed up in simulations, with acceptable error in results, is obtained by combining proper orthogonal decomposition with empirical interpolation method.

Originality/value

The authors report a speed up factor between 10 and 15.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 32 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 15 June 2010

Emad Samadiani and Yogendra Joshi

The purpose of this paper is to review the available reduced order modeling approaches in the literature for predicting the flow and specially temperature fields inside…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review the available reduced order modeling approaches in the literature for predicting the flow and specially temperature fields inside data centers in terms of the involved design parameters.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper begins with a motivation for flow/thermal modeling needs for designing an energy‐efficient thermal management system in data centers. Recent studies on air velocity and temperature field simulations in data centers through computational fluid dynamics/heat transfer (CFD/HT) are reviewed. Meta‐modeling and reduced order modeling are tools to generate accurate and rapid surrogate models for a complex system. These tools, with a focus on low‐dimensional models of turbulent flows are reviewed. Reduced order modeling techniques based on turbulent coherent structures identification, in particular the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) are explained and reviewed in more details. Then, the available approaches for rapid thermal modeling of data centers are reviewed. Finally, recent studies on generating POD‐based reduced order thermal models of data centers are reviewed and representative results are presented and compared for a case study.

Findings

It is concluded that low‐dimensional models are needed in order to predict the multi‐parameter dependent thermal behavior of data centers accurately and rapidly for design and control purposes. POD‐based techniques have shown great approximation for multi‐parameter thermal modeling of data centers. It is believed that wavelet‐based techniques due to the their ability to separate between coherent and incoherent structures – something that POD cannot do – can be considered as new promising tools for reduced order thermal modeling of complex electronic systems such as data centers

Originality/value

The paper reviews different numerical methods and provides the reader with some insight for reduced order thermal modeling of complex convective systems such as data centers.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 20 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 15 December 2021

Marcus W.F.M. Bannenberg, Fotios Kasolis, Michael Günther and Markus Clemens

The maximum entropy snapshot sampling (MESS) method aims to reduce the computational cost required for obtaining the reduced basis for the purpose of model reduction…

Abstract

Purpose

The maximum entropy snapshot sampling (MESS) method aims to reduce the computational cost required for obtaining the reduced basis for the purpose of model reduction. Hence, it can significantly reduce the original system dimension whilst maintaining an adequate level of accuracy. The purpose of this paper is to show how these beneficial results are obtained.

Design/methodology/approach

The so-called MESS method is used for reducing two nonlinear circuit models. The MESS directly reduces the number of snapshots by recursively identifying and selecting the snapshots that strictly increase an estimate of the correlation entropy of the considered systems. Reduced bases are then obtained with the orthogonal-triangular decomposition.

Findings

Two case studies have been used for validating the reduction performance of the MESS. These numerical experiments verify the performance of the advocated approach, in terms of computational costs and accuracy, relative to gappy proper orthogonal decomposition.

Originality/value

The novel MESS has been successfully used for reducing two nonlinear circuits: in particular, a diode chain model and a thermal-electric coupled system. In both cases, the MESS removed unnecessary data, and hence, it reduced the snapshot matrix, before calling the QR basis generation routine. As a result, the QR-decomposition has been called on a reduced snapshot matrix, and the offline stage has been significantly scaled down, in terms of central processing unit time.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. 41 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 24 May 2013

Marc Guénot, Ingrid Lepot, Caroline Sainvitu, Jordan Goblet and Rajan Filomeno Coelho

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel contribution to adaptive sampling strategies for non‐intrusive reduced order models based on Proper Orthogonal Decomposition

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel contribution to adaptive sampling strategies for non‐intrusive reduced order models based on Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD). These strategies aim at reducing the cost of optimization by improving the efficiency and accuracy of POD data‐fitting surrogate models to be used in an online surrogate‐assisted optimization framework for industrial design.

Design/methodology/approach

The effect of the strategies on the model accuracy is investigated considering the snapshot scaling, the design of experiment size and the truncation level of the POD basis and compared to a state‐of‐the‐art radial basis function network surrogate model on objectives and constraints. The selected test case is a Mach number and angle of attack domain exploration of the well‐known RAE2822 airfoil. Preliminary airfoil shape optimization results are also shown.

Findings

The numerical results demonstrate the potential of the capture/recapture schemes proposed for adequately filling the parametric space and maximizing the surrogates relevance at minimum computational cost.

Originality/value

The proposed approaches help in building POD‐based surrogate models more efficiently.

1 – 10 of 300