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Article
Publication date: 6 March 2017

Priyanka Jain, Vishal Vyas and Ankur Roy

The relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and financial performance (FP) is a much-researched topic in academic arena. Recent studies disclosed that…

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2484

Abstract

Purpose

The relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and financial performance (FP) is a much-researched topic in academic arena. Recent studies disclosed that intellectual capital (IC) significantly impacts the success and survival of organizations. Moreover, theoretical assertions confirm that competitive advantage (CA) mediates the association between IC and FP. This has opened up new dimensions for the study. Therefore, this study aims to develop a theoretical model, first, to specify these relations and, second, to explore the mediating role of IC and CA on the relation between CSR and FP in the context of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Design/methodology/approach

Hypotheses are tested through a survey conducted on 384 SMEs in Rajasthan state. A structured questionnaire having 38 variables was used, and collected data are subjected to confirmatory factor analysis. Structural equation modeling was used to validate the measurement model and to test the mediating effect.

Findings

The findings indicate a weak positive relation between CSR and FP. The empirical data provide supportive evidence that IC has a profound impact on CSR and FP relationship. Specifically, it was noticed that the mediating role of CA on this relationship was not as reflective as described in the literature.

Research limitations/implications

The limitation of this study is that it is limited to one country, more specific to one geographical area of a country; therefore, findings of the study cannot be generalized in terms of its implications to other regions and countries.

Originality/value

Very few empirical studies have analyzed the mediating role of IC and CA on the relationship between CSR and FP. This study is expected to enable scholars and practitioners to have a more definite and direct understanding of the implication of IC and CA in association between CSR and FP.

Details

Social Responsibility Journal, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1747-1117

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Article
Publication date: 14 June 2021

Vishal Vyas and Priyanka Jain

The study aims to explore the role of digital economy and technology adoption for financial inclusion in the Indian context.

Abstract

Purpose

The study aims to explore the role of digital economy and technology adoption for financial inclusion in the Indian context.

Design/methodology/approach

A conceptual framework was developed and hypotheses were tested through a survey conducted on 433 educated adults (males and females) residing in different districts of Rajasthan (India). Data was collected through a structured questionnaire and was subjected to confirmatory factor analysis. Structural equation modeling (second-order) was used to validate the measurement model and to test the mediating effect.

Findings

The measurement model is a confirmatory factor analysis and measures the reliability of the observed variables in relation to the latent constructs and indices shows the overall model fit. Structural model results indicate a complete mediation and a reflective impact (R2 = 0.28) of the extended technology acceptance model on digital economy and financial inclusion relationship.

Research limitations/implications

The study has taken into account only the perception of educated adults residing more specifically in one geographical area of a country. Thus, it limits the generalization of results in terms of implications to other regions and countries.

Practical implications

The proposed framework and implications are quite significant for policymakers and service providers to understand the nexus and strategic choices involved in this area. Moreover, understanding of user’s frame dependence would help in the development of digital assistive models that would perhaps mitigate the gap from participation (digital economy) to acceptance (financial inclusion).

Originality/value

Present study proposed a three-dimensional hypothetical model and conceptualized the digital economy (independent variable) as participation, behavioral intentions measured through the extended technology acceptance model (mediating variable) as adoption and financial inclusion (dependent variable) as acceptance to better understand the nexus. It represents the foremost step and a unique effort in this area. Moreover, the study was empirical and has wider applications both from the perspectives of end-users and service providers.

Details

Indian Growth and Development Review, vol. 14 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8254

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Article
Publication date: 26 February 2019

Priyanka Jain, Taranjeet Duggal and Amirul Hasan Ansari

The purpose of this paper is to extend the under-researched work on employees’ organizational commitment by examining transformational leadership (TL) adopted by the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to extend the under-researched work on employees’ organizational commitment by examining transformational leadership (TL) adopted by the leader and the level of trust subordinates have in such a leader.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected using convenience sampling and self-administered survey methods from professionals employed in Indian public sector banks (n=236).

Findings

Findings reveal that the subordinates’ level of trust and psychological well-being partially mediates the relationship between TL and employees’ organizational commitment.

Practical implications

TL shares a positive relationship with organizational commitment through trust and psychological well-being.

Originality/value

Even though previous studies on organizational commitment have produced a significant piece of work, this study is among the first to propose and analyze a comprehensive and theoretically grounded structure of TL, organizational commitment, level of trust and employees’ psychological well-being.

Details

Benchmarking: An International Journal, vol. 26 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-5771

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Article
Publication date: 11 March 2020

Vishal Vyas and Priyanka Jain

This study aims to quantify and prioritize the financial performance (FP) determinants in Indian small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to quantify and prioritize the financial performance (FP) determinants in Indian small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Design/methodology/approach

Analytic hierarchy process, a multi-criteria decision-making tool, was used. Experts were allowed to express the opinion regarding the relative importance of each factor and sub-factors by making pairwise comparisons through a structured questionnaire based on a nine-point scale.

Findings

Market orientation (0.4529) was perceived as the most important FP determinant followed by the entrepreneurial orientation (0.3382) and corporate social responsibility (0.2089) in SMEs.

Research limitations/implications

This study can be considered as a pilot study because it is confined to Indian SMEs. Future research studies can incorporate the opinion or insights of other stakeholders and may target the SMEs situated in different geographical areas.

Practical implications

The inferences drawn in this study would clarify the conceptual and contextual applicability of competitive strategies in SMEs. Indeed, proposed hierarchy and developed framework would guide the SMEs in strategic planning. Moreover, it would help in repositioning and alignment of core strategies duly with business objectives.

Originality/value

The study represents the foremost step and a unique effort in the area of development of hypothetical model (a hierarchal model) with the framework considered to prioritize the FP determinants in SMEs.

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Article
Publication date: 26 April 2018

Priyanka Jain and Taranjeet Duggal

This study aims to investigate the mediating role of job autonomy ( JA) in the relationship between transformational leadership (TL) and organizational commitment (OC) and…

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2295

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the mediating role of job autonomy ( JA) in the relationship between transformational leadership (TL) and organizational commitment (OC) and the moderating effect of emotional intelligence (EI) on the relationship between JA and OC.

Design/methodology/approach

Data for the study were obtained from the respondents of information technology industries across India by using convenience sampling.

Findings

The study reveals that TL positively influences employees’ OC via JA. Results further indicated that EI as the moderator strengthens the relationship between TL and OC mediated by JA.

Practical implications

The study recommends that leaders with high level of TL style should appeal to the emotions of their employees for significantly influencing their OC.

Originality/value

This paper extends upon prior research that has identified a relationship between TL and OC; this study proposes and analyzes a comprehensive and theoretically grounded structure of TL, JA, EI and employees’ OC, highlighting its theoretical and practical implications.

Details

Management Research Review, vol. 41 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2040-8269

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Article
Publication date: 6 May 2014

Priyanka Jain, Saroj Kumar Datta and Ankur Roy

This paper is an attempt to explore the awareness and attitude of the management students towards corporate social responsibility (CSR). Students are perceived as future…

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1880

Abstract

Purpose

This paper is an attempt to explore the awareness and attitude of the management students towards corporate social responsibility (CSR). Students are perceived as future managers of the corporate world and their perception about CSR is deemed important to business organisations. The students can make companies understand their responsibility towards various stakeholders. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

By doing a review of past literature, an appropriate scale consisting of forty-one items has been developed to measure the dimensions of CSR. Data were collected from 294 students of various business schools situated in Rajasthan (India). The data collected was subjected to exploratory factor analysis to extract the main dimensions that would bring out the attitudes of the students towards CSR.

Findings

Results revealed that the companies should pay attention to accountability towards stakeholders, corporate governance, ethical commitment and humanitarian concerns besides fulfilling other responsibilities as covered under the eight factors identified in the study.

Research limitations/implications

This paper used survey data from small sample of management students in a limited geographic area. Hence, it might be difficult to generalize the results to a larger, more representative population. The research also suggests how corporations can make CSR an integral part of the business organisation.

Practical implications

The dimensions identified in the study if incorporated by the business in its day-to-day operations can make it socially responsible as well as socially acceptable in the true sense.

Originality/value

This research makes an empirical contribution to identify the factors which management students expect business enterprises should do to be justified as socially responsible corporate citizens.

Details

International Journal of Law and Management, vol. 56 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-243X

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Article
Publication date: 17 May 2013

Priyanka Jain, Vishal Vyas and Ankur Roy

This paper aims to study the weak form of efficiency of Indian capital market during the period of global financial crisis in the form of random walk.

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1161

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study the weak form of efficiency of Indian capital market during the period of global financial crisis in the form of random walk.

Design/methodology/approach

The study considered daily closing prices of S&P CNX Nifty, BSE, CNX100, S&P CNX 500 from April 1, 2005 to March 31, 2010. The data source is the equity market segment of NSE and BSE. Both parametric and nonparametric tests (“ex‐posts” in nature) are applied for the purpose of testing weak‐form efficiency. The parametric tests include Augmented Dickey‐Fuller (ADF) unit root tests and nonparametric tests include Phillips‐Perron (PP) unit root tests and Run test. ADF tests use a parametric autoregressive structure to capture serial correlation and PP tests use non‐parametric corrections based on estimates of the long‐run variance of ΔYt.

Findings

The results suggested that the Indian stock market was efficient in its weak form during the period of recession. It means that investors should not be able to consistently earn abnormal gains by analysing the historical prices. Hence one should not be able to make a profit from using something that everybody else knows.

Practical implications

The study reports that all the stocks in these selected indices are fundamentally strong and their prices are not influenced largely by historical prices and other relevant factors which came from industry and any other information that is publically available. Thus it can be concluded that the Indian stock market was informationally efficient and no investor can usurp any privileged information to make abnormal profits.

Originality/value

Where past studies have examined the weak‐form of efficiency of various markets and the effect of globalisation and global financial crisis on the various sectors of developing and emerging economies, this paper attempts to study the weak form of efficiency of the Indian capital market in the period of recession in the form of random walk.

Details

Journal of Advances in Management Research, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0972-7981

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 6 May 2014

Chris Gale and Alexandra Dobson

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77

Abstract

Details

International Journal of Law and Management, vol. 56 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-243X

Content available
Article
Publication date: 12 May 2021

Sucheta Agarwal, Anugamini P. Srivastava and Vivek Agrawal

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182

Abstract

Details

Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, vol. 15 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-6204

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Article
Publication date: 18 May 2018

Manoj Kumar Mahawar, Kirti Jalgaonkar, Bhushan Bibwe, Tushar Kulkarni, Bharat Bhushan and Vijay Singh Meena

This paper aims to optimize the quantum of aonla pulp that could be mixed with guava pulp to make a nutritional rich fruit bar. The developed fruit bar will not only help…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to optimize the quantum of aonla pulp that could be mixed with guava pulp to make a nutritional rich fruit bar. The developed fruit bar will not only help in the improvement of processing value of both Guava and underused but highly nutritional Aonla but also serve the purpose of improvement in nutritional status of consumers.

Design/methodology/approach

Response surface methodology (RSM) using Box–Behnken design was used with the process variables as aonla and guava pulp ratio, PR (30:70, 40:60, 50:50); pectin concentration, PC (0, 0.15, 0.30%); and drying temperature, DT (50, 60, 70°C) for optimization of process conditions. The prepared mixed fruit leather was evaluated for physico-chemical, textural and sensory properties such as titratable acidity (TA), ascorbic acid content (AA), L value (lightness), cutting force (CF), taste and overall acceptability (OAA).

Findings

Second-order regression models fitted for TA, AA, L value (lightness), CF, taste and OAA were highly significant (P = 0.01) with the coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.85). The TA and AA of mixed fruit bar increased whereas L value, CF, taste and OAA decreased with increasing level of aonla pulp in the blend formulation. The optimum process conditions for mixed aonla-guava bar with desirable characteristics were 40:60 (PR), 0.02% (PC) and 56°C (DT). The corresponding optimum values of TA, AA, L value, CF, taste and OAA were 1.00%, 164 mg/100 g, 50, 5066 g, 7.83 and 7.92, respectively. The design formulation and data analysis using RSM validated the optimum solution.

Originality/value

This paper demonstrates that optimum blending of aonla and guava pulp has improved the overall nutritional characteristics and acceptability of the final product. This will not only help in reducing the associated post-harvest losses but also encourage the cultivators/local processing industries by stabilizing the price during glut sea.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 48 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

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