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Article
Publication date: 11 August 2020

Abou-Elhagag A. Hermas, Mostafa H. Wahdan and Eatemad M. Ahmed

This work aims to prepare and characterize of protective anticorrosion phosphate-doped polyaniline (PANI) nanocomposite coatings for stainless steel (SS) in chloride solution.

Abstract

Purpose

This work aims to prepare and characterize of protective anticorrosion phosphate-doped polyaniline (PANI) nanocomposite coatings for stainless steel (SS) in chloride solution.

Design/methodology/approach

PANI composite coatings were electrodeposited from aqueous sulfuric acid solution containing monomer and Al2O3 nanoparticles using cyclic voltammetry technique. Doping by phosphate was done by aging the coated steels for different periods (1–168 h) in phosphate solution. The polymer film composite was investigated by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy techniques. Potential-time, anodic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to study the protection efficiency of the coatings.

Findings

The Al2O3 nanoparticles were incorporated into the deposited PANI layer but they decreased the deposition of polymer. The nanoparticles and the phosphate anions enhanced the protective PANI layer for passivation and protection of SS in the chloride solution.

Originality/value

The replacement of counter anions by phosphate ions improved significantly the PANI and its nanocomposite as protective coating of SS in chloride solution.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 67 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 28 October 2014

V. Rajasekharan and P. Manisankar

The purpose of this study is to introduce mechanochemically prepared polyaniline anticorrosive additives. In primer coating technology, there is an increasing interest in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to introduce mechanochemically prepared polyaniline anticorrosive additives. In primer coating technology, there is an increasing interest in the development of efficient anticorrosive additives which replace the conventional inorganic anticorrosive pigments like heavy metal chromates and phosphates normally added to primer paints for the coating on metals. Conducting polymers are found to be better alternatives.

Design/methodology/approach

Polyaniline phosphate is synthesized through solid-state conditions without using any solvent. The synthesized polyaniline phosphate is added in the primer formulation instead of zinc phosphate. Primers with different quantity of zinc phosphate are also formulated and studied for comparison. The comparison between their abilities to control corrosion of carbon steel were done with application of open-circuit potential monitoring, polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy methods in 3.5 per cent NaCl solution.

Findings

Corrosion studies indicate that polyaniline phosphate can improve corrosion protection properties by taking part the passivation processes. The performance of polyaniline phosphate is better than zinc phosphate.

Originality/value

I certify that the results are from our original research and this paper is neither considered for publication elsewhere nor published previously.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 61 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 November 2012

Xing Juan Chen, Cheng Luo, Zheng Han Zhang and Min Zhao

The purpose of this investigation was to synthesize a doped polyaniline‐containing coating and investigate the anti‐corrosion properties of the coating on Mg‐Li alloy.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this investigation was to synthesize a doped polyaniline‐containing coating and investigate the anti‐corrosion properties of the coating on Mg‐Li alloy.

Design/methodology/approach

The doped polyaniline pigments were prepared by two different methods using ammonium persulphate as oxidant and hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid, p‐toluene sulfonic acid and sulfosalicylic acid as doping agents. The doped polyaniline was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT‐IR) analysis, X‐ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The coatings consisted of polyaniline, epoxy resin and other additives that were formed on Mg‐Li alloy. The anti‐corrosion properties of the polyaniline‐containing coating on the Mg‐Li alloy were investigated in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution using open circuit potential logging and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.

Findings

The results of the electrochemical tests indicated that the polyaniline‐containing coatings showed better anti‐corrosion properties, as compared to conventional epoxy coatings on Mg‐Li alloy when exposed in 3.5 wt.% NaCl solution. The coating containing 2 wt.% polyaniline (relative to the mass of epoxy resin) doped with hydrochloric acid had the best anti‐corrosion properties on the Mg‐Li alloy.

Originality/value

Previous reports on the anti‐corrosion properties of polyaniline‐containing coatings focused mainly on the surface of iron, steel, aluminum and magnesium, and there have been few studies on the anti‐corrosion properties as protective coatings for Mg‐Li alloy.

Article
Publication date: 27 March 2020

Zhengfeng Cao, Yanqiu Xia, Chuan Chen, Kai Zheng and Yi Zhang

This paper aims to explore polyaniline (PANI) as a lubricant additive to improve the anti-corrosion and tribological properties of ionic liquids (ILs) for actual applications.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore polyaniline (PANI) as a lubricant additive to improve the anti-corrosion and tribological properties of ionic liquids (ILs) for actual applications.

Design/methodology/approach

ILs were synthesized by dissolving lithium salts in synthetic oil and were used as a base oil to prepare ILs-based greases. PANI was used as an additive. The tribological properties were investigated in detail and the anti-corrosion ability was also assessed via salt spray test. After friction test, the worn surfaces were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to analyze the lubrication mechanisms.

Findings

PANI not only reduces the corrosion but also improves the friction reduction and anti-wear abilities of the ILs-based greases. The analysis indicates that the protective films generated on the worn surfaces were responsible for the preferable anti-corrosion and tribological properties.

Originality/value

This paper provides an effective approach to improve the anti-corrosion and tribological properties of ILs for actual applications.

Peer review

The peer review history for this article is available at: https://publons.com/publon/10.1108/ILT-11-2019-0469/

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 72 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 15 October 2021

Yanqiu Xia, Chuan Chen, Xin Feng and Zhengfeng Cao

The purpose of this paper is to synthesize a kind of core-shell Ag@polyaniline (Ag@PAN) as a lubricant additive to improve the friction reduction and anti-wear abilities…

117

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to synthesize a kind of core-shell Ag@polyaniline (Ag@PAN) as a lubricant additive to improve the friction reduction and anti-wear abilities of lithium-based complex grease.

Design/methodology/approach

The core-shell Ag@PAN was prepared by a simple method and was introduced into the lithium-based complex grease. The typical properties of Ag@PAN were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transforms infrared spectrometer and thermal gravimetric analyzer. The tribological properties were evaluated under different conditions. After the tribological test, the worn surface was analyzed by SEM and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to probe the lubrication mechanisms.

Findings

The prepared Ag@PAN could greatly improve the friction reduction and wear resistance of the friction pair under different conditions. The preferable tribological performances were mainly attributed to the synergism of various lubrication mechanisms including “mending effect,” “rolling effect” and lubricating protective film, and so on.

Originality/value

This study synthesizes a new kind of core-shell Ag@PAN as a lubricant additive, and it possesses preferable friction reduction and anti-wear abilities.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 73 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 June 2020

Mayya Ziganshina, Sergey Stepin, Sergey Karandashov and Veronika Mendelson

The purpose of this paper is to search for toxic anticorrosive pigments’ substitute in protective coatings is one of the important tasks that the specialists in the field…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to search for toxic anticorrosive pigments’ substitute in protective coatings is one of the important tasks that the specialists in the field of steel corrosion face.

Design/methodology/approach

One of the ways to solve the problem of metal corrosion is to use complex oxides as pigments, which are characterized as low-toxic compounds and possess the ability to inhibit corrosion.

Findings

In the production of ferrites, it is possible to use production waste as raw material, and that makes it possible to reduce the price of the resulting product and solve environmental problems simultaneously.

Originality/value

Permanent growth of world production is accompanied by the increasing environment corrosiveness, associated with the intensification of air, water basin and soil pollution by industrial waste. This, as well as the continuously increasing operated metal stock, has recently made the tendency of metals’ total loss from corrosion steadily increasing. All of this points to the importance of studying corrosion processes and the systematic and effective fight against metal corrosion.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 67 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 November 2016

Abolfazl Darvish, Reza Naderi and Mohammad Reza Mohammadzadeh Attar

This research aims to provide a comparative study of the effect of conventional zinc phosphate (ZP) and zinc aluminium phosphate (ZPA) representing second generation of…

Abstract

Purpose

This research aims to provide a comparative study of the effect of conventional zinc phosphate (ZP) and zinc aluminium phosphate (ZPA) representing second generation of phosphate-based anticorrosion pigments on the protective performance and physical mechanical properties of a solvent-borne polyurethane (PU) coating.

Design/methodology/approach

The two pigments were incorporated into the coating at optimum pigment volume concentration. To evaluate the protective performance, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used. The effect of modification of ZP on the physical–mechanical properties of the coatings was studied through dynamic mechanical thermal analysis. Moreover, Micro Vickers hardness and pull-off tests were used to evaluate the hydrolytic coating degradation.

Findings

EIS revealed the superior protective function of coatings incorporated with ZPA compared to those formulated with ZP. This behaviour might be attributed to the release of sufficient inhibiting species because of partial dissolving of the anticorrosive pigments when an electrolyte penetrates into the coating. In addition, the effectiveness of modification of ZP on the physical–mechanical properties of coatings was shown.

Research limitations/implications

As a classical replacement for the toxic chromates, ZP has been widely used in the formulation of protective coatings. However, undesirable inhibitive function of the pigment arising from its low solubility has made modification necessary. Because of the modified solubility, second generation of phosphate-based anticorrosion pigments has been reported to reveal superior performance.

Originality/value

According to the literature, no report can be found studying the effect of the second generation of phosphate-based anticorrosion pigments on the physical–mechanical properties of PU coatings. The main goal of this work is to study the correlation between physical–mechanical properties and anticorrosion performance of the PU coatings.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 45 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 September 2012

Hassan S. Emira, Alia A. Shakour, Sayed S. Abd El Rehim, Inas A. Saleh and Mohammed A. El‐Hashemy

The paper aims to evaluate the anti‐corrosion performance of inorganic pigments included in paint systems based on plasticized‐chlorinated rubber for carbon steel in…

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to evaluate the anti‐corrosion performance of inorganic pigments included in paint systems based on plasticized‐chlorinated rubber for carbon steel in different environmental conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

Paint systems based on chlorinated rubber and inorganic pigments such as zinc chromate, zinc phosphate, red iron oxide and treated iron industry waste powder were prepared. Immersion in 3.5 percent salt solution, as well as outdoor exposure tests, were performed and the paint physico‐mechanical properties were tested to evaluate the paints' anti corrosive performance.

Findings

The concentration and the type of pigments included in the prepared paint systems control their anticorrosive performance.

Originality/value

The paper demonstrates how pigment consisting of treated iron industry waste powder could be used in anticorrosion paints for carbon steel.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 59 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 November 2020

Liliya Frolova and Tatyana Butyrina

The purpose of this paper is to study the patterns of formation of anti-corrosion properties, the development of compositions for pigments by using the method of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the patterns of formation of anti-corrosion properties, the development of compositions for pigments by using the method of co-precipitation and subsequent heat treatment.

Design/methodology/approach

To obtain co-precipitated hydroxides, aqueous solutions of salts were used. The conditions of synthesis varied according to the following parameters: the nature of the starting salts of metals; and the ratio of metal cations. The anticorrosive activity of the pigments was evaluated by the potentiodynamic method, by comparing the anodic and cathodic polarization curves, and calculated potentials and corrosion currents on the basis of regions of Tafel on curves. Polarization curves were obtained by using Potentiostat/Galvanostat/ZRA Gamry, which connected to the PC, and by using the program Gamry Framework. The measurement results were processed by using the method of simplex-lattice planning. X-ray diffractograms of pigments were recorded on a DRON – 2.0 diffractometer (monochromatic copper radiation with a nickel filter).

Findings

The paper deals with the results of research the dependence of colour characteristics and anticorrosion properties of synthesized compositions on their nature and composition. The presence of aluminium cations leads to the formation of solid solutions of ferrum and aluminium oxyhydroxides.

Originality/value

The main technological properties of pigments are determined by the anionic and cationic composition. Colour characteristics are determined by the cation-chromophore. The anti-corrosive properties of non-calcined pigments are determined to a greater extent by the presence of the formed hydroxyl ions and the composition of the compounds. The greatest protective effect is observed when using double compounds of metals, the dissociation constants of which differ significantly. The protective effect is mainly determined by the slowdown of the anode process. Anions containing aluminium atoms accelerate the corrosion processes.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 50 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 19 September 2019

Elbahi Djaalab, Mohamed Elhadi Samar, Saida Zougar and Rochdi Kherrat

A new electrochemical analysis based on ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) was developed for penicillin V (Peni-V) using polyaniline as a conducting polymer.

Abstract

Purpose

A new electrochemical analysis based on ß-cyclodextrin (ß-CD) was developed for penicillin V (Peni-V) using polyaniline as a conducting polymer.

Design/methodology/approach

The preparation of modified electrode involves the incorporation of β-CD with membrane of polyaniline. Polyaniline, incorporating β-CD, was prepared by electrochemical polymerization method in a medium of hypochloride. Cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance have been used to characterize this sensor. The detection and the kinetic study of modified platinum electrode are evaluated.

Findings

Results clearly indicate that β-CDs interfere with the polymerization mechanism with an inhibition factor. The inclusion phenomenon of β-CDs has been studied and applied to detect Peni-V. The principle of this electrochemical sensor is based on the chemical properties of β-CD, which were studied using the cyclic voltammetric method and impedance spectroscopy. The electrochemical behavior of Peni-V at concentrations between 10–8 and 10–2 M was measured versus Ag/AgCl at pH 7.4 and 30°C in a phosphate alkaline buffer. Relationship of Peni-V concentration in logarithmic mathematical form with current in potentiometric method and with resistance in impedimetric method were obtained.

Originality/value

The present study showed that the Pt electrode modified with Polyanilineβ-CD was an excellent candidate for sensitive penicillin analysis. The proposed electroanalytical technique is rapid, simple and inexpensive.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 40 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

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