This study aims to analyze the nature of challenges facing five low-tech Palestinian small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) clusters and to understand their dynamics. The…
This study aims to analyze the nature of challenges facing five low-tech Palestinian small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) clusters and to understand their dynamics. The study proposes a number of key policies necessary to foster start-ups and the growth of the current clusters.
Five low-tech Palestinian clusters were selected for investigation. Using multiple sources of evidence, the research questions are answered using a case study approach. Twelve semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with representatives from the government, private sector and universities. Content analysis was used to analyze the data obtained from the interviews.
These five low-tech clusters in Palestine are located in a complex environment that imposes a mix of challenges which adversely affect their performance. The challenges facing Palestinian clusters are different in terms of their degree of complexity. The common challenges facing the Palestinian low-tech SME clusters are the fundamental lack of innovative stimulation policies or of incentives in the Palestinian ecosystem, lack of trust, unfair competition, limited access to finance, lack of access to promising markets and the limited collaboration between different parties. More focused policies are suggested to the Palestinian authorities.
Clusters represent a new and complementary way of understanding an economy, organizing economic development, enhancing competitiveness and innovation through sectoral specialization and cooperation and implementing public policies. In the overwhelming majority of Palestinian entities categorized as SMEs, clustering adds value to the firms from the point of view of productivity and by battling unemployment, which is rampant among Palestinian youth.
Even though the issue of clusters in SMEs has been well researched in developed countries, empirical studies are still lacking in this developing region. The attention given to policies in this article allows using the insights gained for cluster development in Palestine.
Based on narrative theory, emotional contagion theory, and anticipated emotions theory, the purpose of this paper is to adopt an experimental design intended to understand…
Based on narrative theory, emotional contagion theory, and anticipated emotions theory, the purpose of this paper is to adopt an experimental design intended to understand how narrative advertising video on internet, narrator flow and online audience characteristics influence the health communication effects and depression prevention messages of public service advertisements.
This study uses two experimental designs. The first contrasts the effectiveness of persuasion between narrative and argument advertising videos on internet, while the second contrasts the effectiveness of persuasion between narrators with high and low flow. This study employed partial least squares path modeling to validate the research structure hypothesis.
Empirical results indicate that internet narrative advertising video is not direct, but rather draws on flow and positive anticipated emotions to stimulate the production of online audience intention to adopt health risk-reducing behaviors. Compared with narrative advertising video, which influences intention to adopt health risk-reducing behaviors through flow and positive anticipated emotions, narrator advertising video with an emotionally invested high-flow narrator can strengthen online audience intention to adopt risk-reducing behaviors more directly and positively.
The study results can provide elements to assist in the design of online advertising video on depression prevention and health promotion.
In this study, the dialogue among narrative theory, emotional contagion theory, and anticipated emotions theory is constructed, and an integrated conceptual framework is developed for the relationship between internet advertising video type and the health communication.