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Article
Publication date: 10 July 2009

Neera Jain and Shoma Mukherji

The purpose of this paper is to cull out leadership lessons from one of India's oldest books on statecraft and economics – The Arthashastra by Kautilya – and present an…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to cull out leadership lessons from one of India's oldest books on statecraft and economics – The Arthashastra by Kautilya – and present an Indian model of leadership which may be used by scholars and practitioners for leadership development in modern global context.

Design/methodology/approach

An analysis of Kautilya's teachings is done based on English translation of his original works by two eminent scholars. A model of leadership is derived on the basis of Kautilya's writings.

Findings

Kautilya presents a holistic perspective as he synthesizes the Eastern and Western approaches on leadership. His skill‐based and strategic approach gets support and direction from his value‐based, ethical considerations. Also, an in depth study of his writings shows that he was a precursor to a few leadership theories developed in the Western world in modern times.

Originality/value

Scholars have studied The Arthashastra as a treatise on economics, politics, diplomacy and statecraft. Lessons have also been drawn on a few aspects of management and leadership. There is no comprehensive commentary available on his views on leadership. In this paper, an attempt is made to develop a leadership model which integrates the Eastern and the Western approaches on leadership and can be used for leadership development in modern times.

Details

Leadership & Organization Development Journal, vol. 30 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-7739

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1987

AW Pressdee

The evolution of civil aircraft technology has been characterised by a drive towards three goals: the improvement of safety, the increase of operational reliability and…

Abstract

The evolution of civil aircraft technology has been characterised by a drive towards three goals: the improvement of safety, the increase of operational reliability and the reduction in the actual cost of flying from A to B. This evolution has now been oversha‐dowed by another evolution, more widespread in its application, that of micro‐circuit technology. Avionics has at last come of age with the introduction of micro‐compters into all aspects of the control of aircraft where they provide consistent high‐speed decision‐making with the facility for self‐monitoring. In addition, the overall systems employing the micro‐computers represents a saving in weight, yet bring with them greatly enhanced flexibility of operation. The aircraft due to enter service in the next few years are likely to provide supreme examples of this burgeoning of avionics in providing extensive improvements in passenger comfort and safety together with optimisation of the economics of flying.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 59 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article
Publication date: 22 November 2011

Lu Yuduo, Qian Yi, Wang Donghua and Lu Yao

The discriminative thinking that Chinese entrepreneurs are weak in innovations is widespread. But market competition, which is the main drive for innovations, has been…

Abstract

Purpose

The discriminative thinking that Chinese entrepreneurs are weak in innovations is widespread. But market competition, which is the main drive for innovations, has been introduced to post‐planning‐economy China for only 30 years or so, and China has only ten years' experience in modern global competition after her entry into the WTO in 2001. Who can say China will not be as innovative as today's advanced counterparts? The purpose of this paper is to explore the possible internal consistencies between one traditional Chinese philosophy, I Ching and modern Western innovation management science. The authors also empirically test the relations between I Ching tradition and innovation performances using cross country data.

Design/methodology/approach

First, the authors textually analyzed the consistencies between the book of I Ching and Western innovation management principles, then with that in mind collected cross‐country panel data and tested the hypotheses empirically.

Findings

It is found that the philosophies embedded in I Ching could be applied to Western innovation management practices, and cross‐country empirical analysis shows that countries with I Ching tradition achieve better innovation performances, ceteris paribus.

Research limitations/implications

Macro country‐level data were used to test the hypotheses instead of using micro firm‐level survey data. Because the macro data were not collected purposefully for this research, i.e. the authors only borrowed rather than collected the data, perhaps the persuasiveness of the empirical results will be weakened. The authors' future researches in this regard will be based on survey data.

Practical implications

Chinese entrepreneurs should have the confidence that Chinese ancient wisdoms are their strength rather than weakness in innovation activities.

Originality/value

The paper is pioneering in consciously combining I Ching philosophy with Western innovation management sciences. With this kind of synthesis, the paper constitutes a Chinese friendly road map for entrepreneurs to build innovation organizations.

Details

Chinese Management Studies, vol. 5 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-614X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1967

The new TF 41‐A‐1 (the American designation of the Spey‐62) turbofan for the Ling‐Temco‐Vought A‐7D Corsair II close support aircraft for the U.S.A.F. has made its first…

Abstract

The new TF 41‐A‐1 (the American designation of the Spey‐62) turbofan for the Ling‐Temco‐Vought A‐7D Corsair II close support aircraft for the U.S.A.F. has made its first test run ahead of schedule at the Rolls‐Royce Aero Engine Division, Derby.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 39 no. 11
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article
Publication date: 30 October 2007

Stuart Hannabuss

Abstract

Details

Reference Reviews, vol. 21 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0950-4125

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 22 November 2017

Lichia Yiu and Raymond Saner

Faced with global concerns about increasing vulnerability of the global system and its sustainability, private companies are asked and encouraged to contribute to the…

Abstract

Purpose

Faced with global concerns about increasing vulnerability of the global system and its sustainability, private companies are asked and encouraged to contribute to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through multi-sectoral partnerships. Implementing the SDGs will require coordinated and collective effort by all stakeholders to move the world forward towards a shared vision as set out in the SDG goals and targets. Business diplomats representing the interests of enterprises are crucial to ensure a mutually beneficial participation of business in the implementation of the SDGs. Propositions are made in this chapter to outline the requisite competencies needed to implement business diplomacy both at the organisational and managerial levels in the context of SDGs implementation.

Design/methodology/approach

The method used for this study consists of literature review, conceptual analysis and further development of organisational theory.

Findings

The SDGs in fact mean transforming all countries and actors in all spheres of human existence in an integrated and coherent manner. This transformative journey will not be incremental, but rather disruptive and demands fresh new thinking and smart system redesign. The private sector has been recognised as a leading player in this endeavour that could and should contribute to the success of SDG implementation due to its comparative excellence in process design, management know-how, control of resources and global outreach. To ensure a healthy functioning of diverse formal and informal partnerships, business diplomats will have a central role to play in safeguarding the integrity of multiple interfaces with internal and external multistakeholders. Business diplomacy shall ensure timely consultations and seek feedback from their constituent stakeholders while at the same time doing their best to get their company to contribute to the SDGs.

Originality/value

This is the first article published so far which describes and discusses the role and contribution of business diplomats in the context of SDG implementation.

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Book part
Publication date: 2 March 2021

Mounira M. Charrad, Amina Zarrugh and Hyun Jeong Ha

We examine frames expressed during the Arab Uprisings that toppled authoritarian regimes in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya in 2011. Through a visual analysis of 3,506…

Abstract

We examine frames expressed during the Arab Uprisings that toppled authoritarian regimes in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya in 2011. Through a visual analysis of 3,506 photographs taken at protest sites, we identify a new type of master frame, the “reclamation” master frame, in which protestors assert their right to what they feel they should have but has not been delivered or has been stolen from them by dictators. In the cases we consider, protestors reclaimed their right to (1) integrity of governance; (2) a proud nation, and (3) the dignity of the victims of state violence. They framed their struggle as a redefinition of the relationship between state and citizens. Identifying the master frame of reclamation as central to the Arab Uprisings, we argue that it helps us understand how protestors sustained mobilization over days and weeks in the face of brutal repressions. We suggest that it opens avenues for research on protests in authoritarian regimes.

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1990

Lewis D. Solomon

The future beckons… a new millennium…

Abstract

The future beckons… a new millennium…

Details

Humanomics, vol. 6 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0828-8666

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 2004

Huseyin Arasli and Lillia Ahmadeva

Given the fast diffusion and growing prominence of quality management in many industries, a new model for healthcare is designed which could serve as a serious contributor…

Abstract

Given the fast diffusion and growing prominence of quality management in many industries, a new model for healthcare is designed which could serve as a serious contributor to health practices in third world countries. The aim of this research is to show the way that public and private hospitals in Cyprus function, and answer the question of how to increase total quality using public opinion in the healthcare industry in developing countries. Finally, having compared the total quality efforts of public and private hospitals in the Famagusta region of Cyprus, we conclude that the public sector is in a much worse position than the private sector in terms of total quality.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 17 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

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Article
Publication date: 26 July 2019

Anders Christian Buch

The purpose of this paper is to critique the metaphor of “shadow organizing” in relation to researchers’ allegedly ontological commitment to processual metaphysics.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to critique the metaphor of “shadow organizing” in relation to researchers’ allegedly ontological commitment to processual metaphysics.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper focuses on the association of “shadow organizing” with post-epistemologies that are grounded in process ontology. The investigation examines aspects of relational thinking and is guided by John Dewey and Arthur Bentley’s genealogical reconstruction of modes of inquiry.

Findings

Inquiry is construed in either substantialist or relational ways by researchers. By using the metaphor of “shadow organizing,” the relational aspects of organizational phenomena are prioritized for explorative purposes. Other research objectives are aided by substantialist modes of inquiry. It is the argument of the paper, however, that relational research approaches need not make commitment to process ontology, and that the relational ambitions imbued in the metaphor of shadow organizing are in fact better honored for their methodological virtues.

Originality/value

The paper’s original contribution consists in critiquing post-epistemological attempts to ground organization studies in ontological first principles of process metaphysics. The paper argues that the metaphor of “shadow organizing” is a promising concept that is better appreciated as a methodological move than an ontological commitment.

Details

Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management: An International Journal, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5648

Keywords

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