Small traditional industry has been recognized as an important local economy that support cultural industry and is significant in many parts of the world, particularly in…
Small traditional industry has been recognized as an important local economy that support cultural industry and is significant in many parts of the world, particularly in developing countries. The significance of this type industry as a poverty barrier, enables jobs for local rural villagers, and their role in continuing local community based cultural activities have become obvious. However, as the current modern days global pressures affecting many traditional people in developing countries, pathways of small traditional industry toward local sustainable development remain unclear. Further continuous investigations are still required on how this industry provide the platform for greater local, regional and global sustainability. Literatures and debates on the sustainability of the rural developing country concerning small traditional industries may even begin from the establishment of Brundtland sustainability commission in 1987. The conflict between brown and green agenda in Brundtland commission may also point to small-scale traditional industry growth in the developing world. Cultural traditional industries in developing countries could better lead to local sustainability pathway. On the other hand, conflict of the use of natural resources and competition may create different stories. How traditional industry in developing country survive and further innovate for development is a significant knowledge to understand. This chapter uses Jepara traditional furniture industry in Central Java – Indonesia which has been the subject of prolonged study on how small-scale industry implicated to global competition and pressures of raw material resources decline. This chapter further reviews previous research and recent study on Jepara industry upgrade and innovation, and how likely innovation may prosper for the future sustainability of this type of industry.
Entrepreneurship has an important role in the economic development of a country. One element that represents the entrepreneurship quality is its orientation. The…
Entrepreneurship has an important role in the economic development of a country. One element that represents the entrepreneurship quality is its orientation. The orientation of entrepreneurship includes several dimensions which are needed for achievement, an internal locus of control, self-reliance, extroversion, being proactive, risk-taking, and innovation. These dimensions are believed to be able to improve the company’s performance. The purpose of this study is to find out how the entrepreneurship orientation influences the firm performance. This study aims to discover which dimensions of entrepreneurship orientation are the most influential toward the firm performance. The samples were comprised 40 entrepreneurs. The primary data were collected from the respondents by distributing questionnaires to the entrepreneurs of food firms in Salatiga, Indonesia. A multiple regression analysis method was applied in this study. The results show that among the dimensions in entrepreneurship orientation, only the risk-taking and innovative dimensions influence the company’s performance. Innovativeness has a higher effect on firm performance.
Traditional industry was initially built with kinship, cultural value, and unique characters representing a particular system of production. However, current industry…
Traditional industry was initially built with kinship, cultural value, and unique characters representing a particular system of production. However, current industry challenges pressurized traditional industry bond of primordial system with the need of adaptations to survive. Some traditional industry may resist the twenty-first-century challenges and pressures, but many of them are transforming their cultural and production characters to adapt modern business competitions. Indonesian traditional furniture industry Jepara has their familial system of productions which constitute “flexible specialization” where particular kinship and work contract created from a very specialized household small-scale furniture producer. However, this production system in fact struggles and is contrasted with the community needs to survive in the industry. The likely occurring progress of traditional industry are then remaining on the senior members of the industry to preserve knowledge which has empowered over many generations, while the younger generations consider transforming their ability for survivability and better financial rewards.
This chapter is the further elaboration of how Indonesian rural traditional furniture industry in Jepara presents its survivability and whether it is sustainable. This chapter exemplifies participants’ quotes and statements which create anxiety toward their future, cultural value, bond of industry kinship, and doubting their ability to withhold global and local pressures.
Entrepreneurial opportunities come in various forms and are influenced by socio-economic conditions. Increasingly entrepreneurs are being asked to take a more balanced…
Entrepreneurial opportunities come in various forms and are influenced by socio-economic conditions. Increasingly entrepreneurs are being asked to take a more balanced approach between financial and environmental considerations when assessing an opportunity. The aim of this chapter is to discuss how entrepreneurial opportunities need to take an economics and sustainability perspective in the competitive global marketplace in order to keep up to date with contemporary business practices. This will enable a more transdisciplinary approach to the opportunity recognition process that integrates multiple disciplinary frameworks.
One of the factors that determines the success of marketing a product is a distribution strategy. Several factors affect distribution such as the number of products, the…
One of the factors that determines the success of marketing a product is a distribution strategy. Several factors affect distribution such as the number of products, the nature of the products, the size of the area, transportation facilities, communication facilities, company factors, cost factors, and market conditions. The authors realized the absence of research on distribution management on a product such as the 3-kg liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) aimed at reaching the poor in Indonesia. The use of LPG as fuel is considered relatively cleaner because pollution is less when compared to kerosene fuel. This research was conducted in Salatiga, a small town in the province of Central Java, Indonesia. This research applied descriptive statistics in the form of the distribution frequency and crosstabs, as well as multiple regression. This research revealed that the 3-kg LPG distribution is very intensive, spread in almost all places including shops or stalls in both urban and rural areas. The choice of using 3-kg LPG tubes is not only because the price is low and is subsidized by the government but also because of the custom that has been instilled by the government when encouraging people to convert kerosene to LPG.
The high rate of unemployment among university graduates has raised concerns. Responding to this, universities feel obliged to encourage and train their students to be…
The high rate of unemployment among university graduates has raised concerns. Responding to this, universities feel obliged to encourage and train their students to be able to create their own jobs. Many universities try to improve student entrepreneurial skills by opening entrepreneurship programs in the form of study programs or concentration. This concern does not only occur in Indonesia but also in many universities in other countries. Although the role of entrepreneurship is important for a country’s development, the availability of a large number of entrepreneurs does not guaranty improvement of people’s life or welfare. Increasing competition in business sometimes makes people justify all kinds of business practices. However, if a fair condition for all actors is expected, then university must encourage the creation of moral and ethical business activities. This study intends to know whether (1) need for achievement (nAch), self-efficacy, and instruments readiness influence student entrepreneurship intentions; (2) gender, entrepreneurship experience, and parental background moderate the influence of nAch, self-efficacy, and instrument readiness influence student entrepreneurial intention; and (3) ethical behavior view moderates the influence of nAch, self-efficacy, and instrument readiness on student entrepreneurial intentions. This research observed 315 new students of a university in Indonesia in 2018. The results show that nAch, self-efficacy, and instruments readiness significantly influence entrepreneurial intentions. Gender and parent background moderate the influence of nAch, self-efficacy, and instrument readiness on entrepreneurial intentions, while entrepreneurial experience had no effect. Furthermore, ethical views do not moderate the influence of nAch, self-efficacy, and instrument readiness on entrepreneurial intention.