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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1990

Peter Philipson

In order to continue to attract and retain exceptional people andespecially to meet new product marketing challenges, the pharmaceuticalscompany Mercke Sharpe & Dohme…

Abstract

In order to continue to attract and retain exceptional people and especially to meet new product marketing challenges, the pharmaceuticals company Mercke Sharpe & Dohme (Australia) Pty Ltd is incorporating motivated abilities patterning with job templating as key components in its career development system. The methods and benefits of optimally matching employees to jobs, the involvement of line managers in the creation of their area career development models and the current uses of motivated abilities job templating are described. Future applications are outlined and it is concluded that this technology will be a key to the company′s effective human resource management, improved profitability and continued success.

Details

International Journal of Career Management, vol. 2 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0955-6214

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Book part
Publication date: 15 December 2004

Qi Zhang and Youfa Wang

This study examined the secular trends in socioeconomic inequality in obesity during the period 1971–1994 in the United States. We analyzed the national representative…

Abstract

This study examined the secular trends in socioeconomic inequality in obesity during the period 1971–1994 in the United States. We analyzed the national representative data collected from three waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) conducted between those years. The Concentration Index was calculated to measure the socioeconomic inequality in obesity across gender, age, and ethnic groups in each survey period. In general, socioeconomic inequality in obesity was reduced between the 1970s and 1990s in women and black men, although the trend was not statistically significant for black women and was stable in white men. Our results indicate that, first, the association between obesity and socioeconomic status (SES) weakened over time, and second, SES inequality was not an important contributor to the dramatic increase in the prevalence of obesity in the United States. Our findings suggest that other social and environmental factors, which have influenced changes in people’s lifestyle, might better explain the increasing overweight problem in the United States. Effective intervention efforts for the prevention and management of obesity should target all SES groups from a population perspective.

Details

Studies on Economic Well-Being: Essays in the Honor of John P. Formby
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-136-1

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Article
Publication date: 31 March 2021

Paul Gooding, Melissa Terras and Linda Berube

To date, there has been little research into users of the Legal Deposit Libraries (Non-Print Works) Regulations 2013. This paper addresses that gap by presenting key…

Abstract

Purpose

To date, there has been little research into users of the Legal Deposit Libraries (Non-Print Works) Regulations 2013. This paper addresses that gap by presenting key findings from the AHRC-funded Digital Library Futures project. Its purpose is to present a “user-centric” perspective on the potential future impact of the digital collections that are being created under electronic legal deposit regulations.

Design/methodology/approach

The study utilises a mixed methods case study of two academic legal deposit libraries in the United Kingdom: The Bodleian Libraries, University of Oxford; and Cambridge University Library. It combines surveys of users, web log analysis and expert interviews with librarians and cognate professionals.

Findings

User perspectives on NPLD were not fully considered in the planning and implementation of the 2013 regulations. The authors present findings from their user survey to show how contemporary tensions between user behaviour and access protocols risk limiting the instrumental value of NPLD collections, which have high perceived legacy value.

Originality/value

This is the first study to address the user context for UK Non-Print Legal Deposit. Its value lies in presenting a research-led user assessment of NPLD and in proposing “user-centric” analysis as an addition to the existing “four pillars” of legal deposit research.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 77 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

Abstract

Details

Interlending & Document Supply, vol. 28 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-1615

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2006

Luis Rabelo, Jose Sepulveda, Jeppie Compton, Reinaldo Moraga and Robert Turner

The main objective of this paper is to introduce the development of a decision‐support environment for space range safety. Simulation modeling can provide a good…

Abstract

Purpose

The main objective of this paper is to introduce the development of a decision‐support environment for space range safety. Simulation modeling can provide a good environment to support disaster and prevention management.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper describes the different models and the processes to find the different knowledge sources. This will help determine emergency management procedures.

Findings

This case study provides guidance and an example to follow for other problems in aerospace. There are important factors to consider in order to implement risk management in NASA.

Research limitations/implications

There are several limitations; first debris effects need to be added.

Practical implications

First, the paper provides a guide in order to persuade managers of the utilization of decision support systems based on geographical information systems. Second, it shows that there is open source software which can be used and integrated to make a more comprehensive environment. Validation is a big issue.

Originality/value

This is the first implementation of a virtual range. This will be valuable to other safety managers not only aerospace but also environmentalists and homeland security managers.

Details

Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, vol. 15 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0965-3562

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Article
Publication date: 10 November 2014

Peter D. Ørberg Jensen and Bent Petersen

While mainstream theories in international business and management are foundedeither explicitly or implicitly on studies of manufacturing firms, prior attempts to develop…

Abstract

Purpose

While mainstream theories in international business and management are foundedeither explicitly or implicitly on studies of manufacturing firms, prior attempts to develop theoryon the internationalization of service firms are sparse and have yet to establish solid andcomprehensive frameworks. The thrust of this study is that value creation logics, a constructoriginally developed by Stabell and Fjeldstad (1998) can assist us in better understanding why and how service firms internationalize. The authors extend this construct and propose that the internationalization of service firms must be based on a thorough understanding of the fundamental nature of these firms.

Design/methodology/approach

Theoretical study.

Findings

The authors put forward propositions concerning the pace of internationalization and the default foreign operation modes in service firms.

Research limitations/implications

The use of value creation logics can be a useful complement to the conventional approaches to the study of service firms’ internationalization. However, the fact that most firms encompass more than one value creation logic complicates the use of firm databases and industry statistics.

Practical implications

The authors suggest that managers in service firms should consider primarily the nature of the value creation logic(s) in their firms when deciding and designing an internationalization strategy.

Originality/value

The study presents a novel theoretical approach and a set of propositions on service firm internationalization founded on the specific characteristics of the service activities.

Details

International Marketing Review, vol. 31 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 9 November 2016

Gloria Agyemang

This chapter analyses the emergency policy responses that the European Union made during the summer of 2015 to manage the significant numbers of migrants entering Europe…

Abstract

This chapter analyses the emergency policy responses that the European Union made during the summer of 2015 to manage the significant numbers of migrants entering Europe. The chapter employs Broadbent’s (1998) ideas of ‘accounting logic’ to analyse these policy actions. The chapter argues that there are multiple and complex reasons why people migrate, and why in this instance people are prepared to risk their lives by taking perilous journeys. An ‘accounting logic’ leads to decisions being based mainly on financial inputs and expected outputs rather than on the social and humanitarian needs of migrants and refugees. Despite the significant amount of resources provided by the European Union, the crisis continues. The risks associated with employing an accounting logic are that it may preclude a full understanding of situations by silencing other values and logics.

Details

Accounting in Conflict: Globalization, Gender, Race and Class
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-976-3

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Article
Publication date: 6 November 2018

Wahyono Wahyono

This paper aims to review and synthesise the recent advancements in the business model literature and explore how firms approach business model innovation.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to review and synthesise the recent advancements in the business model literature and explore how firms approach business model innovation.

Design/methodology/approach

A systematic review of business model innovation literature was carried out by analysing 219 papers published between 2010 and 2016.

Findings

Evidence reviewed suggests that rather than taking either an evolutionary process of continuous revision, adaptation and fine-tuning of the existing business model, or a revolutionary process of replacing the existing business model, firms can explore alternative business models through experimentation, open and disruptive innovations. It was also found that changing business models encompasses modifying a single element, altering multiple elements simultaneously, and/or changing the interactions between elements in four areas of innovation: value proposition, operational value, human capital and financial value.

Research limitations/implications

Although this review highlights the different avenues to business model innovation, the mechanisms by which firms can change their business models and the external factors associated with such change remain unexplored.

Practical implications

The business model innovation framework can be used by practitioners as a “navigation map” to determine where and how to change their business models.

Originality/value

Because conflicting approaches exist in the literature on how firms change their business models, this review synthesises these approaches and provide a clear guidance as to the ways through which business model innovation can be undertaken.

Details

Journal of Indian Business Research, vol. 11 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1755-4195

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 27 September 2021

Abstract

Details

Tourism Microentrepreneurship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83867-463-2

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Article
Publication date: 21 May 2018

Simone Curzio Bacchini

Abstract

Details

Reference Reviews, vol. 32 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0950-4125

Keywords

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