Search results

1 – 10 of over 1000
Article
Publication date: 4 September 2017

Rathesan Ravendran, Peter Jensen, Jesper de Claville Christiansen, Benny Endelt and Erik Appel Jensen

The purpose of this study is to investigate the rheological behaviour of commercial lubrication oils used for cylinder lubrication in two-stroke marine diesel engines…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the rheological behaviour of commercial lubrication oils used for cylinder lubrication in two-stroke marine diesel engines. Furthermore, it is of interest to investigate whether the viscosity of lubrication oils is affected by different levels of alkalinity.

Design/methodology/approach

Viscosity measurements are performed using both rotational and capillary rheometry. It was possible to measure oil viscosity in the shear rate from 0.1 to 3,000 s−1 using rotational rheometry, whereas capillary rheometry allowed measurements in higher shear rates from 5 × 105 to 1.3 × 106 s1 at 50°C.

Findings

The viscosity measurements show that the studied lubrication oils behave as a Newtonian fluid and that the viscosities are insensitive to the level of alkalinity. Furthermore, the viscosity/temperature dependency for the lubrication oils was found to fit the Arrhenius model.

Originality/value

This study presents useful information about the rheological behaviour of lubrication oils, more precisely how the oil properties are affected by shear rate, temperature and level of alkalinity. The value of this research is considered to be important for designing two-stroke diesel engines and cylinder lubrication systems.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 69 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 22 June 2021

Ida Schrøder, Emilia Cederberg and Amalie M. Hauge

This paper investigates how different and sometimes conflicting approaches to performance evaluations are hybridized in the day-to-day activities of a disciplined hybrid…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper investigates how different and sometimes conflicting approaches to performance evaluations are hybridized in the day-to-day activities of a disciplined hybrid organization–i.e. a public child protection agency at the intersection between the market and the public sector.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is based on a one-year ethnography of how employees achieve to qualify their work as “good work” in situations with several and sometimes conflicting ideals of what “good work” is. Fieldwork material was collected by following casework activities across organizational boundaries. By combining accounting literature on hybridization with literature on practices of valuation, the paper develops a novel theoretical framework which allows for analyses of the various practices of valuation, when and where they clash and how they persist over time in everyday work.

Findings

Throughout the study, four distinct registers of valuation were identified: feeling, theorizing, formalizing and costing. To denote the meticulous efforts of pursuing good work in all four registers of valuation, the authors propose the notion of sequencing. Sequencing is an ongoing process of moving conflicting registers away from each other and bringing them back together again. Correspondingly, at the operational level of a hybrid organization, temporary compartmentalization is a means of avoiding clashes, and in doing so, making it possible for different and sometimes conflicting ways of achieving good results to continuously hybridize and persist together.

Research limitations/implications

The single-case approach allows for analytical depth, but limits the findings to theoretical, rather than empirical, generalizability. The framework the authors propose, however, is well-suited for mobilization and potential elaboration in further empirical contexts.

Originality/value

The paper provides a novel theoretical framework as well as rich empirical material from the highly political field of child protection work, which has seldomly been studied within accounting research.

Details

Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, vol. 35 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3574

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 30 December 2004

Jesper L. Christensen

This chapter focuses upon two types of interaction. One is the interaction between departments within the Danish Trademark and Patent Office (DKPTO). Additionally, the…

Abstract

This chapter focuses upon two types of interaction. One is the interaction between departments within the Danish Trademark and Patent Office (DKPTO). Additionally, the interaction between the DKPTO and firms is analysed. The chapter discusses in what ways an institution like a national patent office is important for product innovation, not just by providing an appropriability system for product innovations in firms, but additionally by improving the long-run capabilities of both firms and the DKPTO itself. The research builds upon interviews in the DKPTO, case stories from firms and of patent granting procedures.

With respect to internal competencies, it is found that no efforts were carried out to create environments for learning between the departments in line with the “learning organizations” described in earlier chapters. However, taking the tasks of the departments into account, the need for such efforts was not obvious. Links to external organizations are not only confined to industrial firms. Many firms, especially the large firms, would not mind if the tasks of the national patent system were moved to the EPO-level. On the other hand, in particular, small, new firms may feel more confident with a national patent office.

Details

Product Inovation, Interactive Learning and Economic Performance
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-308-2

Book part
Publication date: 4 March 2021

Kristin Brandl, Peter D. Ørberg Jensen, Andrew Jones and Patrik Ström

The implemented European Union Services Directive aimed at creating a unified European market for trade in services. However, the implementation of the institutions was…

Abstract

The implemented European Union Services Directive aimed at creating a unified European market for trade in services. However, the implementation of the institutions was not fully successful as to the characteristics of international services caused challenges in the ratification of the Directive. Research on international services is facing similar challenges based on the fragmented, inconclusive, and at times even contradictory findings of international services literature with regard to service characteristics. Thus, each academic field of international business, economic geography, and service management has tried to identify international service characteristics, but no unified characterization is found. The challenges in defining the different types of services, difference in the levels of analysis, and various impacts of policies and institutional environments on the service, cause these differences. The authors see the need for a unified framework that combines the different literatures and considers the policy implications. The authors develop a framework consisting of four components of international service characteristics, that is, the connectivity of service actors to the environment, the configuration of service activities within organizational set-ups, the dyadic collaborative interaction between service actors, and the created value by the services. The authors specifically consider policy and institutions as well as a vast variety of literature streams to support the arguments.

Details

The Multiple Dimensions of Institutional Complexity in International Business Research
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80043-245-1

Keywords

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 2 February 2000

Abstract

Details

Panel Data and Structural Labour Market Models
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-44450-319-0

Book part
Publication date: 12 November 2010

Peter D. Ørberg Jensen and Torben Pedersen

Purpose – The purpose of the chapter is to analyze the factors that lead firms to offshore advanced tasks.Methodology/approach – The study uses a 1,500-firm survey from…

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of the chapter is to analyze the factors that lead firms to offshore advanced tasks.

Methodology/approach – The study uses a 1,500-firm survey from Denmark to investigate the offshoring of 12 tradable manufacturing, technical, and service activities across different industries.

Findings – Findings indicate that offshoring of advanced tasks is driven by a different set of strategic motives than previous waves of offshoring, which predominantly included simple and standardized routine tasks. While the lower cost of unskilled, labor-intensive processes is the incentive for firms that offshore less advanced tasks, a desire to broaden and deepen global networks of new knowledge spurs highly knowledge-intensive companies to offshore more advanced tasks.

Originality/value of chapter – We propose that offshoring should be analyzed on a more disaggregated level of analysis than is the norm in mainstream offshoring literature. To reflect the trend whereby firms are “slicing” their value chain in finer and finer parts and locate these in various locations around the world, offshoring should be analyzed at the task level, since this paves the way for a richer understanding of offshoring strategies and processes.

Details

Reshaping the Boundaries of the Firm in an Era of Global Interdependence
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-088-0

Article
Publication date: 26 June 2009

Peter D. Ørberg Jensen, Jacob Funk Kirkegaard and Nicolai Søndergaard Laugesen

The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of offshoring and inshoring on the demand for different types of labor.

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of offshoring and inshoring on the demand for different types of labor.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper uses a survey with 1,500 firms located in the Eastern part of Denmark to identify overall offshoring and inshoring trends. Estimates of the employment impact are founded on data from a sub‐sample of firms with offshoring and/or inshoring.

Findings

The paper shows that in the period 2002‐2005 more jobs were created as a result of inshoring of activities into Eastern Denmark from firms outside Denmark than were eliminated due to offshoring from firms in the Danish region. Overall, highly skilled workers reap the benefits of offshoring and inshoring, whereas the positions of low‐skilled workers are challenged.

Originality/value

In contrast to most academic research on offshoring, which predominantly focus on outward offshoring flows, the study analyzes both outward and inward offshoring (inshoring) and gives a more holistic and balanced view on the magnitude and employment impact.

Details

Strategic Outsourcing: An International Journal, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8297

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 November 2014

Peter D. Ørberg Jensen and Bent Petersen

While mainstream theories in international business and management are foundedeither explicitly or implicitly on studies of manufacturing firms, prior attempts to develop…

3192

Abstract

Purpose

While mainstream theories in international business and management are foundedeither explicitly or implicitly on studies of manufacturing firms, prior attempts to develop theoryon the internationalization of service firms are sparse and have yet to establish solid andcomprehensive frameworks. The thrust of this study is that value creation logics, a constructoriginally developed by Stabell and Fjeldstad (1998) can assist us in better understanding why and how service firms internationalize. The authors extend this construct and propose that the internationalization of service firms must be based on a thorough understanding of the fundamental nature of these firms.

Design/methodology/approach

Theoretical study.

Findings

The authors put forward propositions concerning the pace of internationalization and the default foreign operation modes in service firms.

Research limitations/implications

The use of value creation logics can be a useful complement to the conventional approaches to the study of service firms’ internationalization. However, the fact that most firms encompass more than one value creation logic complicates the use of firm databases and industry statistics.

Practical implications

The authors suggest that managers in service firms should consider primarily the nature of the value creation logic(s) in their firms when deciding and designing an internationalization strategy.

Originality/value

The study presents a novel theoretical approach and a set of propositions on service firm internationalization founded on the specific characteristics of the service activities.

Details

International Marketing Review, vol. 31 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-1335

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 March 2015

Lars Grønholdt, Anne Martensen, Stig Jørgensen and Peter Jensen

– The purpose of this paper is to examine how essential dimensions of customer experience management (CEM) drive business performance in Danish companies.

4785

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine how essential dimensions of customer experience management (CEM) drive business performance in Danish companies.

Design/methodology/approach

An empirical study is conducted to investigate the relationships between seven CEM dimensions, differentiation, market performance and financial performance. The conceptual model is operationalized by a structural equation model, and the model is estimated and tested by using the partial least squares method. A survey among 484 companies in Denmark forms the empirical basis for the study.

Findings

The findings provide evidence that the seven CEM dimensions influence differentiation, market performance and financial performance. High-performing companies differ significantly from low-performing companies with regard to how they master the CEM, meaning that those companies which incorporate superior customer experience into their products and service enjoy measurable financial success.

Research limitations/implications

This study is limited to the seven identified CEM dimensions in Danish companies.

Practical implications

This study has clear implications in terms of identifying and measuring the importance of essential CEM dimensions which influence business performance. The results can help companies to understand CEM and develop CEM strategies.

Originality/value

The paper provides a deeper insight into CEM and how CEM works.

Details

International Journal of Quality and Service Sciences, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-669X

Keywords

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