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Article
Publication date: 14 May 2018

Peter Curwen and Jason Whalley

The purpose of this paper is to examine in a fully up-to-date manner the position in respect to the licensing and launch of long-term evolution (LTE) in a region that attracts…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine in a fully up-to-date manner the position in respect to the licensing and launch of long-term evolution (LTE) in a region that attracts relatively little attention when treated as a whole because the emphasis is usually upon the very large individual markets (China, India and Japan) contained within it. The purpose is also to examine the role of international groups and the extent to which the licensing of LTE can make a difference to the structure of mobile markets in the region.

Design/methodology/approach

The initial step was to compile extensive databases with respect to the licensing and launch of high-speed networks in the region – defined both narrowly and also to encompass countries that are often treated as part of the Middle East – arranged so as to emphasise the status of dominant incumbents. There is a discussion of new entry and its potential to disrupt incumbents.

Findings

For historical reasons, the region contains countries that have strong differences whether defined in terms of economic, social or cultural characteristics, and hence it has not been easy for a network with international aspirations to expand outside its home market nor for, say, European-based operators to gain a foothold. Attempts to introduce competition via new licences has also been problematic because of the strong, and sometimes very large, incumbents already present.

Research limitations/implications

This is necessarily an overview that uses selected data to describe the overall picture because of the substantial number of quite different markets surveyed.

Practical implications

It is possible to forecast how certain structural changes will occur – primarily the withdrawal of international groups such as Millicom that prefer to concentrate upon other regions.

Originality/value

The databases that underpin the analysis are author-compiled and entirely original.

Details

Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, vol. 20 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-5038

Keywords

Abstract

Details

INFO, vol. 18 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6697

Content available

Abstract

Details

Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, vol. 20 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-5038

Article
Publication date: 10 February 2023

Peter Curwen and Jason Whalley

This study aims to investigate how the licensing of 3.6 GHz (C-band) spectrum has progressed throughout Europe.

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate how the licensing of 3.6 GHz (C-band) spectrum has progressed throughout Europe.

Design/methodology/approach

Original databases have been created by the authors covering every aspect of the C-band auctions in Europe, and these have been subjected to analysis to draw out the key themes.

Findings

Although there have been delays in licensing the C-band, the process is now largely complete and the first launches have taken place. However, there has been considerable diversity in the rules underpinning the licenses and considerable differences in the amounts raised measured in $/MHz/pop.

Research limitations/implications

It is difficult to make comparisons across a substantial sample of disparate countries because of the need to compare on a like-for-like basis – an issue that is generally glossed over in the literature. This has been addressed in this paper but some issues inevitably remain unresolved.

Practical implications

The development of 5G is highly contingent on the use of the C-band not just in Europe but elsewhere in the world where less-developed countries can learn from the European experience.

Originality/value

While the subject matter has received attention elsewhere, this represents the most up-to-date version with the largest sample of European countries.

Details

Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, vol. 25 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-5038

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 January 2018

Peter Curwen and Jason Whalley

The purpose of this paper is to examine the current provision of high-speed data networks in the African continent, in particular taking into account both licences and launches…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the current provision of high-speed data networks in the African continent, in particular taking into account both licences and launches related to long-term evolution (LTE).

Design/methodology/approach

An up-to-date underlying database of licences and launches relating to LTE in Africa has been compiled. There is also a review of the international operators that are playing a significant role in LTE provision. A number of individual country case studies are considered. Issues of corruption are addressed.

Findings

Africa is interesting because it has been a laggard in the development of high-speed data networks, but now finds itself in a position to leapfrog 3G technologies, and hence close the gap that had opened up compared to, for example, Europe and Asia. This process is effectively assisted by the lack of fixed-wire connectivity but has to take account of the difficulty of attracting the requisite investment.

Research limitations/implications

Databases relating to Africa are always difficult to compile.

Originality/value

Published work relating to mobile networks in Africa is not plentiful, and it is difficult to find relevant data in the public domain. A key aspect of the paper is that the database is entirely up-to-date.

Details

Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, vol. 20 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-5038

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 8 August 2016

Peter Curwen and Jason Whalley

509

Abstract

Details

info, vol. 18 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1463-6697

Abstract

Details

Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, vol. 21 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-5038

Abstract

Details

Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, vol. 23 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-5038

Article
Publication date: 8 May 2017

Peter Curwen and Jason Whalley

The purpose of the paper is to assess whether the dysfunctional structure of the Indian mobile communications sector has been improved by a large number of spectrum auctions…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the paper is to assess whether the dysfunctional structure of the Indian mobile communications sector has been improved by a large number of spectrum auctions during the period 2010-2016.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper provides a case study of developments in the Indian mobile communications sector primarily during the period 2010-2016. This period has witnessed a large number of spectrum auctions, the results of which are presented and analysed. The particular focus is upon the consequences of these auctions for the structure of the sector which began the period in what can best be described as a dysfunctional state.

Findings

The paper concludes that only limited progress has so far been made in improving the structure of the sector. This is due to factors such as political interference, delays in completing merger & acquisition (M&A) activity, badly organised auctions, a scarcity of the right amount of spectrum in the right places and a regional structure that inhibits operators from providing a nationwide presence.

Practical implications

The paper concludes that considerable progress still needs to be made: For example, political interference needs to be harmonised, auction prices need to become market-clearing and M&A activity needs to come to fruition.

Originality/value

The existing analysis of the sector has paid only limited attention to the significance of auctions for the structure of the sector, and this paper provides an analysis of all auctions and M&A activity virtually to the end of 2016, making it unusually up-to-date.

Details

Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-5038

Keywords

Abstract

Details

Digital Policy, Regulation and Governance, vol. 22 no. 5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-5038

1 – 10 of 233