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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1992

ANTHONY D. LUCEY and PETER W. CARPENTER

A numerical method is developed which can simulate the interaction between a finite compliant panel and an unsteady potential flow. A boundary‐element technique yields the…

60

Abstract

A numerical method is developed which can simulate the interaction between a finite compliant panel and an unsteady potential flow. A boundary‐element technique yields the flow solution whilst finite‐differences are used to solve the wall dynamics; these are then coupled to generate a fully interactive wall/flow system. Thus, the evolution of any wall disturbance can be followed. Parallel computing is appropriately employed and a stability investigation of a realistic compliant panel is carried out. Three‐dimensional flexural waves are found below a critical flow speed whilst beyond this threshold, essentially two‐dimensional unstable divergence waves are found. The form of divergence shows good agreement with that seen in experimental studies. The versatility of this new method will permit the investigation of a wide variety of single‐ and multi‐panel configurations subject to different forms of excitation.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 2 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 17 March 2010

Jeffrey Carpenter, Jessica Holmes and Peter Hans Matthews

To transform donations “in kind” into cash, charities of all sizes use auctions and raffles. Despite this, neither the theory nor the practice of efficient fund-raising …

Abstract

To transform donations “in kind” into cash, charities of all sizes use auctions and raffles. Despite this, neither the theory nor the practice of efficient fund-raising – and, in particular, charity auctions – has received sufficient attention from economists, especially the fact that participation in fund-raisers is endogenous. We describe, in detail, the design and implementation of an experiment to examine 15 charity auction mechanisms. While some of the mechanisms have already received attention from both theorists and empiricists, ours is the first comprehensive examination of all existing mechanisms and the first to explore the potential of a few new formats. Our analysis focuses on participation differences among the formats and how theory and supplemental survey data can help explain some of these differences.

Details

Charity with Choice
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-768-4

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2007

Peter Carpenter

There are few studies of quality but all indications are that mental illness is a common problem in people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) of all ability levels…

295

Abstract

There are few studies of quality but all indications are that mental illness is a common problem in people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) of all ability levels. Anxiety and mood disorder are common as well as paranoia, but there are problems assessing the phenomenology of illness in people with ASD. Schizophrenia does not appear to be more common in people with ASD. Suggestions are made for assessment and treatment of co‐morbid mental illnesses.

Details

Advances in Mental Health and Learning Disabilities, vol. 1 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-0180

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 30 November 2020

Anne M. Dannerbeck Janku, Jenny Bossaller, Denice Adkins and Rachel Thudium

Drug Treatment Courts (DTCs) offer a form of alternative sentencing for people who have been convicted of a crime related to drug or alcohol abuse. The work of…

Abstract

Drug Treatment Courts (DTCs) offer a form of alternative sentencing for people who have been convicted of a crime related to drug or alcohol abuse. The work of rehabilitation in DTCs is client-centered, meaning that it takes into account all of the client’s needs that affect their life in regards to completion of the program and rehabilitation. DTCs employ teams of people made up of judges, lawyers, educators, clinicians, and community supervisors. There are specific ways that librarians might become involved with DTCs regarding both literacy and, more specifically, health literacy. Existing programs could be adapted to solve common health literacy problems of participants, and librarians could also forge relationships with DTCs. Training for librarians should include education about the health and literacy problems faced by this population so they can successfully connect DTC participants with people and information that will contribute to their success completing the program and building healthier lives. This chapter looks to established best practices within DTCs and to some current related programs within public libraries to find grounds for expanding services to this population.

Details

Roles and Responsibilities of Libraries in Increasing Consumer Health Literacy and Reducing Health Disparities
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-341-8

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 11 May 2012

Peter Carpenter

The paper aims to provide an overview of the current situation with diagnosis and assessment in autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

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Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to provide an overview of the current situation with diagnosis and assessment in autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is a review of literature combined with personal observation of practice.

Findings

Diagnosis cannot be determined by any one tool. It is a clinical judgement. A solo experienced clinician can make a diagnosis. Wider assessment is needed post diagnosis and needs a team.

Practical implications

Specialist multidisciplinary teams to assess people with ASD should be set up for adults as well as for children.

Originality/value

The paper is of value to those who are designing and providing diagnostic and assessment services. It provides a new review, covering a wider area.

Details

Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, vol. 6 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1282

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 9 December 2013

Philip Mellizo

Group incentive schemes have been shown to be positively associated with firm performance but it remains an open question whether this association can be explained by the…

Abstract

Purpose

Group incentive schemes have been shown to be positively associated with firm performance but it remains an open question whether this association can be explained by the motivating characteristics of the group-incentive scheme itself, or if this is due to factors that tend to accompany group-incentive schemes. We use a controlled experiment to directly test if group-incentive schemes can motivate sustained individual effort in the absence of rules, norms, and institutions that are known to mitigate free-riding behavior.

Design/methodology/approach

We use a controlled lab experiment that randomly assigns subjects to one of three compensation contracts used to incentivize an onerous effort task. Two of the compensation contracts are group-incentive schemes where subjects have an incentive to free-ride on the efforts of their coworkers, and the third (control) is a flat-wage contract.

Findings

We find that both group-incentive schemes resulted in sustained, higher performance relative to the flat-wage compensation contract. Further, we do not find evidence of free-riding behavior under the two group-incentive schemes.

Research limitations/implications

Although we do find sustained cooperation/performance over the three work periods of our experiment under the group-incentive schemes, further testing would be required to evaluate whether group-incentive schemes can sustain cooperation over a longer time horizon without complementary norms, policies, or institutions that mitigate free-riding.

Originality/value

By unambiguously showing that group-incentive schemes can, by themselves, motivate workers to provide sustained levels of effort, this suggests that the “1/n problem” may be, in part, an artifact of the rational-actor modeling conventions.

Details

Sharing Ownership, Profits, and Decision-Making in the 21st Century
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-750-4

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 30 October 2007

83

Abstract

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 79 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Article
Publication date: 1 April 2000

In preparing this report, the compliance sub‐group has set out to (a) summarise the current compliance regime as a matter of law and practice, (b) identify particular…

196

Abstract

In preparing this report, the compliance sub‐group has set out to (a) summarise the current compliance regime as a matter of law and practice, (b) identify particular problem areas within that regime concerning public sector officials (PSOs), and (c) suggest recommendations for change. The result may be seen as providing features of a ‘model’ compliance structure designed to cause difficulties for corrupt PSOs seeking to launder the proceeds of their corruption; UK law and practice has formed the springboard for the model, but it should be stressed that in order to be of any utility any suggested changes would have to be adopted (effectively) universally throughout the financial world. Piecemeal adoption by one or a few states would merely be likely to drive the tainted monies elsewhere, and would not serve the desired purpose of reducing the extent/profitability of corruption.

Details

Journal of Money Laundering Control, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1368-5201

Article
Publication date: 1 June 1974

THE London & Home Counties Branch of the la reports a gratifying response to its attempts last year to attract a wider list of applications for its biennial Senior…

Abstract

THE London & Home Counties Branch of the la reports a gratifying response to its attempts last year to attract a wider list of applications for its biennial Senior Librarians Award, worth £800. As a result, a proportion of the 1973 award has been allotted to Ivan G Sparkes, Librarian of High Wycombe, Bucks, for research into source material relating to furniture history, and to Celia F Thimann, a lecturer at Ealing (London) school of librarianship for a visit to Japan in the autumn to study library provision and information systems in the field of ecological conservation and pollution.

Details

New Library World, vol. 75 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0307-4803

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 March 2006

74

Abstract

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 78 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

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