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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2001

Peter Bayliss, Peter Hill, Kenneth Calman and John Hamilton

For the modernisation of the NHS and successful implementation of clinical governance there must be a new curriculum, with new educational goals for the education of clinicians…

1903

Abstract

For the modernisation of the NHS and successful implementation of clinical governance there must be a new curriculum, with new educational goals for the education of clinicians, managers and consumers. Whilst many elements to that end have been introduced in recent years, a missing element is the study of the system of health care as a system, its properties and risks. The study of safety of and adverse outcomes from error in the “Quality of Australian health care”, highlighted not only preventable error in individual clinical decision and actions, but more importantly the hidden flaws, the latent errors within the system of health care that can lead to such errors. The study of system error in health care is greatly enhanced by the experience of comparable studies of safety in industry. These issues are explored in postgraduate vocational education and training. Perhaps they should be core curriculum for all undergraduate health profession and management education.

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British Journal of Clinical Governance, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1466-4100

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1996

Peter Bayliss

Reviews the characteristics of differing fish types along with their structure, composition and quality. Examines organoleptic changes associated with microbial, oxidative and…

1725

Abstract

Reviews the characteristics of differing fish types along with their structure, composition and quality. Examines organoleptic changes associated with microbial, oxidative and enzymic spoilage during post‐harvest storage of fish.

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Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 96 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1995

Peter Bayliss

The meat quality attribute of texture is ranked as the mostimportant by consumers. Details the mechanism of the major causes ofmeat toughness. Examines pre‐slaughter…

865

Abstract

The meat quality attribute of texture is ranked as the most important by consumers. Details the mechanism of the major causes of meat toughness. Examines pre‐slaughter, post‐slaughter and processing factors that influence the texture of meat.

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Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 95 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1995

Peter Bayliss

When self selecting meat, consumers rank the colour of fresh meatas being the most important criterion in their purchase decision becauseit indicates freshness, while the most…

1518

Abstract

When self selecting meat, consumers rank the colour of fresh meat as being the most important criterion in their purchase decision because it indicates freshness, while the most desirable eating quality of meat, after texture, is the cooked flavour. Details the well‐understood chemistry in relation to meat colour and reviews the less well‐understood chemistry of cooked meat flavour.

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Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 95 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1995

Peter Bayliss

An understanding of muscle structure and the physiology of postmortem change occurring in meat are fundamental to the understandingof meat quality. This first article in a series…

Abstract

An understanding of muscle structure and the physiology of post mortem change occurring in meat are fundamental to the understanding of meat quality. This first article in a series of four examines the structure of muscle, including the differing types of muscle fibres and the general microstructure. Discusses the organization of muscle fibres in a muscle system along with the metabolites available to the muscle fibre. Gives details relating to how the muscle fibres maintain homeostasis by utilizing these metabolites after humane slaughter. In addition, covers factors influencing the rate of rigor mortis.

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Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 95 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 1995

Peter Bayliss

In the UK poultrymeat has 46 per cent volume share of the primarymeat market. In particular, chicken has seen dramatic growth over 40years with 525 million broilers being consumed…

450

Abstract

In the UK poultrymeat has 46 per cent volume share of the primary meat market. In particular, chicken has seen dramatic growth over 40 years with 525 million broilers being consumed in 1993. Examines the issues relating to poultrymeat in terms of market status and growth, nutrition, muscle fibre characteristics and quality issues such as colour, texture, flavour and safety.

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Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 95 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1997

Janet Farrow

Considers the changes taking place in the information and library sector ‐ changes which are due, in the main, to fast developing technologies and the resulting information…

3004

Abstract

Considers the changes taking place in the information and library sector ‐ changes which are due, in the main, to fast developing technologies and the resulting information explosion. Traditional skills and methods of working are coming under increasing pressure and are no longer sufficient. Assesses the impact of these information technology changes on information staff, who are having to extend their traditional skills and develop new expertise. Considers staff management issues, especially resistance to change, and the effect of training and communication programmes. Concludes that maintaining the balance between technology and individual needs is the key to success.

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Journal of Managerial Psychology, vol. 12 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-3946

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1994

The biggest buyers of electronic components in the UK are the UK‐based manufacturing arms of Japanese electronics companies. Among them, these inward investors purchase over £1…

Abstract

The biggest buyers of electronic components in the UK are the UK‐based manufacturing arms of Japanese electronics companies. Among them, these inward investors purchase over £1 billion worth of electronics components a year, but only 15% of this business is currently being placed with UK suppliers.

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Circuit World, vol. 20 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1977

THE Reference Department of Paisley Central Library today occupies the room which was the original Public Library built in 1870 and opened to the public in April 1871. Since that…

Abstract

THE Reference Department of Paisley Central Library today occupies the room which was the original Public Library built in 1870 and opened to the public in April 1871. Since that date two extensions to the building have taken place. The first, in 1882, provided a separate room for both Reference and Lending libraries; the second, opened in 1938, provided a new Children's Department. Together with the original cost of the building, these extensions were entirely financed by Sir Peter Coats, James Coats of Auchendrane and Daniel Coats respectively. The people of Paisley indeed owe much to this one family, whose generosity was great. They not only provided the capital required but continued to donate many useful and often extremely valuable works of reference over the many years that followed. In 1975 Paisley Library was incorporated in the new Renfrew District library service.

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Library Review, vol. 26 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1991

PETER BETTESS and JACQUELINE A. BETTESS

Survey of period infinite element developments The first infinite elements for periodic wave problems, as stated in Part 1, were developed by Bettess and Zienkiewicz, the earliest…

Abstract

Survey of period infinite element developments The first infinite elements for periodic wave problems, as stated in Part 1, were developed by Bettess and Zienkiewicz, the earliest publication being in 1975. These applications were of ‘decay function’ type elements and were used in surface waves on water problems. This was soon followed by an application by Saini et al., to dam‐reservoir interaction, where the waves are pressure waves in the water in the reservoir. In this case both the solid displacements and the fluid pressures are complex valued. In 1980 to 1983 Medina and co‐workers and Chow and Smith successfully used quite different methods to develop infinite elements for elastic waves. Zienkiewicz et al. published the details of the first mapped wave infinite element formulation, which they went on to program, and to use to generate results for surface wave problems. In 1982 Aggarwal et al. used infinite elements in fluid‐structure interaction problems, in this case plates vibrating in an unbounded fluid. In 1983 Corzani used infinite elements for electric wave problems. This period also saw the first infinite element applications in acoustics, by Astley and Eversman, and their development of the ‘wave envelope’ concept. Kagawa applied periodic infinite wave elements to Helmholtz equation in electromagnetic applications. Pos used infinite elements to model wave diffraction by breakwaters and gave comparisons with laboratory photogrammetric measurements of waves. Good agreement was obtained. Huang also used infinite elements for surface wave diffraction problems. Davies and Rahman used infinite elements to model wave guide behaviour. Moriya developed a new type of infinite element for Helmholtz problem. In 1986 Yamabuchi et al. developed another infinite element for unbounded Helmholtz problems. Rajapalakse et al. produced an infinite element for elastodynamics, in which some of the integrations are carried out analytically, and which is said to model correctly both body and Rayleigh waves. Imai et al. gave further applications of infinite elements to wave diffraction, fluid‐structure interaction and wave force calculations for breakwaters, offshore platforms and a floating rectangular caisson. Pantic et al. used infinite elements in wave guide computations. In 1986 Cao et al. applied infinite elements to dynamic interaction of soil and pile. The infinite element is said to be ‘semi‐analytical’. Goransson and Davidsson used a mapped wave infinite element in some three dimensional acoustic problems, in 1987. They incorporated the infinite elements into the ASKA code. A novel application of wave infinite elements to photolithography simulation for semiconductor device fabrication was given by Matsuzawa et al. They obtained ‘reasonably good’ agreement with observed photoresist profiles. Häggblad and Nordgren used infinite elements in a dynamic analysis of non‐linear soil‐structure interaction, with plastic soil elements. In 1989 Lau and Ji published a new type of 3‐D infinite element for wave diffraction problems. They gave good results for problems of waves diffracted by a cylinder and various three dimensional structures.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

1 – 10 of 77