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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

K. Wiak

Discusses the 27 papers in ISEF 1999 Proceedings on the subject of electromagnetisms. States the groups of papers cover such subjects within the discipline as: induction…

Abstract

Discusses the 27 papers in ISEF 1999 Proceedings on the subject of electromagnetisms. States the groups of papers cover such subjects within the discipline as: induction machines; reluctance motors; PM motors; transformers and reactors; and special problems and applications. Debates all of these in great detail and itemizes each with greater in‐depth discussion of the various technical applications and areas. Concludes that the recommendations made should be adhered to.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 4 January 2008

M. Schöning and K. Hameyer

To reduce the computational costs for electromagnetic simulations of permanent magnet synchronous machines maintaining a high accuracy.

Abstract

Purpose

To reduce the computational costs for electromagnetic simulations of permanent magnet synchronous machines maintaining a high accuracy.

Design/methodology/approach

An analytical model is introduced regarding multiple designs of permanent magnet synchronous machines. This electromagnetic model is coupled to a numerical simulation. Thereby, the advantages of both computational methods are combined by parameterizing the analytical model to the numerical solution. This results in a high‐efficient analytical model with the accuracy of the numerical simulation. The results of the analytical model are compared to measurements of a permanent magnet synchronous machine. Various machine modifications are simulated to evaluate possible limitations of the analytical model.

Findings

It can be stated, that a once parameterized analytical model achieves a high accuracy. Furthermore, geometric variations can be applied without the need of a new parameterization through a numerical simulation. Only changing the permanent magnet height or the air gap height results in a significant deviation and a new numerical simulation is recommended.

Research limitations/implications

Only measurements for machines up to 5 kW were available. In consequence, the model is only validatet in this range.

Practical implications

With the presented analytical model, an electromagnetic design of a permanent magnet synchronous machine can be performed very time efficient achieving accurate results. Furthermore, optimization studies can be performed with low‐computational costs.

Originality/value

The introduced analytical model can be parameterized by a numerical simulation. The numeric simulation process and the parameterization are performed automatically according to the data calculated by the analytical model. Measurements demonstrate the effectiveness and the limitations of the model.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 27 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Shun Cai, Meng-Jia Jin, He Hao and Jian-Xin Shen

The purpose of this paper is to comparatively study a synchronous reluctance machine (SynRM) and a permanent magnet assisted synchronous reluctance machine (PMASynRM) as…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to comparatively study a synchronous reluctance machine (SynRM) and a permanent magnet assisted synchronous reluctance machine (PMASynRM) as alternatives of the interior permanent magnet synchronous machine (IPMSM), and to investigate the performance and conclude both advantages and disadvantages.

Design/methodology/approach

A unified mathematical model is established for the IPMSM, SynRM and PMASynRM. Then finite element method (FEM) is used to compare the electromagnetic performance. Permeability-frozen method is utilized to distinguish basic electromagnetic torque and reluctance torque.

Findings

The PMASynRM can improve the power factor of the SynRM, overcome the drawback of the IPMSM in the high-speed flux-weakening region and is more proper to operate over a wide speed region. The SynRM is mechanically robust for lacking of the permanent magnets, and the PMASynRM can keep similar rotor stress as the SynRM by optimizing the magnets. Assembly of the SynRM is the simplest, and the economic performance of the SynRM and PMASynRM could be much better than the IPMSM which even uses ferrite magnets.

Practical/implications

The SynRM can produce identical torque and efficiency compared with the IPMSM except the poor power factor. The poor power factor could be improved by adopting the PMASynRM, which is proved to be able to act as an alternative of the IPMSM for low-cost high-performance application.

Originality/value

This paper provides the theoretical model of the IPMSM, SynRM and PMASynRM in a unified format. The electromagnetic, mechanical and economic performances of the three kinds of synchronous motors are compared comprehensively. Then, both the advantages and disadvantages are summarized.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 35 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 1994

FAN YU, G.D. BAINES and B.J. CHALMERS

This paper describes a versatile electrical machine drive simulation procedure. Based on the trapezoidal rule, an arbitrarily configured power electronic circuit is…

Abstract

This paper describes a versatile electrical machine drive simulation procedure. Based on the trapezoidal rule, an arbitrarily configured power electronic circuit is discretized into an equivalent circuit of companion branches, and nodal equations are then set up automatically. The state equations of electrical machines are also solved using the trapezoidal rule. To simplify the procedure and save computing time, the circuit and motor equations are calculated separately and interfaced through Park's transformation. The generalized procedure described in this paper is illustrated by application to the transient performance of an inverter‐fed permanent‐magnet synchronous motor with high pulse‐width‐modulated chopping ratio and ramped reference signal frequency. Computed results are correlated with experimental measurements.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 5 July 2019

Roberto Eduardo Quintal-Palomo, Maciej Gwozdziewicz and Mateusz Dybkowski

The purpose of this paper is to obtain an accurate methodology for modelling and analysis of the permanent magnet synchronous generator connected to power electronic components.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to obtain an accurate methodology for modelling and analysis of the permanent magnet synchronous generator connected to power electronic components.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper presents the methodology of the co-simulation of a permanent magnet synchronous generator. It combines Simulink, Maxwell and Simplorer software to demonstrate the electrical machine behaviour connected with the power electronics’ circuit. The finite element analysis performed on the designed machine exhibit a more accurate behaviour over simplified Simulink models. Results between both simulation and co-simulation are compared to measurements.

Findings

The co-simulation approach offers a more accurate depiction of the machine behaviour and its interaction with the non-linear circuits.

Research limitations/implications

This paper focuses on the interior permanent magnet type of PMSG and its interaction with a passive rectifier (nonlinear circuit).

Practical implications

The advanced capabilities of the co-simulation method allow to analyse more variations (geometry, materials, etc.), and its interaction with non-linear circuits, than previous simulation techniques.

Originality/value

The co-simulation as a tool for analysis and design of systems interconnected with unconventional and conventional electrical machines and prototypes, and the comparison of the obtained results with classical analysis and design methods, against measurements obtained from the prototype.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. 38 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 5 January 2015

Sajjad Mohammadi, Behrooz Vahidi, Mojtaba Mirsalim and Hamid Lesani

The purpose of this paper is to develop an effective, yet simple analytical framework for optimization of permanent-magnet synchronous machines. Also…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop an effective, yet simple analytical framework for optimization of permanent-magnet synchronous machines. Also, single/multi-objective optimizations are performed for a case-study machine with surface-mounted permanent magnets.

Design/methodology/approach

First, an accurate magnetic equivalent circuit is developed which takes all the material such as iron saturation and PM parameters into account. Then, through a Fourier analysis, it is combined with the d-q model of PM synchronous machines to achieve an optimization framework including the developed torque, back-EMF and a number of design considerations. Finally, a genetic algorithm (GA) is employed in the single/multi-objective design optimizations, which offers several design characteristics upon different desired outcomes.

Findings

An analytical design framework for the optimization of permanent-magnet synchronous machines is developed in this paper that can effectively account for all material properties such as iron saturation and PM characteristics, and take into account the design considerations, all of which are shown as superiorities of the proposed approach over the existing method. In addition, the proposed framework is relatively simpler in terms of implementing. The model is verified by employing finite element method. Moreover, sensitivity analysis is carried out to investigate the influence of the design parameters on the machine performance, which provides valuable information for the designer of such devices. Finally, a GA is utilized to perform single/multi-objective optimization schemes whose objectives are minimizing the torque ripples, back-EMF total harmonic distortion and PM volume.

Originality/value

The proposed framework is new approach that could be employed in the design optimization of PM synchronous machines. Contrary to existing method, it is simpler and more effective in taking the material properties such as iron saturation and PM characteristics into account.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 34 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 3 January 2017

Łukasz Knypiński, Cezary Jedryczka and Andrzej Demenko

The purpose of this paper is to compare parameters and properties of optimal structures of a line-start permanent magnet synchronous motor (LSPMSM) for the cage winding of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to compare parameters and properties of optimal structures of a line-start permanent magnet synchronous motor (LSPMSM) for the cage winding of a different rotor bar shape.

Design/methodology/approach

The mathematical model of the considered motor includes the equation of the electromagnetic field, the electric circuit equations and equation of mechanical equilibrium. The numerical implementation is based on finite element method (FEM) and step-by-step algorithm. To improve the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm convergence, the velocity equation in the classical PSO method is supplemented by an additional term. This term represents the location of the center of mass of the swarm. The modified particle swarm algorithm (PSO-MC) has been used in the optimization calculations.

Findings

The LSPMSM with drop type bars has better performance and synchronization parameters than motors with circular bars. It is also proved that the used modification of the classical PSO procedure ensures faster convergence for solving the problem of optimization LSPMSM. This modification is particularly useful when the field model of phenomena is used.

Originality/value

The authors noticed that to obtain the maximum power factor and efficiency of the LSPMSM, the designer should take into account dimensions and the placement of the magnets in the designing process. In the authors’ opinion, the equivalent circuit models can be used only at the preliminary stage of the designing of line-start permanent magnet motors.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 36 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Yonghong Xia, Junbo Liu, Bo Xu and Hongjian Wu

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel hybrid excitation permanent magnet synchronous generator (HEPMSG) utilizing tooth harmonic for excitation, the structural…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel hybrid excitation permanent magnet synchronous generator (HEPMSG) utilizing tooth harmonic for excitation, the structural features and operation principle of which are also described.

Design/methodology/approach

To obtain the operation performance quickly, this paper derives the mathematical model of the machine system represented by circuit, and analyzes the operation mode of rectifier circuit in the tooth harmonic excitation system, then the standard state equations for each operation mode are obtained. Combining the inductance parameter of this machine with the load resistance and inductance, the armature current waveform, the field current waveform and tooth harmonic winding current waveform are obtained by using the numerical method to solve the standard state equation.

Findings

Comparing with the experimental results, the availability of the principle and the validity of the model of the machine system are verified.

Practical implications

This HEPMSG is a new brushless self-excited and self-regulated generator, which is suitable for an independent power source.

Originality/value

Unlike the existing hybrid excitation permanent magnet machine, this HEPMSG utilized the inherent tooth harmonic EMF of the rotor to adjust the air-gap magnetic field of the permanent magnet machine.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 35 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 12 September 2008

Ayman M. EL‐Refaie and Thomas M. Jahns

The purpose of this paper is to provide a comparison of synchronous permanent magnet machine types for wide constant power speed range operation.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide a comparison of synchronous permanent magnet machine types for wide constant power speed range operation.

Design/methodology/approach

A combination of analytical models and finite element analysis is used to conduct this study.

Findings

The paper has presented a detailed comparison between various types of synchronous PM machines for applications requiring a wide speed range of constant‐power operation. Key observations include: surface permanent magnet (SPM) and interior permanent magnet (IPM) machines can both be designed to achieve wide speed ranges of constant‐power operation. SPM machines with fractional‐slot concentrated windings offer opportunities to minimize machine volume and mass because of their short winding end turns and techniques for achieving high‐slot fill factors via stator pole segmentation. High back‐emf voltage at elevated speeds is a particular issue for SPM machines, but also poses problems for IPM machine designs when tight maximum limits are applied. Magnet eddy‐current losses pose a bigger design issue for SPM machines, but design techniques can be applied to significantly reduce the magnitude of these losses. Additional calculations not included here suggest that the performance characteristics of the inverters accompanying each of the four PM machines are quite similar, despite the differences in machine pole number and electrical frequency.

Research limitations/implications

The paper is targeting traction applications where a very wide speed range of constant‐power operation is required.

Practical implications

Results presented are intended to provide useful guidelines for engineers faced with choosing the most appropriate PM machine for high‐constant power speed ratio applications. As in most real‐world drive design exercises, the choice of PM machine type involves several trade‐offs that must be carefully evaluated for each specific application.

Originality/value

The paper provides a comprehensive comparison between different types of synchronous PM machines, which is very useful in determining the most suitable type for various applications.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 27 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2013

Yang Tang, Emilia Motoasca, Johannes J.H. Paulides and Elena A. Lomonova

This paper is aimed at investigating the potential advantages of flux‐switching machines (FSM) compared to permanent magnet synchronous machines (PMSM), particularly for…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper is aimed at investigating the potential advantages of flux‐switching machines (FSM) compared to permanent magnet synchronous machines (PMSM), particularly for the applications of electric vehicle traction.

Design/methodology/approach

A 12‐slot 14‐pole PMSM designed for an in‐wheel traction application is chosen for the comparison. With the same volume constraint, three 12/14 FSM structures are created. Both the PMSM and the three FSM structures are modeled using the software Flux. Based on these models, finite element analyses (FEA) are performed, and the results are compared in terms of open‐circuit back electromotive force (EMF), electrical loading capability, and thermal conditions.

Findings

Within the same volume constraint, a 12/14 FSMs can achieve the maximum torque higher than the one of 12/14 PMSM. This conclusion is drawn based on the observed facts that at the same rotor speed, a larger open‐circuit back EMF is induced in the FSM, while a larger electrical loading is also allowed in this machine, compared to the PMSM. In addition, the risk of demagnetization during the process of field weakening proves to be lower in FSMs than PMSMs. This advantage suggests a potentially wide constant power speed range (CPSR) of FSMs, which is especially beneficial in automotive applications.

Research limitations/implications

This research can be continued with investigating the field weakening capability and iron losses of FSMs.

Originality/value

This paper proposed two optional structures of FSMs to reduce the amount of permanent magnets. It also highlighted the effectiveness of FSMs in cooling these magnets.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 32 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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