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Article
Publication date: 5 July 2013

Miha Šrekl, Blaž Bratina, Mykhaylo Zagirnyak, Boris Benedičič and Damijan Miljavec

The purpose of this paper is the investigation of eddy currents induced in the axial‐flux permanent‐magnet machine housing by the leakage flux and the introduction of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is the investigation of eddy currents induced in the axial‐flux permanent‐magnet machine housing by the leakage flux and the introduction of permanent magnets in the steady‐state AC finite‐element analysis and coupling their effects with the transient thermal analysis.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed approach is based on the finite‐element method as well as on using the basic analytical equations. The approach was first applied in the magneto transient analyses. Because of the different physical transient‐time constants, the steady‐state AC analysis coupled with transient thermal should be used.

Findings

The permanent magnets in the steady‐state AC analysis coupled with the transient thermal analysis can be simulated by coils with an imposed current of a frequency depending on the number of pole pairs and rotation speed. Using any of the electrically conductive materials for the axial‐flux inner slotless stator permanent‐magnet machine housing should be avoided.

Originality/value

The leakage flux induced by permanent magnets and spreading into the axial‐flux permanent‐machine housing is first defined by using the magneto‐transient finite‐element analysis and further used in the steady‐state AC analysis coupled with the transient thermal analyses, all in 3D. Based on the results of these analyses, the temperature distribution in entire machine is calculated and compared with the measurement results.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 32 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

K. Wiak

Discusses the 27 papers in ISEF 1999 Proceedings on the subject of electromagnetisms. States the groups of papers cover such subjects within the discipline as: induction…

Abstract

Discusses the 27 papers in ISEF 1999 Proceedings on the subject of electromagnetisms. States the groups of papers cover such subjects within the discipline as: induction machines; reluctance motors; PM motors; transformers and reactors; and special problems and applications. Debates all of these in great detail and itemizes each with greater in‐depth discussion of the various technical applications and areas. Concludes that the recommendations made should be adhered to.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 November 2021

Ali Muhammad, Faisal Khan, Muhammad Yousuf and Basharat Ullah

The purpose of this paper is to modernize the generator system of wind turbine concept that not only improves the efficiency and power density but also reduces the system…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to modernize the generator system of wind turbine concept that not only improves the efficiency and power density but also reduces the system cost making design simpler and less expensive, especially in large-scale production.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper presents a new permanent magnet transverse flux generator (PMTFG) for wind energy production. The key feature of its composition is the double armature coil in a semi-closed stator core. The main structural difference of the presented design is the use of double coil in the same space of semi-closed stator core and reduced number of stator pole pairs and rotor magnets from 12/24 to 10/20. 3D simulations are performed using finite element analysis (FEA) to measure induced voltage and magnetic field distribution at no load. The FEA is performed to quantify the change in flux linkage, induced voltage and output power as a function of different speeds and load current.

Findings

Results show that PMTFG with double coil configuration has improved electromagnetic performance in terms of flux linkage, induced voltage, output power and efficiency. The power density of 10/20 PMTFG with the double coil is 0.0524 KW/Kg, about an 18% increase compared to the conventional design.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed PMTFG is highly recommended for direct drive applications such as wind power.

Originality/value

Four models are simulated by FEA with single and double coil configuration, and load analysis is performed on all simulated models. Finally, results are compared with conventional PMTFG.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 March 2018

Javad Rahmani Fard and Mohammad Ardebili

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel axial field flux-switching machine with sandwiched permanent magnets. It is one of the most efficient machines which is…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel axial field flux-switching machine with sandwiched permanent magnets. It is one of the most efficient machines which is appropriate for high-torque and low-speed direct-drive applications. The proposed model is equipped with an advanced phase-group concentrated-coil winding to obtain a unity displacement winding factor. Two configurations of the proposed motors with 6-stator-slot (S)/10-rotor-pole (P) and 12S/19P are investigated. These two structures are compared with optimized a conventional axial-field flux-switching permanent-magnet (CAFFSPM) machine. Unity displacement winding factor increases the back-EMF and electromagnetic torque. Moreover, the prototype 12S/19P motor is built to verify the design.

Design/methodology/approach

The torque equation is obtained and the dimensions of the two proposed motors are determined. Some specific design issues, including the stator/rotor pole sandwiching pole angle, the stator tooth angle and the rotor pole angle have been optimized to minimize the cogging torque while maintaining the high torque density by means of response surface methodology (RSM) and 3-D finite element model of the machine.

Findings

To improve the performance, especially at high torque density, low cogging torque and high level of fault-tolerant capability, the 12S/19P axial field flux-switching sandwiched permanent-magnet (AFFSSPM) motor is proposed. Based on the optimized design, a prototype of the 12S/19P AFFSSPM motor is fabricated and tested. It is found that the experimental results validate the 3-D finite element method (FEM) simulation results.

Originality/value

The AFFSSPM motor is one of the most efficient motors, but the 12S/19P AFFSSPM motor with sandwiched permanent magnet and unity displacement winding factor has not been specially reported to date. Thus, in this paper, the authors report on optimal design of a novel axial flux-switching sandwiched permanent-magnet machine for electric vehicles and fabricate a prototype of the 12S/19P AFFSSPM motor.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 37 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 10 August 2018

Marcin Wardach, Ryszard Palka, Piotr Paplicki and Michal Bonislawski

Permanent magnet (PM) electrical machines are becoming one of the most popular type of the machines used in electrical vehicle drive applications. The main drawback of…

Abstract

Purpose

Permanent magnet (PM) electrical machines are becoming one of the most popular type of the machines used in electrical vehicle drive applications. The main drawback of permanent magnet machines, despite obvious advantages, is associated with the flux control capability, which is limited at high rotor speeds of the machine. This paper aims to present a new arrangement of permanent magnets and flux barriers in the rotor structure to improve the field weakening control of hybrid excited machines. The field weakening characteristics, back-emf waveforms and efficiency maps of this novel machine have been reported.

Design/methodology/approach

In the study, finite element analysis was used to perform simulation research. Then, based on the simulation studies, an experimental model was built. The paper also presents selected experimental results.

Findings

Obtained results show that the proposed machine topology and novel control strategy can offer an effective flux control method allowing to extend the maximal rotational speed of the machine at constant power range.

Practical implications

The proposed solution can be used in electric vehicles drive to extend its torque and speed range.

Originality/value

The paper presents original design and results of research on a new solution of a hybrid excited machine with magnetic barriers in a rotor.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 37 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 January 2008

M. Schöning and K. Hameyer

To reduce the computational costs for electromagnetic simulations of permanent magnet synchronous machines maintaining a high accuracy.

Abstract

Purpose

To reduce the computational costs for electromagnetic simulations of permanent magnet synchronous machines maintaining a high accuracy.

Design/methodology/approach

An analytical model is introduced regarding multiple designs of permanent magnet synchronous machines. This electromagnetic model is coupled to a numerical simulation. Thereby, the advantages of both computational methods are combined by parameterizing the analytical model to the numerical solution. This results in a high‐efficient analytical model with the accuracy of the numerical simulation. The results of the analytical model are compared to measurements of a permanent magnet synchronous machine. Various machine modifications are simulated to evaluate possible limitations of the analytical model.

Findings

It can be stated, that a once parameterized analytical model achieves a high accuracy. Furthermore, geometric variations can be applied without the need of a new parameterization through a numerical simulation. Only changing the permanent magnet height or the air gap height results in a significant deviation and a new numerical simulation is recommended.

Research limitations/implications

Only measurements for machines up to 5 kW were available. In consequence, the model is only validatet in this range.

Practical implications

With the presented analytical model, an electromagnetic design of a permanent magnet synchronous machine can be performed very time efficient achieving accurate results. Furthermore, optimization studies can be performed with low‐computational costs.

Originality/value

The introduced analytical model can be parameterized by a numerical simulation. The numeric simulation process and the parameterization are performed automatically according to the data calculated by the analytical model. Measurements demonstrate the effectiveness and the limitations of the model.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 27 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 August 2018

Marcin Wardach

The paper aims to present the hybrid excited claw pole generator design, simulation and experimental results. The prototype has claw poles on two rotor sections, between…

Abstract

Purpose

The paper aims to present the hybrid excited claw pole generator design, simulation and experimental results. The prototype has claw poles on two rotor sections, between which an excitation coil is located. The innovation of this machine is permanent magnets location on claws of one part of the rotor. The paper presents construction of the machine and analysis of the current in the excitation control coil influence on the electromagnetic torque, cogging torque and back-emf values. Presented studies enabled the determination of the torque and the back-emf for both: the strengthening and the weakening of magnetic field.

Design/methodology/approach

In the study, finite element analysis was used to perform simulation research. Then, based on the simulation studies, an experimental model was built. The paper also presents selected experimental results.

Findings

Achieved results show that the proposed machine topology allows to eliminate the disadvantages mentioned in paper, i.e. necessary to introduce special areas inside the machine to limit magnetic flux leakage or its complicated construction.

Research limitations/implications

The obtained cogging torque values and back-emf pulsation are still relatively high. In the near future, some of known techniques for reducing these pulsations can be applied, including the use of magnetic wedges, changing shapes of rotor’s poles and/or skewing of permanent magnets.

Practical implications

The proposed solution can be used in wind turbines as a generator.

Originality/value

The paper presents an original design of a new construction of a hybrid-excited claw pole machine and also an excitation current influence on cogging torque and back-emf values.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 37 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 3 January 2017

Łukasz Knypiński, Cezary Jedryczka and Andrzej Demenko

The purpose of this paper is to compare parameters and properties of optimal structures of a line-start permanent magnet synchronous motor (LSPMSM) for the cage winding of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to compare parameters and properties of optimal structures of a line-start permanent magnet synchronous motor (LSPMSM) for the cage winding of a different rotor bar shape.

Design/methodology/approach

The mathematical model of the considered motor includes the equation of the electromagnetic field, the electric circuit equations and equation of mechanical equilibrium. The numerical implementation is based on finite element method (FEM) and step-by-step algorithm. To improve the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm convergence, the velocity equation in the classical PSO method is supplemented by an additional term. This term represents the location of the center of mass of the swarm. The modified particle swarm algorithm (PSO-MC) has been used in the optimization calculations.

Findings

The LSPMSM with drop type bars has better performance and synchronization parameters than motors with circular bars. It is also proved that the used modification of the classical PSO procedure ensures faster convergence for solving the problem of optimization LSPMSM. This modification is particularly useful when the field model of phenomena is used.

Originality/value

The authors noticed that to obtain the maximum power factor and efficiency of the LSPMSM, the designer should take into account dimensions and the placement of the magnets in the designing process. In the authors’ opinion, the equivalent circuit models can be used only at the preliminary stage of the designing of line-start permanent magnet motors.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 36 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 2013

Yang Tang, Emilia Motoasca, Johannes J.H. Paulides and Elena A. Lomonova

This paper is aimed at investigating the potential advantages of flux‐switching machines (FSM) compared to permanent magnet synchronous machines (PMSM), particularly for…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper is aimed at investigating the potential advantages of flux‐switching machines (FSM) compared to permanent magnet synchronous machines (PMSM), particularly for the applications of electric vehicle traction.

Design/methodology/approach

A 12‐slot 14‐pole PMSM designed for an in‐wheel traction application is chosen for the comparison. With the same volume constraint, three 12/14 FSM structures are created. Both the PMSM and the three FSM structures are modeled using the software Flux. Based on these models, finite element analyses (FEA) are performed, and the results are compared in terms of open‐circuit back electromotive force (EMF), electrical loading capability, and thermal conditions.

Findings

Within the same volume constraint, a 12/14 FSMs can achieve the maximum torque higher than the one of 12/14 PMSM. This conclusion is drawn based on the observed facts that at the same rotor speed, a larger open‐circuit back EMF is induced in the FSM, while a larger electrical loading is also allowed in this machine, compared to the PMSM. In addition, the risk of demagnetization during the process of field weakening proves to be lower in FSMs than PMSMs. This advantage suggests a potentially wide constant power speed range (CPSR) of FSMs, which is especially beneficial in automotive applications.

Research limitations/implications

This research can be continued with investigating the field weakening capability and iron losses of FSMs.

Originality/value

This paper proposed two optional structures of FSMs to reduce the amount of permanent magnets. It also highlighted the effectiveness of FSMs in cooling these magnets.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 32 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 December 2003

E. Fitan, F. Messine and B. Nogarede

What is new in this work is the generic capabilities of the proposed analytical model of permanent magnet machines associated with a novel deterministic global…

Abstract

What is new in this work is the generic capabilities of the proposed analytical model of permanent magnet machines associated with a novel deterministic global optimization method. That allows to solve some more general inverse problem of designing. The analytical approach is powerful to take into account various kinds of constraints (electromagnetical, thermal, etc.). The inverse problem associated with the optimal design of actuators could then be formulated as a mixed‐constrained optimization problem. In order to solve these problems, interval Branch and Bound algorithms which have already proved their efficiency, have made it possible to determine some optimized rotating machines.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 22 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

1 – 10 of over 1000