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Article
Publication date: 6 September 2011

Pengxin Han, Rongjun Mu and Naigang Cui

The purpose of this paper is to address the flaws of traditional methods and fulfil the special fault‐tolerant re‐entry navigation requirements of reusable boost vehicle (RBV).

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to address the flaws of traditional methods and fulfil the special fault‐tolerant re‐entry navigation requirements of reusable boost vehicle (RBV).

Design/methodology/approach

A kind of improved estimation method based on strong tracking unscented Kalman filter (STUKF) is put forward. According to the fact that the traditional state χ2‐test‐based fault diagnosis method is incompetent to detect the signal point small jerks and slowly varying fault in the measurement, a kind of original fault diagnosis technology based on STUKF is used to check the working states of navigation sensors.

Findings

The comparisons with χ2‐test method under typical failure distributions validate the perfect state tracking and fault diagnosis performances of this improved method.

Practical implications

This kind of state estimation and fault diagnosis method could be used in the navigation and guidance systems for many kinds of aeronautical and astronautical vehicles.

Originality/value

A kind of novel strong tracking state estimation filter is used, and a kind of very effective fault diagnosis criterion is put forward for the navigation of RBV.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 83 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 March 2019

Diego Quer, Laura Rienda, Rosario Andreu and Si Miao

The conventional wisdom suggests that the lack of prior host country-specific experience and a higher institutional distance deter multinational enterprises (MNEs) from…

Abstract

Purpose

The conventional wisdom suggests that the lack of prior host country-specific experience and a higher institutional distance deter multinational enterprises (MNEs) from entering a foreign country. However, past studies report that Chinese MNEs show an unconventional risk-taking behavior choosing foreign locations, where they have no prior experience or there is an increased institutional distance. Drawing on the institutional theory, the purpose of this paper is to argue that Chinese Government official visits to the host country may act as a risk-reduction device, thus providing an explanation for such an unconventional behavior.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors develop two hypotheses regarding how Chinese Government official visits moderate the impact of host country-specific experience and institutional distance on the location choice of Chinese MNEs. The authors test the hypotheses using a sample of investment location decisions by Chinese MNEs in Latin America.

Findings

The authors find that government official visits mitigate the lack of firm’s prior host country experience. However, only high-level government visits reduce institutional distance.

Originality/value

The authors contribute to the international business literature by analyzing how home country government diplomatic activities may pave the way of host country institutional environment for foreign MNEs from that home country. In addition, the authors provide an additional explanation for the unconventional risk-taking behavior of Chinese MNEs. Finally, the authors also contribute to a better understanding of the decision-making process of emerging-market MNEs entering other emerging economies.

Details

Cross Cultural & Strategic Management, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2059-5794

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 January 2022

Tingting Jiang, Buyun Yang, Bo Yang, Bo Wu and Guoguang Wan

The environment of international business (IB) and the capabilities of emerging market multinational enterprises (EMNEs) as well as their home countries have changed…

Abstract

Purpose

The environment of international business (IB) and the capabilities of emerging market multinational enterprises (EMNEs) as well as their home countries have changed significantly, leading to some new features of liability of origin (LOR). This paper aims to extend the LOR literature by particularly focusing on the LOR of Chinese multinational enterprises (MNEs) and by taking into account the heterogeneity among industries and across individual MNEs.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on the stereotype content model and organizational legitimacy perspective, this study explores how LOR influences Chinese MNEs’ cross-border acquisition completions. Several hypotheses were tested by using a binary logistic regression model with panel data techniques based on data of 780 Chinese MNEs’ acquisition deals between 2008 and 2018.

Findings

The results of this study show that when the competence dimension of China’s LOR is perceived as high in the host country, Chinese MNEs are less likely to complete cross-border acquisitions. Moreover, deals are less likely to be completed when the warmth dimension of China’s LOR is perceived to be low. Global experience and the foreign-listed status of individual Chinese MNEs can alter the relationship between the LOR and deal completions.

Originality/value

This study advances and enriches the LOR research. It shows that a high level of competence in the home country has led to LOR for Chinese MNEs rather than the low level of competence proposed by existing LOR studies; and the LOR for Chinese MNEs is also determined by the perceived low level of warmth in the home country resulting from the geopolitical conflicts between two countries. In addition, the LOR suffered by EMNEs could vary based on certain industry- and firm-level characteristics. The findings of this study provide important practical implications for emerging economy governments and for firms intending to go abroad.

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