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1 – 10 of over 2000
Article
Publication date: 28 October 2021

Yeongjoon Yoon

Studies comparing the consequences of payroll cost reduction methods (i.e. cutting pay and downsizing) have been limited, with no studies comparing these methods' impact…

Abstract

Purpose

Studies comparing the consequences of payroll cost reduction methods (i.e. cutting pay and downsizing) have been limited, with no studies comparing these methods' impact on job-seeker attraction. The current research tries to close this gap by comparing the effects of cutting pay and downsizing on job-seeker attraction outcomes.

Design/methodology/approach

Two studies are conducted. The first study compares the effects of the two payroll cost reduction methods (i.e. cutting pay vs downsizing) on job-seeker attraction through a within-subject design experiment of people in the United States. The second study analyzes secondary data in South Korea to compare the two methods' effects on the number of job applicants applying for job openings.

Findings

The results demonstrate that organizations with a history of pay cuts yield more favorable job-seeker attraction outcomes than organizations with a history of downsizing.

Practical implications

Although firms that choose to downsize may better maintain the morale of surviving employees, the decision of downsizing can have long-term costs, such as having a worse capability to attract job-applicants than firms that choose to cut pay and share the pain as a group.

Originality/value

The research provides an insight into which payroll cost reduction method yields better outcomes in terms of job-seeker attraction. The research responds to the call in the payroll cost reduction method literature of identifying a feasible alternative to downsizing in terms of various outcomes other than the morale of current (or remaining) employees.

Details

Employee Relations: The International Journal, vol. 44 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0142-5455

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1967

CHANGE has always characterised industrial societies. To speak of it as a mid‐twentieth century phenomenon, a violation of the established order, is unrealistic…

Abstract

CHANGE has always characterised industrial societies. To speak of it as a mid‐twentieth century phenomenon, a violation of the established order, is unrealistic. Manufacturing operations have always been reviewed, sporadically or systematically, in industry to find new methods in order to secure greater output or lower costs. Usually the worker continued at his job with altered duties and different demands upon him, adjusting fairly easily to changed conditions in a routine way.

Details

Work Study, vol. 16 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 3 October 2019

Manal Elsayed Shabat

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the conceptual framework about human resources downsizing and restructuring and how organizations of the public sector can do that…

10884

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the conceptual framework about human resources downsizing and restructuring and how organizations of the public sector can do that effectively and efficiently. These facts drive to the conclusion that the implementation of early retirement incentives requires the most elaborate planning and execution to be effective, predictable and safe in the long term.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper adopts an analytical, descriptive methodology approach to describe the basic features of the data by using the descriptive research design. Data have been collected through different sources, which include secondary data, to introduce the theoretical literature of the subject as books, journals, articles, published working papers and referred previous studies related to the same subject.

Findings

Downsizing process is a deliberate administrative process that includes, but is not limited to, workforce reduction and is primarily aimed at achieving efficiency in public organizations. The definition of workforce downsizing may be narrowed to reducing the number of workers, or more likely to refer to general efforts to restructuring human resources in public organizations, Early Retirement Incentive Programs (ERIP) represents a viable alternative for organizations seeking to reduce staff. For the ERIP to be successful, the program coordinator must understand the business objectives and goals that the organization is trying to obtain.

Originality/value

Human resources strategies concerning downsizing public administration workforce should be more appropriate to those who leave the organization and those who stay at work, reducing the negative psychological, administrative and economical effects. This could be achieved through a strategy called early retirement incentive programs.

Details

Review of Economics and Political Science, vol. 5 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2356-9980

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 2 May 2007

H.G. Parsa

Hospitality literature is deficient in empirical research that specifically focused on human resource information systems (HRIS) in hospitality. To fill this gap in…

Abstract

Hospitality literature is deficient in empirical research that specifically focused on human resource information systems (HRIS) in hospitality. To fill this gap in literature, this research has proposed a model, based on a review of previous research, to serve as a starting point toward building an empirical research agenda in the hospitality discipline. It has two primary objectives: firstly, to examine the factors that contribute to the decision to implement a HRIS in a small-size restaurant chain; and secondly, to develop a research agenda in an area where progress has been limited in the hospitality discipline. Results of the current study indicated that financial resources, culture, and computer competency are better predictors of any successful implementation of HRIS in restaurant chains.

Details

Advances in Hospitality and Leisure
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-506-2

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1995

Frederick D. Buggie

This methodology takes “thinking outside the box” in a new direction. Expert teams composed of leading thinkers from many disciplines are brought together to suggest…

Abstract

This methodology takes “thinking outside the box” in a new direction. Expert teams composed of leading thinkers from many disciplines are brought together to suggest creative and innovative solutions to process problems. By going beyond reengineering, their solutions are truly unique.

Details

Planning Review, vol. 23 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0094-064X

Book part
Publication date: 23 November 2020

Pablo Adrian Garlati-Bertoldi

I evaluate how the tax reform of 2012 reduced informality in Colombia both theoretically and empirically. Theoretically, I develop a labor market model and obtain…

Abstract

I evaluate how the tax reform of 2012 reduced informality in Colombia both theoretically and empirically. Theoretically, I develop a labor market model and obtain simulations indicating that the reform should reduce informality significantly. Empirically, I obtain difference-in-difference estimates from two household surveys. Estimates from the repeated cross-sections data indicate small, short-term effects and large long-term effects. Estimates from the household survey panel data are in line with these results. I also simulate difference-in-difference estimates with different combinations of changes in payroll taxes and enforcement indicating that large improvements would have been needed to obtain the corresponding econometric estimates.

Details

Change at Home, in the Labor Market, and On the Job
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-933-5

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1996

HUNTER MABON

This paper comprises a theoretical study of factors influencing the utility of organisational downsizing. Companies downsize in order to adapt to lower demand or as a…

Abstract

This paper comprises a theoretical study of factors influencing the utility of organisational downsizing. Companies downsize in order to adapt to lower demand or as a means to improving efficiency, i e to improve their performance/cost ratio. With perfect information and no legal or ethical restrictions, management would remove employees with the lowest utility. This information is normally lacking and downsizing is instead based on a headcount or on total salary cost reduction. The efficiency of such measures will then be a function of the correlation between salary and utility. Different downsizing outcomes are calculated on the basis of different assumptions; some of these outcomes increase efficiency while others would probably lead to continued decline. Many companies are subject to legal restrictions such as Last In First Out tenure requirements. This leads on to an analysis of relationships among utility, salary and period of employment. Break‐even analyses are computed showing on what terms it would be worthwhilefor management to offer longterm employees early retirement.

Details

Journal of Human Resource Costing & Accounting, vol. 1 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1401-338X

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1996

HUNTER MABON and GUNNAR WESTLING

This paper examines both theoretically and empirically the application of utility theory to downsizing decisions. It is shown that residual efficiency after downsizing can…

Abstract

This paper examines both theoretically and empirically the application of utility theory to downsizing decisions. It is shown that residual efficiency after downsizing can differ greatly, depending on whether a company uses a headcount, utility or payroll reduction and that the correlations among employee age/period of job tenure, individual utility and salary all contribute to these differences. Companies are often restricted by legal and ethical considerations when deciding who will leave during downsizing. Using the above conceptual framework it is shown that companies can determine a financial break‐even point where it would be worthwhile to offer some categories of employees a severance package in order to have freedom of action during downsizing. Data are used from an empirical study of a large financial services company to illustrate the practical application of the model. It is concluded that only limited amounts of information in addition to that normally available to HR managers is required in order to apply the models developed in this study and that utility theory can make a valuable contribution to decision‐making in the downsizing process.

Details

Journal of Human Resource Costing & Accounting, vol. 1 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1401-338X

Article
Publication date: 1 January 1976

IN presenting the 1975 Viscount Nuffield Memorial Paper entitled “The attempt to reform British Leyland's Industrial Relations” its author, Mr. Pat Lowry (Director of…

Abstract

IN presenting the 1975 Viscount Nuffield Memorial Paper entitled “The attempt to reform British Leyland's Industrial Relations” its author, Mr. Pat Lowry (Director of Personnel, British Leyland Ltd.), asserts that British Leyland did not invent strikes — it inherited them. It is to be wondered whether Mr. Lowry was not too close to events to understand fully the nature of the illness which, in recent times, has gripped British Leyland and, indeed, other car manufacturers. British Leyland were not short of specialists and consultants during recent years, neither was there any lack of diagnoses or of treatments.

Details

Work Study, vol. 25 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1978

THAT the United States should have taken speedy steps to bolster the dollar was to be expected. The fall was dramatic and laden with dire possibilities for American pride…

37

Abstract

THAT the United States should have taken speedy steps to bolster the dollar was to be expected. The fall was dramatic and laden with dire possibilities for American pride. That it would have helped considerably in their export field had perforce to take second place.

Details

Work Study, vol. 27 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

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