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Book part
Publication date: 19 November 2019

Steven E. Abraham and Paula B. Voos

The long-debated impact of right-to-work (RTW) laws took on more urgency with the passage of RTW in additional states in the twenty-first century. The impact of RTW on…

Abstract

The long-debated impact of right-to-work (RTW) laws took on more urgency with the passage of RTW in additional states in the twenty-first century. The impact of RTW on shareholder wealth of corporations located in four states is evaluated here: Oklahoma (2000), Indiana (2012), Michigan (2012), and Wisconsin (2015). Event study results show that RTW had a positive effect on shareholder wealth in these states, albeit an effect that was lower in Michigan than elsewhere. We argue that this is indirect evidence in support of research indicating that RTW hinders union organizing, raises profits, and reduces nonunion employee compensation.

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Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-192-6

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Book part
Publication date: 2 February 2015

Steven E. Abraham, Lisa A. Schur and Paula B. Voos

In 2010, the National Mediation Board (NMB) decided to base Railway Labor Act representation election outcomes on a simple majority of those voting, rather than on the…

Abstract

In 2010, the National Mediation Board (NMB) decided to base Railway Labor Act representation election outcomes on a simple majority of those voting, rather than on the majority of all eligible voters, as had been required earlier. This was widely expected to make it easier for unions to win rights to recognition in the railway and airline industries. We demonstrate that investors expected that this change would favor unions, just as they earlier had expected rule changes that made voting easier (in 2002 and 2007) to be favorable to unions, affecting stock prices of railway and airline corporations. After the 2010 change in election procedure, between 77% and 91% of all eligible employees returned ballots in NMB elections, demonstrating that a significant portion of nonvoters were not opposed to union representation, but simply were unwilling or were unable to vote. We conclude that the current voting process is fairer than the old one. However, it has not resulted in a tide of union success in these representation elections. Apparently scholars, the parties themselves, and investors all over-estimated the practical consequences of changing NMB representation election procedures.

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Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-380-4

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Book part
Publication date: 22 February 2010

Steven E. Abraham, Adrienne E. Eaton and Paula B. Voos

We present evidence regarding how a card check recognition process affects the labor relations climate during the period preceding recognition and that which immediately…

Abstract

We present evidence regarding how a card check recognition process affects the labor relations climate during the period preceding recognition and that which immediately follows. Interviews with managers, interviews with union representatives, and surveys of workers indicate that card check typically results in a less prolonged, costly, and stressful recognition and negotiations process. Although the resulting contracts are often similar to those in other parts of a heavily unionized corporation, sometimes they reflect a different business context – and hence are somewhat more favorable to employers without being substantially less favorable to employees. This reality is reflected in the positive reaction of the U.S. stock markets to union recognition by an employer through a card check process. Employers make card check agreements primarily for business reasons, and investors respect their judgment as to the impact of such agreements on the bottom line.

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Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-932-9

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Book part
Publication date: 29 March 2021

Steven E. Abraham and Paula B. Voos

We examine the evolution of labor arbitration decisions between 1988 and 2018 in which a union-represented employee was alleged to have committed sexual harassment. We…

Abstract

We examine the evolution of labor arbitration decisions between 1988 and 2018 in which a union-represented employee was alleged to have committed sexual harassment. We find that management punished sexual harassment more stringently over time and that arbitrators became more sensitive to whether or not good procedure was followed by management over time. Distributive justice was also a major concern for arbitrators. The results suggest that it is essential for management to exercise procedural justice in disciplining employees, but that it is just as important for management to consider distributive justice when it comes to imposing discipline for inappropriate behavior.

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Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83982-132-5

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1999

George Gyan‐Baffour

Presents the results of a study looking at the influence of employee participation and flexible work design on productivity change and process quality. Considers whether…

Abstract

Presents the results of a study looking at the influence of employee participation and flexible work design on productivity change and process quality. Considers whether there is a complementary relationship between participation and flexible work design and investigates if firms employing both of these items together perform better than others.

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Management Research News, vol. 22 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0140-9174

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Book part
Publication date: 29 March 2021

David Lewin and Paul J. Gollan

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Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83982-132-5

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Book part
Publication date: 19 November 2019

David Lewin and Paul J. Gollan

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Details

Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-192-6

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Book part
Publication date: 22 February 2010

Abstract

Details

Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-932-9

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 2 February 2015

Abstract

Details

Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-380-4

To view the access options for this content please click here
Book part
Publication date: 19 November 2019

Abstract

Details

Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-83909-192-6

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