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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1996

Paul Pence

Discusses ways of measuring an organization’s support of teams. States that support systems define organizations and highlight their values. Provides a questionnaire to…

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1309

Abstract

Discusses ways of measuring an organization’s support of teams. States that support systems define organizations and highlight their values. Provides a questionnaire to test your organization’s support and also a short analysis.

Details

Empowerment in Organizations, vol. 4 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0968-4891

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2005

Robert A. Fairthorne

Aims to build on the work of Buckland and Hindle regarding statistical distribution as applied to the field of bibliometrics, particularly the use of empirical laws.

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1541

Abstract

Purpose

Aims to build on the work of Buckland and Hindle regarding statistical distribution as applied to the field of bibliometrics, particularly the use of empirical laws.

Design/methodology/approach

Gives examples of hyperbolic distributions that have a bearing on the bibliometric application, and discusses the characteristics of hyperbolic distributions and the Bradford distribution.

Findings

Hyperbolic distributions are the inevitable result of combinatorial necessity and a tendency to short‐term rational behaviour.

Originality/value

Supports Bradford's conclusion from his law, i.e. that to know about one's speciality, one must go outside it.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 61 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1969

ROBERT A. FAIRTHORNE

Since 1960, and especially during the past three years, many papers have appeared about particular manifestations and applications of a certain class of empirical laws to…

Abstract

Since 1960, and especially during the past three years, many papers have appeared about particular manifestations and applications of a certain class of empirical laws to a field that may be labelled conveniently ‘Bibliometrics’. This term, resuscitated by Alan Pritchard (see page 348), denotes, in my paraphrase, quantitative treatment of the properties of recorded discourse and behaviour appertaining to it.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 25 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1995

Paul Pence and Kris Lunderman

Describes the “Journey to Excellence” (JTE) empowermentprogram at Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). Emphasizes the role of twolower level managers in promoting its progress…

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448

Abstract

Describes the “Journey to Excellence” (JTE) empowerment program at Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). Emphasizes the role of two lower level managers in promoting its progress. Shows how factors such as team skills and problem‐solving training, efforts to bring supervisory and engineering functions to production worker level, and support from higher level executives led to the success of the program.

Details

Empowerment in Organizations, vol. 3 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0968-4891

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Article
Publication date: 8 January 2020

Bethany P. Bryson

Research on opinion polarization in the USA repeatedly finds more divergence among politically privileged groups: respondents who are college educated, politically…

Abstract

Purpose

Research on opinion polarization in the USA repeatedly finds more divergence among politically privileged groups: respondents who are college educated, politically interested, party identified or have a liberal/conservative orientation. The purpose of this paper is to examine whether their excluded counterparts can be polarized by exposure to political information on the internet.

Design/methodology/approach

Quantile regression and visual analysis of raw data from the online and face-to-face samples in the 2012 and 2016 American National Election Studies (n=9,563) assessed the impact of online political information on opinion polarization among ideological moderates, political Independents, respondents without a college degree, and those with low interest in politics.

Findings

Exposure to online political information during the survey was associated with significant polarizing shifts toward more consistent ideological positions in all four groups.

Practical implications

Engaging the middle is a social justice issue as much as a matter of political conflict, and evidence suggests that politically excluded groups use the internet to translate their own views into the language of policy opinions and popular (polarized) politics. Recommended policy interventions include information literacy programs. Further research should use experimental models and browser histories.

Originality/value

Current research on political polarization leaves open the question of whether larger portions of the electorate are available to join the fray. This study shows that excluded publics can be polarized via exposure to online information.

Details

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol. 40 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-333X

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Article
Publication date: 17 July 2007

Penny Brooker

The paper seeks to examine the debate on mediator style and provide empirical evidence on mediator orientation, which has implications for party choice and the development…

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5781

Abstract

Purpose

The paper seeks to examine the debate on mediator style and provide empirical evidence on mediator orientation, which has implications for party choice and the development of professional standards for construction mediators in the UK.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper analyses the theoretical arguments and distinctions in mediator style and assesses the available evidence relating to the utilisation of evaluative or facilitative mediator approaches in the UK and US construction industry. The paper reports on data from qualitative interviews with construction lawyers experienced in using mediation in the UK to assess the level of evaluative conduct experienced.

Findings

The findings suggest that interviewees had experienced a mix of evaluative and facilitative interventions by mediators. The data support the contention that construction mediation in the UK mirrors the experience of the USA and is becoming “lawyer‐driven” and adversarial, with mediators utilising evaluative techniques which some members of the legal profession prefer.

Research limitations/implications

The qualitative data are based on a small sample of mediation users in the UK construction industry. However, interviewees were selected from respondents to a randomly conducted large‐scale postal survey of commercial and construction lawyers. All interviewees were repeat users of the process and all but one had received training in mediation or are practising lawyer‐mediators.

Practical implications

The data provide evidence of different mediator techniques currently utilised in the UK construction industry and the practices of lawyers in the mediation process. The findings have implications for party choice and should inform the development of professional standards in construction mediation practice.

Originality/value

The paper provides original data on the practices of mediators and lawyers in construction mediation.

Details

Structural Survey, vol. 25 no. 3/4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-080X

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Expert briefing
Publication date: 24 January 2017

Given President Donald Trump's lack of strong ties to Washington, Pence -- despite the limited formal responsibilities of his position -- is anticipated to play a pivotal…

Details

DOI: 10.1108/OXAN-DB217484

ISSN: 2633-304X

Keywords

Geographic
Topical
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Expert briefing
Publication date: 31 August 2016

US presidential candidates' vice-presidential picks.

Details

DOI: 10.1108/OXAN-DB213283

ISSN: 2633-304X

Keywords

Geographic
Topical
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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1971

Paul Novak

Sighs of relief in the Cabinet. Edward Heath has told his Top Team that they are safe from the axe, barring accidents, for at least another year. The Prime Minister…

Abstract

Sighs of relief in the Cabinet. Edward Heath has told his Top Team that they are safe from the axe, barring accidents, for at least another year. The Prime Minister, operating under the dictum that his ministers must be given time to achieve results in their departments, has decided against a major Cabinet re‐shuffle until the end of the Conservatives' second parliamentary session—the autumn of 1972.

Details

Industrial Management, vol. 71 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-6929

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Article
Publication date: 30 September 2014

David Theodore Bottomley

The purpose of this paper is to consider why Richard Dawes (1793-1867) academic, college business manager and Church of England priest developed a curriculum in a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to consider why Richard Dawes (1793-1867) academic, college business manager and Church of England priest developed a curriculum in a nineteenth century English village school with which he sought to modify differences in social class and achieved outstanding results in student engagement and educational attainment.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach is documentary. It uses books and internet scans of original documents. It locates Dawes's work in the social movements of early nineteenth century Britain and associates Dawes's activities with those of Kay-Shuttleworth who was administrator of the British government's first move to provide education for poor children.

Findings

Dawes emphasised tolerance and secular teaching within a school system devoted to instilling Church of England doctrine. He based classroom teaching on things familiar to children and integrated subject content. He used science to encourage parents of “that class immediately above that of labourers” to send their children to his school to overcome class differences. For his system to be widely adopted he needed science teachers trained in his practical teaching methods. Initial government support for science in elementary schools was eroded by Church of England opposition to state intervention in education.

Originality/value

Dawes's pedagogic achievements are well known in the history of science education; his secular teaching in a church school and his valiant attempt to use science as an instrument of social change, perhaps less so.

Details

History of Education Review, vol. 43 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0819-8691

Keywords

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