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Book part
Publication date: 1 July 2005

Yusheng Peng

Nearly a century ago, Max Weber studied Chinese lineage system and argued that the power of the patriarchal sib impeded the emergence of industrial capitalism in China…

Abstract

Nearly a century ago, Max Weber studied Chinese lineage system and argued that the power of the patriarchal sib impeded the emergence of industrial capitalism in China. Recently, Martin Whyte re-evaluated Weber's thesis on the basis of development studies and argued that, rather than an obstacle, Chinese family pattern and lineage ties may have facilitated the economic growth in China since the 1980s. This paper empirically tests the competing hypotheses by focusing on the relationship between lineage networks and the development of rural enterprises. Analyses of village-level data show that lineage networks, measured by proportion of most common surnames, have large positive effects on the count of entrepreneurs and total workforce size of private enterprises in rural China.

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Entrepreneurship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-191-0

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The New Institutionalism in Strategic Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-164-4

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Book part
Publication date: 21 August 2012

Paul Ingram, Hayagreeva Rao and Brian S. Silverman

Purpose – This chapter is intended to help strategy scholars evaluate when, why, and how to employ historical research methods in strategy research.

Abstract

Purpose – This chapter is intended to help strategy scholars evaluate when, why, and how to employ historical research methods in strategy research.

Design/methodology/approach – Drawing on theory and practice of historical research as well as on key examples from the history and strategy literatures, we develop a typology of research approaches to highlight the areas of potential complementarity between historical methods and “traditional” empirical methods in strategy. We then provide annotated examples of historical strategy research to highlight the benefits of this approach and to demonstrate how to make research-related decisions when employing such methods.

Findings – The chapter provides a step-by-step conceptual roadmap for conducting historical strategy research, primarily using an analytic narratives approach.

Originality/value – The chapter fulfills an explicit need for strategy scholars on the boundary of history. We anticipate that it will be a useful reference for those who are considering the use of history in their strategy research.

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History and Strategy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-024-6

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Book part
Publication date: 21 December 2010

Hayagreeva Rao, Lori Qingyuan Yue and Paul Ingram

Identity movements rely on a shared “we-feeling” among a community of participants. In turn, such shared identities are possible when movement participants can…

Abstract

Identity movements rely on a shared “we-feeling” among a community of participants. In turn, such shared identities are possible when movement participants can self-categorize themselves as belonging to one group. We address a debate as to whether community diversity enhances or impedes such protests, and investigate the role of racial diversity since it is a simple, accessible, and visible basis of community diversity and social categorization. We focus on American communities’ protests against Walmart's entry from 1998 until 2005 and ask whether racial diversity affects protests after accounting for a community's sense of pride and attachment to their town. We use distance from historical monuments as a proxy of a community's pride and attachment, and after controlling for it, we find that community's racial homogeneity significantly increases protests against Walmart.

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Categories in Markets: Origins and Evolution
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-594-6

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Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2000

Abstract

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The New Institutionalism in Strategic Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-164-4

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Book part
Publication date: 8 November 2010

Paul Ingram, Jiao Luo and Joseph P. Eshun

It is now widely accepted that the institutional interventions of states are a foundational influence on the dynamics of organizational forms. But why do states act? In…

Abstract

It is now widely accepted that the institutional interventions of states are a foundational influence on the dynamics of organizational forms. But why do states act? In this chapter, we apply the behavioral theory of the firm to develop an explanation of state actions based on the fact that they are boundedly rational rivals. The instrument of state competition we examine is the founding of business incubators, a primary tool in the entrepreneurial strategy of economic development. We predict that business incubators are more likely to be founded in a state when (1) the state falls behind comparable states in the indicators of economic development; (2) the state falls behind its own historical trajectories of economic development; (3) the state has slack resources in the form of budget surpluses; (4) comparable and rival states adopt incubators as a development strategy. Our analysis of incubator foundings in New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania throughout 1980–2004 supports all of these propositions.

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Institutions and Entrepreneurship
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-240-2

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Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2000

Andrew Spicer and William Pyle

Can private firms produce the trust needed to develop and sustain new markets in the absence of government intervention? In our analysis of the Russian household deposit…

Abstract

Can private firms produce the trust needed to develop and sustain new markets in the absence of government intervention? In our analysis of the Russian household deposit market during the 1990s, we show how the initial conditions of market emergence contributed to a vicious circle in which private commercial banks progressively lost the trust of potential depositors. The Russian case highlights the importance of institutions as collective goods whose successful construction are critical to market success.

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The New Institutionalism in Strategic Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-164-4

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Book part
Publication date: 1 January 2000

John M. de Figueiredo and Rui J.P. de Figueiredo

In this paper we consider a number of experiments to determine whether aspiring managers can solve non-market strategy problems. Utilizing a survey of nearly 300 MBA…

Abstract

In this paper we consider a number of experiments to determine whether aspiring managers can solve non-market strategy problems. Utilizing a survey of nearly 300 MBA students, we show that with simple, single-stage problems, managers are very competent in reaching the optimal choice given their non-market environment. As problems become more complex, however, they have much greater difficulty in arriving at the optimal result. In this regard, analysts must use some caution when applying theories and evaluating empirical results concerning non-market behavior.

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The New Institutionalism in Strategic Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-164-4

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The New Institutionalism in Strategic Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-164-4

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Book part
Publication date: 15 June 2001

Paul Ingram and Joel A.C. Baum

Interorganizatonal relationships in general and chain relationships in particular are a critical channel for interorganizational learning. Learning may not only be a…

Abstract

Interorganizatonal relationships in general and chain relationships in particular are a critical channel for interorganizational learning. Learning may not only be a result of interorganizational relationships, however; it may also be a primary cause of them. We examine this idea in the empirical context of Manhattan hotels and their relationships with hotel chains. Our analysis shows that hotels are likely to form relationships when they have very low, or very high levels of their own operating experience. The relationship between hotel and chain is less likely to dissolve when the chain has more operating experience in the hotel's local market, and more likely to dissolve when the chain has more operating experience in non-local markets. The duration of a chain relationship has a ∩-shaped effect on its dissolution, indicating that relationships go through a honeymoon period, and that the parties to a relationship learn to better collaborate over time.

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Multiunit Organization and Multimarket Strategy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-080-7

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