Search results

1 – 10 of 630
Open Access
Article
Publication date: 5 April 2022

Sofie Østergaard Jaspers, Dorte Raaby Andersen, Iben Louise Karlsen, Lars Peter Sønderbo Andersen, Paul Maurice Conway, Johnny Dyreborg and Birgit Aust

Work-related violence is a major occupational safety and health (OSH) issue. According to the concept of violence prevention climate, managers play a pivotal role in…

Abstract

Purpose

Work-related violence is a major occupational safety and health (OSH) issue. According to the concept of violence prevention climate, managers play a pivotal role in preventing the risk of violence at work. However, research on this is scarce. The objective of this study was, therefore, to examine line managers' use of violence preventive practices in high-risk sectors.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors employed three different sources of data (semi-structured interviews and field notes from both leadership seminars and coaching sessions) that were collected in the context of an intervention study in Denmark aimed at improving violence prevention. The authors conducted a thematic analysis of violence prevention experiences among 16 line managers – eight from the prison and probation services and eight from psychiatric hospitals.

Findings

Using an existing prevention framework, the authors categorized the descriptions into three types of violence preventive practices used by the line managers across the two sectors: “preventing violence”, “managing episodes of violence” and “promoting the positive”. Especially the category “promoting the positive” is often neglected in the intervention literature.

Originality/value

The study identified new aspects of managers' violence preventive practices than those included in the violence prevention climate concept. Such knowledge may help organizations devise improved systems for violence prevention in high-risk sectors.

Details

International Journal of Workplace Health Management, vol. 15 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8351

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 September 2008

Paul Conway

Digital content is a common denominator that underlies all discussions on scholarly communication, digital preservation, and asset management. This past decade has seen a…

2279

Abstract

Purpose

Digital content is a common denominator that underlies all discussions on scholarly communication, digital preservation, and asset management. This past decade has seen a distinctive evolution in thinking among stakeholders on how to assemble, care for, deliver, and ultimately preserve digital resources in a college and university environment. At first, institutional repositories promised both a technical infrastructure and a policy framework for the active management of scholarly publications. Now other approaches that take a broader view of digital content hold sway, the result being confusion rather than clarity about where digital content originates, who the stakeholders are, and how to establish and adjust asset management priorities. This article seeks to present a model for plotting the range of digital content that might be amenable to management as digital assets in higher education.

Design/methodology/approach

The article reviews differing perspectives on digital content, outlines a generalized model, and suggests how the model could be used for examining the distribution of campus digital assets and fostering dialog on management priorities across stakeholder communities.

Findings

A multivariate model of digital content provides a rich framework for analyzing asset management priorities in a university setting. The model should be applied and tested in a variety of university settings.

Practical implications

The model is a tool for establishing asset management priorities across campus units that produce digital content.

Originality/value

The paper offers an original model for evaluating the asset values of digital content produced or acquired in a university context.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 26 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 1 May 2006

61

Abstract

Details

Circuit World, vol. 32 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Article
Publication date: 25 January 2022

Zack Lischer-Katz

The purpose of this paper is to understand the emergence of digital reformatting as a technique for preserving information within the cultural heritage preservation…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to understand the emergence of digital reformatting as a technique for preserving information within the cultural heritage preservation community by reviewing historical trends in modern preservation research.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper analyzes secondary sources, reviews and historical texts to identify trends in the intellectual and technological histories of preservation research, beginning with the first applications of the scientific method to combating book decay in the early nineteenth to the emergence of digitization techniques in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

Findings

This paper identifies five major historical periods in the development of preservation knowledge: the early experimental era; era of microfilm experimentation; era of professionalization; era of digital library research; and the era of digital reformatting and mass digitization; and identifies three major trends in its development: empirical inquiry, standardization and centralization.

Research limitations/implications

Findings reflect broad trends in the field of preservation, primarily in a United States context and are limited to the modern era of preservation research.

Practical implications

This paper's broad historical overview provides a reference for preservation professionals and students in library science or archives programs. Identifying historical trends enables practitioners to critically examine their own preservation techniques and make better decisions when adopting and using new preservation technologies.

Originality/value

This paper provides a unique perspective on the history of preservation knowledge that synthesizes existing historical research in order to identify periods and trends that enable a clearer understanding of digital reformatting in its historical emergence.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. 78 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 April 1998

Paul Conway, David Whalley, Michelle Wilkinson and S.M. Hyslop

This paper describes a technique for the monitoring and control of the reflow soldering process. The technique combines state‐of‐the‐art infra‐red (IR) sensor technology…

Abstract

This paper describes a technique for the monitoring and control of the reflow soldering process. The technique combines state‐of‐the‐art infra‐red (IR) sensor technology, coupled with application‐specific process monitoring and control software, providing a unique capability both to monitor product temperatures during processing and to modify the process settings. The development of techniques to allow variation of the heat transfer from the oven to the in‐process printed circuit assemblies (PCAs) provides the means to adjust the soldering oven’s process settings for each individual PCA. This automatic profiling ensures consistent thermal histories and optimises oven energy consumption. Archiving of the reflow profiles along with temperatures recorded for each PCA provides full traceability to the reflow process settings for each individual PCA. The incorporation of IR sensing technology also provides a means to monitor the performance of the process.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 8 March 2011

126

Abstract

Details

Library Hi Tech News, vol. 28 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

Book part
Publication date: 21 November 2015

Eline Vanassche, Frances Rust, Paul F. Conway, Kari Smith, Hanne Tack and Ruben Vanderlinde

This chapter is contributed by InFo-TED, the International Forum for Teacher Educator Development. This newly established community brings together people from across the…

Abstract

This chapter is contributed by InFo-TED, the International Forum for Teacher Educator Development. This newly established community brings together people from across the world to exchange research, policy, and practice related to teacher educators’ professional learning and development. We define teacher educators broadly as those who are professionally involved and engaged in the initial and on-going education of teachers. Our contention is that while there is general agreement about the important role played by teacher educators, their professional education is under-studied and under-supported. Here, we elaborate the rationale for this initiative, delineate our conceptual framework, and provide examples of steps taken in Belgium, Ireland, and Norway to develop the professional identities and knowledge bases of those who educate and support teachers, and conclude with implications for a implications for a scholarly study agenda having to do with research, policy, and practice relating to teacher educators’ professional development.

Article
Publication date: 15 June 2010

Devan Ray Donaldson and Paul Conway

The purpose of this case study is to describe and interpret the PREservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies (PREMIS) implementation process, to gain more insight into…

2390

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this case study is to describe and interpret the PREservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies (PREMIS) implementation process, to gain more insight into why barriers to the adoption of PREMIS exist as well as how to overcome them.

Design/methodology/approach

This qualitative case study analysis highlights the Florida Digital Archive as an exemplar of an organization in the throes of deciding just how to implement the PREMIS metadata model in a working repository system.

Findings

Findings from this study suggest that use of PREMIS requires adaptation in which an organization must make changes in order to use PREMIS, and vice versa. Findings also suggest that there are clearly defined steps involved in the PREMIS implementation process, and that the nature of this process is iterative.

Research limitations/implications

This study is limited by a short data collection period. It is also limited by investigating only one institution during its implementation process. Future studies could test the validity of the model proposed in this study and include multiple institutions.

Practical implications

By providing context for the implementation process, this paper can help cultural heritage institutions interested in fully adopting PREMIS.

Originality/value

Exploring PREMIS implementation using DOI/MIS literature is novel in the digital preservation community and is proposed as particularly useful to digital preservationists who are considering adopting PREMIS. The paper suggests that seemingly innocuous decisions by developers have real implications for preservation.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. 28 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 18 May 2010

Axel Bindel, Paul Conway, Laura Justham and Andrew West

The purpose of this paper is to present an update of and the latest results from work on a project aimed at monitoring electronic products during the whole life cycle with…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present an update of and the latest results from work on a project aimed at monitoring electronic products during the whole life cycle with embedded wireless components.

Design/methodology/approach

Business processes of the electronic manufacturing supply chain were analysed. A business case and the system opportunities for life cycle monitoring, based on embedded wireless components system were developed. Radio frequency identification (RFID) assembly technology was adapted for the integration of components into a multi‐layer printed circuit board (PCB).

Findings

By storing product‐related information into electronic products, tracing of components, monitoring of processes, operations and costs, environmentally optimised recycling can be enhanced.

Research limitations/implications

The research undertaken so far relates to the embedding of RFID tags into PCBs. Wireless components with more processing power will be used in the next project phase.

Originality/value

The paper details how wireless components can be embedded into multi‐layer PCBs and how a business case for a life cycle monitoring system can be established.

Article
Publication date: 1 March 2003

Fida Mohammad and Paul Conway

Presents an overview of the justice and law enforcement systems which prevailed in Afghanistan under the Taliban, incorporating personal views of some Afghan intellectuals…

1090

Abstract

Presents an overview of the justice and law enforcement systems which prevailed in Afghanistan under the Taliban, incorporating personal views of some Afghan intellectuals and Pakistani intelligence officials who had close contact with Taliban personnel. Summarizes the historical background and notes the historic strong, informal social controls with retributive elements of tribal societies; the failed attempt to introduce a Soviet‐style criminal justice system after the Communist coup of 1978; the ensuing period of general chaos and anarchy, brought to an end by the emergence of the Taliban on Afghanistan’s political and military scene by the mid‐1990s, which established some sort of civil order, ruthlessly enforced according to the Taliban’s own interpretation of Islamic justice. Describes the hierarchies within the country’s administrative system and methods of solving civil and criminal disputes. Concludes that it is too early to predict whether a new viable legal order will emerge in the future, particularly when warlords control significant regions beyond the Karzai‐administered city of Kabul.

Details

Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1363-951X

Keywords

1 – 10 of 630