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Purpose – Using elective egg and sperm freezing as a case to compare representations of men and women as agents of biological reproduction, this chapter aims to understand…
Purpose – Using elective egg and sperm freezing as a case to compare representations of men and women as agents of biological reproduction, this chapter aims to understand how gender and risk are co-produced in the context of new reproductive technologies (NRTs).
Methodology – Through a content analysis of newspaper articles published between 1980 and 2016 about egg and sperm freezing, the author traces how fertility risks facing men and women are portrayed in the media.
Findings – Candidates for egg freezing were portrayed in one of the three ways: as cancer patients, career women, or single and waiting for a partner. The ideal users of sperm freezing are depicted in primarily two ways: as cancer patients and as employees in professions with hazardous working conditions. Threats to future fertility for women pursuing careers uninterrupted by pregnancy and child-rearing and women seeking romantic partners are largely portrayed as the result of internal risks. However, threats to future fertility for men working in dangerous professions are largely portrayed as external to them.
Research Limitations – Race and class did not emerge as dominant themes in these data; given the lack of accessibility to NRTs by class and race, this silence must be interrogated by further research.
Value – By comparing the constructions of at-risk groups, the author argues the medicalization of reproduction is gendered as fertility risks portrayed in the media take on a different character between men and women. This research shows how the gendered construction of infertility risk reinforces normative expectations around child-rearing and perpetuates gender inequity in parenting norms.
The real challenge of Alaska's changing telecommunications landscape is approaching the opportunities in an orderly and logical manner. Given the exciting nature of the…
The real challenge of Alaska's changing telecommunications landscape is approaching the opportunities in an orderly and logical manner. Given the exciting nature of the possibilities that new technology presents, it is all too easy to get wrapped up in what is new, instead of what is truly useful. For that reason, the main focus of the Telecommunications Information Council (TIC) in the near future will be developing and adopting a comprehensive technology plan for the state, and then examining where new technologies fit into that plan. The Knowles/Ulmer administration's first task in this effort was to reinvigorate the TIC and charge it with taking the lead in bringing Alaska back to the forefront of telecommunications technology. Our state has long had a reputation for leading the way in telecommunications. Our climate, geographic size, and location have always forced Alaskans to be innovators in technology. Supercomputers and satellites have operated in and above our state for many years, but much of that momentum was waning. That needed to change.
Auditors and audit researchers consider decision aids important for overcoming biases and for improving the effectiveness and efficiency of audits (see Messier, 1995 for a…
Auditors and audit researchers consider decision aids important for overcoming biases and for improving the effectiveness and efficiency of audits (see Messier, 1995 for a review). Decision aids are used to increase judgment consistency, and, therefore, have potential to improve both the effectiveness and efficiency of audits. This study investigates three levels of justification requirements (no justification, unconditional justification, and justification of disagreement) to determine their effects on decision-makers' agreement with an aid and performance in decision-making. We find that an unconditional justification requirement leads to better performance when there is no decision aid, but leads to no better performance or increased agreement with the aid when a decision aid is present. Justification of disagreement with a decision aid, however, leads to increased agreement with the aid's advice in all conditions. We also find partial support that justification of disagreement leads to better performance than unconditional justification. For those who would like to see a decision aid have more influence, justification of disagreement with a decision aid could be an easily and economically implemented management policy or software design component.