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Article
Publication date: 2 October 2017

Patricia Lewis

Professor Ruth Simpson has been a key contributor to the field of gender and organization studies (GOS) over the past 25 years. She has influenced debates on women in…

Abstract

Purpose

Professor Ruth Simpson has been a key contributor to the field of gender and organization studies (GOS) over the past 25 years. She has influenced debates on women in management, the gender of management education, masculinity and management and the “doing” of gender in organizational life. In this paper i review our joint work – informed by a poststructuralist feminist perspective – which considers the complex struggles around normativity in relation to management and entrepreneurship.

Design/methodology/approach

This review is based on a consideration of four pieces of work completed between 2005 and 2012, including (Simpson and Lewis, 2005, 2007) and (Lewis and Simpson, 2010, 2012).

Findings

Drawing on the concepts of voice and visibility, the research examines how the ability to exemplify the norm in relation to management and entrepreneurship must be constantly secured and how processes of inclusion and exclusion in relation to the norm are characterised by relentless agitation and turmoil.

Originality/value

We (Ruth and Patricia) developed the conceptual framework of the (In)visibility vortex as a means of connecting the individual to organizational processes, discourses and cultural norms

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal, vol. 32 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 2 October 2017

Gina Grandy, Patricia Lewis and Sharon Mavin

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325

Abstract

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal, vol. 32 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

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Article
Publication date: 10 October 2016

Maria Adamson, Elisabeth K. Kelan, Patricia Lewis, Nick Rumens and Martyna Slíwa

This paper aims to suggest a shift in thinking about how to improve gender inclusion in organizations, as well as offering a number of practical action points.

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2741

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to suggest a shift in thinking about how to improve gender inclusion in organizations, as well as offering a number of practical action points.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper takes a perspective based on the authors’ own ongoing research, as well as synthesis of existing insights into gender inclusion in organizations.

Findings

To retain top talent and improve organizational climate, the authors need to re-think how the authors measure the success of organizational inclusion policies. Specifically, the paper suggests moving from numbers and targets to looking at the quality of gender inclusion in the workplace. The paper explains why this shift in thinking is important and how to approach it in practice.

Practical implications

The paper provides strategic insights into and practical thinking about ways in which progressive organizations can continue to improve gender equality.

Originality/value

The paper makes a provocative call for a change of perspective on gender inclusion in organizations based on cutting-edge research and puts forward action points in an accessible format.

Details

Human Resource Management International Digest, vol. 24 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0967-0734

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Article
Publication date: 11 May 2010

Patricia Lewis and Ruth Simpson

This editorial aims to introduce the special issue on meritocracy, difference and choice.

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1992

Abstract

Purpose

This editorial aims to introduce the special issue on meritocracy, difference and choice.

Design/methodology/approach

The first part is a commentary on key issues in the study of the notions of meritocracy, difference and choice. The second part presents the six papers in the special issue.

Findings

Five of the six papers in this special issue explore the work experiences of women managers/directors in senior positions within a variety of organizations. All of these papers demonstrate that despite their economic empowerment, these women are still strongly connected to the domestic realm through their continued entanglement in the traditional roles of mother and homemaker. This has led them to interpret their work situation either through a consideration of what they understand by the notion of merit or a presentation of their situation through the lens of choice. A further paper which explores the experiences of sex workers exposes the gendered nature of agency, highlighting the limitations on “choice” that different types of workers experience.

Research limitations/implications

The authors comment on how contemporary notions of merit and choice individualise women's experience within organisations, ignoring the structural and systemic elements inherent to women's continued disadvantage. This allows “blame” for women's absence in the upper echelons of organisations to lie with women themselves, explaining this in terms of their lack of skills or the traditional “choices” they make. The six papers which make up the special issue explore how women's “choices” are constrained, how the contemporary discourses of merit and choice conceal issues of structure and organizational process and how women struggle to make sense of their own and others' experiences.

Practical implications

The issues discussed in the papers have important implications for understanding women's experience of work and organizations. They highlight the need to introduce a structural and systemic element to the understanding of how women experience work at senior (and other) levels of organizations, why they take the decision to leave a senior position and why women appear to “choose” not to seek senior positions.

Originality/value

Gender and Management: An International Journal invited this special issue on meritocracy, difference and choice to draw attention to the ways in which women draw on these discourses as a means of understanding their organizational situations and how use of these discourses acts to conceal the structural and systemic element connected to their work experiences.

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal, vol. 25 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

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Article
Publication date: 11 May 2010

Ruth Simpson, Anne Ross‐Smith and Patricia Lewis

The purpose of this paper is to explore how women in senior management draw on discourses of merit and special contribution in making sense of the contradictions and…

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1242

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore how women in senior management draw on discourses of merit and special contribution in making sense of the contradictions and tensions they experience in their working lives. It has a particular focus on how women explain possible experiences of disadvantage and the extent to which they see such experiences as gendered.

Design/methodology/approach

The research is based on an Australian study of women leaders in the private and tertiary sectors. Data are drawn from in‐depth interviews with 14 women.

Findings

Findings suggest that women draw on discourses of meritocracy and of “special contribution” in discussing their experiences at work. Inconsistencies between these competing discourses are mediated through notions of choice.

Research limitations/implications

The research has implications for the understanding of how women at senior levels make sense of their experiences in organizations. A wider sample may give further corroboration to these results.

Originality/value

The paper highlights the significance of the discourse of choice in aligning discourses of “special contribution” with the reality of their lives whilst keeping intact the concepts of equality and meritocracy to which they strongly adhere.

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal, vol. 25 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1991

Pamela S. Lewis and Patricia M. Fandt

This study introduces and tests strategic diversity as a mechanism for examining the strategy/structure fit in multinational corporations (MNCs). Strategic diversity is…

Abstract

This study introduces and tests strategic diversity as a mechanism for examining the strategy/structure fit in multinational corporations (MNCs). Strategic diversity is operationalized based on Galbraith and Kazanjian's (1986) framework that used a modified value‐added chain and center of gravity concept to explain diversity as a measure of the firm's movement from and around its original center of gravity. The results indicate that strategic diversity is a valid predictor of MNC organizational structure and may be more relevant for issues of strategy/structure fit in firms with international interests than the traditional measures of diversification. Future research in this area must consider the implications of strategic diversity for issues of strategy/structure fit by examining the effect of strategic diversity on both specific measures of strategy implementation and broad measures of overall economic performance.

Details

International Journal of Commerce and Management, vol. 1 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1056-9219

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Article
Publication date: 2 October 2017

Alison Pullen and Anne Ross-Smith

This paper aims to review Ruth Simpson’s contribution to the field of gender and management.

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123

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to review Ruth Simpson’s contribution to the field of gender and management.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper looks at Ruth Simpson’s body of work over her career through a conversation that took place between Pullen and Ross-Smith.

Findings

Ruth Simpson’s contribution to gender, class, work and organizations is discussed.

Originality/value

This piece remembers Ruth Simpson’s feminist scholarship to the field of gender and management.

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal, vol. 32 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 11 May 2010

Caroline Gatrell

Drawing upon notions of agency and the body, the purpose of this paper is to examine the nature of agency as a gendered concept through a consideration of women…

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2629

Abstract

Purpose

Drawing upon notions of agency and the body, the purpose of this paper is to examine the nature of agency as a gendered concept through a consideration of women sex‐workers. Specifically, the paper analyses how far women sex‐workers may be regarded as social agents. It then considers how far notions of agency, in relation to sex‐workers' embodied boundaries, may be gendered.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper reviews existing literature on sex‐workers and sex‐work practices, looking at indoor sex‐work (massage parlours), outdoor sex‐work (street sex‐work) and trafficking. It considers these types of sex‐work in relation to agency, gender and the body.

Findings

The paper acknowledges the diversity of women's experience within different aspects of the sex trade. The paper recognizes claims that treating sex‐workers as “victims” could further jeopardize their social position. However, the paper finds that the “options” available to sex‐workers are severely constrained. Specifically, the lack of capacity among sex‐workers to set embodied “rules of engagement” with clients makes the notion of agency problematic. The paper contends that “agency” is itself a gendered concept not only in relation to sex‐work, but also in the context of women's work more broadly.

Practical implications

Through the idea of agency as a gendered concept, the paper offers alternative ways of exploring agency, the body and women's work.

Originality/value

The paper puts forward the notion of agency as a gendered concept. This opens up possibilities for further research on women's “choices”, and who “makes the rules” within different labour markets.

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal, vol. 25 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 28 August 2007

Adelina Broadbridge

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2040

Abstract

Details

Women in Management Review, vol. 22 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0964-9425

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1995

Patricia E. Wilson

Today's university students have now, and will have in the future, greater information needs than ever before. As end‐users, they will take the skills they learn and the…

Abstract

Today's university students have now, and will have in the future, greater information needs than ever before. As end‐users, they will take the skills they learn and the knowledge about the resources used to fill those needs with them into the workplace and beyond. In an effort to provide undergraduates at the University of Maryland with these skills, the University of Maryland System (UMS) solicited proposals for projects to enhance undergraduate education. In July 1994, The Council of Library Directors was awarded three year funding for their proposal for implementation of access to 150 DIALOG Classroom Instruction Program (CIP) files, part of the online database service of Knight‐Ridder Information Inc., using the UMS online public access catalogue as a gateway to these files. The University of Maryland System consists of 13 academic institutions situated throughout the state of Maryland. This project is being implemented by four of those institutions, refecting differences in demographics, geography and academic disciplines. They include a large, urban research university; a suburban university with concentrations in science and engineering; an urban non‐traditional university of upper‐level undergraduates majoring in business and pre‐law; and a rural university with various majors, including education and business.

Details

Online and CD-Rom Review, vol. 19 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1353-2642

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