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Book part
Publication date: 21 May 2005

M. McAleer, Daniel Slottje and Pei Syn Wee

Abstract

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Patent Activity and Technical Change in US Industries
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-44451-858-3

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Article
Publication date: 25 February 2020

Mayuree Sengupta

The article examines strategically directing the breadth of scope of a patent and hazards of litigation vis-à-vis the length of claims for innovating firms.

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124

Abstract

Purpose

The article examines strategically directing the breadth of scope of a patent and hazards of litigation vis-à-vis the length of claims for innovating firms.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper enumerates latest literature on assessing patent scope and hence protection afforded to firm innovations. Based on prior research findings, this paper proposes to maintain a balanced and nuanced approach to claim drafting to assure grant of patent while minimizing litigation threats.

Findings

To strategically manage patent grant and minimize litigation threat, firms would better take a leaf out of academic discourse and streamline claim drafting – not too wide to earn an examiner’s ire and not too narrow to let an infringer bypass by. Unlike smaller firms or universities, big firms are less likely to renew a patent with less scope.

Research limitations/implications

The study sample in contemporary literature is exclusive to patents from US Patent and Trademark Office. Whether the same result will be replicated for diverse countries is uncertain.

Practical implications

The understanding that patent scope not only influences grant chances but also is an indicator of future litigation threat can help patent practitioners and innovating firms in strategically directing the patent.

Originality/value

The paper draws from the findings of three well-articulated recent research papers. The paper’s originality and value is in providing practical insights on how to perfect patent scope in a real world based on academic discourse.

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Strategic Direction, vol. 36 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0258-0543

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Article
Publication date: 19 November 2021

Patrick Griffis and Jared Hoppenfeld

The authors' goal in writing this article was to provide background information and detailed considerations to assist those wishing to provide patent and trademark…

Abstract

Purpose

The authors' goal in writing this article was to provide background information and detailed considerations to assist those wishing to provide patent and trademark assistance at their libraries. The major considerations include staffing, spaces and resources, with the time commitment from the staff being the most significant.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper combined the experiences of an author relatively new to patent and trademark librarianship with one who has years of experience. These were used in tandem with knowledge gained from a decade of attendance at annual week-long seminars at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) as well as by way of a comprehensive literature review.

Findings

The main commitment needed in providing patent and trademark services to the public is not money but the investment of time, which includes professional development, staffing, teaching classes and workshops, outreach and consultations.

Originality/value

The information in this paper should serve as guidance to anyone new to providing patent and trademark services within their libraries, including those at Patent and Trademark Resource Centers (PTRCs), Patent Information Centres (PATLIBs) and beyond. Although articles have been published on various aspects of intellectual property (IP) and libraries, a comprehensive guide to providing patent and trademark services has yet to be published.

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Reference Services Review, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1991

Gérard Giroud

The European patent information policy of the European Patent Organisation (EPO) derives from a 1988 decision of the Administrative Council of the EPO. The intent of the…

Abstract

The European patent information policy of the European Patent Organisation (EPO) derives from a 1988 decision of the Administrative Council of the EPO. The intent of the policy is to improve access to patent information for European users, to encourage innovation and to strengthen Europe's position on technical information exchange with Japan and the USA. The EPO markets a number of data products, such as CD‐ROM and online databases, including the services of INPADOC, which was integrated with the EPO in 1990. These data are available at cost to non‐commercial organisations and at market rates for commercial use. The information is also disseminated through European national patent offices, with whom the EPO maintains a close cooperation.

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The Electronic Library, vol. 9 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1997

Glyn Rowland

Discusses the basic concepts of intellectual property, particularly as applied to patents; explains the monopoly granted to inventors in return for disclosing details of…

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1372

Abstract

Discusses the basic concepts of intellectual property, particularly as applied to patents; explains the monopoly granted to inventors in return for disclosing details of their inventions in applications for patent specifications. Expands on the problems such a system presents to the inventor, with comments on decisions the inventor must take on whether to patent his invention, and if so, where, and how the procedures should be approached. Presents a brief history of patents, with an explanation of what can and what cannot be patented under the Patents Act 1977. Notes arrangements for protection outside the UK ‐ through the European Patent Office, and other countries of the world. Discusses the main factors which affect the information value of patents, and comments on the major patent information tools ‐ printed, CD‐ROM and databases. Concludes with a brief discussion on the growing impact of the Internet and the World Wide Web, suggesting that such developments might increase the use of the valuable information contained in patent documentation.

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Journal of Managerial Psychology, vol. 12 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-3946

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 1962

L.J.H. HAYLOR

Not a very exciting title, particularly that word patents, which conjures up documents often difficult to read and even more difficult to understand. There is really no…

Abstract

Not a very exciting title, particularly that word patents, which conjures up documents often difficult to read and even more difficult to understand. There is really no need for a patent specification to be more obscure than any other well drafted technical description; unfortunately jargon has crept in mainly with the intention of being less restrictive and now much of it is due to what I regard as a rather lazy habit.

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Aslib Proceedings, vol. 14 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0001-253X

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Article
Publication date: 14 September 2010

Si Chunlin and Lee King‐Lien

This paper aims to develop a systematic framework of strategy of designing around existing patents in enterprises' innovative activities. After reviewing the choice of…

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1139

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to develop a systematic framework of strategy of designing around existing patents in enterprises' innovative activities. After reviewing the choice of strategy and principle of the design to evade the existing patents, this paper discusses how to select the target patent under enterprise's strategy, before finally taking the designing around existing patent based on patent standardisation as an successful implementation of innovative process.

Design/methodology/approach

This is an exploratory research with a case study of critical technology of OTFT to illustrate the application of the proposed strategy. The choice of strategy of designing around existing patents is analyzed on the basis of judgments of patent infringement, and a framework of selecting target patent is proposed for the development of strategy of designing around existing patents as an innovation process.

Findings

This research suggests that technology innovation based on designing around existing patent should focus on choosing technology from the target patent of critical technology, choosing a policy that can balance the risk of patent infringement and costs of technology innovation and combining the policy of designing around existing patent and the application of TRIZ theory.

Originality/value

The framework proposed in this paper provides an alternative strategy of technological innovation for technology follower firms.

Details

Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship, vol. 2 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-1396

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Article
Publication date: 15 October 2021

Shu-Hao Chang

The application of laser and optical technologies in the industry is wide and extensive; the development and application of laser and optical technologies have become a…

Abstract

Purpose

The application of laser and optical technologies in the industry is wide and extensive; the development and application of laser and optical technologies have become a promising research domain. However, most existing studies have focused on the technical aspects or the application aspects; these studies have not highlighted the technology distribution and application development of laser and optical technologies from the big picture. Additionally, the manner in which the research and development (R&D) results of universities correspond to the needs of enterprises and industry has become a topic of concern for the public. Therefore, this study aims to adopt the academic patents as the basis for analysis and to construct a laser and optical technology network.

Design/methodology/approach

Therefore, in the current study, the researchers have analyzed relevant academic patent technology networks, using academic patents of laser and optical technologies as a basis of analysis.

Findings

The study results indicated that the key technologies mainly lie in nanostructures, metal-working, material analysis and semiconductor devices. Additionally, these technologies are mainly applied in industries, such as optics, medical technology, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and organic fine chemistry; this indicated that a large proportion of academia’s R&D outcomes are applied in these industries.

Originality/value

In this study, the researchers have constructed a technology network model to explore the technical development direction of laser and optical technologies; the results of the current study could serve as a reference for universities and industry for allocation of R&D resources.

Details

International Journal of Innovation Science, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-2223

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1989

Michael Hill

Published patent documents continue to pour out unabated. This overview looks at recent developments, including the continuing progress of the EPO, JPO and USPTO in…

Abstract

Published patent documents continue to pour out unabated. This overview looks at recent developments, including the continuing progress of the EPO, JPO and USPTO in working towards automated search systems and document management, the efforts of WIPO in the area of standardisation within patent offices, the formation of OLPI, and the continuing growth of patent databases, e.g. ICI marques, Inpadoc, Japio and Patstat. The author also looks at the situation of information services in developing countries.

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Online Review, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0309-314X

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1987

Charles D. Moss and Ann Evans

Are companies effectively protecting new product ideas by using the patent system? Company awareness of the need to use the system to protect new ideas/concepts is focused…

Abstract

Are companies effectively protecting new product ideas by using the patent system? Company awareness of the need to use the system to protect new ideas/concepts is focused on, the practical benefits accruing to companies when patents are obtained are discussed, and the necessity for companies to search patent information already in existence is referred to. Comments are made about the present system, with observations on how the recent White Paper, “Intellectual Property and Innovation” presages changes in the patent system law.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 87 no. 9/10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

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