Search results

1 – 10 of 10
To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 9 January 2007

Olivier Barre and Pascal Brochet

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a simplified method to calculate an estimation of local forces acting on a body submitted to electric or magnetic fields. With…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a simplified method to calculate an estimation of local forces acting on a body submitted to electric or magnetic fields. With experimentations, the method is thereafter evaluated.

Design/methodology/approach

When an external strength exists on a body, its deformation is an effect always observed. With materials with low elasticity modulus, such a deformation becomes visible and its measurement can be used to validate numerical simulations. Using similarities between electric and magnetic behaviour laws, magnetic problems can be modelled with an electric field approach and studied with an experiment that also uses an electric field.

Findings

Geometrical singularities and their effects on calculations are not always well taken into account by a finite element resolution. An adaptive mesh refinement is often required. If such mesh refinement is refused, another solution can be explored. The goal is to know the external stress distribution induced by the field. The methods only focus on this stress distribution and assume that the magnetic or electric field distribution is imprecise when it is calculated near geometrical singularities. The stress distributions suggested are verified with experiments.

Originality/value

Using new materials with particular physical properties provides a new concept of experimental validation.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 26 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 December 2003

Vyacheslav A. Kuznetsov and Pascal Brochet

A general approach to the formation of magnetic equivalent circuit describing the magnetic process inside the electric machines is proposed. This formation is based on…

Abstract

A general approach to the formation of magnetic equivalent circuit describing the magnetic process inside the electric machines is proposed. This formation is based on tooth contour method. Coupling with external and internal electric circuits of electric machines is emphasized as well as mechanical coupling with load. The resulting model allows the simulation of electromechanical converter, but with the number of element being fewer by several orders compared to traditional finite element models. Non‐linearity such as saturation or electronic switch is taken into account. General equations for the magnetic fields and electric circuits of electrical machines are written using a common basis – the nodal potential method. The whole process is illustrated on the simulation of a claw poles alternator compared with measurements.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 22 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 12 September 2008

Olivier Barre, Bellemain Napame, Michel Hecquet and Pascal Brochet

The purpose of this paper is to present the original study of an industrial device. Industrial inductors are used to decrease the current variations, resulting from the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present the original study of an industrial device. Industrial inductors are used to decrease the current variations, resulting from the use of modern power converters. To reduce these variations, the magnetic energy stored in these components is automatically used when the receptor is unconnected to the principal sources. Such storage is generally obtained by using a magnetic circuit containing air‐gaps. The rigidity of this circuit, associated with the magnetic stresses which appear in these areas, causes the structure to produce mechanical vibration and to emit audible sounds.

Design/methodology/approach

Experiments, simulations and test devices are used to determine the main physical phenomenon that generates the undesirable audible noise. The resulting knowledge is used to design a quieter device.

Findings

The mechanical vibrations and emitted noises are attached to magnetic effects. Even if it is not possible to suppress all these effects, the level of sound emitted can be decreased through a suitable design of the magnetic core.

Originality/value

Industrial inductors are usually built and designed using methods coming from the transformer studies. A new concept for the design of the magnetic core is presented. Experimental approaches and numerical simulations are performed in order to highlight the physical behaviours of the coils and their magnetic coupling to the magnetic core. It appears that breaking the magnetic core into free parts is an original solution that decreases the emitted noise.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 27 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 29 April 2014

Imen Amdouni, Lilia El Amraoui, Frédéric Gillon, Mohamed Benrejeb and Pascal Brochet

– The purpose of this paper is to develop an optimal approach for optimizing the dynamic behavior of incremental linear actuators.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop an optimal approach for optimizing the dynamic behavior of incremental linear actuators.

Design/methodology/approach

First, a parameterized design model is built. Second, a dynamic model is implemented. This model takes into account the thrust force computed from a finite element model. Finally, the multiobjective optimization approach is applied to the dynamic model to optimize control as well as design parameters.

Findings

The Pareto front resulting from the optimization approach (or the parallel optimization approach,) is better than the Pareto, which is obtained from the only application of MultiObjective Genetic Algorithm (MOGA) method (or parallel MOGA with the same number of optimization approach objective function evaluations). The only use of MOGA can reach the region near an optimal Pareto front, but it consumes more computing time than the multiobjective optimization approach. At each flowchart stage, parallelization leads to a significant reduction of computing time which is halved when using two-core machine.

Originality/value

In order to solve the multiobjective problem, a hybrid algorithm based on MOGA is developed.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 33 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 4 May 2012

Jinlin Gong, Alexandru Claudiu Berbecea, Frédéric Gillon and Pascal Brochet

The purpose of this paper is to present a low evaluation budget optimization strategy for expensive simulation models, such as 3D finite element models.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a low evaluation budget optimization strategy for expensive simulation models, such as 3D finite element models.

Design/methodology/approach

A 3D finite element electromagnetic model and a thermal model are developed and coupled in order to simulate the linear induction motor (LIM) to be conceived. Using the 3D finite element coupling model as a simulation model, a multi‐objective optimization with a progressive improvement of a surrogate model is proposed. The proposed surrogate model is progressively improved using an infill set selection strategy which is well‐suited for the parallel evaluation of the 3D finite element coupling model on an eight‐core machine, with a maximum of four models running in parallel.

Findings

The proposed strategy allows for a significant gain of optimization time. The 3D Pareto front composed of the finite element model evaluation results is obtained, which provides the designer with a set of optimal trade‐off solutions for him/her to make the final decision for the engineering design.

Originality/value

An infill set selection strategy is proposed, which allows the parallel evaluation of the finite element model, and at the same time guides the progressive construction of an improved surrogate model during the multi‐objective optimization run. The paper may stand as a good reference for researchers/engineering designers who have to deal with optimal design problems implying costly simulation models.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 31 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 7 September 2012

Dmitry Samarkanov, Frédéric Gillon, Pascal Brochet and Daniel Laloy

The purpose of this paper is to present two optimization methodologies based on interval branch‐and‐bound algorithm.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present two optimization methodologies based on interval branch‐and‐bound algorithm.

Design/methodology/approach

These techniques decrease the total time of computation, even in spite of discrete nature of some of the design variables. Computational experiments performed on multivariable optimization problem reveal great accuracy and technical validity of developed approaches. As an example, the optimal design of the induction machine (IM) was treated, where the aim was to find the set of the most efficient and, at the same time, cheapest in the manufacturing configurations.

Findings

In this paper, two approaches were developed for resolving the problem of optimal design of IM with discrete variables. The strategy of constructing the meta‐models is utilized and put in practice. The methods show relatively high efficiency and robustness of obtained results.

Originality/value

These approaches are the core technics of the developed industrial application, which help identify the set of optimal configurations of IM with the criteria of optimality such as total cost of manufacturing and the efficiency of IM.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 31 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 29 April 2014

Alexandru C. Berbecea, Frédéric Gillon and Pascal Brochet

The purpose of this paper is to present an application of a multidisciplinary multi-level design optimization methodology for the optimal design of a complex device from…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present an application of a multidisciplinary multi-level design optimization methodology for the optimal design of a complex device from the field of electrical engineering throughout discipline-based decomposition. The considered benchmark is a single-phase low voltage safety isolation transformer.

Design/methodology/approach

The multidisciplinary optimization of a safety isolation transformer is addressed within this paper. The bi-level collaborative optimization (CO) strategy is employed to coordinate the optimization of the different disciplinary analytical models of the transformer (no-load and full-load electromagnetic models and thermal model). The results represent the joint decision of the three distinct disciplinary optimizers involved in the design process, under the coordination of the CO's master optimizer. In order to validate the proposed approach, the results are compared to those obtained using a classical single-level optimization method – sequential quadratic programming – carried out using a multidisciplinary feasible formulation for handling the evaluation of the coupling model of the transformer.

Findings

Results show a good convergence of the CO process with the analytical modeling of the transformer, with a reduced number of coordination iterations. However, a relatively important number of disciplinary models evaluations were required by the local optimizers.

Originality/value

The CO multi-level methodology represents a new approach in the field of electrical engineering. The advantage of this approach consists in that it integrates decisions from different teams of specialists within the optimal design process of complex systems and all exchanges are managed within a unique coordination process.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 33 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 29 April 2014

Dmitry Samarkanov, Frédéric Gillon, Pascal Brochet and Daniel Laloy

Discrete highly constrained optimization of induction machine taking into consideration two objective functions: efficiency and total costs of production. The paper aims…

Abstract

Purpose

Discrete highly constrained optimization of induction machine taking into consideration two objective functions: efficiency and total costs of production. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Interactive and semi-interactive interval-based optimization methods were used. Two concepts of multi-objective discrete optimization were proposed.

Findings

Proposed methodology and algorithms allow decision maker (DM) participate in the process of optimal design and therefore decrease the total time of optimization process. The search procedure is straightforward and it does not require special skills of DM. Presented methods were successfully versified for the problem of optimal design with discrete variables.

Research limitations/implications

Three interval algorithms suitable for inverse problems are researched and verified. It generally can be used for multi-objective problems. The dominance principles for interval boxes are showed in the paper. Proposed algorithms are based on the idea of hybridization of exact and evolutionary methods.

Practical implications

Proposed approaches were successfully implemented within computer-aided application which is used by manufacturer of high power induction machine.

Originality/value

The concept of pareto-domination using the interval boxes can be treated as original. The paper researched several elimination rules and discusses the difference between different approaches.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 33 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 12 September 2008

Jean Le Besnerais, Vincent Lanfranchi, Michel Hecquet, Pascal Brochet and Guy Friedrich

The purpose of this paper is to apply a fast analytical model of the acoustic behaviour of pulse‐width modulation (PWM) controlled induction machines to a fractional‐slot…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to apply a fast analytical model of the acoustic behaviour of pulse‐width modulation (PWM) controlled induction machines to a fractional‐slot winding machine, and to analytically clarify the interaction between space harmonics and time harmonics in audible electromagnetic noise spectrum.

Design/methodology/approach

A multilayer single‐phase equivalent circuit calculates the stator and rotor currents. Air‐gap radial flux density, which is supposed to be the only source of acoustic noise, is then computed with winding functions formalism. Mechanical and acoustic models are based on a 2D ring stator model. A method to analytically derive the orders and frequencies of most important vibration lines is detailed. The results are totally independent of the supply strategy and winding type of the machine. Some variable‐speed simulations and tests are run on a 700 W fractional‐slot induction machine in sinusoidal case as a first validation of theoretical results.

Findings

The influence of both winding space harmonics and PWM time harmonics on noise spectrum is exposed. Most dangerous orders and frequencies expressions are demonstrated in sinusoidal and PWM cases. For traditional integral windings, it is shown that vibration orders are necessarily even. When the stator slot number is not even, which is the case for fractional windings, some odd order deflections appear: the radial electromagnetic power can therefore dissipate as vibrations through all stator deformation modes, leading to a potentially lower noise level at resonance.

Research limitations/implications

The analytical research does not consider saturation and eccentricity harmonics which can play a significant role in noise radiation.

Practical implications

The analytical model and theoretical results presented help in designing low‐noise induction machines, and diagnosing noise or vibration problems.

Originality/value

The paper details a fully analytical acoustic and electromagnetic model of a PWM fed induction machine, and demonstrate the theoretical expression of main noise spectrum lines combining both time and space harmonics. For the first time, a direct comparison between simulated and experimental vibration spectra is made.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 27 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

To view the access options for this content please click here
Article
Publication date: 1 June 2000

P.Di Barba

Introduces papers from this area of expertise from the ISEF 1999 Proceedings. States the goal herein is one of identifying devices or systems able to provide prescribed…

Abstract

Introduces papers from this area of expertise from the ISEF 1999 Proceedings. States the goal herein is one of identifying devices or systems able to provide prescribed performance. Notes that 18 papers from the Symposium are grouped in the area of automated optimal design. Describes the main challenges that condition computational electromagnetism’s future development. Concludes by itemizing the range of applications from small activators to optimization of induction heating systems in this third chapter.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 19 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

1 – 10 of 10