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Article
Publication date: 17 May 2022

Cemal İrfan Çalışkan and Ümit Arpacıoğlu

The purpose of this article is on the functional usability of metal additive manufacturing (AM) direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) production technology process parameters

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is on the functional usability of metal additive manufacturing (AM) direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) production technology process parameters in the construction industry. In the study, the advantages of thermal optimization and weight reduction in the case of the use of foam metals obtained by changing the hatch distance the production process parameter, in the production of facade panels in the architectural field are revealed.

Design/methodology/approach

The methods in the study; production of the small scaled facade panels with nine different hatch distance parameters, determination of the thermal change with the infrared thermography method, microstructure examination, weight measurement.

Findings

The paper lays the groundwork for the manufacturability of lighter and lower thermal conductivity facade panels by changing the hatch distance parameters. Within the scope of the study, the definition of semi-open-cell foam aluminum and the product screening strategy offers innovation. Within the scope of the study, this scope is shared as an algorithmic summary. In addition, the study offers a new perspective within the scope of multiple optimizable panel production in facade panels with AM technology.

Originality/value

Hatch distance parameter change was first discussed in this study in the architectural field, and a semi-open cell foam aluminum panel was obtained with the scanning strategy determined within the scope of the study. This panel geometry, which is defined as semi-open cell foam aluminum, can be used as a design element by painting or coating the outer surface, it can be stated that it will also provide thermal and weight optimization.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 May 2022

Bingwei Gao, Wei Shen, Ye Dai and Yong Tai Ye

This paper aims to study a parameter tuning method for the active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) to improve the anti-interference ability and position tracking of…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to study a parameter tuning method for the active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) to improve the anti-interference ability and position tracking of the performance of the servo system, and to ensure the stability and accuracy of practical applications.

Design/methodology/approach

This study proposes a parameter self-tuning method for ADRC based on an improved glowworm swarm optimization algorithm. The algorithm is improved by using sine and cosine local optimization operators and an adaptive mutation strategy. The improved algorithm is then used for parameter tuning of the ADRC to improve the anti-interference ability of the control system and ensure the accuracy of the controller parameters.

Findings

The authors designed an optimization model based on MATLAB, selected examples of simulation and experimental research and compared it with the standard glowworm swarm optimization algorithm, particle swarm algorithm and artificial bee colony algorithm. The results show that the response time of using the improved glowworm swarm optimization algorithm to optimize the auto-disturbance rejection control is short; there is no overshoot; the tracking process is relatively stable; the anti-interference ability is strong; and the optimization effect is better.

Originality/value

The innovation of this study is to improve the glowworm swarm optimization algorithm, propose a sine and cosine, local optimization operator, expand the firefly search space and introduce a new adaptive mutation strategy to adaptively adjust the mutation probability based on the fitness value, improve the global search ability of the algorithm and use the improved algorithm to adjust the parameters of the active disturbance rejection controller.

Details

Assembly Automation, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-5154

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 26 September 2018

Martin Marco Nell, Georg von Pfingsten and Kay Hameyer

Traction applications, e.g. the IMs are mainly operated by field-oriented control (FOC). This control technique requires an accurate knowledge of the machine’s parameters

Abstract

Purpose

Traction applications, e.g. the IMs are mainly operated by field-oriented control (FOC). This control technique requires an accurate knowledge of the machine’s parameters, such as the main inductance, the leakage inductances and the stator and rotor resistance. The accuracy of the parameters influences the precision of the calculated rotor flux and the rotor flux angle and the decoupling of the machine’s equations into the direct and quadrature coordinate system (dq-components). Furthermore, the parameters are used to configure the controllers of the FOC system and therefore influence the dynamic behavior and stability of the control.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, three different methods to calculate the machine’s parameters, in an automated and rapid procedure with minimal measuring expenditure, are analyzed and compared. Moreover, a method to configure a control that reduces the overall Ohmic losses of the machine in every torque speed operation point is presented. The machine control is configured only with the identified machine parameter.

Findings

Simulations and test bench measurements show that the evolutionary strategy is able to identify the electrical parameters of the machine in less time and with low error. Moreover, the controller is able to control the torque of the machine with a deviation of less than 2 per cent.

Originality/value

The most significant contribution of the research is the potential to identify the machine parameter of an induction motor and to configure an accurate control with these parameters.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 37 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 January 2013

Jianghong Yu, Daping Wang and Chengwu Hu

The purpose of the paper is to propose a novel approach, based on grey clustering decision, to fill in an omission of quantitative monitoring parameter selection methods.

228

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the paper is to propose a novel approach, based on grey clustering decision, to fill in an omission of quantitative monitoring parameter selection methods.

Design/methodology/approach

The basic monitoring parameter selection criteria and the corresponding calculation methods are presented. Then, the grey clustering decision model for monitoring parameter optimization selection is constructed, and an integrated weight determination method based on analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and information entropy is provided.

Findings

Basic principle for monitoring parameter selection is proposed and quantitative description is carried out for selection principle in engineering application. Grey clustering decision‐making model for monitoring parameter optimization selection is established. Comprehensive weight ascertainment method based on AHP and information entropy is provided to make the index weight more scientific.

Practical implications

At system design stage, it is of significance to carry out selection and optimization of monitoring parameters. After the optimization of monitoring parameters is confirmed, measurability analysis and design in parallel are carried out for convenience of timely information feedback and system design revision. Therefore, the system integration efficiency is improved and the cost of research and manufacturing is reduced.

Originality/value

Monitoring parameter optimization selection process based on grey clustering decision‐making model is described and the analysis result shows that the proposed method has certain degree of effectiveness, rationality and universality.

Article
Publication date: 16 January 2017

Heping Chen, Jing Xu, Biao Zhang and Thomas Fuhlbrigge

High precision assembly processes using industrial robots require the process parameters to be tuned to achieve desired performance such as cycle time and first time…

352

Abstract

Purpose

High precision assembly processes using industrial robots require the process parameters to be tuned to achieve desired performance such as cycle time and first time through rate. Some researchers proposed methods such as design-of-experiments (DOE) to obtain optimal parameters. However, these methods only discuss how to find the optimal parameters if the part and/or workpiece location errors are in a certain range. In real assembly processes, the part and/or workpiece location errors could be different from batch to batch. Therefore, the existing methods have some limitations. This paper aims to improve the process parameter optimization method for complex robotic assembly process.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, the parameter optimization process based on DOE with different part and/or workpiece location errors is investigated. An online parameter optimization method is also proposed.

Findings

Experimental results demonstrate that the optimal parameters for different initial conditions are different and larger initial part and/or workpiece location errors will cause longer cycle time. Therefore, to improve the assembly process performance, the initial part and/or workpiece location errors should be compensated first, and the optimal parameters in production should be changed once the initial tool position is compensated. Experimental results show that the proposed method is very promising in reducing the cycle time in assembly processes.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed method is practical without any limitation.

Practical implications

The proposed technique is implemented and tested using a real industrial application, a valve body assembly process. Hence, the developed method can be directly implemented in production.

Originality/value

This paper provides a technique to improve the assembly efficiency by compensating the initial part location errors. An online parameter optimization method is also proposed to automatically perform the parameter optimization process without human intervention. Compared with the results using other methods, the proposed technology can greatly reduce the assembly cycle time.

Details

Industrial Robot: An International Journal, vol. 44 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 March 2022

Rui Yu, Hua Zhou, Siyu Ma, Guifu Luo and Mingwei Lin

Hydrodynamic parameter estimation is significant for the velocity prediction of unmanned surface vehicles. Considering the field data’s uncertain nonlinearities…

Abstract

Purpose

Hydrodynamic parameter estimation is significant for the velocity prediction of unmanned surface vehicles. Considering the field data’s uncertain nonlinearities (environmental disturbances and measurement noise), this paper aims to propose a hybrid adaptive parameter estimation (HAPE) strategy.

Design/methodology/approach

First, a rough estimation of hydrodynamic parameters is used by the least squares method. Second, an improved adaptive parameter estimation algorithm is applied to compensate for the influence of uncertain nonlinearities and adjust the parameters within the rough range. Finally, it is proved that the calculated velocity asymptotically converges to the actual value during the parameter estimation procedure.

Findings

The numerical simulation and pool experiments are conducted in two scenarios of steady turning and sinusoidal thrust to verify the effectiveness of the proposed HAPE method. The results validate that the accuracy of the predicted velocity using the hydrodynamic model obtained by the HAPE strategy is better than the APE algorithm. In addition, the hydrodynamic parameters estimated with the sinusoidal thrust data are more applicable than the steady turning data.

Originality/value

This study proposes a HAPE strategy that considers the uncertain nonlinearities of the field data. This method provides a more accurate predicted velocity. Besides, as far as we know, it is the first time to analyze the influence of different test conditions on the accuracy of the predicted velocity.

Details

Industrial Robot: the international journal of robotics research and application, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 25 February 2022

Chun-Sheng Chen, Hai Wang, Yung-Chin Kao, Po-Jen Lu and Wei-Ren Chen

This paper aims to establish the predictive equations of height, area and volume of printed solder paste during solder paste stencil printing (SPSP) process in surface…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to establish the predictive equations of height, area and volume of printed solder paste during solder paste stencil printing (SPSP) process in surface mount technology (SMT) to better understand the effect of process parameters on the printing quality.

Design/methodology/approach

An experiment plan is proposed based on the response surface method (RSM). Experiments with 30 different combinations of process parameters are performed using a solder paste printer. After printing, the volume, area and height of the printed SAC105 solder paste are measured by a solder paste inspection machine. Using RSM, the predictive equations associated with the printing parameters and the printing quality of the solder paste are formed.

Findings

The optimal printing parameters are 175.08 N printing pressure, 250 mm/s printing speed, 0.1 mm snap-off height and 15.7 mm/s stencil snap-off speed if the target height of solder paste is 100 µm. As the target printing area of solder paste is 1.1 mm × 1.3 mm, the optimized values of the printing parameters are 140.29 N, 100.52 mm/s, 0.63 mm and 20.25 mm/s. When both the target printing height and area are optimized together, the optimal values for the four parameters are 86.67 N, 225.76 mm/s, 0.15 mm and 1.82 mm/s.

Originality/value

A simple RSM-based experimental method is proposed to formulate the predictive polynomial equations for height, area and volume of printed solder paste in terms of important SPSP parameters. The predictive equation model can be applied to the actual SPSP process, allowing engineers to quickly predict the best printing parameters during parameter setting to improve production efficiency and quality.

Details

Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0954-0911

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 4 March 2022

Wang Jianhong

The purpose of this paper is to extend the authors’ previous contributions on aircraft flutter model parameters identification. Because closed-loop condition is more…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to extend the authors’ previous contributions on aircraft flutter model parameters identification. Because closed-loop condition is more widely used in today’s practice, a closed-loop stochastic model of the aircraft flutter test is constructed to model the aircraft flutter process, whose input–output signals are all corrupted by the observed noises. Through using a rational transfer function, the equivalent property between the aircraft flutter model parameters and polynomial coefficients is established, and then the problem of aircraft flutter model parameters identification is turned to one closed-loop identification problem. An iterative identification algorithm is proposed to identify the unknown polynomial coefficients, being benefit for the latter flutter model parameter identification. Furthermore, as the closed-loop output corresponds to the flutter amplitude, so from the point of the minimization with respect to the variance of the closed-loop output, the optimal input signal and optimal feedback controller are all derived to achieve the zero flutter, respectively, for example, the optimal input spectrum and the detailed form for optimal feedback controller.

Design/methodology/approach

First, model parameter identification for aircraft flutter is reviewed as one problem of parameter identification and this aircraft flutter model corresponds to one closed-loop stochastic model, whose input signal and output are corrupted by external noises. Second, for aircraft flutter closed-loop statistical model with statistical noise, an iterative identification algorithm is proposed to identify the unknown model parameters. Third, from the point of minimizing with respect to the variance of the closed-loop output, the optimal input signal and optimal feedback controller are all derived to achieve the zero flutter, respectively, for example, the optimal input spectrum and the detailed form for optimal feedback controller.

Findings

This aircraft flutter model corresponds to one closed-loop stochastic model, whose input signal and output are corrupted by external noises. Then, identification algorithm and optimal input signal design are studied for aircraft flutter model parameter identification with statistical noise, respectively. It means the optimal input signal and optimal feedback controller are useful for the aircraft flutter model parameter identification within the constructed new closed-loop stochastic model.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this problem of the model parameter identification for aircraft flutter is proposed by their previous work, and they proposed many identification strategies to identify these model parameters. This paper proposes a new closed-loop stochastic model to construct the aircraft flutter test, and some related topics are considered about this closed-loop identification for aircraft flutter model parameter identification in the framework of closed-loop condition.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 August 2016

Ye Li, Shanli Zhu and San-dang Guo

The purpose of this paper is to propose the grey target decision method based on three-parameter interval grey number for dealing with multi-attribute decision-making…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose the grey target decision method based on three-parameter interval grey number for dealing with multi-attribute decision-making problems under uncertain environment.

Design/methodology/approach

First, the kernel and ranking method of three-parameter interval grey number are defined, which is the basis of determining the positive and negative bull’s-eye. Next, a new distance measure of three-parameter interval grey number is defined in view of the importance of the “center of gravity” point. Furthermore, a new comprehensive bull’s-eye distance is proposed based on the kernel which integrates the distance between different attributes to the positive and negative bull’s-eye. Then attribute weights are obtained by comprehensive bull’s-eye distance minimum and grey entropy maximization.

Findings

The paper provides a grey target decision method based on three-parameter interval grey number and example analysis shows that the method proposed in this paper is more reasonable and effective.

Research limitations/implications

If we have a better understanding of the distribution characteristics of three-parameter interval grey number, it is possible to have a more reasonable measure of the distance of three-parameter interval grey number.

Practical implications

The paper provides a grey target decision method, which can help decision maker deal with multi-attribute decision-making problems under uncertain environment.

Originality/value

This paper proposed the kernel and ranking method of three-parameter interval grey number, and defined a new distance measure of three-parameter interval grey number and proposed a new comprehensive bull’s-eye distance, Furthermore, this paper structured a grey target decision method based on three-parameter interval grey number.

Details

Grey Systems: Theory and Application, vol. 6 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2043-9377

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 22 May 2009

Ibrahim A. Al‐Darrab, Zahid A. Khan, Mohamed A. Zytoon and Sheikh I. Ishrat

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate application of the Taguchi method to determine the optimum level of three important parameters (factors) related to the use of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate application of the Taguchi method to determine the optimum level of three important parameters (factors) related to the use of a mobile phone for the text message entering task, namely illumination level, noise level and mobile angle that maximizes the performance of mobile phone users.

Design/methodology/approach

Three levels of each parameter as available in the literature, except for the mobile angle, were considered. The design of the experiment, as proposed by Genichi Taguchi, was used to conduct nine experiments. A total of 30 male subjects participated in the experimental study. The text message entry task, in the form of Arabic text, was presented to the participating subjects and their performance, measured in terms of mean number of characters entered per minute, was recorded. The signal‐to‐noise (S/N) ratio and the analysis of variance (ANOVA) were employed to investigate the users' performance. Finally, a confirmation test was conducted to verify the validity of the results.

Findings

Results showed that, at the illumination level of 475 lux, noise level of 45 dB(A), and mobile angle of 70 degrees, the subjects were quite comfortable, efficient and entered the maximum number of characters in the mobile phone per minute. The noise was found to be the dominant parameter with a contribution of 95.53 percent towards the laid down objective followed by mobile angle, 3.25 percent and illumination level, 0.66 percent.

Originality/value

To the best of the authors' knowledge no study has been conducted in the past to investigate the effect of these parameters on the performance of the mobile phone users. In addition, no attempt has yet been made to find the optimal level of these parameters from a text‐entering viewpoint. The paper represents original research and in the authors' opinion carries significantly important values as it provides new information for those involved in the design of the mobile phone environment.

Details

International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, vol. 26 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0265-671X

Keywords

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