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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2013

Suvash C. Saha

The purpose of this paper is to numerically study thermo‐magnetic convection and heat transfer of paramagnetic fluid placed in a micro‐gravity condition (g≈0) and under a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to numerically study thermo‐magnetic convection and heat transfer of paramagnetic fluid placed in a micro‐gravity condition (g≈0) and under a uniform vertical gradient magnetic field in an open square cavity with three cold sidewalls.

Design/methodology/approach

This magnetic force is proportional to the magnetic susceptibility and the gradient of the square of the magnetic induction. The magnetic susceptibility is inversely proportional to the absolute temperature based on Curie's law. Thermal convection of a paramagnetic fluid can therefore take place even in a zero‐gravity environment as a direct consequence of temperature differences occurring within the fluid due to a constant internal heat generation placed within a magnetic field gradient.

Findings

Effects of magnetic Rayleigh number, γRa, Prandtl number, Pr, and paramagnetic fluid parameter, m, on the flow pattern and isotherms as well as on the heat absorption are presented graphically. It is found that the heat transfer rate is suppressed in increased of the magnetic Rayleigh number and the paramagnetic fluid parameter for the present investigation.

Originality/value

It is possible to control the buoyancy force by using the super conducting magnet. To the best knowledge of the author no literature related to magnetic convection for this configuration is available.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 30 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 7 November 2016

Nan Xie, Yihai He, Ming Yao and Changwei Jiang

The purpose of this paper is to apply the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) with multiple distribution functions model, to simulate transient natural convection of air in a…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to apply the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) with multiple distribution functions model, to simulate transient natural convection of air in a two-dimensional square cavity in the presence of a magnetic quadrupole field, under non-gravitational as well as gravitational conditions.

Design/methodology/approach

The density-temperature double distribution functions and D2Q9 model of LBM for the momentum and temperature equations are currently employed. Detailed transient structures of the flow and isotherms at unsteady state are obtained and compared for a range of magnetic force numbers from 1 to 100. Characteristics of the natural convection at initial moment, quasi-steady state and steady state are presented in present work.

Findings

At initial time, effects of the magnetic field and gravity are both relatively limited, but the effects become efficient as time evolves. Bi-cellular flow structures are obtained under non-gravitational condition, while the flow presents a single vortex structure at first under gravitational condition, and then emerges a bi-cellular structure with the increase of magnetic field force number. The average Nusselt number generally increases with the augment of magnetic field intensity.

Practical implications

This paper will be useful in the researches on crystal material and protein growth, oxygen concentration sensor, enhancement or suppression of the heat transfer in micro-electronics and micro-processing technology, etc.

Originality/value

The current study extended the application of LBM on the transient natural convective problem of paramagnetic fluids in the presence of an inhomogeneous magnetic field.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 26 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 4 January 2016

Xiayu Zheng, Yuhua Wang and Dongfang Lu

The purpose of this paper is to model the particle capture of elliptic magnetic matrices for parallel stream type high magnetic separation, which can be a guidance for the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to model the particle capture of elliptic magnetic matrices for parallel stream type high magnetic separation, which can be a guidance for the development of novel elliptic cylinder matrices for high-gradient magnetic separation (HGMS).

Design/methodology/approach

The magnetic field distribution around the elliptic matrices is investigated quantitatively and the magnetic field and gradient were calculated. The motion equations of the magnetic particles around the matrices were derived and the particle capture cross-section of elliptic matrices was studied and was compared with that of the conventional circular matrices.

Findings

Elliptic matrices can present larger particle capture cross-section than the conventional circular matrices and can be a kind of promising matrices to be applied to HGMS.

Originality/value

There is little literature investigating the magnetic characteristics and the particle capture of the elliptic matrices in HGMS, the study is of great significance for the development of novel elliptic magnetic matrices in HGMS.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 35 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 6 July 2019

Elzbieta Fornalik-Wajs, Aleksandra Roszko, Janusz Donizak and Anna Kraszewska

Nanofluids’ properties made them interesting for various areas like engineering, medicine or cosmetology. Discussed here, research pertains to specific problem of heat…

Abstract

Purpose

Nanofluids’ properties made them interesting for various areas like engineering, medicine or cosmetology. Discussed here, research pertains to specific problem of heat transfer enhancement with application of the magnetic field. The main idea was to transfer high heat rates with utilization of nanofluids including metallic non-ferrous particles. The expectation was based on changed nanofluid properties. However, the results of experimental analysis did not meet it. The heat transfer effect was smaller than in the case of base fluid. The only way to understand the process was to involve the computational fluid dynamics, which could help to clarify this issue. The purpose of this research is deep understanding of the external magnetic field effect on the nanofluids heat transfer.

Design/methodology/approach

In presented experimental and numerical studies, the water and silver nanofluids were considered. From the numerical point of view, three approaches to model the nanofluid in the strong magnetic field were used: single-phase Euler, Euler–Euler and Euler–Lagrange. In two-phase approach, the momentum transfer equations for individual phases were coupled through the interphase momentum transfer term expressing the volume force exerted by one phase on the second one.

Findings

Therefore, the results of numerical simulation predicted decrease of convection heat transfer for nanofluid with respect to pure water, which agreed with the experimental results. The experimental and numerical results are in good agreement with each other, which confirms the right choice of two-phase approach in analysis of nanofluid thermo-magnetic convection.

Originality/value

The Euler–Lagrange exhibit the best matching with the experimental results.

Details

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, vol. 30 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0961-5539

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Article
Publication date: 30 September 2014

Masoud Kharati Koopaee and Iman Jelodari

The objective of present research is to characterize the unsteady thermal behavior of a square enclosure filled with water-Al2O3 nanofluids in the presence of oriented…

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of present research is to characterize the unsteady thermal behavior of a square enclosure filled with water-Al2O3 nanofluids in the presence of oriented magnetic fields. The purpose this paper is to study the effect of pertinent parameters on the transient natural convection in the enclosure.

Design/methodology/approach

In this research, an in-house implicit finite volume code based on the SIMPLE algorithm is utilized for numerical calculations. To ensure the accuracy of results, comparisons are also made with previous works in literature. In this study, a constant strength magnetic field is concerned and for Rayleigh numbers of Ra=103, 104 and 105 the effect of magnetic field orientation with respect to the case of zero inclination on the thermal performance of cavity is investigated at Hartmann number range of Ha=15-90. In the present work, the nano-particle volume fractions range from φ=0-0.06.

Findings

Results show that when Rayleigh number is Ra=103, the inclination angle, solid particles and Hartmann number has no effect on the transient behavior. It is shown that during the time advancement to steady condition, the heat transfer rate relative to zero inclination angle, may reach to a maximum value. This relative maximum heat transfer increases as the inclination angle increases and decreases as the solid volume fraction increases. The effect of increase in Hartmann number is to decrease this maximum value at Rayleigh number of Ra=104 and at Rayleigh number of Ra=105, depending on the Hartmann number, this value may increase or decrease. It is also found that an increase in Hartmann number leads to delay the appearance of the relative maximum value of heat transfer. Results show that this maximum value is of more significance at zero solid volume fraction when inclination angle is 90 degrees and Hartmann number is Ha=60.

Originality/value

Limited works could be found in the literature regarding the idea of using nanofluids as the working fluid in an enclosure in the presence of magnetic field. In these works, the steady state thermal behavior of enclosures subjected to fixed magnetic fields is concerned. In the present work, the unsteady thermal behavior is concerned and the effect of magnetic field orientation angles on transient heat transfer performance of the enclosure at different Rayleigh and Hartmann numbers and solid volume fractions is explored.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 31 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 9 May 2020

S. Manjunatha, B. Ammani Kuttan, G.K. Ramesh, B.J. Gireesha and Emad H. Aly

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the 3D micropolar hybrid (Ag-CuO/H2O) nanofluid past rapid moving surface, where porous medium has been considered.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the 3D micropolar hybrid (Ag-CuO/H2O) nanofluid past rapid moving surface, where porous medium has been considered.

Design/methodology/approach

The model of problem was represented by highly partial differential equations which were deduced by using suitable approximations (boundary layer). Then, the governing model was converted into five combined ordinary differential equations applying proper similarity transformations. Therefore, the eminent iterative Runge–Kutta–Fehlberg method (RKF45) has been applied to solve the resulting equations.

Findings

Higher values of vortex viscosity, spin gradient viscosity and micro-inertia density parameters are reduced in horizontal direction, whereas opposite behaviour is noticed for vertical direction.

Originality/value

The work has not been done in the area of hybrid micropolar nanofluid. Hence, this article culminates to probe how to improve the thermal conduction and fluid flow in 3D boundary layer flow of micropolar mixture of nanoparticles driven by rapidly moving plate with convective boundary condition.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 16 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2019

Ravisha M., I.S. Shivakumara and Mamatha A.L.

The onset of convection in a ferrofluid-saturated porous layer has been investigated using a local thermal nonequilibrium (LTNE) model by allowing the solid phase to…

Abstract

Purpose

The onset of convection in a ferrofluid-saturated porous layer has been investigated using a local thermal nonequilibrium (LTNE) model by allowing the solid phase to transfer heat via a Cattaneo heat flux theory while the fluid phase to transfer heat via usual Fourier heat-transfer law. The flow in the porous medium is governed by modified Brinkman-extended Darcy model. The instability of the system is discussed exactly for stress-free boundaries, while for rigid-ferromagnetic/paramagnetic boundaries the results are obtained numerically using the Galerkin method. The presence of Cattaneo effect introduces oscillatory convection as the preferred mode of instability contrary to the occurrence of instability via stationary convection found in its absence. Besides, oscillatory ferroconvection is perceived when the solid thermal relaxation time parameter exceeds a threshold value and increase in its value is to hasten the oscillatory onset. The effect of different boundary conditions on the instability of the system is noted to be qualitatively same. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

The investigators would follow the procedure of Straughan (2013) to obtain the expression for Rayleigh number. The Brinkman-extended Darcy model is used to describe the flow in a porous medium. The investigators have used a Galerkin method to obtain the numerical results for rigid-ferromagnetic/paramagnetic boundaries, while the instability of the system is discussed exactly for stress-free boundaries.

Findings

The Cattaneo–LTNE porous ferroconvection has been analyzed for different velocity and magnetic boundary conditions. The Brinkman-extended Darcy model is used to describe the flow in a porous medium. The effect of different types of velocity and magnetic boundary conditions on the instability of the system has been highlighted. The instability of the system is discussed exactly for stress-free boundaries, while for rigid-ferromagnetic/paramagnetic boundaries the results are obtained numerically using the Galerkin method.

Originality/value

The novelty of the present paper is to combine LTNE and second sound effects in solids on thermal instability of a ferrofluid-saturated porous layer by retaining the usual Fourier heat-transfer law in the ferrofluid. The Brinkman-extended Darcy model is used to describe the flow in a porous medium. The effect of different types of velocity and magnetic boundary conditions on the instability of the system is discussed.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 15 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

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Article
Publication date: 7 August 2017

Marcin Szczech

Magnetization is one of the most important parameters of magnetic fluids. The shape of the magnetization curve often determines the application of a fluid in a device. On…

Abstract

Purpose

Magnetization is one of the most important parameters of magnetic fluids. The shape of the magnetization curve often determines the application of a fluid in a device. On the basis of the magnetization curve, it is also possible to estimate, for example, the distribution and size of the particles in a magnetic fluid carrier fluid. The aim of this paper is to present a new approach for estimating the magnetization curve.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed method is an iterative method based on the measurement of magnetic induction on a test stand. To determine the magnetization curve, a numerical simulation of the magnetic field distributions for the preliminary magnetization curve should also be performed. Numerical simulations for modified forms of the magnetization curve are performed until the difference between the results obtained by the measurement and numerical simulation are the smallest.

Findings

This paper presents the results of magnetization curve research for ferrofluids and magnetorheological fluids.

Originality/value

The discussed method shows the possibilities of using numerical simulations of magnetic field distribution to determine the magnetic properties of magnetic fluids. This method may be an alternative for estimating the magnetization curve of the magnetic fluid compared to other methods.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 34 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 19 June 2009

Bao Jiusheng, Zhu Zhencai, Yin Yan and Liu Shujin

The purpose of this paper is to prepare a novel nano magnetic grease with favorable lubricating performance; to contrast the tribology performance of the magnetic grease…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to prepare a novel nano magnetic grease with favorable lubricating performance; to contrast the tribology performance of the magnetic grease with the original grease, and to find the lubricating mechanism of the magnetic grease.

Design/methodology/approach

The nano Fe3O4 magnetic fluids are added into the general urea grease to synthesize the nano magnetic grease. Tribology performance tests of the magnetic grease and the original grease are contrasted on a MMW‐1 four‐ball tester. Based on three kinds of effects caused by the nano magnetic fluids, the lubricating mechanism of the magnetic grease is discussed.

Findings

Nano magnetic grease with favorable lubricating performance can be synthesized by adding the nano Fe3O4 magnetic fluids into the general urea grease. The nano magnetic grease has better lubricating performance and more steady bearing capability than the original grease, and is especially available for the lubricating of equipment with high speed and heavy load. The performance improvement of the magnetic grease is owing to the interactions of three kinds of effects as follows: the viscosity increasing effect, the micro‐rolling effect, and the friction weakening effect, which are all caused by the nano magnetic fluids added into the grease.

Originality/value

The paper documents that the nano Fe3O4 magnetic fluids added into the urea grease to synthesize a novel nano magnetic grease has been proved to have quite favorable lubricating performance by the tribology experiments, and the lubricating mechanism of the magnetic grease is also discussed.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 61 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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Article
Publication date: 27 June 2020

N. Mahato, S.M. Banerjee, R.N. Jana and S. Das

The article focuses on the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) convective flow of MoS2-SiO2 /ethylene glycol (EG) hybrid nanofluid. The effectiveness of Hall current, periodically…

Abstract

Purpose

The article focuses on the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) convective flow of MoS2-SiO2 /ethylene glycol (EG) hybrid nanofluid. The effectiveness of Hall current, periodically heating wall and shape factor of nanoparticles on the magnetized flow of hybrid nanocomposite molybdenum disulfide- silicon dioxide (MoS2-SiO2) suspended in ethylene glycol (EG) in a vertical rotating channel under the influence of strong magnetic dipole (Hall effect) and thermal radiation is assessed. One of the channel walls has an oscillatory temperature gradient. Four different shapes (i.e. brick, cylinder, platelet and blade) of nanoparticles disseminated in base fluid (EG) are considered for simulation of the flow.

Design/methodology/approach

The analytical solution of governing equations has been presented. Influences of emerging physical parameters on the velocity and temperature profiles, the shear stresses and the rate of heat transfer are pointed out and discussed via graphs and tables.

Findings

The analysis revealed that Hall parameter has suppressing behavior on the velocity profiles within the rotating channel. The impact of nanoparticle shape factor advances the temperature characteristics significantly in the rotating channel. Brick-shape nanoparticles put up relatively low-temperature distribution in the rotating channel. The Hall parameter reduces the amplitudes of the shear stresses at the channel wall. However, the radiation parameter enhances the amplitude of the rate of heat transfer at the channel wall.

Social implications

The important technical advantage of hybrid composition of nanoparticles as a drug carrier is its stability, high thermal conductivity, high load carrying capacity, etc. The proposed model may be beneficial in biomedical engineering, automobile parts, mineral and cleaning oils manufacturing, rubber and plastic industries.

Originality/value

To the best of our knowledge, there is little or no report on the aspects of assessment of the effectiveness of Hall current and nanoparticle shape factor on an MHD flow and heat transfer of an electrically conducting MoS2-SiO2/EG ethylene glycol-based hybrid nanofluid confined in a vertical channel with periodically varying wall temperature subject to a rotating frame. The present work furnishes a robust benchmark for the dynamics of nanofluids.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 16 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

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