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Article
Publication date: 5 May 2015

Kehinde Ogunyanda, Wilfred Fritz and Robert van Zyl

This paper aims to report the modelling and simulation work that predicts the behaviours of both a Josephson junction (JJ) and a dc superconducting quantum interference…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to report the modelling and simulation work that predicts the behaviours of both a Josephson junction (JJ) and a dc superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID). It is pertinent to predict the SQUID magnetometers’ behaviours via simulations, before subjecting them to real experiments because they are quite expensive to acquire, and can be easily damaged during test analysis.

Design/methodology/approach

To achieve this, power simulation (PSIM) was used to model and simulate a JJ, using the basic equation that describes the effective current through it. A dc SQUID magnetometer, which is composed of two JJs, was then modelled and simulated using the modelled JJ. Thermal noise simulation is also included, to observe its effects on the magnetometer’s output. A directly coupled flux-locked loop circuit was later included in the simulation to amplify and linearise the SQUID’s output, which is usually sinusoidal.

Findings

When steady bias currents were applied to the JJ, the resulting voltage across it was seen to oscillate. The JJ’s and SQUID’s voltage–current characteristics, and voltage–flux characteristics were also observed in the simulations, and the results respectively agree with the behaviours of a typical JJ and dc SQUID magnetometer.

Originality/value

A way of simulating SQUIDs, without a superconducting simulation tool, is presented. The work provides a much simpler way of studying the behaviour of dc SQUID magnetometers, due to the easy accessibility and fast simulation capability of the software used, with an added advantage of being able to simulate the thermal noise effects, without having to import this facility from secondary software.

Details

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, vol. 13 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1726-0531

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Article
Publication date: 5 November 2018

Bocheng Bao, Jiaoyan Luo, Han Bao, Quan Xu, Yihua Hu and Mo Chen

The purpose of this paper is to construct a proportion-integral-type (PI-type) memristor, which is different from that of the previous memristor emulator, but the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to construct a proportion-integral-type (PI-type) memristor, which is different from that of the previous memristor emulator, but the constructing memristive chaotic circuit possesses line equilibrium, leading to the emergence of the initial conditions-related dynamical behaviors.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper presents a PI-type memristor emulator-based canonical Chua’s chaotic circuit. With the established mathematical model, the stability region for the line equilibrium is derived, which mainly consists of stable and unstable regions, leading to the emergence of bi-stability because of the appearance of a memristor. Initial conditions-related dynamical behaviors are investigated by some numerically simulated methods, such as phase plane orbit, bifurcation diagram, Lyapunov exponent spectrum, basin of the attraction and 0-1 test. Additionally, PSIM circuit simulations are executed and the seized results validate complex dynamical behaviors in the proposed memristive circuit.

Findings

The system exhibits the bi-stability phenomenon and demonstrates complex initial conditions-related bifurcation behaviors with the variation of system parameters, which leads to the occurrence of the hyperchaos, chaos, quasi-periodic and period behaviors in the proposed circuit.

Originality/value

These memristor emulators are simple and easy to physically fabricate, which have been increasingly used for experimentally demonstrating some interesting and striking dynamical behaviors in the memristor-based circuits and systems.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 44 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Article
Publication date: 23 October 2015

Prabhat Chandra Ghosh, Pradip K Sadhu, Debabrata Roy and Soumya Das

This paper investigates the selection of semiconductor switches used in contactless power transfer (CPT) system. In the present paper a single phase high frequency full…

Abstract

This paper investigates the selection of semiconductor switches used in contactless power transfer (CPT) system. In the present paper a single phase high frequency full bridge inverter using different semiconductor switches like IGBT, MPOSFET and GTO has been considered. Harmonic injection in input current of the inverter for different semiconductor switches has been analyzed using PSIM software. The THD of input current of the inverter for the particular switching device has been determined by using Fourier Transforms. It has been observed that THD in case of the IGBT is minimised.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 12 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

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Article
Publication date: 5 June 2020

Venkateswaran M., Govindaraju C. and Santhosh T.K.

Power converters are an integral part of the energy conversion process in solar photovoltaic (PV) systems which is used to match the solar PV generation with the load…

Abstract

Purpose

Power converters are an integral part of the energy conversion process in solar photovoltaic (PV) systems which is used to match the solar PV generation with the load requirements. The increased penetration of renewable invokes intermittency in the generated power affecting the reliability and continuous energy supply of such converters. DC-DC converters deployed in solar PV systems impose stringent restrictions on supplied power, continuous operation and fault prediction scenarios by continuously observing state variables to ensure continuous operation of the converter.

Design/methodology/approach

A converter deployed for a mission-critical application has to ensure continuous regulated output for which the converter has to ensure fault-free operation. The fault diagnostic algorithm relies on the measurement of a state variable to assess the type of fault. In the same line, a predictive controller depends on the measurement of a state variable to predict the control variable of a converter system to regulate the converter output around a fixed or a variable reference. Consequently, both the fault diagnosis and the predictive control algorithms depend on the measurement of a state variable. Once measured, the available data can be used for both algorithms interchangeably.

Findings

The objective of this work is to integrate the fault diagnostic and the predictive control algorithms while sharing the measurement requirements of both these control algorithms. The integrated algorithms thus proposed could be applied to any converter with a single inductor in its energy buffer stage.

Originality/value

laboratory prototype is created to verify the feasibility of the integrated predictive control and fault diagnosis algorithm. As the proposed method combine the fault detection algorithm along with predictive control, a load step variation and manual fault creation methods are used to verify the feasibility of the converter as with the simulation analysis. The value for the capacitors and inductors were chosen based on the charge-second and volt-second balance equations obtained from the steady-state analysis of boost converter.

Details

Circuit World, vol. 47 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

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Article
Publication date: 11 July 2008

M.P. Donsión

This paper aims to apply a two‐axis model for accurate representation of the characteristics of permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) of the interior type.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to apply a two‐axis model for accurate representation of the characteristics of permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSM) of the interior type.

Design/methodology/approach

For a three‐phase PMSM, it uses a voltage source inverter with six power transistors with independent switching and PSIM software with Matlab for checking, by simulation, how some parameters influence the start process.

Findings

It was found that pulsating components generate the synchronizing torque.

Originality/value

The paper provides a model for accurate representation of the characteristics of permanent magnet motors.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 27 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1989

In the last few months I have been to two major conferences on work study related topics. One was in Toronto, the other in Cambridge! It is interesting to note the…

Abstract

In the last few months I have been to two major conferences on work study related topics. One was in Toronto, the other in Cambridge! It is interesting to note the differences between the two.

Details

Work Study, vol. 38 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0043-8022

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Article
Publication date: 11 February 2021

Houda Laabidi, Houda Jouini and Abdelkader Mami

The purpose of this paper is to propose an efficient current control technique based on model predictive control (MPC) for grid-connected wind conversion system. This…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose an efficient current control technique based on model predictive control (MPC) for grid-connected wind conversion system. This nonlinear strategy is applied for the chopper circuit and grid-tied inverter and compared with other two conventional schemes; a traditional proportional-integral (PI) and sliding mode controller (SMC) using the same switching frequency.

Design/methodology/approach

Firstly, the MPC scheme uses the mathematical model to predict future behaviors of the controlled converter outputs for possible switching states. After that, the optimal voltage vector is selected by minimizing a cost function, which is defined as a sum of the absolute values of the controlled current errors. Then, the corresponding switching signals are applied to the converter switches in the next sampling period to track correctly the reference current. Thus, the MPC scheme ensures a minimal error between the predicted and reference trajectories of the considered variables.

Findings

The MPC-based algorithm presents several benefits in terms of high accuracy control, reduced DC-link voltage ripples during steady-state operation, faster transient response, lower overshoots and disturbance rejection and acceptable total harmonic distortion.

Originality/value

The authors introduce several simulation case studies, using PSIM software package, which prove the reliability and effectiveness of the proposed MPC scheme. Therefore, the MPC performances, during dynamic and steady-state condition, are compared with those obtained by a PI regulator and SMC to highlight the improvements, specifically the transfer of smooth power to the grid.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

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Article
Publication date: 4 May 2012

Laurent Gerbaud, Baidy Touré, Jean‐Luc Schanen and Jean‐Pierre Carayon

The frequency simulation and optimisation of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) filter is often computation time consuming. The purpose of this paper is to propose an…

Abstract

Purpose

The frequency simulation and optimisation of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) filter is often computation time consuming. The purpose of this paper is to propose an approach for easy and fast modelling and optimization of power electronics structures.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper proposes an approach for easy and fast modelling and optimization of power electronics structures. It focuses on the EMC filter design. To achieve this task time simulation, FFT and automatic frequency modelling are combined.

Findings

An automatic frequency modelling is proposed and also gives automatically the model gradients. Therefore, the model can be used to optimize the EMC filter, but also can help in choosing its topology. Several optimization algorithms are used and compared.

Research limitations/implications

The power electronics load is supposed to be a set of predefined harmonic sources, obtained by time simulation + FFT before the optimisation process.

Practical implications

The frequency model allows for the rapid designing and comparing of several structures or modelling hypothesis with regard to the parasitic elements and circuit imperfections.

Originality/value

The frequency model is automatically generated, and sizing criteria on the component (e.g. inductors, capacitor) can be added in an analytical form, for example, to deal with volume or mass criteria.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 31 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 28 August 2007

Xiaoyu Yang, Philip R. Moore, Chi‐Biu Wong, Jun‐Sheng Pu and Seng Kwong Chong

This paper aims to capture and manage the product lifecycle data for consumer products, especially data that occur in distribution, usage, maintenance and end‐of‐life…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to capture and manage the product lifecycle data for consumer products, especially data that occur in distribution, usage, maintenance and end‐of‐life stages, and to use them to provide information and knowledge.

Design/methodology/approach

A lifecycle information acquisition and management model is proposed, and an information management system framework is formulated. The information management system developed is then used in actual field trials to manage lifecycle data for refrigeration products and game consoles.

Findings

It has been demonstrated that valuable services can be delivered through a lifecycle information management system.

Practical implications

Lifecycle information management systems can open new horizons for product design which are sustainable and environmentally sensitive. They also contribute to the wider exploration of eco‐design and development of next generation consumer products (e.g. smart home appliances).

Originality/value

Existing lifecycle information systems cannot support all phases of the product lifecycle. They mainly manage the lifecycle data only during the design and manufacture stages. Lifecycle data during distribution, usage, maintenance and end‐of‐life stages are usually hard to acquire and in most cases lost. The lifecycle information management system developed can capture them, and manage them in an integrated and systematic manner to provide information and knowledge.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 107 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 29 July 2020

Eralp Sener and Gurhan Ertasgin

This paper aims to present an inverter with a current-source input for 400 Hz avionic systems to have a system which removes DC-link capacitors and presents a high efficiency.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to present an inverter with a current-source input for 400 Hz avionic systems to have a system which removes DC-link capacitors and presents a high efficiency.

Design/methodology/approach

A battery-powered DC link inductor generates a constant-current source. A single high-frequency switch is used to provide a sinusoidally modulated current before the inverter. The output of the switch is “unfolded” by a thyristor-based H-bridge inverter to generate an AC output current. The system uses a CL low-pass filter to obtain a 400 Hz pure sine wave by removing pulse width modulation components.

Findings

Simulations and Typhoon HIL real-time experiments were performed with closed-loop control to validate the proposed inverter concept while meeting the critical standards of MIL-STD-704F.

Originality/value

This current source inverter topology is suitable for avionic systems that require 400 Hz output frequency. The topology uses small DC-link inductor and eliminates bulky capacitor which determines the inverter lifetime.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 92 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1748-8842

Keywords

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