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Article
Publication date: 11 June 2018

Shubhranshu Mohan Parida, Subhashree Choudhury, Pravat Kumar Rout and Sanjeeb Kumar Kar

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel self-adjusting proportional integral (SA-PI) controller, for controlling the active and reactive power of permanent magnet…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel self-adjusting proportional integral (SA-PI) controller, for controlling the active and reactive power of permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) when subjected to variable wind speed and parameter variations.

Design/methodology/approach

The proportional and integral gains of the proposed SA-PI controller are based on tan-hyperbolic function and adjust themselves automatically within pre-fixed limits according to the error occurring during transient situations.

Findings

The proposed SA-PI controller is able to evade the problems usually encountered while using a constant gain PI controller, such as lack of robustness, adaptability and a wide range of operation. It also damps out system oscillations faster with reduced settling time and fewer overshoots.

Originality/value

Simulation results and comparative studies with conventional PI controller and the differential evolution–optimized PI (DE-PI) controller reveal the effectiveness of the proposed control scheme. MATLAB is used to perform the simulation studies.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 15 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 25 January 2021

Rekha Yoganathan, Jamuna Venkatesan and William Christopher I.

This paper intent to design, develop, and fabricate a robust cascaded controller based on the dual loop concept i.e. Fuzzy Sliding Mode concept in the inner loop and…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper intent to design, develop, and fabricate a robust cascaded controller based on the dual loop concept i.e. Fuzzy Sliding Mode concept in the inner loop and traditional Proportional Integral controller in the outer loop to reduce the unknown dynamics and disturbances that occur in the DC-DC Converter.

Design/methodology/approach

The proposed Fuzzy sliding mode approach combines the merits of both SMC and Fuzzy logic control. FSMC approach reduces the chattering phenomena that commonly occurs in the sliding mode control and speed up the response of the controller.

Findings

In most of the research work, the inner current loop of cascaded controller was designed by sliding mode control. In this paper FSMC is proposed and its efficacy is confirmed with SMC -PI. In most uncertainties, FSMC-PI produces null maximum peak overshoot and a very less settling time of 0.0005 sec.

Originality/value

The presence of Fuzzy SMC in the inner loop ensure satisfactory response against all uncertainties such as steady state, circuit parameter variations and sudden line and load disturbances.

Details

Circuit World, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0305-6120

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 3 August 2020

Ramanjaneyulu Alla and Anandita Chowdhury

A new control method is proposed for grid integration of improved hybrid three quasi z source converter (IHTQZSC). The proposed controller provides a constant switching…

Abstract

Purpose

A new control method is proposed for grid integration of improved hybrid three quasi z source converter (IHTQZSC). The proposed controller provides a constant switching frequency with an improved dynamic response with fewer computations. The proposed constant switching frequency predictive controller (CSF-PC) does not need weighting factors and reduces the complexity of the control circuit.

Design/methodology/approach

A single PI controller is intended to control voltage across dc-link by generating the necessary shoot-through duty ratio. The predictive controller produces the modulating signals required to inject the desired grid current. The performance of the proposed controller is validated with MATLAB/Simulink software.

Findings

The discrete-time instantaneous model on the grid side in the proposed controller influences the inductor current with minimum ripples. Dynamic response and computational complexity of the converter with the PI controller, finite set model predictive controller (FS-MPC) and the proposed controller are discussed.

Practical implications

The converter belongs to impedance source converters (ISC) family, delivers higher voltage gain in a single-stage power conversion process, extract the energy from the intermittent nature of renewable energy conversion systems. Implementing CSF-PC for ISC is simple, as it has a single PI controller.

Originality/value

Grid integration of high voltage gain IHTQZSC is accomplished with PI, FS-MPC and CSF-PC. Though the FS-MPC exhibits superior dynamic response under input voltage disturbance and grid current variation, total harmonic distortion (THD) in the grid current is high. CSF-PC provides better THD with a good dynamic response with reduced inductor current ripples.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. 39 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 14 June 2011

Guo Cai‐fen and Jing Ran‐zhe

The purpose of this paper is to apply the proportional integral (PI) control algorithm in discrete manufacturing enterprises to maintain lower and steadier work in…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to apply the proportional integral (PI) control algorithm in discrete manufacturing enterprises to maintain lower and steadier work in progress so as to improve on‐time delivery.

Design/methodology/approach

A sensitivity constrained optimization model is designed on the frequency domain, whose optimum algebraic solutions are then obtained easily. Two controllers, a backlog controller and an input‐rate controller, are devised, which correspond to the integral control and the proportional control of PI controllers, respectively. Interacting with each other, these controllers have made the engineering implementation of PI controllers a reality.

Findings

Simulation is carried out in certain motorcycle production lines. Results confirm that PI controllers also possess good control effects in the discrete manufacturing industry, as well as in the process industry.

Research limitations/implications

A continued departure from the nominal may happen repeatedly if the root causes of changing are not detected and identified. Moreover, PI controllers can mask process defects, failures, and drifts, and this may lead to eventual catastrophic failures. So, statistical process control should be utilized in PI controlled processes to detect significant changes for long‐term process improvement.

Practical implications

PI controllers possess potential in discrete enterprises.

Originality/value

PI controllers are tried for process improvement in discrete manufacturing enterprises.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 40 no. 5/6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 8 June 2021

N. Kanagaraj and Vishwa Nath Jha

This paper aims to design a modified fractional order proportional integral derivative (PID) (FO[PI]λDµ) controller based on the principle of fractional calculus and…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to design a modified fractional order proportional integral derivative (PID) (FO[PI]λDµ) controller based on the principle of fractional calculus and investigate its performance for a class of a second-order plant model under different operating conditions. The effectiveness of the proposed controller is compared with the classical controllers.

Design/methodology/approach

The fractional factor related to the integral term of the standard FO[PI]λDµ controller is applied as a common fractional factor term for the proportional plus integral coefficients in the proposed controller structure. The controller design is developed using the regular closed-loop system design specifications such as gain crossover frequency, phase margin, robustness to gain change and two more specifications, namely, noise reduction and disturbance elimination functions.

Findings

The study results of the designed controller using matrix laboratory software are analyzed and compared with an integer order PID and a classical FOPIλDµ controller, the proposed FO[PI]λDµ controller exhibit a high degree of performance in terms of settling time, fast response and no overshoot.

Originality/value

This paper proposes a methodology for the FO[PI]λDµ controller design for a second-order plant model using the closed-loop system design specifications. The effectiveness of the proposed control scheme is demonstrated under different operating conditions such as external load disturbances and input parameter change.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. 40 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 8 October 2019

Shubhranshu Mohan Parida, Pravat Kumar Rout and Sanjeeb Kumar Kar

This study proposes a modified sliding mode control technique having a proportional plus integral (PI) sliding surface aided by auxiliary control applied to a wind turbine…

Abstract

Purpose

This study proposes a modified sliding mode control technique having a proportional plus integral (PI) sliding surface aided by auxiliary control applied to a wind turbine driven permanent magnet synchronous generator. This paper aims to realize real and reactive power control, keeping the voltage under the desired limit during transients.

Design/methodology/approach

First, a PI sliding surface type sliding mode control (PISMC) is formulated, which is capable of dragging the system to the desired state and stability. Then a saturation function-based auxiliary controller is incorporated with PISMC to enhance its performance during wind speed and system parameter variations.

Findings

The proposed controller can tackle the problems faced while using a PI controller and the conventional sliding mode controller (CSMC) such as lack of robustness and requirement of unnecessary large control signals to overcome the parametric uncertainties and problem of chattering.

Originality/value

To justify the superior performance of the proposed controller in terms of robustness, reliability and accuracy a comparative study is done with the CSMC and PI controllers. The simulations are performed using MATLAB.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 16 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 2002

S.A. Al‐Mawsawi, M.R. Qader and K.L. Lo [1]

In recent years it has been illustrated that the Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) installation location plays an important role in effecting nonlinearly its steady…

Abstract

In recent years it has been illustrated that the Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) installation location plays an important role in effecting nonlinearly its steady state performance. A Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) based UPFC used as a voltage regulator is modeled and analyzed to investigate its optimal position in the transmission line. From the simulation results it is demonstration that by varying the modulation index of the device it can control the distribution of the active and reactive power flows. In addition, this paper deals with the definition and simulation of the control strategy of the closed‐loop UPFC with a series compensation block when it operates as a terminal voltage regulator using Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP). The design and simulation of two types of digital controller strategies for the study system in this paper have been carried out. The dynamic performance in terms of speed stability, accuracy, robustness and simplicity of a PI controller with gain scheduling and a fuzzy logic controller have been tested and compared.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 21 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 5 September 2016

Sahaya Senthamil Lourdusami and Rajasekaran Vairamani

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the performance of LCLC resonant converter (RC) with proportional integral controller and fuzzy gain scheduled proportional…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the performance of LCLC resonant converter (RC) with proportional integral controller and fuzzy gain scheduled proportional integral controller.

Design/methodology/approach

The drawbacks of series RC and parallel resonant converter (PRC) are explained using relevant references in Section 1 of this paper. The necessity of RCs and the merits of zero voltage and zero current switching are given in the Section 2. In Section 3, the modeling of LCLC RC using state space technique is done. In Section 4, the open loop analysis and performance evaluation of proportional integral controller, fuzzy gain scheduled proportional controller using MATLAB Simulink is obtained. The hardware specification is given and experimental results are taken for LCLC RC. In Section 5, conclusion of study is given.

Findings

The LCLC RC overcomes the drawbacks of series and PRC. The fuzzy gain scheduled proportional integral controller is suitable for load variations in RC.

Originality/value

The output of the converter is not affected with the load variations since the controller suggested in the paper works for load changes and can be a solution for load parameter deviation applications. Also performance of the RC is improved by the fast response of the proposed controller.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 35 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 12 March 2019

Prakash Chandra Sahu, Ramesh Chandra Prusty and Sidhartha Panda

The paper has proposed to implement gray wolf optimization (GWO)-based filter-type proportional derivative with (FPD) plus (1+ proportional integral) multistage controller

Abstract

Purpose

The paper has proposed to implement gray wolf optimization (GWO)-based filter-type proportional derivative with (FPD) plus (1+ proportional integral) multistage controller in a three-area integrated source-type interlinked power network for achieving automatic generation control.

Design/methodology/approach

For analysis, a three area interconnected power system of which each area comprises three different generating units where thermal and hydro system as common. Micro sources like wind generator, diesel generator and gas unit are integrated with area1, area2 and area3 respectively. For realization of system nonlinearity some physical constraints like generation rate constraint, governor dead band and boiler dynamics are effected in the system.

Findings

The supremacy of multistage controller structure over simple proportional integral (PI), proportional integral, derivative (PID) and GWO technique over genetic algorithm, differential evolution techniques has been demonstrated. A comparison is made on performances of different controllers and sensitivity analysis on settling times, overshoots and undershoots of different dynamic responses of system as well as integral based error criteria subsequent a step load perturbation (SLP). Finally, sensitive analysis has been analyzed by varying size of SLP and network parameters in range ±50 per cent from its nominal value.

Originality/value

Design and implementation of a robust FPD plus (1 + PI) controller for AGC of nonlinear power system. The gains of the proposed controller are optimized by the application of GWO algorithm. An investigation has been done on the dynamic performances of the suggested system by conducting a comparative analysis with conventional PID controller tuned by various optimization techniques to verify its supremacy. Establishment of the robustness and sensitiveness of the controller by varying the size and position of the SLP, varying the loading of the system randomly and varying the time constants of the system.

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Article
Publication date: 12 January 2021

Lie Yu, Lei Ding, Fangli Yu, Jianbin Zheng and Yukang Tian

The purpose of this paper is to apply a intelligent algorithm to conduct the force tracking control for electrohydraulic servo system (EHSS). Specifically, the adaptive…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to apply a intelligent algorithm to conduct the force tracking control for electrohydraulic servo system (EHSS). Specifically, the adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) is selected to improve the control performance for EHSS.

Design/methodology/approach

Two types of input–output data were chosen to train the ANFIS models. The inputs are the desired and actual forces, and the output is the current. The first type is to set a sinusoidal signal for the current to produce the actual driving force, and the desired force is chosen as same as the actual force. The other type is to give a sinusoidal signal for the desired force. Under the action of the PI controller, the actual force tracks the desired force, and the current is the output of the PI controller.

Findings

The models built based on the two types of data are separately named as the ANFIS I controller and the ANFIS II controller. The results reveal that the ANFIS I controller possesses the best performance in terms of overshoot, rise time and mean absolute error and show adaptivity to different tracking conditions, including sinusoidal signal tracking and sudden change signal tracking.

Originality/value

This paper is the first time to apply the ANFIS to optimize the force tracking control for EHSS.

Details

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1756-378X

Keywords

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