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Article
Publication date: 4 February 2014

Paul Rogers, Michelle Lowe and Matthew Boardman

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact victim symptomology, victim resistance and respondent gender have on attributions of blame, credibility and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact victim symptomology, victim resistance and respondent gender have on attributions of blame, credibility and perceived assault severity in a hypothetical child sexual abuse case.

Design/methodology/approach

In total, 356 respondents read a hypothetical child sexual abuse scenario in which victim symptomology (negative vs none vs positive) and victim resistance (resistant vs non-resistant) were manipulated before completing six childhood sexual abuse (CSA) attribution items. The impact these manipulations plus respondent gender differences had on attributions ratings was explored via a series of AN(C)OVA.

Findings

Overall, respondents judged the victim more truthful if she displayed negative – as opposed to either no or positive (i.e. life affirming) – symptomology and a resistant victim to be more truthful than one who offered no resistance. Finally, men deemed a 14-year-old female victim of sexual assault less reliable and more culpable for her own abuse than women. Men were particularly mistrustful of the girl if she was non-resistant and later failed to display negative, post-abuse symptomology.

Practical implications

Findings highlight the need for greater awareness of the fact that not all CSA survivors display stereotypically negative post-abuse symptoms. The current study also extends knowledge of the role victim resistant and respondent gender play in this growing research field.

Originality/value

The current study is the first to explore attributions of CSA blame and credibility across negative (i.e. typical) verses no or positive/life affirming (i.e. atypical) post-abuse symptomology.

Details

Journal of Forensic Practice, vol. 16 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2050-8794

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Book part
Publication date: 21 November 2016

Mattie Tops, Jesús Montero-Marín and Markus Quirin

Engagement, motivation, and persistence are usually associated with positive outcomes. However, too much of it can overtax our psychophysiological system and put it at…

Abstract

Engagement, motivation, and persistence are usually associated with positive outcomes. However, too much of it can overtax our psychophysiological system and put it at risk. On the basis of a neuro-dynamic personality and self-regulation model, we explain the neurobehavioral mechanisms presumably underlying engagement and how engagement, when overtaxing the individual, becomes automatically inhibited for reasons of protection. We explain how different intensities and patterns of engagement may relate to personality traits such as Self-directedness, Conscientiousness, Drive for Reward, and Absorption, which we conceive of as functions or strategies of adaptive neurobehavioral systems. We describe how protective inhibitions and personality traits contribute to phenomena such as disengagement and increased effort-sense in chronic fatigue conditions, which often affect professions involving high socio-emotional interactions. By doing so we adduce evidence on hemispheric asymmetry of motivation, neuromodulation by dopamine, self-determination, task engagement, and physiological disengagement. Not least, we discuss educational implications of our model.

Details

Recent Developments in Neuroscience Research on Human Motivation
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78635-474-7

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1997

Tom Lee

Proposes to evidence the colonization of the accounting knowledge production process by a relatively few élite institutions in the USA. By examining the doctoral origins…

Abstract

Proposes to evidence the colonization of the accounting knowledge production process by a relatively few élite institutions in the USA. By examining the doctoral origins of the editorial board members of six major accounting research journals between 1963 and 1994, demonstrates the extent of the colonization and its potential to bring closure to the knowledge production process. As such, the results are consistent with previous studies by Lee (1995) and Williams and Rodgers (1995), and improve our understanding of the history of the professionalization of accounting research.

Details

Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0951-3574

Keywords

Content available
Book part
Publication date: 5 October 2017

Abstract

Details

Custard, Culverts and Cake
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78743-285-7

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1978

P.F. Rogers

As competition grows in the robot field and as more sophisticated applications emerge, it has become necessary to accurately predict robot cycle time. Especially in the…

Abstract

As competition grows in the robot field and as more sophisticated applications emerge, it has become necessary to accurately predict robot cycle time. Especially in the area of robot assembly applications, it is necessary to estimate times to balance multi‐arm systems and to economically compare robot assembly systems to alternate methods. Using the Unimate 6000 robot system as a model and manual time methods as a guide, a robot time and motion method is developed. Three time estimating methods are discussed starting with a simple, approximate one and finishing with a detailed, accurate one. All three methods can be adapted for use with applications other than assembly and will be further evaluated in the future with other robot systems.

Details

Industrial Robot: An International Journal, vol. 5 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-991X

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Article
Publication date: 29 April 2014

Igor Pavelko, Vitalijs Pavelko, Sergey Kuznetsov and Ilmars Ozolinsh

The purpose of this paper is to present the problems of the electromechanical impedance (EMI), especially its applications for structural health monitoring of aircraft…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present the problems of the electromechanical impedance (EMI), especially its applications for structural health monitoring of aircraft bolt-joints and innovative approach of EMI prediction at loosening of bolt-joints.

Design/methodology/approach

This experimental study includes the results of a full-scale test of the Mi-8 helicopter tail beam, particularly, its bolt-joints of a beam with other parts of the structure. One of the connecting frames of the tail beam was equipped with piezoelectric transducers (PZT) glued on the surface of the frame near the bolts. The bolts' loosening was investigated by using the EMI technology.

Findings

It was demonstrated that loosening of the bolt-joint produces a significant and statistically stable change of the EMI metric. Presumably, both the small shift of resonance frequencies and the EMI magnitude and resistance change are caused mainly by damping variation at the bolt-joint loosening. In this analytical study, the 2D model of a constrained PZT is proposed. In contrast with the existing model, the modal decomposition analysis is used as a universal mean to express the dynamic properties and dynamic responses of both the transducer and the host structure. This approach, together with the finite element modal analysis, allows simulation of any complex system “PZT-host structure”. The model can be easily transformed also to the 3D one. The bolt-joint of the Mi-8 helicopter with the EMI measurement system was simulated by using the developed 2D model. The simulation results satisfactorily correspond to the test.

Practical implications

The results of this research can be used for implementation in the structural health monitoring of bolt-joints and other aerospace structural components.

Originality/value

The new experimental results on aircraft real bolt-joints were obtained. Especially significant is the original 2D model of the electromechanical impedance, based on the modal decomposition method, which can significantly improve the accuracy and the realistic description of the dynamic interaction between PZT and structure, as well as the dynamic response to the appearance of structural damage.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology: An International Journal, vol. 86 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 11 July 2008

Abstract

Details

International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1467-6370

Content available
Article
Publication date: 13 June 2008

Abstract

Details

Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, vol. 19 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7835

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Article
Publication date: 27 August 2019

Toni Denese Sturdivant and Iliana Alanís

Oftentimes, attempts at culturally relevant early childhood practices are limited to diverse materials in the physical environment. The purpose of this study is to…

Abstract

Purpose

Oftentimes, attempts at culturally relevant early childhood practices are limited to diverse materials in the physical environment. The purpose of this study is to document the culturally relevant teaching practices, specifically for African American children, within a culturally diverse preschool classroom with a Black teacher.

Design/methodology/approach

The researchers used qualitative methodology to answer the following question: How does a Black preschool teacher enact culturally relevant practices for her African American students in a culturally diverse classroom? Data sources included field notes from classroom observations, transcripts from both formal and informal semi-structured interviews with a Master Teacher and photographs.

Findings

The authors found that the participant fostered an inclusive classroom community and a classroom environment that reflected the range of human diversity. She was intentional in her integration of culturally representative read alouds and lessons designed to incorporate students’ interests. Finally, she engaged families by facilitating their involvement in her curriculum. However, social justice aspects were absent during the time of the study.

Originality/value

This paper contributes to the literature in that it documents a high-quality early childhood classroom with a teacher, that is, actively trying to incorporate the cultures of her African American students. Many extant studies provide examples of superficial culturally relevant pedagogy (CRP) being enacting in early childhood classrooms or the focus is not specifically on African American children.

Details

Journal for Multicultural Education, vol. 13 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2053-535X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1984

A. de Keijzer and R.J. de Groot

Automation of arc welding jobs is accelerating rapidly now that sensory feedback systems are beginning to become available. However, many of these systems have limited…

Abstract

Automation of arc welding jobs is accelerating rapidly now that sensory feedback systems are beginning to become available. However, many of these systems have limited capabilities. A new laser‐based optical profile sensor developed in Holland not only tracks all types of seams but also modifies weld process parameters on the basis of profile information.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

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