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Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 72 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article

Roland Burgman and Göran Roos

This paper has two purposes: to identify and explain the major forces that are causing the increasing need for operational reporting and intellectual capital (IC…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper has two purposes: to identify and explain the major forces that are causing the increasing need for operational reporting and intellectual capital (IC) reporting for European companies; and to identify the necessary and sufficient conditions for operational and intellectual capital reporting if such reporting is to be meaningful for information users.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach for this paper has been to examine relevant papers, reports, guidelines, compendiums, annual reports, opinions, submissions and legislation.

Findings

Eight determining forces are identified that make the basis of the case for the provision of operating and IC information: the long‐standing global dominance and growth of the US economy; the emergence of business models other than the value chain (especially the emergence of network businesses); the changing nature of stock exchanges; the influence of different investment fund types (mutual, pension and hedge funds); the roles of buy‐side and sell‐side analysts; global and European investment index development; rating agency activity; and financial reporting and corporate governance regime development.

Practical implications

The eight forces are interdependent and immutable. Comprehensive operational and IC reporting are unavoidable. Accordingly, the authors propose that the necessary and sufficient conditions for adequate enterprise information reporting are: a legal requirement for mandatory operational and IC reporting and attendant regulatory framework(s) where the legal framework is based on the concept of neglect; key operating and IC resource status and activity performance definitions and metrics that reflect the enterprise's underlying business model(s); and (3) a mapping of the capitalized operational and IC investments that are by definition normally expensed to the financial report accounts.

Originality/value

The authors believe that no one has previously formally proposed a mandatory operational and IC reporting requirement; a legal reference frame of reference based on the legal concept of neglect; standard definitions for operational and IC performance metrics; a reference framework for information quality that is, inter alia, based on the consistency, comparability and comprehensiveness of reported metrics; and the requirement to map all capitalized IC resources back to the financial reports of the company.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1469-1930

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Article

Fiona French, Jane Andrew, Morag Awramenko, Helen Coutts, Linda Leighton‐Beck, Jill Mollison, Gillian Needham, Anthony Scott and Kim Walker

The purpose of this study is to explore non‐principals’ working patterns and attitudes to work.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to explore non‐principals’ working patterns and attitudes to work.

Design/methodology/approach

The article is based on data provided by a questionnaire survey.

Findings

Gender division was apparent among the non‐principals. Males were more likely to work full‐time, because their spouses modified their working hours.

Research limitations/implications

It was impossible to identify all non‐principals in Scotland or to compare responders and non‐responders, due to the lack of official data. Hence, the results might not be representative.

Practical implications

More flexible posts would enable GPs to more easily combine paid work with family commitments. It is anticipated that the new GP contract should deliver this.

Originality/value

This was the first time a study of all non‐principals in Scotland had been attempted. The findings provide a more comprehensive picture of GPs in Scotland and provide valuable information for policymakers.

Details

Journal of Health Organization and Management, vol. 19 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7266

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Abstract

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Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 71 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Book part

Eirini Andriopoulou and Panos Tsakloglou

The paper analyses the effects of individual and household characteristics on current poverty status, while controlling for initial conditions, past poverty status and…

Abstract

The paper analyses the effects of individual and household characteristics on current poverty status, while controlling for initial conditions, past poverty status and unobserved heterogeneity in 14 European countries for the period 1994–2001, using the European Community Household Panel. The distinction between true state dependence and individual heterogeneity has important policy implications, since if the former is the main cause of poverty it may be crucial to break the ‘vicious circle’ of poverty using income-supporting social policies, whereas if it is the latter anti-poverty policies should focus primarily on education, training, development of personal skills and other labour market oriented policies. The empirical results are similar in qualitative terms but rather different in quantitative terms across the EU countries covered in the paper. State dependence remains significant in all model specifications, even after controlling for unobserved heterogeneity or when removing possible endogeneity bias. Higher poverty rates and higher poverty persistence are associated with particular welfare state regimes, although the link is substantially weakened when other explanatory variables are included in the analysis.

Details

Measurement of Poverty, Deprivation, and Economic Mobility
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78560-386-0

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Article

Dunlop Aircraft Tyres Division has won an important first contract to supply tyres to Aeroplex for Malev's fleet of Boeing 767s. The contract was placed by Aerospares…

Abstract

Dunlop Aircraft Tyres Division has won an important first contract to supply tyres to Aeroplex for Malev's fleet of Boeing 767s. The contract was placed by Aerospares Shannon, which was appointed by Aeroplex to provide total initial provisioning for the Boeing 767 account.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 66 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article

Shabir Ahmad and Rosmini Omar

The purpose of this paper is to review the state of existing literature for various corporate governance models by answering specific questions. Much has been written in…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review the state of existing literature for various corporate governance models by answering specific questions. Much has been written in the recent years on various corporate governance (CG) models, primarily the model of Anglo-Saxon and Continental European. In particular, it investigates most examined model in literature, forums used to publish and research types conducted, as well as basic differences between the two models. Findings of this paper suggest that more evidence-based systematic reviews on various aspects and geographical regions are needed to map the entire field of CG.

Design/Methodology/Approach

Much has been written in the recent years on various CG models, primarily the model of Anglo-Saxon and Continental European. This paper attempts to review the state of existing literature for these models by answering specific questions. In particular, it investigates most examined model in literature, forums used to publish and research types conducted, as well as basic differences between the two models. Findings of this paper suggest that more evidence-based systematic reviews on various aspects and geographical regions are needed to map the entire field of CG.

Findings

The authors found that although both models are well-reviewed, Continental European model is mostly explored with 47 per cent contributions as compared to Anglo-Saxon with 45 per cent. Moreover, majority of contributions are based on analytical research in terms of research type (30 per cent) and primarily focus on convergence of models. In addition, some 85 per cent of selected studies are based on theoretical research work, which leads to a significant dearth of empirical studies in the literature.

Research limitations/implications

The scope of the paper is limited to two basic models of CG, namely, Anglo-Saxon model and Continental European model in context of specific research questions.

Practical/implications

The systematic review on the basic models will assist the practitioners and policy-makers in determining the status of existing literature based on evidences. Further, it may facilitate in formulating new laws, regulations, codes and policies.

Originality/Value

The authors used evidenced-based systematic approach for conducting literature review of CG models. Systematic review is getting much attention of researchers, as it minimizes the bias by adopting a replicable, scientific and transparent process. This review, as contrary to narrative, contributes to the CG models literature the findings based on evidences.

Details

International Journal of Law and Management, vol. 58 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-243X

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Article

Rani Hoitash and Udi Hoitash

Recent US reforms aimed at strengthening audit committees and their structure grant independent audit committees the responsibility to appoint, dismiss, and compensate…

Abstract

Purpose

Recent US reforms aimed at strengthening audit committees and their structure grant independent audit committees the responsibility to appoint, dismiss, and compensate auditors. The purpose of this paper is to examine the association between audit committee characteristics and auditors' compensation and dismissals following the enactment of the Sarbanes Oxley Act (SOX).

Design/methodology/approach

A series of linear and logistic regression models were employed in a unique sample comprising of 2,393 observations.

Findings

It was observed that stronger audit committees demand a higher level of assurance and are less likely to dismiss their auditors. Further, an increase was found in auditor independence as measured by reduced board involvement and less dismissals following an unfavorable audit opinion. Overall results suggest that increased audit committee roles and independence after SOX contribute to auditor independence and audit quality.

Practical implications

This research has implications for regulators, auditors, boards and academics. The paper highlights that although all audit committees had to improve as a result of SOX, the remaining variation in audit committee characteristics continue to be important to the demand for auditor and audit quality.

Originality/value

This study is the first to consider the association between audit committee characteristics and its extended responsibilities after SOX.

Details

Managerial Auditing Journal, vol. 24 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0268-6902

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Article

The Civil Aviation Administration of Norway (Luftfartsverket) has awarded a contract valued at approximately £4m to Cossor for the first phase of the Norwegian Radar…

Abstract

The Civil Aviation Administration of Norway (Luftfartsverket) has awarded a contract valued at approximately £4m to Cossor for the first phase of the Norwegian Radar Project. The scope of the contract is to supply Monopulse Secondary Surveillance Radar and Primary Radar for three sites with options for six further sites.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 63 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

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Article

Rotem Shneor

The purpose of this paper is to examine the role played by culture, geography and infrastructure on European airline's decision to launch market‐specific websites.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the role played by culture, geography and infrastructure on European airline's decision to launch market‐specific websites.

Design/methodology/approach

Logistic regression analysis based on 440 observations of home‐target country dyads collected from websites of nine European airlines, and supplemented by additional sources of macro level indicators. The unit of analysis is the country dyad.

Findings

Cultural distance between home and target country, geographical distance between home and target country, website traffic volumes originating from target country, demand conditions in target country, and competition intensity in target country all influence the decision to launch local sites. The cultural dimensions of individualism, masculinity, power distance, and uncertainty avoidance, as well as the legal, commercial and IT infrastructures in target countries don't impact the same decision.

Research limitations/implications

The study's findings are limited contextually to B2C e‐service models, the airline industry and the European origin. Other industries, business models or regional origin of firms may exhibit different patterns.

Originality/value

The study shifts the research focus from what constitutes website localization into what dictates localization efforts' implementation. Surprising findings suggest that counter to earlier suggestions, infrastructural conditions and cultural dimensions' levels in target markets do not predict the launch of local sites, and that geographical distance impact decisions related to the geography neutral medium of the internet.

Details

Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, vol. 19 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1352-7606

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