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The purpose of this paper is to examine the innovative capabilities of biotech start-ups in relation to geographic proximity and knowledge sharing interaction in the…
The purpose of this paper is to examine the innovative capabilities of biotech start-ups in relation to geographic proximity and knowledge sharing interaction in the R & D network of a major high-tech cluster.
This study compares longitudinal informal communication networks of researchers at biotech start-ups with company patent applications in subsequent years. For a year, senior R & D staff members from over 70 biotech firms located in the Boston biotech cluster were polled and communication information about interaction with peers, universities and big pharmaceutical companies was collected, as well as their geolocation tags.
Location influences the amount of communication between firms, but not their innovation success. Rather, what matters is communication intensity and recollection by others. In particular, there is evidence that rotating leadership – changing between a more active and passive communication style – is a predictor of innovative performance.
Expensive real-estate investments can be replaced by maintaining social ties. A more dynamic communication style and more diverse social ties are beneficial to innovation.
Compared to earlier work that has shown a connection between location, network and firm performance, this paper offers a more differentiated view; including a novel measure of communication style, using a unique data set and providing new insights for firms who want to shape their communication patterns to improve innovation, independently of their location.
Corporate Social Capital has been receiving increasing attention in recent study of organizations. In this paper we focus our attention on strategic orientation of firms…
Corporate Social Capital has been receiving increasing attention in recent study of organizations. In this paper we focus our attention on strategic orientation of firms and reveal the ways they are affected by the social structure in which they are embedded. We focus on the way strategic orientation is socially determined and diffused. Our empirical application analyses 100 Israeli software firms, operating in four industrial districts. We reveal five generic business orientations. Applying corporate social capital as a framework, we find that similarity in business orientation is significantly associated with a firm's position in the inter-organizational network and with a firm's geographic location. Both network position and geographic location serve as a pool of social resources for adopting firm strategic style, deem successful in a highly uncertain sector thus creating corporate social capital.