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Article
Publication date: 9 August 2011

Slavik Jablan and Ljiljana Radović

The purpose of this paper is to consider the history of certain modular elements: Truchet tiles, Op‐tiles, Kufic tiles, and key‐patterns, which occur as ornamental

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to consider the history of certain modular elements: Truchet tiles, Op‐tiles, Kufic tiles, and key‐patterns, which occur as ornamental archetypes from Paleolithic times until the present. The appearance of the same ornamental archetypes at the same level of the development in different cultures, distant in space and time can be described from the cybernetics point of view as a specific kind of self‐referential systems or cellular automata present in the intellectual and cultural development of mankind. The aim of this research is to show a continuity of the development of ornamental structures based on modular elements used as ornamental archetypes.

Design/methodology/approach

Research of the material from archaeological findings, history of art, painting, architecture, and applied arts.

Findings

Existence of universal geometrical construction principles based on modularity.

Practical implications

Creation of new patterns or designs (e.g. TeX‐fonts, tiles, etc.) based on modularity.

Originality/value

The paper presents a new explanation of constructions of labyrinths and different Islamic patterns.

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 40 no. 7/8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 9 August 2011

Abstract

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 40 no. 7/8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 11 February 2014

John Philip O'Connor

The aim of this paper is to examine how the “colleen” archetype was used in the creation of a successful brand personality for a range of soap manufactured in Ireland…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to examine how the “colleen” archetype was used in the creation of a successful brand personality for a range of soap manufactured in Ireland during the early twentieth century. It reveals the commercial and political agendas behind this move and the colleen's later application to Ulster unionist graphic propaganda against Home Rule between 1914 and 1916.

Design/methodology/approach

This case study is based on an analysis of primary and secondary sources; the former encompassing both graphic advertising material and ephemera.

Findings

This paper demonstrates how contemporary pictorial advertising for colleen soap was suffused with text and imagery propounding Ulster's preservation within the UK. It also suggests that the popularity of this brand personality may have been a factor in the colleen's appropriation for propaganda purposes by certain strands within Ulster unionism.

Originality/value

This paper is based on original research that expands the historical corpus of Irish visual representation, while also adding notably to discourses within the History of Marketing and Women's History.

Details

Journal of Historical Research in Marketing, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1755-750X

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 24 March 2021

Reza Fallahtafti and Mohammadjavad Mahdavinejad

Natural ventilation is an environmentally friendly effective way of improving thermal comfort and the quality of indoor conditions if applied properly. This study aims to…

Abstract

Purpose

Natural ventilation is an environmentally friendly effective way of improving thermal comfort and the quality of indoor conditions if applied properly. This study aims to investigate the physical mechanism of the air movement and also the influence of building geometry in a cross-ventilated room through a parametric study of window geometrical characteristics using computational fluid dynamics.

Design/methodology/approach

Momentum and continuity equations are solved by the control volume method using a commercially available software. Standard kɛ turbulence model is employed to simulate the incompressible airflow and SIMPLE algorithm to solve the conservation equations. Mean air velocity magnitude is measured at three different surfaces of different heights, and the effect of incoming wind velocity inside the building is studied.

Findings

The research concluded that window hood and sill projections reduce indoor wind velocity magnitude, play a major role in incoming wind direction and thus have a crucial impact on wind circulation and indoor air quality.

Social implications

The paper has evaluated redesigning of a both practical and ornamental architectural element named Palekaneh, which is found in many historical buildings in several hot places in the world. Its optimal design could increase indoor natural ventilation quality and decrease a space's cooling load. Therefore, a new passive cooling architectural element could be re-introduced to the regions previously enjoying such ornaments. This is economically efficient because it eventually saves a considerable amount of energy in the long run and is socially important because of the revitalization of architectural identity.

Originality/value

The role of a building envelope's physical features, although being studied for solar absorption and daylight availability, has rarely been investigated for natural ventilation, especially in a small scale, thus making the paper novel in this regard. This provides a guideline for designers to assess the impact of their design on redirecting wind-induced natural ventilation the very early stages of design.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 1996

Martin Ringer and Phil Robinson

Aims to assist in improving managerial effectiveness by presenting a view of six different levels of functioning in organizations, together with a means of assessing how…

Abstract

Aims to assist in improving managerial effectiveness by presenting a view of six different levels of functioning in organizations, together with a means of assessing how well an organization is functioning at each level. This assessment should enable managerial energy to be clearly focused on the most important aspects of an organization’s functioning. The model presented ‐ the “layered systems model” ‐ is intended to support and reinforce models and theories already subscribed to, and to provide an improved means of transforming managerial theory into practice. The model helps make sense of the complexity, ambiguity and contradictions involved in managing the everyday workings of an organization and in managing the processes of organizational change.

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Article
Publication date: 26 July 2013

Stephen Lloyd and Arch Woodside

This study seeks to provide analytical insights into corporate brand‐rapture (CBR), its antecedents and consequences, and contributes to methodology for modeling CBRs.

Abstract

Purpose

This study seeks to provide analytical insights into corporate brand‐rapture (CBR), its antecedents and consequences, and contributes to methodology for modeling CBRs.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper defines the construct and develops a theory that explains how corporate brand‐rapture works and is testable empirically.

Findings

CBR merits further investigation as a potentially valid, operational concept in marketing that underpins the conscious and unconscious drivers of the corporate brand's strongest stakeholders and that lays the foundations of research into corporate brand‐rapture communication.

Research limitations/implications

The paper, while remaining conceptual, identifies a dynamic concept of interest to researchers and to corporate brand marketing management and proposes seven fundamental propositions for modeling CBR.

Practical implications

The paper provides researchers and corporate brand marketing with a more rigorous understanding of the foundations of engagement with a corporate brand.

Originality/value

This paper is the first so far on CBR theory and provides insights that are important to corporate brand marketers and their communications strategies.

Details

Marketing Intelligence & Planning, vol. 31 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-4503

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2008

Fereshteh Habib, Ibrahim Numan and Hifsiye Pulhan

In casting a new look at city; this study interprets the urban form in respect of the role played by human perception of space. The main aim of this research at a macro…

Abstract

In casting a new look at city; this study interprets the urban form in respect of the role played by human perception of space. The main aim of this research at a macro level is to attain a strong theorical basis through a multi-dimensional approach to the city. The method of analyzing and carrying out a critique of it at an applied level will clarify the impact, which cultural factors have in the formation of urban form. This preliminary recognition and idealism is based on a hermeneutic and deductive method that is particular to the intellectual sciences In the process of devising theories, studying the urban planning texts related to the subject of study and the conclusion from the field study which is carried out in the Isfahan Naghshe Jahan square in the Safavy period played a key role in the research in addition to the goals and questions.

Details

Open House International, vol. 33 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0168-2601

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2006

Geoffrey Mark Caldwell

The homosexual community has undoubtedly been assuming senior managerial positions of authority within government for generations, Clinard (1968). However, homosexuals are…

Abstract

The homosexual community has undoubtedly been assuming senior managerial positions of authority within government for generations, Clinard (1968). However, homosexuals are now moving more publicly, rather than surreptitiously into the echelons of managerial roles within the bureaucracy, (Clinard, 1968, Barker & Allen,, 1976, Wofford, 1993). This research suggests that this homosexual openness has in some cases created an environmental despotism where the homosexual managerial minority may openly and selectively discriminate towards their fraternal association and specifically against the heterosexual majority. Is there now the means, for homosexual managers to impose retribution for the chronicled persecution of homosexuals by heterosexuals? If so, could this retribution be leading to homosexual managers replicating the ideologies of the “old boys’ club” by creating their separatist “guys’ club”. Would this sex-oriented preference discrimination resemble a somewhat disturbing paradox: Discrimination defined by sex inclination and such discrimination which ironically was associated with the powerful heterosexual males, and which they mysteriously fought vigorously and actively against?

Details

International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior, vol. 9 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1093-4537

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Article
Publication date: 8 November 2019

Christopher J. Whitman, Oriel Prizeman, Pete Walker and Julie Amanda Gwilliam

The energy retrofit of the existing building stock, and specifically the thermal upgrading of the buildings’ envelopes, has been identified as a key action for both the…

Abstract

Purpose

The energy retrofit of the existing building stock, and specifically the thermal upgrading of the buildings’ envelopes, has been identified as a key action for both the decarbonisation of the built environment and the reduction in fuel poverty. When considering the energy retrofit of heritage buildings it is, however, important to recognise both the technical issues that this entails and the potential impact on their cultural value and the emotional responses to it. The purpose of this paper is to focus on the thermal upgrading of historic timber-framed buildings in the UK.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper begins by exploring the cultural significance of this form of building construction, before examining three case studies using both quantitative and qualitative methodologies.

Findings

The results show that whilst the application of energy retrofit actions to this emblematic typology may have limited success, the emotional connection of the buildings’ occupants often results in the work resulting in higher user satisfaction than would otherwise be expected.

Research limitations/implications

Although limited in number, the three case studies provide an insight into the complex issues surrounding the low energy retrofit of historic timber-framed buildings. Further research into this area is encouraged.

Practical implications

The paper contains the monitoring of specific retrofit details, the results of which should inform future projects.

Social implications

The review of the cultural significance of historic timber-frame buildings in the UK underlines the importance of the conservation and continuing survival of these buildings.

Originality/value

Previous heritage retrofit research in the UK has focussed on solid wall construction with little investigation into the issues surrounding the retrofit of historic timber-frame buildings. This paper explores this previously under-researched area. Additionally, this paper begins to explore the possible links between occupants’ emotional connection to historic buildings and their perceived levels of comfort.

Details

International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, vol. 38 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-4708

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 26 September 2019

Khadidja El-Bahdja Djebbar, Souria Salem and Abderrahmane Mokhtari

The purpose of this paper is to analyze energy performance of the multi-storey buildings built in the city of Tlemcen between 1872 and 2016.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze energy performance of the multi-storey buildings built in the city of Tlemcen between 1872 and 2016.

Design/methodology/approach

A diagnosis based on a bottom-up methodology, using statistical techniques and engineering, has been developed and applied. To do this, demand condition analysis was conducted using a data collection survey on a sample of 100 case studies. Physical characteristics of the buildings have been determined through the archetype by period. This serves to define the strengths and weaknesses of buildings as energy consumers.

Findings

The obtained results showed that dwellings built between 1872 and 1920 offer better energy performance with a consumption index close to 130kWh/m2/year and this compared to the five periods considered. For dwellings built between 1974 and 1989, energy consumption is higher with an index approaching 300kWh/m2/year, thus qualifying the buildings of this period as energy intensive.

Originality/value

A database is established to collect physical information on the existing housing stock and thus allow their classification vis-à-vis of the energy label. This study is part of a research project aimed at evaluating and determining optimal measures for energy rehabilitation of multi-family buildings in Tlemcen. Thermal rehabilitation solutions are proposed using thermal simulations, in the following studies, to improve thermal performance of existing buildings. This study constitutes the first step of a roadmap applicable to other cities constituting climatic zones in Algeria. This helps to enrich the Algerian thermal regulation in thermal rehabilitation of existing residential buildings and conception of new ones, in urban areas with a similar climate.

Details

International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, vol. 38 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2398-4708

Keywords

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