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Book part
Publication date: 1 November 2007

Irina Farquhar and Alan Sorkin

This study proposes targeted modernization of the Department of Defense (DoD's) Joint Forces Ammunition Logistics information system by implementing the optimized…

Abstract

This study proposes targeted modernization of the Department of Defense (DoD's) Joint Forces Ammunition Logistics information system by implementing the optimized innovative information technology open architecture design and integrating Radio Frequency Identification Device data technologies and real-time optimization and control mechanisms as the critical technology components of the solution. The innovative information technology, which pursues the focused logistics, will be deployed in 36 months at the estimated cost of $568 million in constant dollars. We estimate that the Systems, Applications, Products (SAP)-based enterprise integration solution that the Army currently pursues will cost another $1.5 billion through the year 2014; however, it is unlikely to deliver the intended technical capabilities.

Details

The Value of Innovation: Impact on Health, Life Quality, Safety, and Regulatory Research
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-551-2

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Article
Publication date: 30 August 2021

Kailun Feng, Shiwei Chen, Weizhuo Lu, Shuo Wang, Bin Yang, Chengshuang Sun and Yaowu Wang

Simulation-based optimisation (SO) is a popular optimisation approach for building and civil engineering construction planning. However, in the framework of SO, the…

Abstract

Purpose

Simulation-based optimisation (SO) is a popular optimisation approach for building and civil engineering construction planning. However, in the framework of SO, the simulation is continuously invoked during the optimisation trajectory, which increases the computational loads to levels unrealistic for timely construction decisions. Modification on the optimisation settings such as reducing searching ability is a popular method to address this challenge, but the quality measurement of the obtained optimal decisions, also termed as optimisation quality, is also reduced by this setting. Therefore, this study aims to develop an optimisation approach for construction planning that reduces the high computational loads of SO and provides reliable optimisation quality simultaneously.

Design/methodology/approach

This study proposes the optimisation approach by modifying the SO framework through establishing an embedded connection between simulation and optimisation technologies. This approach reduces the computational loads and ensures the optimisation quality associated with the conventional SO approach by accurately learning the knowledge from construction simulations using embedded ensemble learning algorithms, which automatically provides efficient and reliable fitness evaluations for optimisation iterations.

Findings

A large-scale project application shows that the proposed approach was able to reduce computational loads of SO by approximately 90%. Meanwhile, the proposed approach outperformed SO in terms of optimisation quality when the optimisation has limited searching ability.

Originality/value

The core contribution of this research is to provide an innovative method that improves efficiency and ensures effectiveness, simultaneously, of the well-known SO approach in construction applications. The proposed method is an alternative approach to SO that can run on standard computing platforms and support nearly real-time construction on-site decision-making.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

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Article
Publication date: 10 August 2021

Deepa S.N.

Limitations encountered with the models developed in the previous studies had occurrences of global minima; due to which this study developed a new intelligent ubiquitous…

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Abstract

Purpose

Limitations encountered with the models developed in the previous studies had occurrences of global minima; due to which this study developed a new intelligent ubiquitous computational model that learns with gradient descent learning rule and operates with auto-encoders and decoders to attain better energy optimization. Ubiquitous machine learning computational model process performs training in a better way than regular supervised learning or unsupervised learning computational models with deep learning techniques, resulting in better learning and optimization for the considered problem domain of cloud-based internet-of-things (IOTs). This study aims to improve the network quality and improve the data accuracy rate during the network transmission process using the developed ubiquitous deep learning computational model.

Design/methodology/approach

In this research study, a novel intelligent ubiquitous machine learning computational model is designed and modelled to maintain the optimal energy level of cloud IOTs in sensor network domains. A new intelligent ubiquitous computational model that learns with gradient descent learning rule and operates with auto-encoders and decoders to attain better energy optimization is developed. A new unified deterministic sine-cosine algorithm has been developed in this study for parameter optimization of weight factors in the ubiquitous machine learning model.

Findings

The newly developed ubiquitous model is used for finding network energy and performing its optimization in the considered sensor network model. At the time of progressive simulation, residual energy, network overhead, end-to-end delay, network lifetime and a number of live nodes are evaluated. It is elucidated from the results attained, that the ubiquitous deep learning model resulted in better metrics based on its appropriate cluster selection and minimized route selection mechanism.

Research limitations/implications

In this research study, a novel ubiquitous computing model derived from a new optimization algorithm called a unified deterministic sine-cosine algorithm and deep learning technique was derived and applied for maintaining the optimal energy level of cloud IOTs in sensor networks. The deterministic levy flight concept is applied for developing the new optimization technique and this tends to determine the parametric weight values for the deep learning model. The ubiquitous deep learning model is designed with auto-encoders and decoders and their corresponding layers weights are determined for optimal values with the optimization algorithm. The modelled ubiquitous deep learning approach was applied in this study to determine the network energy consumption rate and thereby optimize the energy level by increasing the lifetime of the sensor network model considered. For all the considered network metrics, the ubiquitous computing model has proved to be effective and versatile than previous approaches from early research studies.

Practical implications

The developed ubiquitous computing model with deep learning techniques can be applied for any type of cloud-assisted IOTs in respect of wireless sensor networks, ad hoc networks, radio access technology networks, heterogeneous networks, etc. Practically, the developed model facilitates computing the optimal energy level of the cloud IOTs for any considered network models and this helps in maintaining a better network lifetime and reducing the end-to-end delay of the networks.

Social implications

The social implication of the proposed research study is that it helps in reducing energy consumption and increases the network lifetime of the cloud IOT based sensor network models. This approach helps the people in large to have a better transmission rate with minimized energy consumption and also reduces the delay in transmission.

Originality/value

In this research study, the network optimization of cloud-assisted IOTs of sensor network models is modelled and analysed using machine learning models as a kind of ubiquitous computing system. Ubiquitous computing models with machine learning techniques develop intelligent systems and enhances the users to make better and faster decisions. In the communication domain, the use of predictive and optimization models created with machine learning accelerates new ways to determine solutions to problems. Considering the importance of learning techniques, the ubiquitous computing model is designed based on a deep learning strategy and the learning mechanism adapts itself to attain a better network optimization model.

Details

International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1742-7371

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Book part
Publication date: 6 November 2013

Bartosz Sawik

This chapter presents the survey of selected linear and mixed integer programming multi-objective portfolio optimization. The definitions of selected percentile risk…

Abstract

This chapter presents the survey of selected linear and mixed integer programming multi-objective portfolio optimization. The definitions of selected percentile risk measures are presented. Some contrasts and similarities of the different types of portfolio formulations are drawn out. The survey of multi-criteria methods devoted to portfolio optimization such as weighting approach, lexicographic approach, and reference point method is also presented. This survey presents the nature of the multi-objective portfolio problems focuses on a compromise between the construction of objectives, constraints, and decision variables in a portfolio and the problem complexity of the implemented mathematical models. There is always a trade-off between computational time and the size of an input data, as well as the type of mathematical programming formulation with linear and/or mixed integer variables.

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Article
Publication date: 28 April 2021

Virok Sharma, Mohd Zaki, Kumar Neeraj Jha and N. M. Anoop Krishnan

This paper aims to use a data-driven approach towards optimizing construction operations. To this extent, it presents a machine learning (ML)-aided optimization approach…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to use a data-driven approach towards optimizing construction operations. To this extent, it presents a machine learning (ML)-aided optimization approach, wherein the construction cost is predicted as a function of time, resources and environmental impact, which is further used as a surrogate model for cost optimization.

Design/methodology/approach

Taking a dataset from literature, the paper has applied various ML algorithms, namely, simple and regularized linear regression, random forest, gradient boosted trees, neural network and Gaussian process regression (GPR) to predict the construction cost as a function of time, resources and environmental impact. Further, the trained models were used to optimize the construction cost applying single-objective (with and without constraints) and multi-objective optimizations, employing Bayesian optimization, particle swarm optimization (PSO) and non-dominated sorted genetic algorithm.

Findings

The results presented in the paper demonstrate that the ensemble methods, such as gradient boosted trees, exhibit the best performance for construction cost prediction. Further, it shows that multi-objective optimization can be used to develop a Pareto front for two competing variables, such as cost and environmental impact, which directly allows a practitioner to make a rational decision.

Research limitations/implications

Note that the sequential nature of events which dictates the scheduling is not considered in the present work. This aspect could be incorporated in the future to develop a robust scheme that can optimize the scheduling dynamically.

Originality/value

The paper demonstrates that a ML approach coupled with optimization could enable the development of an efficient and economic strategy to plan the construction operations.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

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Article
Publication date: 29 April 2014

Jinlin Gong, Bassel Aslan, Frédéric Gillon and Eric Semail

The purpose of this paper is to apply some surrogate-assisted optimization techniques in order to improve the performances of a five-phase permanent magnet machine in the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to apply some surrogate-assisted optimization techniques in order to improve the performances of a five-phase permanent magnet machine in the context of a complex model requiring computation time.

Design/methodology/approach

An optimal control of four independent currents is proposed in order to minimize the total losses with the respect of functioning constraints. Moreover, some geometrical parameters are added to the optimization process allowing a co-design between control and dimensioning.

Findings

The optimization results prove the remarkable effect of using the freedom degree offered by a five-phase structure on iron and magnets losses. The performances of the five-phase machine with concentrated windings are notably improved at high speed (16,000 rpm).

Originality/value

The effectiveness of the method allows solving the challenge which consists in taking into account inside the control strategy the eddy-current losses in magnets and iron. In fact, magnet losses are a critical point to protect the machine from demagnetization in flux-weakening region.

Details

COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 33 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

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Article
Publication date: 6 June 2016

Roozbeh Hesamamiri and Atieh Bourouni

Customer support has always been considered a competitive advantage in many industries. In recent years, firms have begun to provide customers with a high-quality service…

Abstract

Purpose

Customer support has always been considered a competitive advantage in many industries. In recent years, firms have begun to provide customers with a high-quality service experience, in order to attract more customers and achieve higher customer satisfaction. Although customer service and satisfaction have been discussed by other researchers, to the knowledge, there has been no dynamic and intelligent way to model and optimize customer support systems for product and service providers. The purpose of this paper is to develop a modeling method for customer support optimization.

Design/methodology/approach

In this study, a system dynamics (SD) model has been formulated to investigate the dynamic characteristics of customer support in an IT service provider. The proposed simulation model considers the dynamic, non-linear, and asymmetric interactions among its components, and allows study of the behavior of the customer support system under controlled conditions. Furthermore, a particle swarm optimization method was developed to investigate the proper combination of parameters and strategy development of the support center.

Findings

This paper proposes a novel modeling, simulation, and optimization approach for complex customer support systems of information and communications technology (ICT) service providers. This method helps managers improve their customer support systems. Moreover, the simulation results of the case study show that ICT service providers can gain benefit by managing their customer service dynamically over time using the proposed artificial intelligent multi-parameter modeling and optimization method.

Research limitations/implications

The proposed holistic modeling approach and multi-parameter optimization method will greatly help managers and researchers understand the factors influencing customer support. Moreover, it facilitates the process of making new improvement strategies based on provided insights.

Originality/value

The paper shows how SD simulation and multi-parameter optimization can provide insights into the field of customer support. However, the existing literature lacks a holistic view of these kinds of simulation systems, as well as a multi-parameter optimization method for SD methodology.

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Article
Publication date: 9 April 2018

Zefeng Xiao, Yongqiang Yang, Di Wang, Changhui Song and Yuchao Bai

This paper aims to summarize design rules based on the process characteristics of selective laser melting (SLM) and structural optimization and apply the design rules in…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to summarize design rules based on the process characteristics of selective laser melting (SLM) and structural optimization and apply the design rules in the lightweight design of an aluminum alloy antenna bracket. The design goal is to reduce 30 per cent of the weight while maintaining the stress levels in the original part.

Design/methodology/approach

To reduce weight as much as possible, the titanium alloy with higher specific strength was selected during the process of optimization. The material distribution of the bracket was improved by the topology optimization design. The redesign for SLM was used to obtain an optimization model, which was more suitable for SLM. The component performance was improved by shape optimization. The modal analysis data of the structural optimization model were compared with those of the stochastic lightweight model to verify the structural optimization model. The scanning data were compared with those of the original model to verify whether the model was suitable for SLM.

Findings

Structural optimization design for antenna bracket realized the mass decrease of 30.43 per cent and the fundamental frequency increase of 50.18 per cent. The modal analysis data of the stochastic lightweight model and the structural optimization model indicated that the optimization performance of structural optimization method was better than that of the stochastic lightweight method. The comparison results between the scanning data of the forming part and the original data confirmed that the structural optimization design for SLM lightweight component could achieve the desired forming accuracy.

Originality/value

This paper summarizes geometric constraints in SLM and derives design rules of structural optimization based on the process characteristics of SLM. SLM design rules make structural optimization design more reasonable. The combination of structural optimization design and SLM can improve the performance of lightweight antenna bracket significantly.

Details

Rapid Prototyping Journal, vol. 24 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2546

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Article
Publication date: 29 March 2011

Anil Sharma, G.S. Yadava and S.G. Deshmukh

The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on maintenance optimization models and associated case studies. For these optimization models critical observations are made.

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6362

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review the literature on maintenance optimization models and associated case studies. For these optimization models critical observations are made.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper systematically classifies the published literature using different techniques, and also identifies the possible gaps.

Findings

The paper outlines important techniques used in various maintenance optimization models including the analytical hierarchy process, the Bayesian approach, the Galbraith information processing model and genetic algorithms. There is an emerging trend towards uses of simulation for maintenance optimization which has changed the maintenance view.

Practical implications

A limited literature is available on the classification of maintenance optimization models and on its associated case studies. The paper classifies the literature on maintenance optimization models on different optimization techniques and based on emerging trends it outlines the directions for future research in the area of maintenance optimization.

Originality/value

The paper provides many references and case studies on maintenance optimization models and techniques. It gives useful references for maintenance management professionals and researchers working on maintenance optimization.

Details

Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 17 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

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Article
Publication date: 23 March 2012

Byoung‐Jun Park, Jeoung‐Nae Choi, Wook‐Dong Kim and Sung‐Kwun Oh

The purpose of this paper is to consider the concept of Fuzzy Radial Basis Function Neural Networks with Information Granulation (IG‐FRBFNN) and their optimization

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to consider the concept of Fuzzy Radial Basis Function Neural Networks with Information Granulation (IG‐FRBFNN) and their optimization realized by means of the Multiobjective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO).

Design/methodology/approach

In fuzzy modeling, complexity, interpretability (or simplicity) as well as accuracy of the obtained model are essential design criteria. Since the performance of the IG‐RBFNN model is directly affected by some parameters, such as the fuzzification coefficient used in the FCM, the number of rules and the orders of the polynomials in the consequent parts of the rules, the authors carry out both structural as well as parametric optimization of the network. A multi‐objective Particle Swarm Optimization using Crowding Distance (MOPSO‐CD) as well as O/WLS learning‐based optimization are exploited to carry out the structural and parametric optimization of the model, respectively, while the optimization is of multiobjective character as it is aimed at the simultaneous minimization of complexity and maximization of accuracy.

Findings

The performance of the proposed model is illustrated with the aid of three examples. The proposed optimization method leads to an accurate and highly interpretable fuzzy model.

Originality/value

A MOPSO‐CD as well as O/WLS learning‐based optimization are exploited, respectively, to carry out the structural and parametric optimization of the model. As a result, the proposed methodology is interesting for designing an accurate and highly interpretable fuzzy model.

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