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Article

Ertugrul Cimen

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the current status of open access initiatives in Turkey.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the current status of open access initiatives in Turkey.

Design/methodology/approach

The author has conducted extensive research on the subject, which is supplemented by his own professional experience with resource sharing activities in Turkey.

Findings

Turkish libraries first ventured into the open access arena in late 2005 and have since made great strides by implementing dozens of institutional repositories and a national thesis center as well. Open access has a bright future in Turkey because of its promise for eliminating barriers to scientific information and reducing the costs of scholarly publication.

Originality/value

The author is one of a small cadre of experts on resource sharing and open access efforts in Turkey.

Details

Interlending & Document Supply, vol. 40 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-1615

Keywords

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Article

Sha Li Zhang

The purpose of this paper is to present various aspects of open access that are being discussed and debated in recent years.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present various aspects of open access that are being discussed and debated in recent years.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper briefly reviews the flavors such as open access definitions, open access initiatives, platforms for open access, and players in the open access movement.

Findings

The paper finds that, while the debates on open access continue, there is no doubt that librarians can play an important role to help achieve faster and wider dissemination of research discoveries and new knowledge of which they have been disseminators and keepers for centuries.

Originality/value

The article may help readers further their understanding of the complexity of open access and raise awareness on some of the key points.

Details

OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library perspectives, vol. 23 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1065-075X

Keywords

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Article

Anja Kersting and Karlheinz Pappenberger

With the illustration of a best practice example for an implementation of open access in a scientific institution, the paper will be useful in fostering future open access

Abstract

Purpose

With the illustration of a best practice example for an implementation of open access in a scientific institution, the paper will be useful in fostering future open access projects.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper starts with a brief overview of the existing situation of open access in Germany. The following report describes the results of a best practice example, added by the analysis of a survey on the position about open access by the scientists at the University of Konstanz.

Findings

The dissemination of the advantages of open access publishing is fundamental for the success of implementing open access in a scientific institution. For the University of Konstanz, it is shown that elementary factors of success are an intensive cooperation with the head of the university and a vigorous approach to inform scholars about open access. Also, some more conditions are essential to present a persuasive service: The Library of the University of Konstanz offers an institutional repository as an open access publication platform and hosts open journal systems for open access journals. High‐level support and consultation for open access publishing at all administrative levels is provided. The integration of the local activities into national and international initiatives and projects is pursued for example by the joint operation of the information platform openaccess.net.

Originality/value

The paper offers insights in one of the most innovative open access projects in Germany. The University of Konstanz belongs to the pioneers of the open access movement in Germany and is currently running a successful open access project.

Details

OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library perspectives, vol. 25 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1065-075X

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Article

Nicholas Joint

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the evidence about the benefits of running open access repositories, with particular emphasis on the so‐called “open access advantage.”

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the evidence about the benefits of running open access repositories, with particular emphasis on the so‐called “open access advantage.”

Design/methodology/approach

A brief account of the evolving arguments for open access, together with a summary and analysis of some recent articles proposing arguments for and against the idea of “open access advantage.”

Findings

The paper finds that many of the original arguments for the benefits of open access have fallen by the wayside; but that, in spite of this, there is a good evidence that an “open access advantage” does exist. The application of straightforward library statistical counting measures which are traditionally used to evaluate user benefits of mainstream services is just as effective an evaluation tool as more sophisticated citation analysis methods.

Research limitations/implications

As much of the research into the impact of open access on citation counts of articles is highly complex and narrowly focussed, a continuation of such abstract research activity may obscure this topic rather than shed light.

Practical implications

The insights of practitioner librarians into repository evaluation are highly important.

Originality/value

This article attempts to refocus the discussion of open access repositories away from the more abstract and remote analysis of their benefits, and emphasise that open access repositories are straightforward information services like any other, and should be evaluated on the same terms.

Details

Library Review, vol. 58 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

Keywords

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Article

Charles W. Bailey

This paper proposes explaining institutional repositories (IRs) and open access, discussing the relationship of open access to IRs, and examining the possible roles of…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper proposes explaining institutional repositories (IRs) and open access, discussing the relationship of open access to IRs, and examining the possible roles of reference librarians in IRs.

Design/methodology/approach

Key IR and open access concepts are clarified and critiqued. New organizational roles for reference libraries are suggested that build on their current functions.

Findings

The IR concept is defined, and IRs are shown to be different from scholars' personal web sites, academic department/unit archives, institutional e‐print archives, and disciplinary archives. Open access is defined and examined. While the vision of open access is clear, the implementation of the vision is less pure. Open access and IRs are not synonyms: IRs are best seen as an enabling technology for open access. Reference librarians must play a key role in IRs, and ten potential IR support activities for them are identified.

Originality/value

This paper orients reference librarians, library administrators, and others to IRs and open access, providing a context for understanding how reference librarians' jobs may be transformed by the emergence of IRs.

Details

Reference Services Review, vol. 33 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

Keywords

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Article

Jan Hagerlid

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the role of national libraries in developing national open access infrastructure and policy on the basis of the experiences of the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the role of national libraries in developing national open access infrastructure and policy on the basis of the experiences of the National Library (NL) of Sweden.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is descriptive based on the knowledge of a key player in the development of open access in Sweden. The priorities and outcome of the programme are described.

Findings

The paper reveals that the NL Sweden since around 1990 has combined the mission of a “traditional” national library with that of a national, research library authority. It has coordinated its support for development of repositories and open access in the OpenAccess.se programme that ran from 2006 to 2009. The conclusion is that a national library can successfully act as a catalyst for closer cooperation between the main bodies of research and research libraries in advancing an Open Access agenda and developing a digital research information infrastructure. This is because it is usually placed directly under the government and thus closer to national policy making. It is often perceived as unbiased in relation to the different interests of the various parties involved. It is also able to advance development projects into sustainable services.

Originality/value

The role of national libraries in relation to open access has not been discussed widely. The experience of the NL Sweden in this respect has a general interest.

Details

Interlending & Document Supply, vol. 39 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-1615

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Article

Sarika Sawant

The present paper is compilation of open access resources in the subject area library and information science (LIS) and their usefulness in the LIS teaching and learning…

Abstract

Purpose

The present paper is compilation of open access resources in the subject area library and information science (LIS) and their usefulness in the LIS teaching and learning process. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Researcher compiled list by visiting library science department web sites, library web sites, OA forums/blogs, etc.

Findings

The library science subject area is rich in various forms of open access literature which is reported in the paper.

Originality/value

One of the first studies to report various forms of open access literature in the library science subject area.

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Article

Laura Bowering Mullen

The purpose of this paper is to disseminate information about the IFLA pre‐conference in Chania, Crete, Greece on the subject of open access in libraries.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to disseminate information about the IFLA pre‐conference in Chania, Crete, Greece on the subject of open access in libraries.

Design/methodology/approach

Report on visit.

Findings

The main focus of the meeting was open access. Much information was shared.

Originality/value

This is an original work with some quoted material.

Details

Library Hi Tech News, vol. 27 no. 6/7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

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Article

Assimina Vlachaki and Christine Urquhart

The purpose of this research project is to explore the impact of open access initiatives on biomedical research scientific publishing and scholarly communication in Greece.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research project is to explore the impact of open access initiatives on biomedical research scientific publishing and scholarly communication in Greece.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper presents the preliminary findings from a longitudinal study that uses bibliometrics, questionnaire surveys and interviews to examine knowledge, awareness and attitudes towards open access.

Findings

Open access models vary considerably. The bibliometric research indicates that Greek biomedical publication is increasing, but that coverage of Greek medical journals in databases such as MEDLINE is decreasing. The picture is mixed with some evidence of open access journals (published in English) from Greek publishing bases. Awareness of open access among Greek biomedical scientists in date was comparatively low (58 per cent aware, n=70).

Research limitations/implications

Several Greek medical journals are published in English, and it is difficult to track the authorship for Greek researchers publishing in English language journals published elsewhere. Findings are preliminary as this is a longitudinal survey.

Social implications

Open access initiatives may privilege researchers from the English speaking world – or those in low income countries. Researchers from countries not in those categories may face unrecognised disadvantages in making their research visible.

Originality/value

This is the only study of Greek biomedical publishing, and comparisons are being made with similar studies of Spanish biomedical publishing.

Details

Library Management, vol. 31 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-5124

Keywords

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Book part

C. Sean Burns

With the rise of alternate discovery services, such as Google Scholar, in conjunction with the increase in open access content, researchers have the option to bypass…

Abstract

With the rise of alternate discovery services, such as Google Scholar, in conjunction with the increase in open access content, researchers have the option to bypass academic libraries when they search for and retrieve scholarly information. This state of affairs implies that academic libraries exist in competition with these alternate services and with the patrons who use them, and as a result, may be disintermediated from the scholarly information seeking and retrieval process. Drawing from decision and game theory, bounded rationality, information seeking theory, citation theory, and social computing theory, this study investigates how academic librarians are responding as competitors to changing scholarly information seeking and collecting practices. Bibliographic data was collected in 2010 from a systematic random sample of references on CiteULike.org and analyzed with three years of bibliometric data collected from Google Scholar. Findings suggest that although scholars may choose to bypass libraries when they seek scholarly information, academic libraries continue to provide a majority of scholarly documentation needs through open access and institutional repositories. Overall, the results indicate that academic librarians are playing the scholarly communication game competitively.

Details

Advances in Library Administration and Organization
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-744-3

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