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Article
Publication date: 1 August 1995

Timothy J. Waltz, David (Chi‐Chung) Yen and Sooun Lee

Summarizes the basic tenets of an object‐oriented database system,including a brief history of object‐oriented programming as well as adiscussion of what the…

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1758

Abstract

Summarizes the basic tenets of an object‐oriented database system, including a brief history of object‐oriented programming as well as a discussion of what the object‐oriented approach entails. Includes definitions on key concepts and terminology. Discusses the pros and cons of the object‐oriented model, along with a comparison with relational database systems. Finally, covers a development plan for implementing an object‐oriented database system, with details about what types of costs and concerns are involved.

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Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 95 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 2001

John M. Carroll, Mary Beth Rosson, Philip L. Isenhour, Christina Van Metre, Wendy A. Schafer and Craig H. Ganoe

MOOsburg is a community‐oriented multi‐user domain. It was created to enrich the Blacksburg Electronic Village by providing real‐time, situated, interaction, and a…

Abstract

MOOsburg is a community‐oriented multi‐user domain. It was created to enrich the Blacksburg Electronic Village by providing real‐time, situated, interaction, and a place‐based information model for community information. We are experimenting with an implementation fundamentally different from classic multi‐user domains object‐oriented (MOOs), supporting distributed system development and management, and a direct manipulation approach to navigation. To guide the development of MOOsburg, we are focusing on a set of community‐oriented applications, including a virtual science fair.

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Internet Research, vol. 11 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1066-2243

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Article
Publication date: 1 May 1997

Mukunda G. Rajagopala, Shang‐Hsien Hsieh, Elisa D. Sotelino and Donald W. White

Motif User Interface Application (MUIApp) is an object‐oriented graphical user‐interface application framework. It simplifies the task of writing, modifying, and debugging…

Abstract

Motif User Interface Application (MUIApp) is an object‐oriented graphical user‐interface application framework. It simplifies the task of writing, modifying, and debugging window‐based applications by application of object‐oriented programming to the construction and manipulation of graphical user interface (GUI) components using a well‐established window system. The key means adopted in the design include: encapsulation of tedious X‐window programming details, construction of high‐level GUI components using Motif and Xt widgets as the primary building blocks, and definition of collaboration mechanisms between GUI components. Reports that the abstractions and mechanisms provided by MUIApp facilitate the development of graphical user interfaces for applications. Simplicity, extensibility and reusability are the key concerns in the design. MUIApp is written in C++ and runs mainly on top of Motif.

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Engineering Computations, vol. 14 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1999

Shouhong Wang

Plant configuration management systems address all phases of the plant’s life cycle, from engineering design, re‐design, maintenance, to operations. However, as yet little…

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1529

Abstract

Plant configuration management systems address all phases of the plant’s life cycle, from engineering design, re‐design, maintenance, to operations. However, as yet little research has been reported on plant configuration management information systems analysis. During the past decade, the object‐oriented approach has received much attention in information systems development. This paper describes an object structure for plant configuration management systems analysis. Three major aspects of configuration management (maintenance, re‐design change, and business process) and fundamental types of objects engaged in configuration management are described. The association between these objects is then built through identifying the messages between the objects. Practical application of this framework shows that it is useful for the analysis and design of a plant configuration management information system.

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Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 99 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1996

Michael Dunkerley and Mark Bradley

Looks at the specific software needed for distribution companies in particular as opposed to that needed for manufacturing companies in general. Details the software needs…

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289

Abstract

Looks at the specific software needed for distribution companies in particular as opposed to that needed for manufacturing companies in general. Details the software needs of distribution companies and introduces and explains object‐oriented computing.

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Logistics Information Management, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6053

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2001

Qingyu Zhang

As manufacturing systems change from island of automation to enterprise‐wise integration, object‐oriented database and database management systems have many superior…

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2284

Abstract

As manufacturing systems change from island of automation to enterprise‐wise integration, object‐oriented database and database management systems have many superior features to meet the new requirements. Based on the comparison with relational databases, this paper discusses the selections and characteristics of the object‐oriented database and database management systems (OODBMS) in manufacturing and summarizes the current studies and applications. It helps managers to choose appropriate OODBMS products based on the degree of complexity of their firm’s entity and data items. It provides a direction for future research.

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Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 101 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1994

Bijoy Bordoloi, Atul Agarwal and Sumit Sircar

The relational model and relational database management systems havebeen the de facto industry standard for organizing and managing data inmost computer‐integrated…

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1632

Abstract

The relational model and relational database management systems have been the de facto industry standard for organizing and managing data in most computer‐integrated manufacturing environments. In recent years, however, some new database technologies have emerged – namely, object‐oriented and hybrid or extended relational – making the job of the CIM managers more difficult with regard to selecting a database technology that would be most appropriate for their operations. Presents a framework for selecting an appropriate DBMS type in a CIM setting depending on a company′s ENTITY and DATA needs. It is hoped that the presented framework would prove useful to practising managers.

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International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 14 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

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Article
Publication date: 1 September 1999

Nagen N. Nagarur and Jittra Kaewplang

As the world approaches a new millennium, more and more industrial and manufacturing processes are being computerized and rapid retrieval and use of necessary information…

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2128

Abstract

As the world approaches a new millennium, more and more industrial and manufacturing processes are being computerized and rapid retrieval and use of necessary information is vital if an organization is to remain competitive. The present work develops a computerized decision support system to assist in maintenance planning. The system design and analysis, and the decision support system design and development are all developed in an object‐oriented environment. The support system is driven by maintenance performance indices. Both object‐oriented databases and relational databases are used, for transient and permanent entities respectively. A knowledge base with if‐then rules is developed for fault diagnosis and repair. The methodology was applied to a powder coating plant to develop its maintenance decision support system.

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Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1355-2511

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 2002

N. Bajgoric, I.K. Altinel, M. Draman and A.T. Ünal

An application development framework for a software project based on fusion as an object‐oriented application development method is presented. An object‐oriented approach…

Abstract

An application development framework for a software project based on fusion as an object‐oriented application development method is presented. An object‐oriented approach has been adopted for the design and implementation of the prototype interactive visual modelling system for building a visual presentation of a refinery process and creation of linear programming model for optimizing production decision variables. The main reason for this selection is the consideration of object‐oriented programming (OOP) as an obvious vehicle for the development of complex visual interactive modelling systems. The main dimensions of the framework are as follows: OO approach, fusion method, computer‐aided software engineering (CASE) tool, application development tool, GUI development tool, and C++ as an implementation language.

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Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 102 no. 8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1996

Anita Lee and Chun Hung Cheng

Presents an object‐oriented system for scheduling in a flexible manufacturing system (FMS) with the purpose of demonstrating how the control aspects of such a system can…

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748

Abstract

Presents an object‐oriented system for scheduling in a flexible manufacturing system (FMS) with the purpose of demonstrating how the control aspects of such a system can be enhanced by using metalevel planning. Represents the objects and metaknowledge of the system using an object‐oriented approach. The resulting system gives a clear, complete and comprehensive picture of the FMS environment, as well as a modular, flexible and interactive control mechanism to generate and maintain detailed FMS production schedules.

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International Journal of Operations & Production Management, vol. 16 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3577

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