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Article
Publication date: 14 March 2016

Russell Ashmore and Neil Carver

– The purpose of this paper is to review policy or guidance on the implementation of Section 5(4) written by NHS mental health trusts in England and health boards in Wales.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review policy or guidance on the implementation of Section 5(4) written by NHS mental health trusts in England and health boards in Wales.

Design/methodology/approach

A Freedom of Information request was submitted to all trusts in England (n=57) and health boards in Wales (n=7) asking them to provide a copy of any policy or guidance on the implementation of Section 5(4). Documents were analysed using content analysis. Specific attention was given to any deviations from the national Mental Health Act Codes of Practice.

Findings

In total, 41 (67.2 per cent) organisations had a policy on the implementation of Section 5(4). There was a high level of consistency between local guidance and the Mental Health Act Codes of Practice. There were however; different interpretations of the guidance and errors that could lead to misuse of the section. Some policies contained useful guidance that could be adopted by future versions of the national Codes of Practice.

Research limitations/implications

The research has demonstrated the value of examining the relationship between national and local guidance. Further research should be undertaken on the frequency and reasons for any reuse of the section.

Practical implications

Greater attention should be given to considering the necessity of local policy, given the existence of national Codes of Practice.

Originality/value

This is the only research examining the policy framework for the implementation of Section 5(4).

Details

Mental Health Review Journal, vol. 21 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1361-9322

Keywords

Open Access
Article
Publication date: 11 November 2020

Filzah Md Isa, Shaista Noor, Goh Wei Wei, Sharifah Diyana Binti Syed Hussain, Hairunnisa Mohamad Ibrahim and Muhd Afiq Syazwan Ahmdon

Malaysia is considered to be a relatively young country as compared to other older countries such as Japan, China and Australia in terms of the ageing population. However…

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Abstract

Purpose

Malaysia is considered to be a relatively young country as compared to other older countries such as Japan, China and Australia in terms of the ageing population. However, until 2035, Malaysia will be in the ageing group countries as 15% of the entire population will be above 60 years of age. This situation is quite alarming as more and more ageing care centres will be required to fulfill the ongoing demands of the ageing population. The elderly care centres in Malaysia are categorised as public (sponsored by the government), private, and charity based that comes under religious centres. Currently, there are about 365 registered elderly care centres working in the main states of Malaysia, including Sabah and Sarawak, two states of the East Malaysia. Due to the importance of ageing population issues, the present study is conducted to explore the demographics facet of Malaysian’s elderly care centres. The main reason behind that lies on the fact that many of these centres are still labelled as being not well equipped and lacking behind in trained staff, equipment and also suffering from severe financial constraints but some still capable of working on a sustainability basis.

Design/methodology/approach

Qualitative Research Strategy has been adopted, and 28 centres throughout Malaysia are included in this study. About 18 Operators from different centres and 15 caregivers were interviewed to get the holistic view of ageing care and facilities in their respective centres.

Findings

The results highlight that the majority of centres are not receiving any financial help from the government, and few centres are doing small business such as supplying consumable medical and non-medical items and providing renting and rehabilitation centres facilities to sustain. The caregivers are facing issues such as excess workload, less salary, peer conflicts and non-cooperative centre leadership.

Originality/value

The present study may help to provide useful information to the policymakers, which enables them to formulate the strategies for ageing care centres in Malaysia. As this study provides insight of components that have an impact on the overall wellbeing of elderly care centres, hence, it could help the care services providers to act as a rising star for Malaysian’s social life comfort.

Details

PSU Research Review, vol. 6 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2399-1747

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 18 October 2022

Rosa María Fuchs, Oswaldo Morales and Juan Timana

The objective of this research is to study work–life balance and intrinsic and extrinsic work values as antecedents of job embeddedness. Likewise, the conservation of…

Abstract

Purpose

The objective of this research is to study work–life balance and intrinsic and extrinsic work values as antecedents of job embeddedness. Likewise, the conservation of resources (COR) theory is used as a framework of the study and the research contributes to expanding its field of action.

Design/methodology/approach

A quantitative study was designed, following the guidelines of the hypothetical-deductive method. The model is validated in a sample of 211 members of Generation Y with work experience. Data were analyzed using Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Models (PLS-SEM).

Findings

Research has shown that work–life balance is an antecedent of job embeddedness for each dimension (links, fit and sacrifice). Regarding work values, the research results allow us to appreciate that for Generation Y; it is the intrinsic work values that are significant.

Originality/value

Job embeddedness has been studied under the framework of the COR theory. The study contributes to expanding the field of action of this theory in terms of voluntary turnover and the tangible or intangible resources that influence it. The literature presents differing opinions about what members of Generation Y value in the workplace and results show that work–life balance and intrinsic work values are appreciated by them. The sample is made up of people with working experience while research on Generation Y often uses students. Companies will be able to offer more precise benefits to retain Generation Y based on this research.

Propósito

El objetivo de esta investigación es estudiar el balance trabajo-vida y los valores laborales intrínsecos y extrínsecos como antecedentes del arraigo laboral. Asimismo, la teoría COR se utiliza como marco de estudio y así se contribuye a ampliar su campo de acción.

Diseño/metodología/aproximación

Se diseñó un estudio cuantitativo, siguiendo los lineamientos del método hipotético-deductivo. El modelo se valida en una muestra de 211 integrantes de la generación Y con experiencia laboral. Los datos se analizaron usando PLS-SEM.

Hallazgos

la investigación ha demostrado que el balance trabajo-vida es un antecedente del arraigo laboral para cada dimensión (vínculos, ajuste y sacrificio). En cuanto a los valores laborales, los resultados de la investigación indican que para la generación Y, son los valores intrínsecos los que son significativos.

Originalidad/valor

el arraigo laboral se ha estudiado en el marco de la teoría COR. De esta forma, se contribuye a ampliar el campo de acción de esta teoría en cuanto a la rotación voluntaria y los recursos tangibles o intangibles que influyen en ella. La literatura presenta opiniones diversas sobre lo que los miembros de la generación Y valoran en el lugar de trabajo y nuestros resultados muestran que aprecian el equilibrio entre la vida personal y laboral y los valores laborales intrínsecos. La muestra está compuesta por personas con experiencia laboral mientras que la investigación sobre la generación Y suele utilizar estudiantes. Las empresas podrán ofrecer beneficios más precisos para retener a la generación Y sobre la base de esta investigación.

Book part
Publication date: 26 May 2022

Eddy Priyanto, Eny Lestari Widarni and Suryaning Bawono

The purpose of this research is to find the best solution in cutting the poverty chain in the human capital development framework based on human capital investment with…

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to find the best solution in cutting the poverty chain in the human capital development framework based on human capital investment with the opportunity and threat of Internet Inclusion and Financial Inclusion. This study uses a vector error correction model to see the relationship between variables, response, and impulse between variables to provide an overview of the relationship between variables during the study period and forecast future variable trends. We found that technological and financial inclusion P2P Lending can be an opportunity and a threat to developing the Indonesian people's human capital to reduce poverty. Human capital is proven to be effective in reducing poverty. Increasing human capital through human capital investment supported by inclusion technology and financial inclusion can reduce Indonesia's poverty. Financial inclusion can increase entrepreneurial and economic growth.

Details

Modeling Economic Growth in Contemporary Indonesia
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80262-431-1

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 15 September 2022

Rasmiyya Abdullayeva Sabir, Allahyar Muradov Niyaz and Aytan Guliyeva Bakhtiyar

Introduction: The rapid technological changes have significantly decentralised the economy and social life in the last 20 years. The transformation into the digital…

Abstract

Introduction: The rapid technological changes have significantly decentralised the economy and social life in the last 20 years. The transformation into the digital environment and its socio-economic consequences may experience numerous issues depending on the level of development of countries. The experience of developed countries shows that digitalisation delivers a positive impact on economic development (because of increased labour productivity, transparency and reduction of the shadow economy). In fact, on the other side, economic development represent the improvement of people’s well-being.

However, it is, furthermore, the fact that delays in the process of transformation into the digital environment will lead to economic decline and as a result, social problems. Many current studies focus on the social consequences and benefits of digitalisation. In many cases, the social consequences of digitalisation (unemployment and income inequality) are exaggerated. The authors believe that the economic and social benefits (measurable and non-measurable) of digitalisation are enormous. Examples could be introduced as the emergence of new intelligent professions and specialties, the comfort of jobs and life, the ability to get the products, information and knowledge from anywhere in the world.

The history of the development of society shows that people have always been interested in the ‘comfort’ of life. It is the acceleration of digitalisation in recent years that has stated a significant place in this process.

Objective: To adequately assess the relationship between digitalisation and the comfort of life, the improvement of welfare (income, secure life and satisfaction) and to indicate the social benefits of digitalisation on a scientific basis.

Method: To identify measurable and unmeasurable factors and benefits of technological change on human life, to assess the impact of digitalisation on economic growth, income, labour productivity, intellectual development, knowledge capital and health care.

Findings: Although digitalisation will endure a number of social consequences in the short and medium term, but the well-being of people will be improved and life will be turned on more delightful, and incomes increased in the long term.

Details

The New Digital Era: Digitalisation, Emerging Risks and Opportunities
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-80382-980-7

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 13 May 2019

Saptarshi Chakraborty

Worldwide, the number of deaths from terrorism is rising at an alarming rate. Needless to mention, terrorism has a huge negative impact on the economy, mainly affecting…

Abstract

Worldwide, the number of deaths from terrorism is rising at an alarming rate. Needless to mention, terrorism has a huge negative impact on the economy, mainly affecting price, output, employment, trade balance, poverty, inequality, military expenditure, budget pattern of the governments, sociopolitical environment, and several others. Calculation of the impact of terrorism on economic variables is undoubtedly important as primarily it portrays the vividness of the activity. This chapter concentrates on the impact of economic variables on terrorism because it is believed that knowledge of such an impact is necessary for initiating policies for reducing terrorism. This chapter finds that, especially in India, increase in the level of human development, which otherwise is believed to reduce the terrorist activities of a country, increases the number of casualties due to terrorist activities primarily because of uneven social and economic development.

Details

The Impact of Global Terrorism on Economic and Political Development
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-919-9

Keywords

Book part
Publication date: 8 June 2021

Abhijit Bhattacharya

In the postglobalized world, information and communication technology (ICT) has been considered a key driver of human development. The world is reshaping from…

Abstract

In the postglobalized world, information and communication technology (ICT) has been considered a key driver of human development. The world is reshaping from resource-based economy to knowledge-based economy after rapid growth of ICT. ICT can be considered as an umbrella that incorporates any communication device such as radio, television, cell phones, computer and network hardware, satellite systems etc., and also various services and appliance with them such as video conferencing and distance learning (Akarowhe, 2017). ICT is a technological system that is able to meet the gap of formal communication system and ultimately affects the level of standard of living. Human development can be defined as a process of enlarging people's freedoms and opportunities and improving their well-being. Whereas, human development index (HDI) is a statistical tool used to measure a country's human development based on the health of people, their level of education attainment, and level of income. The present chapter tries to find out the impact of ICT on human development for selected high HDI and medium HDI countries during the period 2001–2018. Applying panel data technique result shows that ICT has a positive and significant impact on human development.

Book part
Publication date: 25 May 2021

Anne Marie Thake

Purpose: The main objective of this study is to provide an overview of the extent of labor and skills shortages that exist in the information and communication technology…

Abstract

Purpose: The main objective of this study is to provide an overview of the extent of labor and skills shortages that exist in the information and communication technology (ICT) sector in Malta and gain insights into the dependency on foreign labor. Methodology: This study draws upon primary data generated from two research instruments, namely in-depth interviews and an online questionnaire. Various in-depth interviews were conducted with key institutional actors. In addition to the interviews, six locally based companies were requested to complete an online questionnaire. Secondary data from ICT surveys, official documents were consulted. Findings: Findings emerged from this study relate to each of the four seminal thematics, namely, demand and supply, rationale for employing foreign labor, wages, and challenges of foreign labor employment. Practical Implications: This study examined the current contribution of foreign labor in the ICT sector. Unsustainable growth in the ICT sector creates a demand for skilled labor which is currently not locally available. Significance: ICT is one of the most rapidly developing economic sectors in Malta. Labor shortages can slow down economic growth, if not addressed. The annual number of ICT graduates is insufficient. For this sector to continue to thrive and further consolidate itself within the Maltese economy, there will be a continued dependency on the importation of highly skilled foreign labor.

Book part
Publication date: 9 June 2020

Benediktus Margiadi and Amin Wibowo

The purpose of this study is to provide an extensive bibliometric literature review on authentic leadership as a term and concepts to deliver authentic leadership research…

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to provide an extensive bibliometric literature review on authentic leadership as a term and concepts to deliver authentic leadership research with Publish and Perish (PoP) software, Mendeley software, and databases from Google Scholar index. Article located through PoP software based on a Scopus index database. A total of 122 articles refined and analyzed from various qualifying journals starts on January 1999 to December 2018 (20 years). The Mendeley software is used to help manage the references and brief resumes of each article. This chapter presents five clusters to review authentic leadership literature. The clustering process assisted by the VOSviewer software by matching words that often appear in each group, namely antecedents, commitment, performance, positive effects, organizational behavior, and leadership effectiveness. Each of these clusters shows authentic leadership research areas. The five clusters produced through the VOSviewer software provide an overview and research stream of the authentic leadership. Researchers and practitioners need to pay attention to trends and research areas in authentic leadership for improving authentic leadership development.

Book part
Publication date: 16 September 2022

Adam U. Albekov, Svetlana S. Galazova, Ruslan G. Nepranov and Svetlana A. Litvinova

Purpose: This chapter aims to address the problem and explore the process of creating the new ‘markets of tomorrow’ from the perspective of the technological inequalities…

Abstract

Purpose: This chapter aims to address the problem and explore the process of creating the new ‘markets of tomorrow’ from the perspective of the technological inequalities arising in this context and leading to conflicts in international trade, thus prompting the creation of promising areas of conflict management.

Design/methodology/approach: The study is carried out using the comparative analysis methods through the review of analytical data, as well as using the qualitative structural and logical analysis method.

Findings: This chapter reviews the factors that determine the benefits and limits of participating in the creation of the new ‘markets of tomorrow’ in some of the world’s countries. Prospects and recommendations are identified to prevent or partially mitigate the technological inequalities constituting a barrier to the creation of new ‘markets of tomorrow’, provoking conflict in international trade and promoting the development of promising areas of conflict management.

Originality/value: The results of the study generally supported the assumption that recovery from the economic downturn associated with the COVID-19 pandemic requires a comprehensive and sustained economic transformation capable of delivering economic growth that would contribute to the broader social and environmental goals to be achieved over the coming decade. Implementing such a transformation will require the active creation of ‘markets of tomorrow’ through a creative combination of disruptive technological and socio-institutional innovations. The aim is not only to produce more or in a better way but also to transform economies by creating new technological and institutional systems that can address some of today’s most pressing social problems, in particular to mitigate technological inequalities and prevent conflicts from developing.

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