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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1992

R.W. Harcourt, O. Zorba and A.G. Whitaker

The custom hybrid manufacturer must be able to offer the optimal multi‐chip module (MCM) solution from a portfolio of technologies. At present no single interconnect…

Abstract

The custom hybrid manufacturer must be able to offer the optimal multi‐chip module (MCM) solution from a portfolio of technologies. At present no single interconnect technology satisfies all the desired performance and cost requirements of the range of multi‐chip modules. Instead there is a hierarchy of interconnect technologies which offer various combinations of density, power handling, attenuation, signal transmission, testability and, of course, cost. Silicon hybrids have some specific merits and disadvantages which are discussed and compared with other technologies, such as fineline plated metal on ceramic (FPMC). Some examples are shown of the miniaturisation achieved. The silicon hybrids discussed use thin film interconnect with both conventional inorganic and the newer organic dielectrics.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 9 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

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Article
Publication date: 10 November 2014

William Renzo Cortez-Vega, Sandriane Pizato and Carlos Prentice

The purpose of this paper was to determine the nutritional quality of the surimi and kamaboko obtained from mechanically separated chicken meat and evaluate the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper was to determine the nutritional quality of the surimi and kamaboko obtained from mechanically separated chicken meat and evaluate the bioavailability of essential amino acids found in these products.

Design/methodology/approach

The mechanically separated chicken meat (MSCM) was characterized by the proximate composition, and the surimi and kamaboko were characterized by in vitro digestibility, determination of chemical score of amino acids and apparent bioavailability.

Findings

The MSCM contains 68.1 ± 0.5, 12.9 ± 0.24, 18.5 ± 0.28 and 0.6 ± 0.06 per cent moisture, protein, lipids and ash, respectively. The moisture of the MSCM (surimi) was 80.45 ± 0.15 per cent, and the protein was 10.04 ± 0.21 per cent. The highest digestibility was found for the kamaboko (92.27 per cent) which was heat-treated and the lowest was for surimi (90.82 per cent). Histidine is a limiting amino acid. In this study, the surimi showed 84.69 per cent and the kamaboko presented 81.31 per cent of the minimum requirement for adults. In relation to the apparent bioavailability, there was a decrease of surimi to kamaboko of 2.52 per cent of the limiting amino acid histidine. The surimi and the kamaboko presented 76.94 and 75 per cent of the minimum requirement for adults, respectively.

Originality/value

The application of the surimi technology in the production of a surimi-like material from mechanically deboned chicken meat provides a new approach toward increasing its value and utilization, e.g. for the development of meat-based products and analogs, as alternative protein sources, the surimi and the kamaboko exhibited a high content of essential amino acids, indicating that the protein has a relatively high nutritional quality.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 44 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1994

Q. Reynolds, H.G. MacMahon and J. Freitag

The powder and rheology properties of a gold and a silver thick film ink are associated with its fine line performance. Printing 100 micron lines is shown to be…

Abstract

The powder and rheology properties of a gold and a silver thick film ink are associated with its fine line performance. Printing 100 micron lines is shown to be straightforward and 75 microns is speculated as being feasible.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

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Article
Publication date: 31 July 2009

O.S. Aleksic, S.M. Savic, M.V. Nikolic, L. Sibinoski and Lukovic

The purpose of this paper is to apply negative thermal coefficient (NTC) thick film segmented thermistors (TFSTs) in a micro‐flow sensor for water.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to apply negative thermal coefficient (NTC) thick film segmented thermistors (TFSTs) in a micro‐flow sensor for water.

Design/methodology/approach

A TFST is printed using NTC paste based on nickel manganite. The resistance of this thermistor is measured in a climatic chamber and the resulting curves are calibrated. A micro‐flow sensor is designed using a self‐heated segmented thermistor. The sensing principle is based on heat loss depending on the water flow intensity through the capillary. Water flow calibration is performed. The sensor sensitivity, inertia, and stability are analyzed.

Findings

The micro‐flow sensor exhibits good stability, suitable sensitivity, and inertia for integral measurements of water flow.

Practical implications

Advantages of a micro‐flow sensor using a TFST include low energy consumption, simple measuring procedure, and passive electronics.

Originality/value

This paper describes initial work on a micro‐flow sensor for water using TFSTs.

Details

Microelectronics International, vol. 26 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1356-5362

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Article
Publication date: 17 February 2021

Jamal Rahmani, Jalaledin Mirzay Razaz, Naser Kalantari, Leandro M.T. Garcia, Seyed Peyman Shariatpanahi, Hiba Bawadi, Jacqueline Y. Thompson, Paul M. Ryan, Heitor O. Santos and Arezoo Haghighian Roudsari

The purpose of this research is to develop a dynamic conceptual framework depicting factors related to the adoption of a healthy diet, which will underpin the development…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to develop a dynamic conceptual framework depicting factors related to the adoption of a healthy diet, which will underpin the development of an agent-based model (ABM) to uncover the dynamic interplay between these factors.

Design/methodology/approach

The conceptual framework was developed in three steps using available empirical data from a semi-structured in-depth interview qualitative study, comprehensive systematic literature searches, existing theories and models and expert opinions from across the world.

Findings

The conceptual framework explicitly presents intention as the key determinant of the tendency to adopt a healthy diet. Intention is determined by demographic, psychological and behavioural factors and individual dietary mindset factors and dynamically affected by social environment and the person's past behaviour. The relationship between intention and behaviour is dynamically moderated by perceived control factors (price and accessibility of healthy food and time).

Originality/value

The conceptual framework developed in this study is well supported by evidence and experts' opinions. This conceptual framework will be used to design the ABM of this study, and it can be used in future investigations on the tendency to adopt healthy diet and food choices.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article
Publication date: 6 April 2020

Ahmet Korkmaz and Fatih Oz

Heterocyclic aromatic amines are mutagenic and/or carcinogenic compounds formed during cooking of meat. Therefore, the formation levels of them should be reduced. For this…

Abstract

Purpose

Heterocyclic aromatic amines are mutagenic and/or carcinogenic compounds formed during cooking of meat. Therefore, the formation levels of them should be reduced. For this aim, the purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of dry breadcrumb in meatball production on the formation of heterocyclic aromatic amines. In addition, the effect of dry breadcrumb on some quality parameters of the meatballs was also investigated.

Design/methodology/approach

Meatball dough with 15 percent fat was divided into four parts, where one group was selected as the control group (without dry breadcrumb). In the other three groups, dry breadcrumb was added in various ratios of 5 percent, 10 percent and 15 percent (w/w). Then, meatball dough was stored at 4 °C for 3 h and shaped into meatballs with a metal shaping device (7 × 1 cm). For some of the quality parameters, water, pH, cooking loss and TBARS analyses were done in the samples. Heterocyclic aromatic amine analysis was done in only cooked samples according to solid phase extraction.

Findings

The use of dry breadcrumb in meatball production decreased water content and cooking loss. As cooking temperature increased, water contents and cooking loss of meatball decreased. PhIP, AαC and MeAαC were not detected in any of the samples analyzed. As cooking temperature increased, total amount of HCAs increased and ranged between 0.05 and 0.51 ng/g. While the use of dry breadcrumb in the meatball production increased IQ content of the meatballs, the use of 5 percent dry breadcrumb caused a decrease in the total HAA content (28.57–66.67 percent) for all cooking temperatures.

Originality/value

Many research studies including our study in the literature were conducted on formation and reduction of HAAs in meat and meat products. However, although dry breadcrumb is frequently used both in domestic and commercial meatball formulations; to the best of our knowledge, effect of using dry breadcrumb in meatball production on HAAs formation has not been investigated in the literature. Therefore, in the present study, the effects of the use of dry breadcrumb in meatball production on some quality parameters and formation of HAAs in meatballs cooked at 150 °C, 200 °C and 250 °C were determined.

Details

British Food Journal, vol. 122 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0007-070X

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1991

Elaine Zorbas and Laurie Whitcomb

The EPIC system continues to evolve since it was first released in January 1990. Initially EPIC offered improved access to OCLC's formidable bibliographic database…

Abstract

The EPIC system continues to evolve since it was first released in January 1990. Initially EPIC offered improved access to OCLC's formidable bibliographic database. Pasadena Public Library's experiences with the system, as one of the six field test sites, were described in a “first look” article, in January 1990.1 Since then EPIC has added additional databases such as ERIC, ABI Inform, Dissertation Abstracts, Business Dateline, Pharmaceutical News Index, and the GPO Monthly Catalog, as well as opening a gateway to EasyNet. EPIC's growth puts it in the category of a potential competitor to such established systems as DIALOG, BRS, Wilsonline, and others.

Details

Reference Services Review, vol. 19 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0090-7324

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Book part
Publication date: 19 October 2012

Regina Römhild

When I met Yorgos for the first time I was spending some time as a tourist in a small village in Southern Crete, Greece, which I later called Pousos. This was after…

Abstract

When I met Yorgos for the first time I was spending some time as a tourist in a small village in Southern Crete, Greece, which I later called Pousos. This was after several returns as a traveling anthropologist and after the place had become my primary field site for studying the transnational and turbulent social and cultural relations created by both tourism and migration in the Greek-Mediterranean border zones of the European Union (EU) (Römhild, 2002, 2008, 2009, 2010). At that time, in the late 1990s, Yorgos was running a tavern right across the small town square and opposite the small complex of restored stone houses in which my family and I had rented an apartment for our stay. He shared the work with Amie, his girlfriend, who served the meals and chatted with the guests while Yorgos would spend much time in the kitchen.

Details

Culture and Society in Tourism Contexts
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-683-7

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2003

Jennifer Davis, Debra Lee, Kate Jarvis, Helen Zorbas and Sally Redman

Despite evidence showing the benefits of early diagnosis of breast cancer many Australian women delay seeking advice when they find a change in their breast. This paper…

Abstract

Despite evidence showing the benefits of early diagnosis of breast cancer many Australian women delay seeking advice when they find a change in their breast. This paper describes the process evaluation of a national programme to encourage women to see their general practitioner within three months of finding a breast change. The programme used a partnership approach involving different sectors of the community to deliver an inexpensive national programme with sustainable community components. The programme included strategies to promote messages through the news media, television commercials, community meetings across Australia and general practitioner based strategies. This paper reports on a process evaluation of the implementation of the programme; outcome measures will be available at a later stage.

Details

Health Education, vol. 103 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0965-4283

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 26 November 2019

Robert J. Antonio

Nietzsche’s texts contain diverse and sometimes contradictory themes that defy singular summations and are open to divergent interpretations. He also often deployed…

Abstract

Nietzsche’s texts contain diverse and sometimes contradictory themes that defy singular summations and are open to divergent interpretations. He also often deployed puzzling and contradictory statements to provoke readers’ thoughts. Although not claiming to illuminate the one true Nietzsche, I contend that his sociocultural and social psychological arguments about German antisemitism and nationalism not only contradict alt right views but also theorize conditions that give rise to this distinctive type of demagoguery. Conflictive appropriations of Nietzsche have been part of the battle over capitalist crises and reactionary populist revivals for over a century, and unregulated growth and massive expansion of the global economy relative to the biosphere greatly increased material throughput and production of waste and generated a host of severe global environmental problems, including especially climate change. In this situation, the alt right contends that cosmopolitan people are deracinated, emptied of their cultural particularity, and spiritually lost. Progressives contend that cosmopolitans potentially benefit from more diverse people and perspectives, enhanced ability to empathetically play the role of the other, and consequent wider communicative capacities and refined powers of cooperation. Nietzsche too exhorted humans to “remain true to the earth” and its “garden joy,” and implied a naturalist esthetics and pacification of nature, and he should be rescued from alt right by reaching beyond his legacy to envision and forge new political-economic alternatives and collective actions capable of sustaining life on the planet and creating and perpetuating a more just democracy that favors cosmopolitan human flourishing.

Details

The Challenge of Progress
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78714-572-6

Keywords

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