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Article
Publication date: 26 April 2023

Nove E. Variant Anna, Dessy Harisanty and Noraini Ismail

This paper aims to explore the existence of Metaverse or 3D virtual libraries and how they use Metaverse to expand library services.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the existence of Metaverse or 3D virtual libraries and how they use Metaverse to expand library services.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors use literature to search projects and research papers that discuss the metaverse library. They also did observations on metaverse libraries.

Findings

There are some virtual realities or metaverse platforms that a library or virtual community can use to build their 3D virtual world. Some libraries already create a virtual world library or metaverse library. However, those initiatives are still in the prototype stage and are used for exhibitions and projects.

Originality/value

This paper overviews and builds a simple understanding of the metaverse library. The value of the paper is giving motivation when building the metaverse library. This initiative shows that big hi-tech companies do not dominate Metaverse.

Details

Library Hi Tech News, vol. 40 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 March 2023

Nove E. Variant Anna and Noraini Ismail

This paper aims to explore the possibility of the use of TikTok for delivery virtual literacy instruction for Z generation to support their learning.

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the possibility of the use of TikTok for delivery virtual literacy instruction for Z generation to support their learning.

Design/methodology/approach

A review of papers related to TikTok and library instruction is presented, and some libraries that use TikTok to deliver instruction are observed.

Findings

Some libraries already use TikTok as a supplementary of social media to deliver instruction, due to the nature of TikTok is for short video up to 3 minutes, therefore it is good if librarian can design instruction in chunking basis, or bite size so users will easily engage.

Originality/value

The use of TikTok for library instruction is still new, and this will bring value to libraries, especially academic library when they want start to use TikTok for their instruction.

Details

Library Hi Tech News, vol. 40 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 9 October 2023

Nove E. Variant Anna, Rayhan Musa Novian and Noraini Ismail

This paper aims to describe several artificial intelligence (AI)-based applications that librarians can use to serve and design virtual library instruction, so it will be more…

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to describe several artificial intelligence (AI)-based applications that librarians can use to serve and design virtual library instruction, so it will be more effective and efficient.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach involves a comprehensive review of AI-based applications that bring benefits to librarian to enhance the virtual instructional services (AI). This study explores the existing papers to reveal the potential use of AI for research consultation, designing the instructional services and conducting evaluation of the program.

Findings

There are some AI-based applications that are available for free that will help instructional librarian jobs. Librarians use the AI to increase effectiveness of the services. The AI-based applications that can be used to support instructional services on research inquiries include virtual assistance, knowledge mapping and note making, and to support designing virtual instruction, librarians can use design apps, image generators, voice generator, grammar checker and paraphrasing.

Originality/value

There are many studies on AI at the library; however, it’s still rare a paper studied AI-based application that potentially will bring benefit for virtual instructional services. This paper will give overview of AI application that will help instructional librarian on transactions with users and help librarians to create innovative instructional media.

Details

Library Hi Tech News, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0741-9058

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 17 April 2023

Prasetyo Adi Nugroho, Nove E. Variant Anna and Noraini Ismail

This study sought to analyze the correlation between artificial intelligence (AI) and libraries and examine whether there were any shifts in research trends related to these two…

Abstract

Purpose

This study sought to analyze the correlation between artificial intelligence (AI) and libraries and examine whether there were any shifts in research trends related to these two topics during the coronavirus pandemic.

Design/methodology/approach

The study gathered secondary data from the Scopus website using the keywords “AI,” “library” and “repository,” from 1993 to 2022. Data were re-analyzed using the bibliometric software VOSviewer to examine the trending country's keyword relations and appearance and Biblioshiny to study the publication metadata.

Findings

Index keywords, such as “human,” “deep learning,” “machine learning,” “surveys” and “open-source software,” became popular during 2020, being closely related to digital libraries. Additionally, the annual scientific production of papers increased significantly in 2021. Words related to data mining also had the most significant growth from 2019 to 2022 because of the importance of data mining for library services during the pandemic.

Practical implications

This study provides insight for librarians for the implementation of AI to support repositories during the pandemic. Librarians can learn how to maximize the AI-based repository services in academic libraries during the pandemic. Furthermore, academic libraries can create policies for repository services using AI.

Social implications

This study can lead researchers, academicians and practitioners in conducting research on AI in library repositories.

Originality/value

As research on AI and digital repositories remains limited, the study identifies themes and highlights the knowledge gap existing in the field.

Details

Library Hi Tech, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0737-8831

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Maizaitulaidawati Md Husin, Noraini Ismail and Asmak Ab Rahman

This paper aims to address the influence of mass media (MM) and word of mouth (WOM) on subjective norm (SN) and the intentions to purchase a family takaful scheme among Muslim…

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to address the influence of mass media (MM) and word of mouth (WOM) on subjective norm (SN) and the intentions to purchase a family takaful scheme among Muslim Malaysians.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected from 384 Muslim consumers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, using a convenience sampling approach. The hypotheses were tested by applying structural equation modelling.

Findings

The results revealed that MM and WM were able to influence SN. In addition, the results also found that SN significantly influences intentions to purchase a family takaful scheme.

Practical implications

By examining MM and WM on SN, the study validated the importance of both constructs in affecting consumers’ SN and purchase intention. This study would be useful for takaful operators, as the findings would help them to formulate strategies for promotional activities.

Originality/value

This paper empirically justifies the relationship between MM and WM on SN and purchase intention of family takaful schemes in an integrated model.

Details

Journal of Islamic Marketing, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0833

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 28 June 2013

151

Abstract

Details

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, vol. 11 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1985-2517

Article
Publication date: 16 May 2023

Noraini Abdul Latiff, Kazi Enamul Hoque and Muhammad Faizal A. Ghani

This paper aims to determine the hierarchical relationship between building partnership competencies for public sector educational leaders (ELs) administering and running the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to determine the hierarchical relationship between building partnership competencies for public sector educational leaders (ELs) administering and running the education system.

Design/methodology/approach

An interpretive structural modelling (ISM) technique was used to develop a hierarchical structural model for building partnership competencies. Nominal group technique (NGT) was used with the help of experts’ suggestions and opinions at the beginning of ISM to identify building partnership competencies. Also, the NGT was used to rank the competencies. A structural self-integration matrix was developed based on experts’ voting and agreement. Cross-impact matrix multiplication applied to classification (MICMAC) analysis was used to analyse the relationship among the building partnership competencies. A total of 11 experts were chosen for NGT and ISM sessions.

Findings

A total of 16 building partnership competencies were identified for this study. The competencies were compartmentalised into four domains: creative collaboration, create network, develop collective culture and encouraging constructive dialogue. MICMAC analysis shows each domain of the model of its key competencies ranked at the highest level in the ISM model and dependent competencies.

Research limitations/implications

ISM is a modelling approach that is based solely on expert opinions and responses. Its limitation can be overcome with the help of empirical analysis.

Practical implications

This study supports the public sector ELs’ professional development and upskilling. In addition, the model developed in the study will be helpful for stakeholders, human resources division and policymakers to incorporate building partnership competencies in the training and development of ELs.

Originality/value

This study helps to identify and prioritise building partnership competencies using NGT and ISM. Literature shows that numerous authors have used the ISM approach. Still, the combination of NGT approach is limited. Therefore, the model developed in the study was based solely on experts’ opinions and suggestion based on their experiences and knowledge.

Details

Journal of Modelling in Management, vol. 19 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5664

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 27 September 2011

Siti Zaleha Abdul Rasid, Abdul Rahim Abdul Rahman and Wan Khairuzzaman Wan Ismail

The purpose of this paper is to explore whether there is any difference in the management accounting systems (MAS) of conventional and Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) in…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore whether there is any difference in the management accounting systems (MAS) of conventional and Islamic Financial Institutions (IFIs) in Malaysia.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper was based on a survey of 45 conventional and IFIs listed on the Malaysian Central Bank's web site. The respondents were the chief financial officers (CFO). Post‐survey semi‐structured interviews were also conducted with eight respondents to gain further insights into the survey findings.

Findings

The survey results indicate that IFIs use MAS information that is broader in scope, more timely, more integrated and more aggregated than conventional financial institutions. The post‐survey interviews provide deeper and contextualised insights into this issue. The interview findings illustrate that IFIs normally develop and adopt an integrated accounting and enterprise system. Within this comprehensive enterprise system, the management accounting function is integrated with other functions of the organization.

Research limitations/implications

Since this study was conducted in the context of Malaysian financial institutions, the results may not be generalizable to other organizations. The findings of this study highlight the importance for IFIs to have integrated enterprise systems. Besides assisting in complying with Shari'ah and regulatory requirements, the integrated systems also support better decision making.

Originality/value

The paper fills a gap in the literature, as very few studies have examined the issue of management accounting in financial institutions. The paper is also one of the limited studies that explore the issue of MAS in IFIs.

Details

Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, vol. 2 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0817

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 16 December 2019

Anasyida Abu Seman, Ji Kit Chan, Muhammad Anas Norazman, Zuhailawati Hussain, Dhindaw Brij and Azzura Ismail

This paper aims to investigate the corrosion behaviour of heat-treated and cryorolled Al 5052 alloys in different Cl ion concentrations.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to investigate the corrosion behaviour of heat-treated and cryorolled Al 5052 alloys in different Cl ion concentrations.

Design/methodology/approach

NaCl solutions with concentrations of 0, 0.5, 3.5 and 5.5 per cent were selected. Samples were subjected to pre-heat treatment (annealing at 300 °C and solution treatment at 540 °C) and cryorolling up to 30 per cent reduction before undergoing corrosion tests. The corrosion behaviour of the samples was then investigated by potentiodynamic polarization. The microstructure of the corroded samples was evaluated under an optical microscope, and the percentages of pits on their surfaces were calculated.

Findings

The cryorolled samples had a lower corrosion rate than the samples that were not cryorolled. The cryorolled sample that underwent solution treatment showed the highest corrosion resistance among all the samples tested.

Practical implications

The commercial impact of the study is the possibility of using the cryorolled Al alloy in various ion chloride environment.

Originality/value

The obtained results help in understanding the corrosion behaviour of cryorolled samples under different heat treatment conditions.

Details

Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 67 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0003-5599

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 8 February 2008

Maimunah Ismail and Mariani Ibrahim

This paper seeks to investigate barriers faced by women in acquiring higher positions in a Malaysian multinational oil company.

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper seeks to investigate barriers faced by women in acquiring higher positions in a Malaysian multinational oil company.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were obtained through a survey involving 78 executive women in the Malaysian oil company. A structured questionnaire was used to gather data. The study used gender role theory, which argues that women are viewed and treated unfavourably when they do not act according to their expected gender roles.

Findings

Shows family structure and women's commitment to the family are the most significant barriers perceived by the executive women. This research reveals that women in various job positions do not differ in their perceptions with regard to barriers they face for career progression.

Research limitations/implications

The study was conducted among executive women in one company only, hence it cannot be generalized to other oil companies in Malaysia.

Practical implications

Provides evidence on family‐, organizational‐ and societal‐related barriers to career progression. The organization should aware of these barriers as they will affect women's professional development.

Originality/value

This is a first study of this nature conducted in a large oil company which focuses on women‘s barriers to career progression.

Details

Gender in Management: An International Journal, vol. 23 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1754-2413

Keywords

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