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Article
Publication date: 1 June 1997

Jaroslav Mackerle

Gives a bibliographical review of the finite element methods (FEMs) applied for the linear and nonlinear, static and dynamic analyses of basic structural elements from the…

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Abstract

Gives a bibliographical review of the finite element methods (FEMs) applied for the linear and nonlinear, static and dynamic analyses of basic structural elements from the theoretical as well as practical points of view. The range of applications of FEMs in this area is wide and cannot be presented in a single paper; therefore aims to give the reader an encyclopaedic view on the subject. The bibliography at the end of the paper contains 2,025 references to papers, conference proceedings and theses/dissertations dealing with the analysis of beams, columns, rods, bars, cables, discs, blades, shafts, membranes, plates and shells that were published in 1992‐1995.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 14 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Content available

Abstract

Details

Kybernetes, vol. 41 no. 7/8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

Article
Publication date: 4 July 2016

Nasrin Jafari and Mojtaba Azhari

The purpose of this paper is to present a simple HP-cloud method as an accurate meshless method for the geometrically nonlinear analysis of thick orthotropic plates of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a simple HP-cloud method as an accurate meshless method for the geometrically nonlinear analysis of thick orthotropic plates of general shape. This method is used to investigate the effects of thickness, geometry of various shapes, boundary conditions and material properties on the large deformation analysis of Mindlin plates.

Design/methodology/approach

Nonlinear analysis of plates based on Mindlin theory is presented. The equations are derived by the Von-Karman assumption and total Lagrangian formulations. Newton-Raphson method is applied to achieve linear equations from nonlinear equations. Simple HP-cloud method is used for the construction of the shape functions based on Kronecker-δ properties, so the essential boundary conditions can be enforced directly. Shepard function is utilized for a partition of unity and complete polynomial is used as an enrichment function.

Findings

The suitability and efficiency of the simple HP-cloud method for the geometrically nonlinear analysis of thin and moderately thick plates is studied for the first time. Large displacement analysis of various shapes of plates, rectangular, skew, trapezoidal, circular, hexagonal and triangular with different boundary conditions subjected to distributed loading are considered.

Originality/value

This paper shows that the simple HP-cloud method is well suited for the large deformation analysis of Mindlin plates with various geometries, because it uses a set of a few arbitrary nodes placed in a plate of general shape. Moreover the convergence rate of the proposed method is high and the cost of solving equations is low.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 33 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 12 October 2012

Saeed Shamaghdari and S.K.Y. Nikravesh

The purpose of this paper is to present a nonlinear model along with stability analysis of a flexible supersonic flight vehicle system.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to present a nonlinear model along with stability analysis of a flexible supersonic flight vehicle system.

Design/methodology/approach

The mathematical state space nonlinear model of the system is derived using Lagrangian approach such that the applied force, moment, and generalized force are all assumed to be nonlinear functions of the system states. The condition under which the system would be unstable is derived and when the system is stable, the region of attraction of the system equilibrium state is determined using the Lyapunov theory and sum of squares optimization method. The method is applied to a slender flexible body vehicle, which is referenced by the other researchers in the literature.

Findings

It is demonstrated that neglecting the nonlinearity in external force, moment and generalized force, as it was assumed by other researchers, can cause significant variations in stability conditions. Moreover, when the system is stable, it is shown analytically here that a reduction in dynamic pressure can make a larger region of attraction, and thus instability will occur in a larger angle of attack, greater angular velocity and elastic displacement.

Practical implications

In order to carefully study the behavior of aeroelastic flight vehicle, a nonlinear model and analysis is definitely necessary. Moreover, for the design of the airframe and/or control purposes, it is essential to investigate region of attraction of equilibrium state of the stable flight vehicle.

Originality/value

Current stability analysis methods for nonlinear elastic flight vehicles are unable to determine the state space region where the system is stable. Nonlinear modeling affects the determination of the stability region and instability condition. This paper presents a new approach to stability analysis of the nonlinear flexible flight vehicle. By determining the region of attraction when the system is stable, it is demonstrated analytically, in this research, that decreasing the dynamic pressure can produce larger region of attraction.

Details

Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology, vol. 84 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0002-2667

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 1 February 1996

Jaroslav Mackerle

Presents a review on implementing finite element methods on supercomputers, workstations and PCs and gives main trends in hardware and software developments. An appendix…

Abstract

Presents a review on implementing finite element methods on supercomputers, workstations and PCs and gives main trends in hardware and software developments. An appendix included at the end of the paper presents a bibliography on the subjects retrospectively to 1985 and approximately 1,100 references are listed.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 5 June 2019

Apostolos Koukouselis, Konstantinos Chatziioannou, Euripidis Mistakidis and Vanessa Katsardi

The design of compliant towers in deep waters is greatly affected by their dynamic response to wave loads as well as by the geometrical and material nonlinearities that…

Abstract

Purpose

The design of compliant towers in deep waters is greatly affected by their dynamic response to wave loads as well as by the geometrical and material nonlinearities that appear. In general, a nonlinear time history dynamic analysis is the most appropriate one to be applied to capture the exact response of the structure under wave loading. However, this type of analysis is complex and time-consuming. This paper aims to develop a simplified methodology, which can adequately approximate the maximum response yielded by a dynamic analysis by means of a static analysis.

Design/methodology/approach

Various types of time history dynamic analysis are first applied on a detailed structural model, ranging from linear to fully nonlinear, that are used as reference solutions. In the sequel, a simplified analysis model is formulated, capable of reproducing the response of the entire structure with significantly reduced computational cost. In the next stage, this model is used to obtain the linear and nonlinear response spectra of the structure. Finally, these spectra are used to formulate a simplified design approach, based on equivalent static loads.

Findings

This simplified design approach produces good results in cases that the response is mainly governed by the first eigenmode, which is the case when compliant towers are considered.

Originality/value

The present paper borrows ideas from the area of earthquake engineering, where simplified methodologies can be used for the design of a certain class of structures. However, the development of a simplified methodology for the approximation of the dynamic behavior of offshore structures under wave loading is a much more complex problem, which, to the authors’ knowledge, has not been addressed till now.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 36 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 July 2020

Lorena Leocádio Gomes, Felicio Bruzzi Barros, Samuel Silva Penna and Roque Luiz da Silva Pitangueira

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the capabilities of the generalized finite element method (GFEM) under the context of the geometrically nonlinear analysis. The…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the capabilities of the generalized finite element method (GFEM) under the context of the geometrically nonlinear analysis. The effect of large displacements and deformations, typical of such analysis, induces a significant distortion of the element mesh, penalizing the quality of the standard finite element method approximation. The main concern here is to identify how the enrichment strategy from GFEM, that usually makes this method less susceptible to the mesh distortion, may be used under the total and updated Lagrangian formulations.

Design/methodology/approach

An existing computational environment that allows linear and nonlinear analysis, has been used to implement the analysis with geometric nonlinearity by GFEM, using different polynomial enrichments.

Findings

The geometrically nonlinear analysis using total and updated Lagrangian formulations are considered in GFEM. Classical problems are numerically simulated and the accuracy and robustness of the GFEM are highlighted.

Originality/value

This study shows a novel study about GFEM analysis using a complete polynomial space to enrich the approximation of the geometrically nonlinear analysis adopting the total and updated Lagrangian formulations. This strategy guarantees the good precision of the analysis for higher level of mesh distortion in the case of the total Lagrangian formulation. On the other hand, in the updated Lagrangian approach, the need of updating the degrees of freedom during the incremental and iterative solution are for the first time identified and discussed here.

Article
Publication date: 7 March 2016

Trupti Ranjan Mahapatra, Vishesh Ranjan Kar and Subrata Kumar Panda

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the nonlinear flexural behaviour of laminated curved panel under uniformly distributed load. The study has been extended to analyse…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyse the nonlinear flexural behaviour of laminated curved panel under uniformly distributed load. The study has been extended to analyse different types of shell panels by employing the newly developed nonlinear mathematical model.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors have developed a novel nonlinear mathematical model based on the higher order shear deformation theory for laminated curved panel by taking the geometric nonlinearity in Green-Lagrange sense. In addition to that all the nonlinear higher order terms are considered in the present formulation for more accurate prediction of the flexural behaviour of laminated panels. The sets of nonlinear governing equations are obtained using variational principle and discretised using nonlinear finite element steps. Finally, the nonlinear responses are computed through the direct iterative method for shell panels of various geometries (spherical/cylindrical/hyperboloid/elliptical).

Findings

The importance of the present numerical model for small strain large deformation problems has been demonstrated through the convergence and the comparison studies. The results give insight into the laminated composite panel behaviour under mechanical loading and their deformation behaviour. The effects of different design parameters and the shell geometries on the flexural responses of the laminated curved structures are analysed in detailed. It is also observed that the present numerical model are realistic in nature as compared to other available mathematical model for the nonlinear analysis of the laminated structure.

Originality/value

A novel nonlinear mathematical model is developed first time to address the severe geometrical nonlinearity for curved laminated structures. The outcome from this paper can be utilized for the design of the laminated structures under real life circumstances.

Details

Engineering Computations, vol. 33 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-4401

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 2 October 2017

Mohammad Rezaiee-Pajand and Hossein Estiri

Numerical experiences reveal that the performances of the dynamic relaxation (DR) method are related to the structural types. This paper is devoted to compare the DR…

Abstract

Purpose

Numerical experiences reveal that the performances of the dynamic relaxation (DR) method are related to the structural types. This paper is devoted to compare the DR schemes for geometric nonlinear analysis of shells. To achieve this task, 12 famous approaches are briefly introduced. The differences among these schemes are between the estimation of the time step, the mass and the damping matrices. In this study, several benchmark structures are analyzed by using these 12 techniques. Based on the number of iterations and the analysis duration, their performances are graded. Numerical findings reveal the high efficiency of the kinetic DR (kdDR) approach and Underwood’s strategy.

Design/methodology/approach

Up to now, the performances of various DR algorithms for geometric nonlinear analysis of thin shells have not been investigated. In this paper, 12 famous DR methods have been used for solving these structures. It should be noted that the difference between these approaches is in the estimation of the fictitious parameters. The aforementioned techniques are used to solve several numerical samples. Then, the performances of all schemes are graded based on the number of iterations and the analysis duration.

Findings

The final ranking of each strategy will be obtained after studying all numerical examples. It is worth emphasizing that the number of iterations and that of convergence points of the arc length algorithms are dependent on the value of the initial arc length. In other words, a slight change in the magnitude of the arc length may lead to the wrong responses. Contrary to this behavior, the analyzer’s role in the dynamic relaxation techniques is considerably less than the arc length method. In the DR strategies when the answer approaches the limit points, the iteration number increases automatically. As a result, this algorithm can be used to analyze the structures with complex equilibrium paths.

Research limitations/implications

Numerical experiences reveal that the DR method performances are related to the structural types. This paper is devoted to compare the DR schemes for geometric nonlinear analysis of shells.

Practical implications

Geometric nonlinear analysis of shells is a sophisticated procedure. Consequently, extensive research studies have been conducted to analyze the shells efficiently. The most important characteristic of these structures is their high resistance against pressure. This study demonstrates the performances of various DR methods in solving shell structures.

Originality/value

Up to now, the performances of various DR algorithms for geometric nonlinear analysis of thin shells are not investigated.

Details

World Journal of Engineering, vol. 14 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1708-5284

Keywords

Article
Publication date: 7 April 2022

Hongwei Yang, Yingying Wang, Meng Zhang and Lianchun Long

This paper aims to provide a symplectic conservation numerical analysis method for the study of nonlinear LC circuit.

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide a symplectic conservation numerical analysis method for the study of nonlinear LC circuit.

Design/methodology/approach

The flux linkage control type nonlinear inductance model is adopted, and the LC circuit can be converted into the Hamiltonian system by introducing the electric charge as the state variable of the flux linkage. The nonlinear Hamiltonian matrix equation can be solved by perturbation method, which can be written as the sum of linear and nonlinear terms. Firstly, the linear part can be solved exactly. On this basis, the nonlinear part is analyzed by the canonical transformation. Then, the coefficient matrix of the obtained equation is still a Hamiltonian matrix, so symplectic conservation is achieved.

Findings

Numerical results reveal that the method proposed has strong stability, high precision and efficiency, and it has great advantages in long-term simulations.

Originality/value

This method provides a novel and effective way in studying the nonlinear LC circuit.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering , vol. 41 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

1 – 10 of over 16000