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Article
Publication date: 13 March 2017

Sadia Chishty, Monika and Nimali Singh

The aim of the study was to compare the nutritional status of children having celiac disease (CD) with those not having the disease in the age group of 7-12 years…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of the study was to compare the nutritional status of children having celiac disease (CD) with those not having the disease in the age group of 7-12 years. Children not having CD were from first- and second-degree siblings of the children affected to match for family and environment. In Indian celiac pediatric population, studies on nutritional status of celiac children and comparisons with their siblings as reference have not been reported.

Design/methodology/approach

Children with CD (n = 50) and without CD (n = 25) were matched for age and were purposively selected. Nutritional assessment included anthropometry, biochemical, clinical and nutrient intake. Weight and height measurements were recorded as per the standardized techniques. Biochemical investigations were done by skilled technicians. A two-day 24-h dietary recall method was used for calculation of nutrient intake. The observations were categorized as celiac and non-celiac children and pre-adolescents in age group of 7-9 years and 10-12 years.

Findings

The issues of being underweight and of low height according to age among celiac children were rampant. The non-celiac children were comparatively taller than children with CD. The hemoglobin and serum iron were significantly lower in celiac than non-celiac group (p < 0.01). Energy intake was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in celiac pre-adolescents as compared to non-celiac children (7-9 years). The protein intake was higher in non-celiac children, and the difference was highly significant (p < 0.01). The fat consumption was higher in celiac pre-adolescents. The nutritional status of celiac children was poor as compared to non-celiac children.

Originality/value

The present study is an attempt to compare the nutritional status of celiac children with their siblings.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 47 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 8 October 2018

Monika, Sadia Chishty and Nimali Singh

The purpose of the study was to assess the nutritional and health status of Saharia and non-Saharia women.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the study was to assess the nutritional and health status of Saharia and non-Saharia women.

Design/methodology/approach

The present study was undertaken to compare the nutritional status of Saharia versus non-Saharia women in Baran district, Rajasthan. The sample comprised married non-pregnant and non-lactating (NPNL) women (aged 18-35 years) from three groups, that is, Saharia (n = 100), non-Saharia (Meena tribe, n = 100) and general category (n = 30). The general category women, or reference group, were selected as the control group belonging to the same region. The data included general profile, physical measurement, biochemical hemoglobin estimation, dietary and nutrient intake assessment.

Findings

The mean hemoglobin value in Saharia (8.3 ± 1.4 g/dl) and Meena (8.1 ± 1.4 g/dl) women was found to be significantly lower (p < 0.01 at 99 per cent confidence level) than that of the reference group (9.5 ± 1.4 g/dl) and much below the standard value of 12 g/dl. Chronic energy deficiency (BMI < 18.5) was more prevalent in Saharia women (68 per cent) followed by Meena (∼24 per cent) than reference women (7 per cent). Only 29 per cent Saharia women were under normal BMI and majority of the reference group women (77 per cent) and Meena women (72 per cent) had normal BMI (18.5-24). Nutrient and dietary intake of both the tribal women groups were low when compared with suggested levels. In Saharia and Meena women, magnesium and thiamine were significantly higher (p < 0.01) and other nutrients were significantly lower (p < 0.01) than recommended dietary allowances.

Originality/value

Anemia is prevalent in all categories of women. Women’s health is poor especially among Saharia women who are still striving hard to meet the national health standards. A multidimensional approach is required to uplift the health status. Hemoglobin levels of all the women were found to be very low.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 48 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 19 October 2018

Sadia Chishty, Monika and Nimali Singh

The purpose of the study was to assess the impact of nutrition and health counselling on quality of life (QoL) among celiac children (CC) aged 7-12 years, which was…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the study was to assess the impact of nutrition and health counselling on quality of life (QoL) among celiac children (CC) aged 7-12 years, which was reported by the parent. So far, no study has emphasized on impact of nutritional counselling on QoL in CC. The QoL in the present study was reported by parents of celiac and non-celiac (NC) subjects.

Design/methodology/approach

This is an interventional study. Follow-up celiac cases aged 7-12 years (n = 50) were compared with NC cases (n = 25). A 24-item instrument was standardized for reliability and validity and was used to assess the QoL of children on a 100-score scale. The scale used four dimensions and explored physical, emotional, social and family outlook. The impact of health counselling using posters, leaflets and a booklet prepared on simplification of disease, gluten-free diet and its treatment was determined.

Findings

Total QoL scores were better in NC children (7-9 years), whereas celiac pre-adolescents (CP; 10-12 years) showed higher QoL scores than NC pre-adolescents. NC QoL scores were significantly higher than CC in emotional and mental domain (p < 0.02) and family outlook (p < 0.01). In CP, physical well-being (p < 0.01) and social well-being (p < 0.04) were significantly higher, whereas family outlook was significantly lower (p < 0.01). After repetitive counselling sessions, the CC had higher scores than their NC siblings. Postintervention QoL scores in CC (7-9 years) and pre-adolescents improved from 77.5 to 80.95 and from 80.16 to 83.75, respectively, and a significant positive shift was seen in family outlook (p < 0.05).

Originality/value

This study presents a comparative analysis on impact of nutrition counselling on QoL in Indian CC and their comparison with NC siblings matched for age.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 49 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 3 February 2012

Richa Chaturvedi and Nimali Singh

The purpose of this paper is to analyze changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding diet and life style related risk factors among male and female…

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to analyze changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) regarding diet and life style related risk factors among male and female coronary artery disease (CAD) patients (30‐60 yrs), in Jaipur city.

Design/methodology/approach

All willing patients under medical supervision for CAD were included. A detailed pre‐tested and standardized interview schedule was used to elicit required information. In total, 100 subjects were assessed for KAP. Retrospective data were recorded for the information on KAP prior to the incidence of the disease.

Findings

The major findings revealed that there was a significant change in knowledge, attitudes and practices before and after the incidence of CAD. Knowledge and attitudes were found to have a strong association. Close association was statistically established between knowledge and smoking practice for male subjects and between attitudes and weight loss for female patients. No association could be established for other attributes.

Originality/value

The study explores the effect of CAD on the knowledge, attitude and practices of the patients regarding diet and life style related risk factors. It also observes and compares the data for prior to the frank expression of the disease and after the disease.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 42 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 6 September 2013

Nimali Singh and Richa Chaturvedi

Weight reduction is a complex phenomenon. Dietary intervention is the most popular approach to reduce excess body fat. In this review, it has been tried to analyze the…

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252

Abstract

Purpose

Weight reduction is a complex phenomenon. Dietary intervention is the most popular approach to reduce excess body fat. In this review, it has been tried to analyze the effect of individual nutrients on the weight reduction process. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

Studies and review articles discussing role of individual nutrients on weight loss were collected for the purpose.

Findings

Diet high in protein and balanced in calories exerts a positive effect on weight reduction. Micronutrients such as calcium, vitamin C, A, D are also required for an effective weight reduction program.

Originality/value

The review tries to analyze the impact of both quantity and quality of various nutrients on weight reduction.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 43 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 18 May 2012

Richa Chaturvedi, Nimali Singh, Reshma Boolchandani and Ram Chandra

The purpose of this paper is to compare the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) for coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in businessmen and patients suffering from CHD…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to compare the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) for coronary heart disease (CHD) risk in businessmen and patients suffering from CHD (30‐60 years), in Jaipur city.

Design/methodology/approach

The subjects were selected using the purposive sampling method. The subjects were divided into two groups: Group A (n=67) included subjects suffering from frank disease of CHD and were hospitalized for treatment at the time of the study. Group B (n=150) included businessmen with no history of CHD. A detailed standardized pretested and pre‐coded interview schedule was used to elicit information on knowledge, attitude and practices of subjects regarding diet and lifestyle‐related risk factors in CHD patients and businessmen from the normal population.

Findings

The major findings of the study suggest that there was a relationship between knowledge and attitudes of subjects for diet and life style‐related risk factors for CHD at p > 0.05. Diet and life style‐related practices of the subjects were not statistically correlated with their knowledge and attitudes. Smoking practice was found to have a correlation with knowledge for Group A and with attitudes for Group B.

Originality/value

The paper presents a comparative analysis of knowledge, attitude and practices related to diet and life style‐related risk factors for CHD and suggests that creating awareness can lead to prevention of disease.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 42 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 6 September 2013

Ram Chandra, Richa Chaturvedi and Nimali Singh

The purpose of the study was to find the incidence of “diabesity” among morning walkers of Jaipur city (20‐60 years).

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the study was to find the incidence of “diabesity” among morning walkers of Jaipur city (20‐60 years).

Design/methodology/approach

Totally 303 subjects willing to participate in the study were included, out of which 211 were males and 92 were females. Subjects were categorized into two age groups 20‐40 and 40‐60 years. Height (cm), weight (kg), waist circumference (cm), hip circumference (cm) and fasting blood glucose values of morning walkers were measured.

Findings

There was no significant difference in the incidence of “diabesity” among both the genders. The mean body mass index of females (28.47+4.3) was higher than that of males (26.55+3.42). Mean waist‐to‐hip ratio values were 0.86+0.07 for females and 0.92+0.13 for males. Age was better correlated with systolic blood pressure (r=0.276 (M); r=0.359 (F)) than diastolic blood pressure (r=0.037 (M); r=0.165 (F)) for both males and females.

Originality/value

The study aimed at assessing incidence of “diabesity” among the individuals who are regular with morning walk.

Details

Nutrition & Food Science, vol. 43 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0034-6659

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Article
Publication date: 6 May 2021

Zhe Wang, Xisheng Li, Xiaojuan Zhang, Yanru Bai and Chengcai Zheng

How to model blind image deblurring that arises when a camera undergoes ego-motion while observing a static and close scene. In particular, this paper aims to detail how…

Abstract

Purpose

How to model blind image deblurring that arises when a camera undergoes ego-motion while observing a static and close scene. In particular, this paper aims to detail how the blurry image can be restored under a sequence of the linear model of the point spread function (PSF) that are derived from the 6-degree of freedom (DOF) camera’s accurate path during the long exposure time.

Design/methodology/approach

There are two existing techniques, namely, an estimation of the PSF and a blind image deconvolution. Based on online and short-period inertial measurement unit (IMU) self-calibration, this motion path has discretized a sequence of the uniform speed of 3-DOF rectilinear motion, which unites with a 3-DOF rotational motion to form a discrete 6-DOF camera’s path. These PSFs are evaluated through the discrete path, then combine with a blurry image to restoration through deconvolution.

Findings

This paper describes to build a hardware attachment, which is composed of a consumer camera, an inexpensive IMU and a 3-DOF motion mechanism to the best of the knowledge, together with experimental results demonstrating its overall effectiveness.

Originality/value

First, the paper proposes that a high-precision 6-DOF motion platform periodically adjusts the speed of a three-axis rotational motion and a three-axis rectilinear motion in a short time to compensate the bias of the gyroscope and the accelerometer. Second, this paper establishes a model of 6-DOF motion and emphasizes on rotational motion, translational motion and scene depth motion. Third, this paper addresses a novel model of the discrete path that the motion during long exposure time is discretized at a uniform speed, then to estimate a sequence of PSFs.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 41 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

Keywords

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