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Book part
Publication date: 14 June 2012

Peter A. Corning

Purpose – This chapter focuses on the role evolution has played in our development of politics and public policy and reviews the theoretical approaches and studies of the…

Abstract

Purpose – This chapter focuses on the role evolution has played in our development of politics and public policy and reviews the theoretical approaches and studies of the last decade that address biopolitics and evolution, such as the “gene-culture co-evolution theory.”

Design/methodology/approach – In this chapter some of these theoretical developments will be reviewed, including what has been called the “Synergism Hypothesis,” with particular emphasis on what is relevant for understanding the role of politics and public policy in the evolutionary process.

Findings – A new, multileveled paradigm has emerged in evolutionary biology during the past decade, one which emphasizes the role of cooperative phenomena in the evolution of complexity over time, including the evolution of socially organized species such as humankind. I refer to it as “Holistic Darwinism.”

Practical implications – This study develops an understanding of the complicated relationship between human biology and the role of evolution in shaping politics and public policy.

Originality/value – This study addresses several existing biopolitical concepts and presents new explanations and terminology for its understanding.

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Biopolicy: The Life Sciences and Public Policy
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78052-821-2

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Kybernetes, vol. 35 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Book part
Publication date: 25 September 2013

Albert Somit and Steven A. Peterson

Purpose – This chapter makes sense of the volume and suggests avenues for future research. Design/methodology/approach – This chapter…

Abstract

Purpose – This chapter makes sense of the volume and suggests avenues for future research.

Design/methodology/approach – This chapter reflects upon some of the challenges facing biology and politics; it offers two case studies of areas calling for more research and discussion.

Findings – Some evolutionary theorists criticize religion. In the process, they undermine the ability to reach out to religious people about the value of evolutionary theory. Two case studies – group selection and genetic bases of political behavior – are examined to illustrate ongoing issues that call for further attention

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The world of biology and politics: Organization and research areas
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-728-3

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2004

Leslie Armour

The influence of ideas is a central but puzzling problem in the social sciences. Parsons insisted that ideas play a central role in social continuity as well as in social…

Abstract

The influence of ideas is a central but puzzling problem in the social sciences. Parsons insisted that ideas play a central role in social continuity as well as in social change. Basic ideas that organise experience become embedded in the public mind and structure the ways in which issues are tackled. Through much of the twentieth century, Darwinism, Freudianism and Marxism are central clusters of ideas. On a smaller scale, ideas that begin in academic settings can quite quickly spread into politics. Voegelin has detected very general notions that may structure whole eras, calling one of the most powerful in our time the “new gnosticism”. It draws on our ideas of knowledge and leads to the search for a universal ideology that dissolves all problems into demands for a totalitarian society. This paper argues that there is always an underlying basis for the power of ideas. Many ideologies of our time have been twists and turns on the Christian tradition. The form they take depends on the challenges of the hour and the nature of the surrounding cultures.

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International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 31 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

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Book part
Publication date: 19 August 2003

Markus C Becker and Thorbjørn Knudsen

This essay introduces the first translation of Schumpeter’s article Entrepreneur, originally published in 1928. We describe the background of Entrepreneur and use new…

Abstract

This essay introduces the first translation of Schumpeter’s article Entrepreneur, originally published in 1928. We describe the background of Entrepreneur and use new archival sources to situate the article in time. Entrepreneur marks a transition of Schumpeter’s conception of entrepreneurship that took place between 1911 and 1926. Entrepreneur also contains Schumpeter’s most profound vision on economic selection, a vision that Schumpeter never elaborated further. We consider the most important implications of the new material in Entrepreneur and the reasons for the apparent shift in Schumpeter’s thought.

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Austrian Economics and Entrepreneurial Studies
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-84950-226-9

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2003

Leslie Armour

The fragmentation of knowledge poses serious threats to a survival when scientific and technological know‐how constantly outrun understanding of societies and individuals…

Abstract

The fragmentation of knowledge poses serious threats to a survival when scientific and technological know‐how constantly outrun understanding of societies and individuals. A significant problem associated with this state of affairs is the unquestioned separation of facts and values. This paper has two immediate aims. The first is to argue that there is knowledge of values. The second is to look at some issues in the social sciences and to show this conclusion bears on the possibilities for the reunification of knowledge. Issues in economics, sociology, and anthropology are examined kin terms of detailed examples.

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International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 30 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 1999

Martin Guha

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Reference Reviews, vol. 13 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0950-4125

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2003

Ribert Vallée

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Kybernetes, vol. 32 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2002

Robert Vallée

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Kybernetes, vol. 31 no. 7/8
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0368-492X

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Article
Publication date: 27 March 2007

Stuart Hannabuss

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Library Review, vol. 56 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0024-2535

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