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Article
Publication date: 3 June 2019

Nasir Uddin

The traditional concept of people’s participation through their representatives is changing to the mechanism of direct participation of community people in the local…

Abstract

Purpose

The traditional concept of people’s participation through their representatives is changing to the mechanism of direct participation of community people in the local governing process. In coupling with these, the Constitution of Bangladesh and the local government acts guarantee to foster the direct participation of people in the formation of local bodies and development programs. The purpose of this paper is to explore the avenues of people’s participation in local government, particularly the Union Parishad (UP) in Bangladesh, and to evaluate the empowerment of marginalized community through those avenues.

Design/methodology/approach

Using a broad descriptive and analytical approach, this paper evaluates the relationship between participation and empowerment of local community based on the review of secondary sources of information.

Findings

The local government institutions, particularly UP, has existed many mechanisms through which people participate in decision-making process. It is also believed that participation of community people in local government institutions is not only an opportunity for them but also an apparatus of empowerment. Hence, the process of empowerment is entrenched in the notion of participation. It is evident that the people at grass root level have been participating in UP in diverse arrangements, but the effectiveness of these participations in terms of empowerment is still meager and even lack.

Originality/value

Though a long time has passed after introducing these participatory mechanisms, very few studies have undertaken to assess the people’s participation in local government. Additionally, no single initiative was undertaken to assess how empowerment of marginalized people happened through these initiatives as empowering community people is the key objective of it.

Details

Public Administration and Policy, vol. 22 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1727-2645

Keywords

Content available
Article
Publication date: 16 October 2017

Nasir Uddin

The purpose of this paper is to explore how structural and economic issues of organising inter-firm relationships influence a supply chain (SC) performance, by using the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore how structural and economic issues of organising inter-firm relationships influence a supply chain (SC) performance, by using the insight of organisational theories and institutional economics.

Design/methodology/approach

The study is an exploratory field study in the Australian agri-food industries. Using a conceptual model and a set of semi-structured interview questions, data collection was done through in-depth interviews with eight agri-food firms from the agri-food SCs in Western Australia (WA).

Findings

The findings demonstrated the requirement of higher coordination and integration from the downstream industries to include upstream producers as the integral part of the SC.

Research limitations/implications

The study is based on eight in-depth interviews on cross-sectional food SCs in WA and generalises the result for the overall food industry in WA.

Originality/value

The study provides valuable information to the existing literature on industrial management and has important value to the users of agri-food SCs. It provides empirical evidence of the factors of SC performance for agri-food producers, processors and retailers, other stakeholders and government agencies for their planning and benchmarking.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 117 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 August 2003

Mohammad Nasir Uddin

In Bangladesh, there are only 0.2 million Internet users out of a population of 140 million. Because there is a lack of academic research on Internet usage, the prime…

Abstract

In Bangladesh, there are only 0.2 million Internet users out of a population of 140 million. Because there is a lack of academic research on Internet usage, the prime objective of this study is to report the level of Internet use by university academics for their information and communication needs. The study also sought to find out whether differences exist among the various levels of academics in terms of their use of the Internet. Six categories of information and communication needs were identified and a survey conducted among the lecturers of Rajshahi University where the Internet was introduced in 2001. Findings showed that Internet use by academics is useful for some common needs and that the academic rank of users is an important factor in determining the priority of needs. It also showed that there are some barriers to adequate use of Internet resources. Suggestions are made for increased use of the Internet, to benefit the nation as a whole.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 27 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 5 August 2019

Md Nasir Uddin and Saran Sarntisart

The purpose of this paper is to find the effects of human capital inequality on economic growth.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to find the effects of human capital inequality on economic growth.

Design/methodology/approach

Thailand Labor Force Survey has been used to generate provincial average years of schooling and Gini coefficient of years of schooling for the years 1995‒2012. Econometric techniques have been employed to identify the effects of human capital inequality on economic growth.

Findings

Economic growth is inversely affected by the distribution of human capital in Thailand. The coefficient of human capital inequality suggests that if Gini coefficient increases by 0.01 points, gross provincial product (GPP) decreases by about 2 percentage points in the long run. However, the effect of average years of schooling in GPP is not significant.

Research limitations/implications

There is a lack of strong theoretical background for the relationship between human capital inequality and economic growth to support the empirical study.

Practical implications

The findings of the study help to design and evaluate education policies in developing countries like Thailand and other low- and middle-income countries.

Originality/value

This paper is among the first attempts to analyze the effect of human capital inequality on economic growth with sub-national level annual data. In addition, it considers cross sectional dependence in panel model.

Details

International Journal of Social Economics, vol. 46 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0306-8293

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Article
Publication date: 2 August 2019

Md Nasir Uddin

The purpose of this paper is to find the rate of intergenerational transmission of human capital and comparative schooling attainment between lower and higher income…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to find the rate of intergenerational transmission of human capital and comparative schooling attainment between lower and higher income families using the labor force survey in Thailand.

Design/methodology/approach

Instrumental variable (IV) approach has been used in this paper. The author proposed an alternative instrument for parental education to identify the rate of transmission, which is the parents’ cohorts’ mean schooling in their respective provinces.

Findings

This paper found that the rate of transmission of human capital from father is higher than that from mother in Thailand. For both, the rate of transmission in Thailand is higher than that in the developed countries. In addition, it is found that children from lower income families are getting lesser education than those from higher income families in Thailand.

Research limitations/implications

This paper is used as an alternative instrument that could solve the endogeneity problem in the literature of intergenerational transmission of human capital.

Practical implications

The results of rate of transmission can help to make educational policies in countries like Thailand. It also could help the policymakers to evaluate and redesign the student loan scheme (SLS) in Thailand.

Originality/value

This study is used as an alternative instrument for parental education to identify the rate of transmission in an IV approach. This paper is the first to identify the intergenerational transmission rate in Thailand. In addition, it evaluates Thai SLS in an intergenerational framework.

Details

Journal of Economic Studies, vol. 46 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0144-3585

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2006

Mohammad Nasir Uddin, Mohammed Quaddus and Shamsul Islam

To evaluate the magnitude of public library uses and resulting values among the general people with associated socio‐economic‐cultural features of Bangladesh and thus to…

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the magnitude of public library uses and resulting values among the general people with associated socio‐economic‐cultural features of Bangladesh and thus to indicate strategies for better library impact in societal, cultural and economic development.

Design/methodology/approach

Primary data were collected from the users of four public libraries in the cities of Dhaka and Rajshahi considering rich library profiles and wide variety of users. Interviews were conducted based on a structured questionnaire by visiting the sample libraries that also result in studying the users and libraries closely.

Findings

Some factors like age, income, education, and gender are very important in using public library in relation to particular socio‐economic features of Bangladesh. Though the study reveals dissatisfaction in library resources, it shows a strong library impact on recreation and culture, self‐learning, social welfare, and on economic development of the country. The findings lead some recommendations for improved utilization of library.

Research implications/limitations

The paper provides focus on studying the demographic variables of users to measure public library values and benefits in the areas of learning, recreation, culture, social welfare, and development.

Practical implications

Concerned authorities should come forward to minimize the funding and administrative barriers to make public library exclusively worthy to all with quality access.

Originality/value

Studying social factors are unavoidable to understand the magnitude of social inclusiveness of libraries and their strength of impact, and importantly, to ascertain the ways of comprehensive access to libraries by acquiring indication of realistic policy implementation from empirical evidence.

Details

Library Management, vol. 27 no. 9
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-5124

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 27 March 2007

Mohammad Nasir Uddin and Paul Janecek

Development of an effective search system and interface largely depends on usability studies. The aim of this paper is to present the results of an empirical evaluation of…

Abstract

Purpose

Development of an effective search system and interface largely depends on usability studies. The aim of this paper is to present the results of an empirical evaluation of a prototype web site search and browsing tool based on multidimensional taxonomies derived from the use of faceted classification.

Design/methodology/approach

A prototype Faceted Classification System (FCS), which classifies and organizes web documents under different facets (orthogonal sets of categories), was implemented on the domain of an academic institute. Facet are created from content oriented metadata, and then assembled into multiple taxonomies that describe alternative classifications of the web site content, such as by subject and location. The search and browsing interfaces use these taxonomies to enable users to access information in multiple ways. The paper compares the FCS interfaces to the existing single‐classification system to evaluate the usability of the facets in typical navigation and searching tasks.

Findings

The findings suggest that performance and usability are significantly better with the FCS in the areas of efficient access, search success, flexibility, understanding of content, relevant search result, and satisfaction. These results are especially promising since unfamiliarity often leads users to reject new search interfaces.

Originality/value

The results of the study in this paper can significantly contribute to interface research in the IR community, emphasizing the advantages of multidimensional taxonomies in online information collections.

Details

Performance Measurement and Metrics, vol. 8 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1467-8047

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 17 April 2007

Mohammad Nasir Uddin and Paul Janecek

The aim of this paper is to develop and implement a multidimensional classification system in the web that can provide an alternative but convenient structure for…

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to develop and implement a multidimensional classification system in the web that can provide an alternative but convenient structure for organising and finding information content.

Design/methodology/approach

A prototype system is developed following the views of Ranganathan's faceted classification, which is to provide multiple classifications of the web documents through content oriented metadata organised under different facets (orthogonal groups of categories).

Findings

Based on an architectural framework this study demonstrates a prototype faceted classification system (FCS) that is integrated into a general open‐source content management system and populated with a sample collection of institutional web pages/documents.

Originality/value

The study provides significant grounds for the IR community to improve interface structure for easy access, management, and retrieval of web information. In addition, the integration of content management tools with multidimensional taxonomies can be a new instance of a corporate web system for easy content creation, organisation, and navigation.

Details

Online Information Review, vol. 31 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1468-4527

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 17 April 2007

Mohammad Nasir Uddin and Paul Janecek

The purpose of this paper is to develop and implement a faceted classification structure to improve web information organization, access and navigability.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop and implement a faceted classification structure to improve web information organization, access and navigability.

Design/methodology/approach

Some case studies of commercial web sites using faceted metadata were analyzed to develop the classification approach. The proposed framework adapts the facet analysis theory from Faceted Classification System (FCS) to use semantic web tools especially XML and RDF store, and ontology, and is designed to be integrated within a Content Management System (CMS). A detailed example of a faceted classification system for an academic information system is used to demonstrate the construction of an FCS from metadata.

Findings

Detailed examples show how classifying and organizing information in multidimensional hierarchies is more accessible than simple one‐dimensional taxonomic hierarchies.

Research limitations/implications

A prototype, based on the proposed framework, is being developed using the web site of an academic institution as a case study.

Originality/value

Enhances the FCS research with a notion of integrating ontology driven faceted classification structures by XML/RDF language and content management tools. A dynamic approach to organizing and searching web information provides users with multiple ways of accessing information based on their knowledge and information needs.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 25 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 November 2006

Husain Al‐Ansari

This study is designed to investigate the patterns of internet use by the faculty including purposes for use, its impact on teaching and research, internet resources that…

Abstract

Purpose

This study is designed to investigate the patterns of internet use by the faculty including purposes for use, its impact on teaching and research, internet resources that they use, and the problems faced while using the internet.

Design/methodology/approach

A questionnaire, expert‐reviewed and pilot‐tested, was used to collect data from the faculty coming from four colleges of Kuwait University, i.e. Arts, Social Sciences, Sciences, and Engineering. Half of the 491 potential participants were selected as the sample, with a response rate of 62.6 percent.

Findings

A large majority have been using the computer and internet for more than five years. They use the internet mostly for, and give importance to, e‐mail, search engines, and WWW resources mainly for communication, research, and publication. It has helped them to save time, find up to date information, and cooperate with their colleagues. Slow speed, lack of time, and lack of access from home are the major problems. Most of them are interested in improving the internet use skills through formal training.

Practical implications

Kuwait University needs to improve its IT infrastructure, including providing distance access, and to provide formal training in the use of internet resources.

Originality/value

This is the first comprehensive study of the use of the internet by the Kuwait University faculty. Its findings should help Kuwait University in its plans and programmes related to e‐learning and strengthen pertinent resources and services of its libraries.

Details

The Electronic Library, vol. 24 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0264-0473

Keywords

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