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Article
Publication date: 6 June 2016

Fu-li Zhou, Xu Wang, Yun Lin, Yan-dong He and Nan Wu

The purpose of this study is to investigate the research on the influence of tech-innovation behavior on tech-innovation performance for Chinese manufacturing enterprises…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to investigate the research on the influence of tech-innovation behavior on tech-innovation performance for Chinese manufacturing enterprises. Environmental performance has been taken into consideration with the green manufacturing and sustainability philosophy being a hotspot.

Design/methodology/approach

To verify the hypotheses and assumptions, a questionnaire was designed and a semi-structured interview was conducted for data collection. In addition, structural equation modeling (SEM) is applied to verify the influence model through assessing the fitting indexes based on the 317 questionnaire responses in the form of Likert-type scale.

Findings

Tech-innovation behavior and activity from direction, mode and investment behavior dimensions show their different positive influences on tech-innovation performance. This paper has creatively taken environmental tech-innovation performance into consideration, as well as economic performance. This investigation has provided the interpretation for each individual enterprise from three dimensions when conducting tech-innovation activity.

Research limitations/implications

Tech-innovation behavior, which has been a subject of extended discussion during recent decades, is the effective activity or action for tech-innovation. However, there have not been any studies on the environmental performance influence study, as well as the economic performance from these three dimensions and framework.

Practical implications

As this paper discusses the tech-innovation performance influence study from three dimensions, individual enterprises can choose the corresponding action for the proper tech-innovation path, especially for small- and medium-sized enterprises.

Originality/value

This study helps managers recognize tech-innovation activities for better tech-innovation performance based on the empirical study.

Details

International Journal of Innovation Science, vol. 8 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1757-2223

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 14 January 2021

Tianqi Wu and Kaiyan Da

By introducing the basic concepts and theories of the philosophy of information created by Kun Wu, and making some comparisons of the philosophy of information and related…

Abstract

Purpose

By introducing the basic concepts and theories of the philosophy of information created by Kun Wu, and making some comparisons of the philosophy of information and related information theories between Wu and other scholars, this paper aims to have Chinese philosophy of information widely known and understood by more people in the world, thus promoting the international exchanges between Chinese and Western scholars on the topic of philosophy of information.

Design/methodology/approach

The main research methods used in this paper are the literature review and the comparative study. On the one hand, it reviews some related concepts and theories in Kun Wu's academic works of philosophy of information. On the other hand, it compares the thoughts and viewpoints of Kun Wu with those of other scholars.

Findings

First, Kun Wu is the first person who has established a complete and comprehensive theoretical system of philosophy of information in China; second, Kun Wu's philosophy of information is significant in originality and value, which could be thought as the intellectual quintessence of information age, thus worth learning. Third, with more international exchanges, Chinese philosophy of information created by Wu will surely be more and more influential in philosophical circles at home and abroad.

Originality/value

It is a very valuable first-hand material for Western scholars to know and understand Chinese philosophy of information.

Details

Journal of Documentation, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0022-0418

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 March 1999

P. Hillion

The divergence equations in Maxwell’s theory are Gauss law and the statement that magnetic monopoles do not exist; from this point of view these two equations are…

Abstract

The divergence equations in Maxwell’s theory are Gauss law and the statement that magnetic monopoles do not exist; from this point of view these two equations are fundamental. However, from a practical point of view, it is generally believed that Maxwell’s divergence equations are redundant and may be ignored provided that they are satisfied at some time t‐0. It has been proved recently that this idea is not correct for boundary‐initial value problems. To make mathematical arguments more accessible, we analyse here the role of the divergence equations in the framework of 2D‐electromagnetism.

Details

COMPEL - The international journal for computation and mathematics in electrical and electronic engineering, vol. 18 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0332-1649

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 March 2009

Jian‐Shen Chen, Mei‐Ching Chen, Wen‐Ju Liao and Tsung‐Hsien Chen

The solvency of insurance companies is closely related to the policyholders, and consequently regulators in Taiwan pay considerable attention to this area. Several studies…

Abstract

Purpose

The solvency of insurance companies is closely related to the policyholders, and consequently regulators in Taiwan pay considerable attention to this area. Several studies have demonstrated a close correlation among capital structure, operational risk and profitability. This study seeks to provide evidence regarding the influence of capital structure and operational risk on profitability of the life insurance industry in Taiwan.

Design/methodology/approach

Structural equation modeling, which involves factor‐analysis and path‐analysis, is used to justify the relationship among capital structure, operational risk and profitability. Adding the macroeconomic latent variable to the model as a control variable demonstrates that the macroeconomic latent variable positively influences capital structure, operational risk and profitability.

Findings

The study leads to four key findings. First, according to the empirical result, the research model has excellent goodness‐of‐fit. That is to say, using multiple financial indices suitably measures the specific financial factors. Second, the capital structure exerts a negative and significant effect on operational risk. Third, there is no reciprocal relationship but a one‐way effect between capital structure and operational risk. Fourth, the operational risk exerts a negative and significant effect on profitability.

Practical implications

The empirical result shows the profitability decreased with the higher equity ratio. Hence, the regulatory organizations must urge insurance companies to effectively diversify their investments and employ risk avoidance strategies. Effective use of hedging and diversifying will help to divide risk and create financial revenue.

Originality/value

The study proposes that the government should loosen investment restrictions and develop other instruments to assist risk‐based capital in checking the financial condition of insurance companies.

Details

Journal of Modelling in Management, vol. 4 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1746-5664

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 4 February 2015

Pei-Yu Chen and Chun-Yu Chiu

The purpose of this chapter is to share the experience and discuss issues that support and hinder inclusive practices in Taiwan. In this chapter, inclusion-related culture…

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to share the experience and discuss issues that support and hinder inclusive practices in Taiwan. In this chapter, inclusion-related culture and policies are described in the context of Taiwan, followed by the challenges and lessons learned from promoting inclusive education for students with disabilities from the perspectives of general and special education teachers. Some promising strategies applied by teachers are also discussed in this chapter based on the findings of the research literature in Taiwan. Implications for practice and research about inclusion are addressed at the end of this chapter.

Details

Including Learners with Low-Incidence Disabilities
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78441-250-0

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2005

Wen‐Nan Tsan and Chao‐Ching Chang

Confronted with the transformation of industrial economies, the Taiwanese information technology (IT) industry has to upgrade from production to innovation orientation…

Abstract

Purpose

Confronted with the transformation of industrial economies, the Taiwanese information technology (IT) industry has to upgrade from production to innovation orientation. The paper seeks to explore what is the core competence of the Taiwanese IT industry. In brief, what kind of intellectual capital (IC) is embedded in the Taiwanese IT industry and how this IC is managed effectively. The point is to discover how the Taiwanese IT industry should start to accumulate or enhance the core resource and strategic capability for future competitive advantage.

Design/methodology/approach

The study selected a relatively representative number of IT firms in Taiwan covering six industries. This study conducted a two‐stage survey to construct a measurement model and explored the IC profile of the Taiwanese IT industries.

Findings

This study was able to identify eight IC factors as a measuring model in exploring the IC profiles of four Taiwanese IT industries. The findings indicate the stronger IC in the Taiwanese IT industry as well as the weaker side.

Research limitations/implications

The research was limited by the sample within the Taiwan information communications technology industries. It needs to be extended across further industries in the future. It should also be compared with other countries’ industrial IC under similar assessment and measurement. The significant differences between industries could be explored by case study methodology.

Practical implications

Innovation capability plays an important role in confronting the knowledge‐based economy in Taiwanese IT industries. However, there is no compelling evidence to show that investment in research and development will help to achieve the goal of establishing Taiwan as an “Asia Pacific Electronic Information Industry Resource Integration Center”.

Originality/value

This research indicates that the IC System Model developed would help us to identify the interactions among IC elements. It could help to explore whether it is true that, the higher the IC management, the higher is the influence from the input of IC to the output.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. 6 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1469-1930

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 9 May 2014

Ru-Jer Wang

Abstract

Details

Innovations in Science Teacher Education in the Asia Pacific
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78190-702-3

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Article
Publication date: 7 October 2014

Alexander S. Tonkoshkur and Alexander V. Ivanchenko

The purpose of this paper is to develop a generalized model of the nonlinear conductivity of varistor ceramic suitable for solving problems of prediction and control of…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a generalized model of the nonlinear conductivity of varistor ceramic suitable for solving problems of prediction and control of ceramic nonlinearity, stability of varistor properties.

Design/methodology/approach

The modeling of current-voltage characteristic of the intergranular barrier in metal oxide varistor ceramics is based on the development of the algorithm. It includes all the known mechanisms of electrotransfer in a wide range of voltages and currents of the current-voltage characteristics, and also takes into account the deviation of the barrier form the Schottky barrier.

Findings

The models of double Schottky barrier and double barrier of arbitrary form, as well as the algorithms for calculating the current-voltage characteristics of a single intergranular potential barrier and a separate “microvaristor” with the use of the most well-established understanding of the main mechanisms of electrical are developed. The results of current-voltage characteristics modeling correspond to the existing understanding of the nonlinear electrical conductivity varistor ceramics are based on zinc oxide. The model of double barrier of arbitrary form takes into account the deviation of the barrier form the Schottky barrier which is important in predicting the deformation of the current-voltage characteristics of the varistor products in the process of degradation.

Originality/value

The relation between the form of the current-voltage characteristic and the distribution profile of the donor concentration in the surface regions of the semiconductor crystallites constituting the intergranular potential barrier is established. The accumulation of donors in the space charge region leads to the increase in the current on the prebreakdown region of the current-voltage characteristic and the reduction of voltage corresponding to the breakdown region beginning of the current-voltage characteristic. The significant role of the interlayer in the formation of current-voltage characteristic of the intergranular potential barrier is shown.

Details

Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures, vol. 10 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1573-6105

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 7 January 2014

Patti P.C. Cheung and Maria L.C. Lau

The purpose of this paper is to reflect The Chinese University of Hong Kong Library's catalogue evolution as a result of electronic resources cataloguing and how…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to reflect The Chinese University of Hong Kong Library's catalogue evolution as a result of electronic resources cataloguing and how collaborative cataloguing could be implemented in the context of Hong Kong.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper outlines the challenges faced by The Chinese University of Hong Kong Library and the need to find alternative way to catalogue e-books come in large batches. It describes in particular the cataloguing of Chinese e-books in collaboration with the China Academic Library and Information System (CALIS).

Findings

Different cataloguing data set are inevitably blended into the library catalogue to be used by users. Still, collaboration is feasible when libraries are ready to make compromise and accept variances in the library catalogue.

Originality/value

The Chinese University of Hong Kong Library is the first library in Hong Kong to work collaboratively with CALIS to batch convert its records for cataloguing of Chinese e-books. The paper is useful for librarians exploring new source for Chinese cataloguing or collaborative initiatives with libraries in China.

Details

Library Management, vol. 35 no. 1/2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0143-5124

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 18 December 2007

Shiaw‐Wen Tien, Chung‐Ching Chiu, Chih‐Hung Tsai, Yi‐Chan Chung and Ya‐Chin Chang

This research treated the secondary school teachers as the research scale and the research targets included the following: secondary school (employ unit), center of…

Abstract

This research treated the secondary school teachers as the research scale and the research targets included the following: secondary school (employ unit), center of teacher education, and qualified teachers. In terms of these three groups of people, the topics of exploration focused on the perception of suitable teachers, perception of evaluation standard during the process of teacher examination and the relationship among teacher examination systems. The research was managed by two phases: the first phase referred to literature reorganization, expert interview, the qualities and conditions of suitable teachers, important evaluation standard during the process of teacher examination and teacher examination system used; the second phase included questionnaire survey, employ school acquisition, the perception of centers of teacher education and qualified teachers toward the suitability condition and examination evaluation standard in the first phase and teacher examination system used. This research found out that as to the perception of suitable teachers, through data collection, there were six factors reorganized. The levels of their importance were as follows: education devotion, teaching capacity, class management, capacity to guide special students, capacity to communicate with the parents and the will to undertake administrative works. Noticeably, employee unit and centers of teacher education apparently valued class management more, compared with trained teachers; as to evaluation standard of examination, the analytical result found out that the perception of three groups were different in terms of the views toward educational works, written examination data, candidate’s age, club experience at school and capacity to use multimedia support teaching materials. This research further proposed six suggestions for centers of teacher education and trained teachers: (1) employ schools considerably valued educational devotion; (2) trained teachers tended to neglect the importance of class management; (3) employee unit considerably cared about the new teachers’ competence to use multimedia support teaching materials; however, trained teachers did not have the same view; (4) employee unit considerably cared about new teachers’ views toward educational works as well as the candidates’ ages; (5) generally speaking, trained teachers neglected the importance of club experience at school; (6) the data revealed that written examination data was not relatively important in terms of teacher examination

Details

Asian Journal on Quality, vol. 8 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1598-2688

Keywords

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