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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2004

Noor Hasmini A. Ghani and Osman M. Zain

Explores the attitudes of children in Malaysia’s competitive children’s market towards TV advertising, and how this affects their spending; children influence the market…

Abstract

Explores the attitudes of children in Malaysia’s competitive children’s market towards TV advertising, and how this affects their spending; children influence the market as immediate consumers, as influencers of their parents and other people, and as future adult consumers. Outlines the objectives and methodology of new quantitative research conducted into predictors of children’s attitudes, which also includes the effect of children’s attitudes on parents; the current research involved two primary schools in the Jitra town area, with a total of 252 children. Gives the background of child attitude research since Piaget, and explains the Rossiter scale. Identifies children’s preferences in products, themes and types of TV advertising. Finds that children’s awareness of advertising, and the influence on parents’ purchase decisions, are important predictors of child attitudes to advertising; the influence of TV advertising does impinge on consumer behaviour, whether of children or of their parents as a result of pestering, and younger children and children from lower social classes are especially susceptible to TV advertisements.

Details

Young Consumers, vol. 5 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1747-3616

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Article
Publication date: 21 October 2019

Nina C. Cooper, Deepa Balachandran Nair, Sile Egan, Andrew Barrie and Bhathika Perera

Intellectual disability (ID) is prevalent in 1 per cent of the population. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) affects up to 5 per cent of the general population of adult women…

Abstract

Purpose

Intellectual disability (ID) is prevalent in 1 per cent of the population. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) affects up to 5 per cent of the general population of adult women. Identification of PMS is challenging in women with ID due to differences in communication. Management of PMS in the ID population requires careful consideration of baseline function, co-existing mental and physical health problems, drug interactions as well as complex ethical considerations. The paper aims to discuss this issue.

Design/methodology/approach

Prospero-registered systematic review (CRD42019119398) of papers exploring the diagnosis and management of patients with PMS and ID (n=414). In total, 35 relevant titles were identified and 27 full text papers were assessed for eligibility, resulting in 10 studies for final qualitative analysis.

Findings

Ten original research papers were included. There are no standardised symptom criteria for diagnosis of PMS in women with ID. Studies relied on observer-reported data. All papers demonstrated higher rates of PMS in women with ID compared with the general adult population. Management was not standardised and varied between centres. Mainstays of treatment included non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, combined oral contraceptive pills and intramuscular progesterone. Newer evidence suggests levonorgestrel intrauterine systems may be appropriate. There was no quantitative method of establishing success of management.

Practical implications

A modified symptom diary should be used for diagnosis in this population. Differentiation between cyclical behavioural change due to pain vs mood disturbance remains challenging. Conservative, psychological and medical management should be the mainstay of treatment, with surgery considered in exceptional cases.

Originality/value

This paper demonstrates the current limited evidence for the management of PMS in women with a diagnosis of ID and offers an overview of the current options for managing these patients’ symptoms.

Details

Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, vol. 13 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 2044-1282

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Article
Publication date: 21 January 2021

Adeel Nasir, Umar Farooq and Ashraf Khan

The purpose of this research is to provide a comprehensive review of key influential aspects and conceptual structure of Takaful literature.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this research is to provide a comprehensive review of key influential aspects and conceptual structure of Takaful literature.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors review 149 journal articles using bibliometric citation analysis, co-word analysis and citation histograms. However, the authors have introduced a new index of keywords for co-word analysis.

Findings

The results purpose four research clusters of Takaful literature. The first theme compared Takaful with conventional insurance from various perspectives. Second theme explored the business model and sharia-compliant issues. Third theme applied the marketing concepts and examined the customer behaviour such as commitment, loyalty, satisfaction or awareness. Fourth theme examined risk management, investment and corporate governance issues. This research also identified the structure of variables studied in each theme.

Originality/value

This paper follows a very novel and trending bibliometric approach and explores what has been published, encompassing all aspects of Takaful literature. This study also presents 22 future research directions which are either missing or less researched in Takaful literature.

Details

International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, vol. 14 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1753-8394

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Article
Publication date: 7 August 2017

Noela Michael, Charlotte Wien and Yvette Reisinger

The purpose of this study is to examine the escape motivations of the emerging market and provide suggestions for Australia’s promotion. This study adopts the push and…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the escape motivations of the emerging market and provide suggestions for Australia’s promotion. This study adopts the push and pull framework to identify travel motivations of Emirati nationals to Australia.

Design/methodology/approach

This study uses a series of focus groups and in-depth interviews to understand the escape motivations that encourage Emiratis to leave their home country and travel to Australia for a holiday.

Findings

The results indicate that Emiratis are motivated to travel to Australia by three escape factors: physical, interpersonal and fun. The internal motivations that encourage Emiratis to escape their home country are inseparable from Australia’s external attributes that attract the Emiratis to the country.

Originality/value

The study contributes to the theory of tourist motivation by supporting it in the culturally different Muslim/Arab context, which has not been explored before. The authors argue that it is not so much what Australia offers and what escape needs the Emiratis can fulfil in Australia, but rather that Australia serves the Emiratis well and meets their escape needs.

Details

International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-6182

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Article
Publication date: 31 May 2021

Faarih Farhan Mohd Nasir, Jaharah A. Ghani, Mohd Shahir Kasim and Wan Fathul Hakim W. Zamri

This research aims to present the characteristics of dimple structure which was fabricated using a turning machine, where the characteristics include sizes, shapes, area…

Abstract

Purpose

This research aims to present the characteristics of dimple structure which was fabricated using a turning machine, where the characteristics include sizes, shapes, area ratio and aspect ratio. This research aims at filling the gap in the machining parameters of previous research in producing dimple by using turning process with the aid of dynamic assisted tooling for turning (DATT). In producing dimple, a carbide insert grade H1 was used on a hypereutectic aluminium silicon alloy (A390) material. Dimple has many advantages such as for reducing friction coefficient, load-carrying capacity and trap wear debris for sliding mechanical components.

Design/methodology/approach

There are seven machining parameters (cutting speed, feed rate, depth of cut, frequency, amplitude, rake angle, relief angle and nose radius) which have an influence on dimple produced. Taguchi method (orthogonal arrays L8) was used to conduct the experiment systematically and efficiently for these seven parameters. A carbide insert grade H1 was used as a cutting tool on a turning machine with the aid of DATT. The dimple structure was fabricated on a cylindrical rod hypereutectic aluminium silicon alloy (A390). A profilometer 3D Alicona infinite focus and an optical microscope equipped with Vis software were used to analyse the fabricated dimple structure.

Findings

Various shapes and sizes of ellipse dimples were produced in this research, including short and long drops with lengths in the range of 517.03–3,927.61 µm, widths of 565.15–1,039.19 µm, depths of 14.46–124.87 µm, area ratios of 5.05–25.65% and aspect ratios of 0.007%–0.111%. There were four experiments within the optimal area ratio range of 10%–20%, i.e. the second, third, seventh and eighth experiments. The width of these dimples was 895.95, 961.39, 787.27 and 829.22 µm, length was 826.26, 3163.13, 885.98 and 1026.65 µm, depth was 83.67, 84.19, 87.05 and 110.70 µm and area ratio was 15.12%, 13.14%, 14.79% and 12.70%. The surface roughness of textured surface was below 1 µm. In this research, the results obtained were similar with that of previous researchers on dimple structure related to tribology performance.

Originality/value

There exists machining parameters, namely, cutting speed and frequency, that were not used by previous research in producing dimple. These machining parameters (cutting speed and frequency) were used in this research to produce dimple via turning process with the aid of DATT using carbide insert grade H1. The turning process is an environmentally friendly process which is suitable for mass production for fabricating dimple structure as compared to most of the current methods which are widely used in fabricating dimple structure.

Details

Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. ahead-of-print no. ahead-of-print
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0036-8792

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Article
Publication date: 12 June 2017

N. Muhammad Aslaam Mohamed Abdul Ghani, Gokhan Egilmez, Murat Kucukvar and M. Khurrum S. Bhutta

The purpose of this paper is to focus on tracing GHG emissions across the supply chain industries associated with the US residential, commercial and industrial building…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to focus on tracing GHG emissions across the supply chain industries associated with the US residential, commercial and industrial building stock and provides optimized GHG reduction policy plans for sustainable development.

Design/methodology/approach

A two-step hierarchical approach is developed. First, Economic Input-Output-based Life Cycle Assessment (EIO-LCA) is utilized to quantify the GHG emissions associated with the US residential, commercial and industrial building stock. Second, a mixed integer linear programming (MILP) based optimization framework is developed to identify the optimal GHG emissions’ reduction (percent) for each industry across the supply chain network of the US economy.

Findings

The results indicated that “ready-mix concrete manufacturing”, “electric power generation, transmission and distribution” and “lighting fixture manufacturing” sectors were found to be the main culprits in the GHG emissions’ stock. Additionally, the majorly responsible industries in the supply chains of each building construction categories were also highlighted as the hot-spots in the supply chains with respect to the GHG emission reduction (percent) requirements.

Practical implications

The decision making in terms of construction-related expenses and energy use options have considerable impacts across the supply chains. Therefore, regulations and actions should be re-organized around the systematic understanding considering the principles of “circular economy” within the context of sustainable development.

Originality/value

Although the literature is abundant with works that address quantifying environmental impacts of building structures, environmental life cycle impact-based optimization methods are scarce. This paper successfully fills this gap by integrating EIO-LCA and MILP frameworks to identify the most pollutant industries in the supply chains of building structures.

Details

Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, vol. 28 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1477-7835

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Article
Publication date: 15 April 2019

Nur Syahmina Rasudin, Muhammad Akmal Izan Ahmad, Nooraini Hussain and Mohd Shaharudin Shah Che Hamah

The purpose of this paper is to validate the Press Ganey Questionnaire (PGQ) (Bahasa Melayu version) using Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM) patients.

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to validate the Press Ganey Questionnaire (PGQ) (Bahasa Melayu version) using Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM) patients.

Design/methodology/approach

This cross-sectional study comprised 252 patients visiting HUSM. Patients were selected using the convenience sampling method. The PGQ (Bahasa Melayu version) had three main factors: during your visit; your care provider and overall assessment. Data were analyzed using the structural equation modeling.

Findings

The exploratory factor analysis resulted in item reduction from 21 to 17, which contained four factors with eigenvalues greater than 1. Meanwhile, confirmatory factor analysis results showed that data fitted the model: χ2/df at 1.764, comparative fit index at 0.952, Tucker–Lewis index at 0.941 and root mean square error of approximation at 0.073. The average variance extracted value for the four factors was greater than 0.50, which indicated that PGQ convergent validity was met. Overall, PGQ produced good reliability with composite reliability score equals to 0.966. Four factors were reclassified as “during your registration,” “hospital staff attitude,” “doctor’s attitude” and “overall assessment.”

Research limitations/implications

Patient satisfaction is an important and frequently used indicator for measuring healthcare quality; hence, a validated and reliable instrument is important for measuring patient satisfaction that leads to healthcare service quality assessment.

Practical implications

Validated PGQ provides some useful information for doctors, medical assistants, nurses and staff in the emergency department to help them become more prominent and efficient in their role as healthcare providers.

Social implications

Validated PGQ will help healthcare providers to deliver the best and exceptional care toward emergency patient, and thus improve their quality of work life. The findings in this study can be used as a guide or as baseline data for further research in this area.

Originality/value

The PQG (Bahasa Melayu version) was confirmed as a reliable and valid instrument for measuring patient satisfaction. This research is the first PGQ validation study in Southeast Asia, specifically focusing on Malaysian respondents.

Details

International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, vol. 32 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0952-6862

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Article
Publication date: 4 December 2017

Gokhan Egilmez, N. Muhammad Aslaam Mohamed Abdul Ghani and Ridvan Gedik

Carbon footprint assessment requires a holistic approach, where all possible lifecycle stages of products from raw material extraction to the end of life are considered…

Abstract

Purpose

Carbon footprint assessment requires a holistic approach, where all possible lifecycle stages of products from raw material extraction to the end of life are considered. The purpose of this paper is to develop an analytical sustainability assessment framework to assess the carbon footprint of US economic supply chains from two perspectives: supply chain layers (tiers) and carbon footprint sources.

Design/methodology/approach

The methodology consists of two phases. In the first phase, the data were collected from EORA input output and environmental impact assessment database. In the second phase, 48 input-output-based lifecycle assessment models were developed (seven CO2 sources and total CO2 impact, and six supply chain tiers). In the third phase, the results are analyzed by using data visualization, data analytics, and statistical approaches in order to identify the heavy carbon emitter industries and their percentage shares in the supply chains by each layer and the CO2 source.

Findings

Vast majority of carbon footprint was found to be attributed to the power generation, petroleum refineries, used and secondhand goods, natural gas distribution, scrap, and truck transportation. These industries dominated the entire supply chain structure and found to be the top drivers in all six layers.

Practical implications

This study decomposes the sources of the total carbon footprint of US economic supply chains into six layers and assesses the percentage contribution of each sector in each layer. Thus, it paves the way for quantifying the carbon footprint of each layer in today’s complex supply chain structure and highlights the importance of handling CO2 source in each layer separately while maintaining a holistic focus on the overall carbon footprint impacts in the big picture. In practice, one size fits all type of policy making may not be as effective as it could be expected.

Originality/value

This paper provides a two-dimensional viewpoint for tracing/analyzing carbon footprint across a national economy. In the first dimension, the national economic system is divided into six layers. In the second dimension, carbon footprint analysis is performed considering specific CO2 sources, including energy production, solvent, cement and minerals, agricultural burning, natural decay, and waste. Thus, this paper contributes to the state-of-art sustainability assessment by providing a comprehensive overview of CO2 sources in the US economic supply chains.

Details

Industrial Management & Data Systems, vol. 117 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0263-5577

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 1988

N Ghani

This article gives an account of ESPRIT Project 278 which aimed to create a robot system guided by visual and tactile senses.

Abstract

This article gives an account of ESPRIT Project 278 which aimed to create a robot system guided by visual and tactile senses.

Details

Sensor Review, vol. 8 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0260-2288

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Article
Publication date: 16 October 2018

Munazza Saeed and Ilhaamie Abdul Ghani Azmi

Although researchers have investigated thoroughly the consumer’s brand switching behaviour, the probability of confusion regarding “brand switching” is a less travelled…

Abstract

Purpose

Although researchers have investigated thoroughly the consumer’s brand switching behaviour, the probability of confusion regarding “brand switching” is a less travelled road so far. Therefore, the purpose of current study is to investigate and highlight the underlying convincing parameters in relation to not switching from American brands within the context of millennial Muslim consumers in Pakistan and Malaysia.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were collected from 704 consumers living in two divergent cultures, who were asked about American brands. Two categories of “reasons to stay” were examined: switching barriers and affirmatory factors.

Findings

The main discovery was that staying reasons for specific brands could be different in two different cultures, but they influence the ultimate brand switching behaviour.

Practical implications

This study is important for those firms who have many prospective switchers because it is important to understand why these customers stay and discover to what extent such firms can discourage such consumers from leaving, in both positive and negative ways.

Originality/value

This is the first paper of its kind that examines the brand switching behaviour of millennial Muslim consumers.

Details

Journal of Islamic Marketing, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1759-0833

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