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Article
Publication date: 1 December 2001

Gabriel Baffour Awuah

In discussing what a firm’s competence is all about and how that is developed over time, the focus has been on how a firm develops its “core” or “distinctive” competence…

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2620

Abstract

In discussing what a firm’s competence is all about and how that is developed over time, the focus has been on how a firm develops its “core” or “distinctive” competence all by itself. The imbeddedness of a firm in networks of exchange relationships and how that impinges on the development and nurture of a firm’s competence has attracted very scant study. The purpose of this study is to deepen our understanding of the extent to which a firm’s networks of exchange relationships influence its competence development. Two empirical case studies have been conducted in that regard. One important conclusion is that a firm’s network(s) of exchange relationships is an asset that can be exploited to develop its competence. An important implication of the study is that it takes a long time and many resources to build exchange relationships that last in our integrated markets. Many resources and skills will be needed to handle relationships, once established.

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Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, vol. 16 no. 7
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0885-8624

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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2003

Lee Li

How do exporting manufacturers exchange with their foreign intermediaries? This inductive study of 18 British manufacturers in China led to propositions exploring that…

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1208

Abstract

How do exporting manufacturers exchange with their foreign intermediaries? This inductive study of 18 British manufacturers in China led to propositions exploring that question. The study suggests that the choice of exchange modes be determined by different factors in combination, including demand uncertainties, intermediaries’ capabilities, market‐specific knowledge, mutual trust, specialization, and competition intensity. It is the contingencies between these factors that determine the exchange modes.

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Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, vol. 18 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0885-8624

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2004

Timothy E. Jares and Angeline M. Lavin

Fair value pricing is a critical issue for mutual funds with international market exposure because trading in the underlying foreign securities is not synchronous with US…

Abstract

Fair value pricing is a critical issue for mutual funds with international market exposure because trading in the underlying foreign securities is not synchronous with US market trading. Using a sample of Japanese open‐end mutual funds that trade in the USA, this paper explores the potential for exploitation of common mutual fund pricing practices and identifies much larger pricing errors than previously reported. A simple, objective solution to the fair value pricing quandary is proposed. The solution, based on foreign exchange‐traded funds and the S&P 500, provides a timely, objective pricing alternative that is less exploitable than current mutual fund pricing practices.

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Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance, vol. 12 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1358-1988

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Book part
Publication date: 29 January 2019

H. Kent Baker, Greg Filbeck and Halil Kiymaz

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The Savvy Investor’s Guide to Pooled Investments
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78973-213-9

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Article
Publication date: 7 August 2017

Robert Charles Capistrano and Adam Weaver

This paper aims to examine the social interactions between Filipino immigrant-hosts residing in New Zealand and their visiting relatives (VRs) or guests from the…

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the social interactions between Filipino immigrant-hosts residing in New Zealand and their visiting relatives (VRs) or guests from the Philippines using social exchange theory to understand their experiences.

Design/methodology/approach

This qualitative, multi-sited study used in-depth interviews to examine social interactions between Filipino immigrant-host families in New Zealand and their respective visiting relatives from the Philippines.

Findings

Hosting VRs reflects aspects of social exchange theory, and the interdependence and familial obligations related to VR travel demonstrate mutual relations of care. Maintaining relations of care within the family is an ongoing process involving intergenerational relationships that bind together immigrant-host families and their VRs.

Research limitations/implications

The conceptualization of the social interactions between immigrants-hosts and VRs is not generalizable owing to the small sample size and lack of representativeness. However, despite a small sample, this qualitative inquiry uncovered a series of personal meanings and understandings attached to the maintenance of familial bonds.

Practical implications

As immigrant-receiving countries become more culturally diverse through migration, research about other cultures will assist tourism planners in understanding the values and actions of a more varied array of residents. A better understanding of travel experiences and interactions between immigrants and their guests may provide marketers with insights into host-guest dynamics within a VR context, thus potentially enabling tourism marketers to create better marketing campaigns.

Social implications

Future studies may be undertaken from non-Western and Western perspectives that examine the social interactions between hosts and guests in the context of VR travel. Very little research has been conducted that addresses the meanings and understandings attached to these interactions from the perspectives of both hosting and visiting groups. This research highlights the importance of families in tourism, a contrast with the relative blindness of tourism scholarship toward relations of domesticity and sociality.

Originality/value

What separates the social interactions between family members in the context of visiting friends and relatives travel from the traditional host-guest paradigm is that it does not involve strangers. This study uses social exchange theory to examine social interactions between hosts and guests who are familiar with each other.

Details

International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1750-6182

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Article
Publication date: 3 October 2016

Derek Adetokunbo Obadina

This paper aims to examine the Nigeria’s approach for tackling tax evasion, the limitations of double tax conventions for that purpose, the benefits of multilateral…

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1046

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the Nigeria’s approach for tackling tax evasion, the limitations of double tax conventions for that purpose, the benefits of multilateral instruments/standards for automatic exchange of tax information and Nigeria’s ability to participate in such arrangements.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is a library-based research, deploying content analysis with respect to books, law reports, law journals and newspapers.

Findings

Nigeria has taken significant steps to deal with domestic tax evasion by tightening anti-money laundering legislation, principally by making tax evasion a predicate offence and by imposing relating reporting obligations on financial institutions and a wide range of designated non financial institutions (DNFI's), but cross-border tax evasion remains a big problem owing to a limited network of double tax conventions (DTCs) and inherent limitations of the machinery in limiting exchange of information to distinct requests. Nigeria’s ability to benefit from new international standards providing for automatic exchange is compromised by the absence of robust rules with respect to taxpayer confidentiality and data protection.

Research limitations/implications

Because the research focused on Nigeria, the findings of the study might not be applicable to other jurisdictions.

Originality/value

Given the devastating effects of tax evasion on development in Nigeria and the priority accorded to the eradication of the problem in the sustainable development goals, this paper meets a need to determine the extent of sufficiency of Nigeria’s legal and regulatory framework in enabling the country to tackle tax evasion.

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Journal of Money Laundering Control, vol. 19 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1368-5201

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Article
Publication date: 1 June 2006

Stephane Bignoux

The purpose of this paper is to develop a social exchange perspective of planned short‐term dyadic strategic alliances.

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3046

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a social exchange perspective of planned short‐term dyadic strategic alliances.

Design/methodology/approach

The article adopts a conceptual approach drawing on social exchange theory to elicit innovative conclusions about short‐term dyadic strategic alliances.

Findings

Finds that planned short‐term dyadic strategic alliances are difficult to manage, limit social control mechanisms, limit reciprocal activity and interrupt the development of trust.

Practical implications

The article can help managers and analysts working in investment banking to understand the underlying causes of alliance instability and/or failure in their industry.

Originality/value

The article offers practical insights into the functioning and management of short‐term dyadic alliances which will be of interest to both researchers and practising managers.

Details

Management Decision, vol. 44 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0025-1747

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Article
Publication date: 3 April 2018

Chang-Hun Lee and Byoung-Chun Ha

The purpose of this paper is to understand how the development of social capital can promote buyer’s bi-directional (inflow and outflow) information sharing. The authors…

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1099

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to understand how the development of social capital can promote buyer’s bi-directional (inflow and outflow) information sharing. The authors examined buyers’ perceptional differences in information sharing: when they receive information from suppliers and when they provide information to suppliers, and how such inequivalent perception in information sharing can be resolved by the level of social capital and its’ sub-dimensions.

Design/methodology/approach

Theoretical model and the hypotheses were developed through literature review. Data were collected from Korean manufacturers in supply chains and structural equation modelling was used for analysis.

Findings

The results show that each dimension of social capital has a different effect on bi-directional information sharing. For the information inflow, all of the facets of social capital were significant; for the information outflow, however, only relational capital was significant. That is, with cognitive and structural capital, buyers perceive that they can receive appropriate information from suppliers yet be reluctant to provide information to suppliers.

Practical implications

Given that relational capital is essential for the balanced information sharing in buyer-supplier relationship, firms should pay attention to having social interactions with partners to promote trust in the relationship for efficacy in information sharing.

Originality/value

This is one of the first studies to explore the role of social capital in facilitating equivalent information sharing. This study develops a framework that social capital can provide valuable guidance in achieving equivalency of bi-directional information sharing.

Details

Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, vol. 33 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0885-8624

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Article
Publication date: 6 July 2020

Yi-Hsin Lin, Yanzhe Guo, Chan-Joong Kim, Po-Han Chen and Mingwei Qian

In the process of undertaking overseas construction projects, relational governance has become indispensable for project stakeholders. This study examines how relational…

Abstract

Purpose

In the process of undertaking overseas construction projects, relational governance has become indispensable for project stakeholders. This study examines how relational governance influences contractors' adaptability to foreign situations and whether such associations are positively moderated by international environmental complexity.

Design/methodology/approach

A crosssectional survey methodology was applied to collect primary data through questionnaires sent to domestic contractors in China and South Korea (hereafter Korea). Multiple regression analysis was used to test the effects of four dimensions of relational governance on contractor adaptability. Thereafter, the Chinese and Korean subsamples were tested separately through moderated regression analysis to explore differences in the influence of relational governance on adaptability.

Findings

The results showed that quality communication, favor exchange and establishing an emotional relationship significantly and positively affected a contractor’s adaptability. However, there were significant differences between the Chinese and Korean international contractors in terms of the moderating effects of international environment complexity.

Research limitations/implications

East Asian engagement in international development is not limited to China and Korea alone, and the study should be replicated using large representative samples from more countries, such as Japan, to gain a fuller understanding of the influence of relational governance.

Originality/value

The results have great significance for the managers of international contractors in East Asian countries and contribute to the research on relational governance and contractor adaptability.

Details

Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, vol. 27 no. 10
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0969-9988

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Book part
Publication date: 10 November 2010

Stephen L. Vargo, Robert F. Lusch, Melissa Archpru Akaka and Yi He

Abstract

Details

Review of Marketing Research
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-728-5

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