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Article
Publication date: 25 February 2014

Dawid J. D'Melo, Anagha S. Sabnis, Mohan A. Shenoy and Mukesh S. Kathalewar

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency of acrylated guar gum (AGG) as an additive in alkyd resin for improved mechanical properties and to optimize the…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the efficiency of acrylated guar gum (AGG) as an additive in alkyd resin for improved mechanical properties and to optimize the results of such an addition.

Design/methodology/approach

For studying the effect of AGG on coating properties, guar gum was modified to various degrees of esterification and various compositions of alkyd systems were made by incorporating different concentrations of AGG. The mechanical and solvent absorption of the unmodified and modified alkyd systems were characterized.

Findings

The incorporation of AGG into alkyd coating showed significant improvement of mechanical properties over the unmodified one. The modification caused an additional crosslink site through its unsaturation which led to increased crosslink density without phase separation of additive from the alkyd system which was confirmed by SEM scans.

Research limitations/implications

The reactive additive, AGG used in the present study was synthesised using acryloyl chloride. Besides, it could also be synthesised from methacryloyl chloride and the effect of methyl substitution on water and solvent absorption could be studied.

Practical implications

The method developed provided a simple and practical solution to improving the mechanical properties of alkyd coatings.

Originality/value

The method for enhancing mechanical properties of cured alkyd system was novel and could find numerous applications in surface coatings.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 43 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 3 November 2014

Mukesh Kathalewar, Anagha Sabnis and Gulzar Waghoo

The purpose of this paper is to explore the application of triglycidyl resin (TGC) prepared from cardanol as partial replacement of conventional bis-phenol A (BPA) based…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the application of triglycidyl resin (TGC) prepared from cardanol as partial replacement of conventional bis-phenol A (BPA) based epoxy resin for zinc rich primers (ZRPs).

Design/methodology/approach

The synthesis of new platform chemicals that are based on renewable resources has been accepted as a strategy to contribute to sustainable development due to the anticipated depletion of fossil oil reserves and rising oil prices. We prepared a tri-functional epoxy resin from cardanol which can be used as partial replacement of BPA based epoxy. The ZRPs were prepared using 50:50 ratio of TGC:BPA epoxy, and the coatings were evaluated for mechanical, chemical and anticorrosive properties.

Findings

The 50 per cent replacement of BPA based epoxy by TGC resulted in at par mechanical, chemical and anticorrosive properties as evaluated by various methods. The successful implementation can thus contribute to sustainable development by “green chemistry” route.

Research limitations/implications

The prepared TGC resin in the current work was studied for application in ZRPs. This can also be explored for high performance coatings, adhesives and other engineering applications.

Practical implications

The TGC binder was prepared by simple two-step reaction. This can successfully be used as binder for coating application without any modifications.

Originality/value

A novel approach of using green and ecofriendly TGC resin as replacement of high cost BPA based epoxy was explored and can be implemented for numerous applications.

Details

Pigment & Resin Technology, vol. 43 no. 6
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0369-9420

Keywords

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