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Article
Publication date: 23 October 2007

Akmalia Mohamad Ariff, Muhd Kamil Ibrahim and Radiah Othman

The purpose of this paper is to provide an extension of the Corporate Governance Reporting Initiative (CGI) 2004, which reports on Malaysia's first corporate governance

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3170

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to provide an extension of the Corporate Governance Reporting Initiative (CGI) 2004, which reports on Malaysia's first corporate governance ratings. Characteristics of firms with high and low scores in the corporate governance ratings are analysed by comparing companies based on their corporate governance ranking as reported in the CGI.

Design/methodology/approach

Firms are classified into those at the top 50 percent and the bottom 50 percent of the corporate governance ratings list to examine whether there are any differences in the characteristics of firms in both classified samples. The characteristics of firms that are being examined are firms' profitability, leverage, growth, market valuation, size, age, ownership structure and countries of operation based on the Logit analysis.

Findings

The result shows that firm size has a strong influence with corporate governance ratings, but not so for other variables tested.

Research limitations/implications

This study analyses only eight corporate characteristics. There are other measures that can represent firms' size such as market capitalization.

Practical implications

It is hoped that the traits found from the analysis will be able to provide additional information concerning corporate governance to interested parties. The characteristics revealed may probably be found to be essential elements in the development of effective and efficient corporate governance structure. The study could also help corporations in their short‐ and long‐term strategies.

Originality/value

This study bridges the gap of previous studies by using a complete set of governance standards on the analysis and directly identifies firms with certain scores of corporate governance and addresses issues related to these exceptional companies.

Details

Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, vol. 7 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1472-0701

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 27 July 2010

Norhana Salamudin, Ridzwan Bakar, Muhd Kamil Ibrahim and Faridah Haji Hassan

This study examines the intangible assets value of the Malaysian market. It measures the relationship between intangible assets and corporate market value of Malaysian…

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4514

Abstract

Purpose

This study examines the intangible assets value of the Malaysian market. It measures the relationship between intangible assets and corporate market value of Malaysian firms and whether they are consistent with findings in other advanced markets.

Design/methodology/approach

Firstly, the development of intangible assets of Malaysian companies over 2000 to 2006 were measured statistically using Landsman's balance sheet identity model. Then, cross‐sectional multi‐regression procedure was used to ascertain the relationship between intangible assets and financial performance.

Findings

The findings reveal that the Malaysian market developed intangible assets at a rather slow pace, with significant development from year 2004 onwards. It also reveals that the book value of net assets (BVNA) are still dominant in Malaysian corporate valuation but this trend is declining as greater interest has now been developed in employing intangible assets and earnings as important variables. Furthermore, the results indicate that there is a positive trend in intangible assets development in Malaysia, consistent with those of advanced markets such as the US, Europe and Australia. However, the Malaysian market lags by about 20 years as compared to the more advanced ones.

Research limitations/implications

The limitations of this paper are as follows: the time frame for this study was seven years and it looked at the post‐financial crisis period. A longer time frame may be desirable covering both pre‐ and post‐crisis periods. Secondly, this study did not look into intangible assets at the micro‐level perspective. Unless solid definition, classification, measurement and valuation of intangible assets have been ascertained, it is not worth dwelling on individual assets, such as brand, research and development (R&D), and human capital.

Originality/value

The main contribution of this study is that it provides empirical evidence that intangible assets or intellectual assets are strategic assets that require close attention in line with development of the knowledge‐based economy.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. 11 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1469-1930

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Article
Publication date: 4 December 2009

Mohd Halim Kadri, Rozainun Abdul Aziz and Muhd Kamil Ibrahim

This study aimed at investigating the value relevance of book value and earnings and the relationship between earnings and operating cash flow of two different financial…

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1121

Abstract

This study aimed at investigating the value relevance of book value and earnings and the relationship between earnings and operating cash flow of two different financial reporting regimes in Malaysia. A market and nonmarket valuation approaches were utilised for that purpose. The result of market valuation approach of pool sample shows that book values and earnings are value relevant. We also observed that the change in financial reporting regime affects significantly the value relevance of book value and but not earnings. While book value and earnings are value relevant during the MASB period, only book value is value relevance during the FRS period. The result of non‐market valuation approach on the other hand, shows that the change in financial reporting regime has no significant effect on the relationship between earnings and operating cash flow. The result of market valuation approach implicates that the introduction of new or improved standards under FRS regime strengthen the position of book value thus leaving earnings behind in equity valuation. The result of non‐market valuation model implicates that the level of relationship between earnings and operating cash flow persists as long as operating cash flow comprise of cash and cash equivalent components whereas earnings comprise of cash and accruals components. The study contributes to the existing literature in the area of the effect of adoption of FRS on value relevance of accounting numbers in Malaysia.

Details

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, vol. 7 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1985-2517

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 2002

Muhd Kamil Ibrahim, Raudah Danila, Haslinda Yusoff and Normahiran Yatim

This study examines whether investors take into consideration the balance sheet numbers when determining the market value of companies. Specifically, an investigation is…

Abstract

This study examines whether investors take into consideration the balance sheet numbers when determining the market value of companies. Specifically, an investigation is made of the association between the book value of equity and the value placed on the firm by the stock market. An equity valuation model first mentioned by Landsman (1986), based on the balance sheet identity, is used to permit assets and liabilities to have separate empirical coefficient values. In scope, the study covers Malaysian main board companies from years 1990 to 1997. Evidence is provided which is consistent with the notion that the market incorporates information on accounting numbers in the valuation of a firm. As a general conclusion, the results indicate that investors do use information in the balance sheet.

Details

Asian Review of Accounting, vol. 10 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1321-7348

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Book part
Publication date: 23 December 2005

Zaleha Abdul Shukor, Hamezah Md Nor, Muhd Kamil Ibrahim and Jagjit Kaur

In this paper, we investigate the information content of non-current assets (NCA) among firms listed on the main board of Bursa Malaysia. Specifically, we investigate the…

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the information content of non-current assets (NCA) among firms listed on the main board of Bursa Malaysia. Specifically, we investigate the information content of tangible and intangible NCA during the economic crisis period of 1997–1998. Our empirical analysis uses time-varying and fixed effects models for the period 1995–1999. We measure information content based on the association of analysts’ earnings forecasts errors (AFE) with both capitalized tangible and intangible NCA. We find evidence of higher information content in tangible NCA compared to intangible NCA during the Asian economic crisis period of 1997–1998. Our evidence is consistent with the assumption that tangible assets are more reliable compared to intangible assets for prediction of expected cash flows during economic crisis periods.

Details

Asia Pacific Financial Markets in Comparative Perspective: Issues and Implications for the 21st Century
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-258-0

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Article
Publication date: 6 January 2005

Wan Adibah Wan Ismail, Khairul Anuar Kamarudin and Muhd Kamil Ibrahim

This paper examines issues related to the reporting of extraordinary items in the financial statements of Malaysian companies. The first issue concerns the change of…

Abstract

This paper examines issues related to the reporting of extraordinary items in the financial statements of Malaysian companies. The first issue concerns the change of accounting standards on extraordinary items, which has limited the scope of extraordinary items. It is found that there are significant changes on the incidence of reported extraordinary items during the period after the adoption of the new standard. The findings supported the argument that the new standards on extraordinary items had consequently reduce significantly these items from financial statements. This paper hypothesizes that extraordinary items classification choice is a means used by companies to smooth income. Two types of statistical tests performed have confirmed the proposition that the disclosure of extraordinary items is subject to this type of manipulation during the period before the adoption of the new standard. Although it is proved that the broad definition of extraordinary items allows companies to manipulate income, evidence gathered from multivariate regressions demonstrates that extraordinary items are of value‐relevance for investors in valuing a firm’s equity. Thus, investors take into account the extraordinary items even though it is disclosed “below the line”.

Details

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, vol. 3 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1985-2517

Keywords

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Article
Publication date: 13 January 2012

Azwan Abdul Rashid, Muhd Kamil Ibrahim, Radiah Othman and Kok Fong See

This study aims to investigate the factors influencing the disclosure of intellectual capital (IC) information in the Malaysian initial public offering (IPO) prospectus…

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2037

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the factors influencing the disclosure of intellectual capital (IC) information in the Malaysian initial public offering (IPO) prospectus using multiple regression analysis.

Design/methodology/approach

The sample consists of 130 companies in the technology and industrial products sectors of Bursa Malaysia that went through an IPO between 2004 and 2008. Initially, the extent of the IC disclosure index is quantified using content analysis methodology. The multiple regression analysis is then used to examine the associations of nine potential explanatory variables with IC disclosure level.

Findings

In general, the results provide evidence that board size, board independence, age, leverage, underwriter and listing board significantly influence the extent of IC disclosure in an IPO prospectus. Nonetheless, the effect of each explanatory variable may vary in each estimated parameter of the multiple regression models. Three variables, board diversity, size and auditor, were not significant.

Originality/value

Although many studies have examined the content of and reasons for IC disclosures, this study provides empirical evidence in this specific area, i.e. to explore the determinants of IC disclosure, particularly from the perspective of IPO prospectuses, in emerging countries such as Malaysia.

Details

Journal of Intellectual Capital, vol. 13 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1469-1930

Keywords

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Book part
Publication date: 23 December 2005

Zaleha Abdul Shukor is a Senior lecturer in Accounting at the School of Accounting, Universiti kebangsaan Malaysia. She obtained Masters of Commerce from Macquarie Uni…

Abstract

Zaleha Abdul Shukor is a Senior lecturer in Accounting at the School of Accounting, Universiti kebangsaan Malaysia. She obtained Masters of Commerce from Macquarie Uni, Australia and BSc (Acctg) from Syracuse Univ, NY. She is pursuing her PhD at Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia. Her research interests include, financial reporting and capital market-based research.

Details

Asia Pacific Financial Markets in Comparative Perspective: Issues and Implications for the 21st Century
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-258-0

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Book part
Publication date: 23 December 2005

Abstract

Details

Asia Pacific Financial Markets in Comparative Perspective: Issues and Implications for the 21st Century
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-258-0

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Book part
Publication date: 23 December 2005

Abstract

Details

Asia Pacific Financial Markets in Comparative Perspective: Issues and Implications for the 21st Century
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-76231-258-0

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