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Article
Publication date: 1 April 2003

Muhammad A. Razi and J. Michael Tarn

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems provide functions to calculate safety stock (SS), make demand forecast and determine reorder point (ROP) for each item contained…

Abstract

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems provide functions to calculate safety stock (SS), make demand forecast and determine reorder point (ROP) for each item contained in the database based on the item’s demand history. Most ERP systems are ill‐equipped to deal with the demand of slow moving items such as spare parts. Based on data from a Fortune 500 company, presents the development and evaluation of a spare parts inventory control model. Compares the proposed model with the results achieved using the forecasting and inventory management modules of a popular ERP system. Tested with computer simulation, the proposed model significantly outperforms the commercial ERP model on both measures of service level and expected total annual cost.

Details

Logistics Information Management, vol. 16 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6053

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Article
Publication date: 3 May 2013

Muhammad A. Razi and Haider H. Madani

Audit software and IT‐based auditing are widely used in developed countries and is an emerging trend in other parts of the world. The purpose of this paper is to…

Abstract

Purpose

Audit software and IT‐based auditing are widely used in developed countries and is an emerging trend in other parts of the world. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the adoption of audit software by Saudi industries. This research extends current knowledge by focusing on technology adoptions issues and comparing the results with the results of past adoptions in Western industries.

Design/methodology/approach

Demographic and psychometric factors related to adoption decision were identified and incorporated in the research model. A web‐based survey instrument was used to collect data. The reliability score of each construct was measured with Cronbach's alpha. Results from descriptive statistics, correlation, and regression were used to examine the influence of demographic and psychometric factors on adoption decision.

Findings

Contrary to existing literature, this study shows that external pressure has no impact on the adoption decision. In addition, similar to earlier findings, the results showed that Company Readiness and Perceived Benefits are reasonably good predictors of Adoption Intention of audit software.

Research limitations/implications

Contrary to current evidence, this research points to the result that external pressure has no impact on the adoption decision. This leads to an interesting research avenue to explore the reasons why companies in Saudi Arabia do not see external pressure as a significant factor behind decision to adopt certain technology.

Originality/value

This article extends current technology adoption knowledge by providing a comparison of adoptions in the west and in Saudi Arabia. Results of this research can assist software adopters with adoption decisions and vendors in software implementation, sales, and service in Saudi Arabia.

Details

International Journal of Accounting & Information Management, vol. 21 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1834-7649

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Article
Publication date: 1 October 2003

J. Michael Tarn, Muhammad A. Razi, H. Joseph Wen and Angel A. Perez

An e‐fulfillment system is designed to meet the high order volume and stringent customer service requirements of global business‐to‐consumer e‐commerce. The system…

Abstract

An e‐fulfillment system is designed to meet the high order volume and stringent customer service requirements of global business‐to‐consumer e‐commerce. The system converts the traditional warehouse into a multi‐channel e‐fulfillment center. In the e‐commerce environment, some of the toughest decisions must be made on little or no hard information. In this study, the nature of e‐business and the typical fulfillment process are discussed. The authors further examine the strategy and operational requirements for e‐fulfillment. This article is concluded with the implication of a successful e‐fulfillment system, a suggested design of an e‐fulfillment center, and the future research focuses.

Details

Logistics Information Management, vol. 16 no. 5
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0957-6053

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Article
Publication date: 1 July 2004

Muhammad A. Razi, J. Michael Tarn and Faisal A. Siddiqui

The Internet added another dimension to traditional commerce when online business became available. Because of the mushroom growth of online businesses in the late 1990s…

Abstract

The Internet added another dimension to traditional commerce when online business became available. Because of the mushroom growth of online businesses in the late 1990s, DotCom bubbles began to burst after the initial euphoria of e‐commerce. Since mid‐2000, the mass failure of DotComs has had a significant impact on the e‐ecosystem. However, there were strong survivors and successful DotComs as well. Employing a comparative analysis, this study investigates the causes for DotCom failures and successes. The examination found that successful DotComs overcame the technical, operational and behavioral shortcomings of their failed counterparts and led the way in logistics, customer support, Web design, promotion and Internet security.

Details

Information Management & Computer Security, vol. 12 no. 3
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0968-5227

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Article
Publication date: 1 February 2005

Reviews the latest management developments across the globe and pinpoints practical implications from cutting‐edge research and case studies.

Abstract

Purpose

Reviews the latest management developments across the globe and pinpoints practical implications from cutting‐edge research and case studies.

Design/methodology/approach

We scan the top 400 management publications in the world to identify the most topical issues and latest concepts. These are presented in an easy‐to‐digest briefing of no more than 1,500 words.

Findings

The huge upsurge in online retailing in the late 1990s made many believe that the future had come early. Pundits predicted the decline of traditional retailing and fledgling companies achieved incredible stock values on the strength of ideas not products. However, within a few years the bubble had burst not only leaving disillusioned customers and investors but also prompting a massive rethink about e‐commerce in general. Now the euphoria has evaporated it's clear that DotCom failure and success both depend on old‐fashioned business know‐how, technical expertise and understanding the new medium.

Practical implications

Provides strategic insights and practical thinking that have influenced some of the world's leading organizations.

Originality/value

The briefing saves busy executives and researchers hours of reading time by selecting only the very best, most pertinent information and presenting it in a condensed and easy‐to digest format.

Details

Strategic Direction, vol. 21 no. 2
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0258-0543

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Article
Publication date: 1 January 1998

Hanafi Mohd. Noor

Razi's theory has an axiological and epistemological relevance that ethical values are established on knowledge model which is developed by interactive preferences between…

Abstract

Razi's theory has an axiological and epistemological relevance that ethical values are established on knowledge model which is developed by interactive preferences between polity and the value system. The point of departure for the understanding of the differences of Razi's human needs theory vis‐a‐vis the contemporary ideas are the metaphysical principle that underlies the notion of the theory. By means of this principle we come to understand the place of human being in the universe, his function and purpose in life and his final destination, therefore his needs and motivations. Thus an economic system based on Razi's human needs theory is an ethico‐economy which tilts neither toward socialism nor laissez‐faire capitalism. The notion of need can be interpreted as a reaction against allegedly value‐free or value‐neutral approaches in the social sciences. In this sense, the work of Razi can be most usefully seen as part of those ethical ideas which he invoked in the 12th century. Razi's writing on ethics that very closely related to philosophy is much less well known. Yet it is essential in an attempt to evaluate his contribution to the development of Islamic thought. The scope of his writings is remarkable, ranging from his early analyses of theological and legal controversies in the eastern part of the Muslim world, through a book on Qur'anic Exegesis and ethics; from medical sciences to his sustained polemic on credology and philosophy. In short, his writings embrace diversity of areas, from theology to philosophy, from natural to applied sciences including chemistry, astronomy and medicine. In his writings, he succeeded in proving his claim that excellence and perfection of man are not realized by means of bodily sensual pleasure. Rather, it is realized instead, by means of knowledge, power and excellent manners. This paper gives an account of the relevancies of knowledge‐based world view in the light of Razi's view of human needs. In dealing with this topic, two questions are explored: (1) what is his view of human needs? and, (2) what is the relevance of his view to ethics and economics?

Details

Humanomics, vol. 14 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0828-8666

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Book part
Publication date: 4 February 2011

Masudul Alam Choudhury

The generality of the universe is “everything.” In this regard, the Qur'an declares abundantly on the ultimate and perfect domain of the divine law in creation. This also…

Abstract

The generality of the universe is “everything.” In this regard, the Qur'an declares abundantly on the ultimate and perfect domain of the divine law in creation. This also means the profundity of the divine law in explaining and applying to all things in the knowledge–time–space dimensions of the conscious universe. Such observations or insights that span the complete universe comprise the Signs of Allah (ayath Allah).1

Details

Contributions to Economic Analysis
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-0-85724-721-6

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Abstract

Details

Principles and Fundamentals of Islamic Management
Type: Book
ISBN: 978-1-78769-674-7

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Article
Publication date: 9 April 2019

Muhammad Razi, J. Michael Tarn and Alhassan G. Mumuni

The purpose of this paper is to determine how best to build online advocates for a food company’s brand based on data available from the brand’s Facebook pages. Specific…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to determine how best to build online advocates for a food company’s brand based on data available from the brand’s Facebook pages. Specific research objectives are to study examine whether incentivizing actions such as “liking,” sharing or commenting on a brand’s Facebook impacts the brand community’s sentiment and engagement with the brand, and whether such engagement is different for different actions (e.g. liking vs sharing).

Design/methodology/approach

To achieve the objectives of this research, sentiment analysis is performed on Facebook insight data from a Fortune 500 company, consisting of fans’ comments, shares and “likes” for promotional and fan posts pertaining to one of its brands. Paired samples t-tests are performed to assess differences in sentiment and engagement before and after each promotional post.

Findings

The results do not support a strong impact of promotional posts on overall sentiment. However, there is evidence in support of a positive impact of the campaigns on overall wall-level engagement with the brand. Moreover, the levels of engagement are not the same for all promotional posts. Rather, some posts resulted in much higher engagement levels than others, suggesting that not all incentivized campaigns are created equal.

Research limitations/implications

The study used the data from only one of company’s many brands. Therefore, similar studies on other brands are warranted.

Practical implications

Social networking sites are increasing in numbers, and more and more businesses are embracing social networks and/or blogs as part of their marketing platforms. Many companies offer coupons and incentives on social media to entice customers to engage with their social media platforms as well as buy products. The study results provide valuable insight into the effectiveness of different kinds of social media promotional campaigns, and can help managers decide which campaigns to implement to achieve specific objectives.

Originality/value

This research adds to the literature in two ways. First, it contributes to the limited literature on the effectiveness of incentivized social media campaign. Second, it contributes to the social media analytics literature by demonstrating how sentiment analysis can be used along with other statistical procedures to make sense of qualitative social media data.

Details

American Journal of Business, vol. 34 no. 1
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 1935-5181

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Article
Publication date: 8 May 2018

Erdem Galipoglu, Herbert Kotzab, Christoph Teller, Isik Özge Yumurtaci Hüseyinoglu and Jens Pöppelbuß

The purpose of this paper is twofold: to identify, evaluate and structure the research that focusses on omni-channel retailing from the perspective of logistics and supply…

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is twofold: to identify, evaluate and structure the research that focusses on omni-channel retailing from the perspective of logistics and supply chain management; and to reveal the intellectual foundation of omni-channel retailing research.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper applies a multi-method approach by conducting a content-analysis-based literature review of 70 academic papers. Based on the reference lists of these papers, the authors performed a citation and co-citation analysis based on the 34 most frequently cited papers. This analysis included multidimensional scaling, a cluster analysis and factor analysis.

Findings

The study reveals the limited consideration of logistics and supply chain management literature in the foundation of the omni-channel retailing research. Further, the authors see a dominance of empirical research as compared to conceptual and analytical research. Overall, there is a focus on the Western retail context in this research field. The intellectual foundation is embedded in the marketing discipline and can be characterised as lacking a robust theoretical foundation.

Originality/value

The contribution of this research is identifying, evaluating and structuring the literature of omni-channel research and providing an overview of the state of the art of this research area considering its interdisciplinary nature. This paper thus supports researchers looking to holistically comprehend, prioritise and use the underpinning literature central to the phenomena of omni-channel retailing. For practitioners and academics alike, the findings can trigger and support future research and an evolving understanding of omni-channel retailing.

Details

International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, vol. 48 no. 4
Type: Research Article
ISSN: 0960-0035

Keywords

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